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February 06, 1945 - Image 2

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I

PAGE TWO

rrlH E MICHIGAN DAILY

TUESDAY, FEB. 6, 1945

Fifty-Fifth Year

WASHINGTON MERRY-GO-ROUND:
Wallace Fight Like Wilson s

Edited and managed by students of the University
q ;Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.

Evelyn Phillips
Stan Wallace
Ray Dixon
Hank Mantho
Dave Loewenberg
Mavis Kennedy
Lee Amer
Barbara Chadwi
June Pomering

Editorial Staff
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Associate Editor
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Telephone 23-24-1

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for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
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publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
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NIGHT EDITOR: BETTY ROTH
Editorials published in The Michian Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
In1 ustice?
1HE United Press released the following story
yesterday:
"Pvt. Henry Weber, 27, of 'Camp Roberts, has
been sentenced by a general court-martial to
hang for violation of the 64th Article of War, it
was announced Sunday.
"Weber was said to have refused to drill with
his squad on orders of Capt. Carl Wooten.
The 64th Article of War includes assaulting
and wilfully disobeying a superior officer."
Our reaction on reading this stoiy is to ask
"Is this possible? Do things like this happen?
Can a man'slife be taken away from him be-
cause he refused to drill?" Perhaps this incredu-
lity is naive, and no one would deny that the
basis of military training is obediepee and disci-
pline. But if a man is incapable of obeying an
officer, he needs psychological treatment, not
hanging.
The sentence imposed by the court martial
is subject to review by the commanding officer
and the War Department. We can protest
against the tyranny and blind injustice of
such a sentence by 'writing the War Depart-
ment and the commanding officer of Camp
Roberts, Calif.
-J. M. Fitch
Justified?
THE death-sentence meted out by a military
tribunal to Pvt. Henry Weber of Camp Rob-
erts for refusing to drill at the command of an
officer naturally strikes our sensibilities as in-
humanity and injustice carried to the xtreme of
the martinet discipline of the Prussian military
ideal.
We are taking an admittedly unpopular view
by defending such discipline, although in the
case just mentioned, it is beyond our knowledge
to determine whether the punishment fits the
crime.
It is extremey difficult for a people, such as
ourselves, to comprehend the strict and often
arbitrary descipline that is necessary to maintain
an effective and efficient military machine. From
an aesthetic point of view, such discipline is
undesirable, but we are not training an army
of ten millions in aesthetics. After three-and-
a-half years of war we Americans have not yet
fully comprehended this fact. True, we all
want to think of our soldiers as the most care-
fully and best trained for warfare, but we also
expect them to retain all civilian sensibilities.
In brief, we want to eat our cake and have it too.
It is a rather regrettable and paradoxical
commentary on the aesthetics of the American
people that we react with indignation where
possible injustice has been committed to one
man to insure the most efficient training to
many (and let us bear in mind that efficient
training saves lives) and that we pass off with

a shrug the sad fact that many Americans die
prematurely because of malnutrition or lead

By DREW PEARSON
(Ed. Note-Drew Pearson's column today takes
the form of a letter to his old friend, ex-governor
0. Max Gardner, of North Carolina.)
W ASHINGTON-February 3, 1945.
Governor O. Max Gardner,
Shelby, North Carolina.
Dear Governor:
I[E WERE talking last week about Henry Wal-
lace. And since you as an old friend have
been 'so patient and generous in defending me
in the past, I though I owed you a further expla-
nation of my ideas on Henry Wallace.
We were remarking that Wallace was politic-
ally inept. He has been presiding over the
Senate for four long years. Usually when a
Senator or anyone close to the Senate comes up
for confirmation for an adnini strative appoint-
ment, he is confirmed by acclamation, regard-
less of his political views, regardless of com-
mittee, hearings, and regardless of research into
his past.
The Senate would have confirmed Jack Gar-
ner for the dual job of loan administrator and
Secretary of Commerce without any hesitation
whatsoever. Also Charlie Curtis-though neith-
er was banker nor businessman. They were skill-
ed, however, at poker and smoke-filled-room poli-
tics, and they would have been confirmed.
Henry Wallace, on the other hand, has hard-
ly made more than half a dozen close friends
in four years of presiding over the Senate.
He has no private refrigerator. He does not
even smoke. When Senators dropped in to
see him he was timid and shy and talked about
foreign affairs and preclusive buying or seed
corn. He just lacked the aptitude for win-
ning close friends and influencing Senators.
Woodrow Wilson an'd Wallace .
BUT SOMETIMES I wonder whether in the
broader sense Wallace hasn't been a very
smart politician. For while lacking friends in
the Senate, he has won millions throughout
the nation. As you remarked, his devotion to
principle, his austerity, his inability to comprom-
ise is so much like another great man the Sen-
ate rebuffed-Woodrow Wilson.
As the world looks back on Woodrow Wilson's
fight over the League of Nations, it is generally
recognized that that battle was the turning point
toward a new war. And what I am afraid of is
that the current Senate fight over Henry Wal-
lace (in which he has already lost more than
50 pr cent of the battle) may be the turning
point toward another different kind of war.
You know far better than I the danger of
economic war which can follow military victory.
As Governor of North Carolina you told me
how even your efficient state had difficulty
meeting its financial obligations in the depres-
sion days of 1932. We will remember the threats
to lynch judges in Iowa, and how the draw-
bridges across the Potomac were raised for'
the first time in history to prevent 20,000
angry, hungry war veterans from storming
the nation's capitol.
Must Not Hap pen Again *.*.
N THE European war theatre today there are
18,000 American soldiers absent w\ithout leave.
While many of these are technical AWOL'S, on
the other hand we already know how the black
market has prospered in France, and we know
that some Aitrican troops, especially in Italy,
have left the Army permanently, have married
local women, and live by the black market or by
raiding the vast stores of American supplies in
France and Italy.
We cannot escape the fact that one result
of this war has been the tremendous enhance-
ment of the prestige of Soviet Russia. Prestige
always accrues to a nation winning great mili-
tary victories. In addition I remember an obser-
vation by Congressman Clare Luce last year
that Russia has now usurped the place occupied
by this country when for about one hundred
years after 1776 we were looked up to in Europe
as the young, vigorous revolutionary country
which set the political pace for the rest of the
world.
U.S. Labor and Russia ...
HOW MUCH American soldiers coming home
from Europe will be influenced by the in-
spiration of Soviet Russia I don't know. If they
have jobs, the influence should be negligible
But the risk is there. The risk also exists here

at home.
Labor, which carried the main load in re-
electing Franklin Roosevelt, was not happy
over the appointment of the new millionaire
anti-labor team in the State Department.
However, labor figured that the cabinet would
be balanced by appointment of its own friend
and chief champion, Henry Wallace.
Now, however, they see Wallace bearing the
brunt in the bitterest political attack since the
days of William Jennings Bryan. They see him
getting, at the most, merely control over the
census, the patent office, the weather bureau,
the bureau of standards, the coast and geodetic
survey and other routine functions of the Com-
merce Department, with absolutely no power to
help provide jobs or influence the economic fu~
ture'of the nation.
Even assuming that Henry Wallace knew as
little about administrative government as some
of his refrigerator-frequenting predecessors in
the vice-presidency; Even assuming he had never
run the largest agency of the government, the
Department of Agriculture, for eight years with
an A-i record; even forgetting that as Secre-
BARNABY

tary of Agriculture he loaned more money than
Jesse Jones, to more people and with a higher
percentage of collections; even so, the bitter
fight against Wallace is likely to leave a sour
taste in the mouths of many people.
Champion of Common NM . ..
~ IOR Henry Wallace to millions of people has
become a symbol. He has become a symbol
representing the things which Roosevelt once
fought for when his administration was young
and vigorous. He has become a symbol of 60.-
000,000 jobs, a champion of the common man.
But if the men who have learned to shoot
straight come back to a land where history re-
peats, and the same thing happens as after the
last war, and if they see the same little group
of obstructionists responsible, then I, for one,
fear the consequences.
That is why I think the Senate fight over
Henry Wallace and his plans for the common
man may tgke its place in history alongside the
historic fight over Woodrow Wilson and his plans
for permanent peace.
I only wish that some of your friends in the
Senate had your broad understanding of these
problems, or at least your sympathetic desire
to inquire into them.
Your friend,
Drew Pearson
(Copyright, 1945, by the Bell Syndicate, inc.)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
Nature of Pace
By SAMUEL GRAFTONj
EW YORK-The fact that the West adheres
to one economic system, and Russia to an-
other, will profoundly affect the nature of the
peace. Russia, for example, will be willing to
accept German labor battalions to help in the
reconstruction of damaged areas, and will, in
fact, probably demand them. We wouldn't want
that; we shall want to save for our own people
any jobs which happen to be available.
Russia will probably also be willing to accept
German manufactured goods in quantity; we
can't do that without damaging large sections
of our own privately-owned industry.
Russia has a distinct advantage over the West
on the matter of taking reparations. Her gov-
ernment-owned productive system can swallow
reparations, in kind, without creating serious in-
ternal dislocation. The reparations plan blew
up after the last war, not only because the Ger-
mans couldn't afford to pay, but also because we
couldn't afford to accept payment.
A German laborer, working for pay in German
marks, will be, so far as he and his family are
concerned, a wage-worker, like any other, regard-
less of whether he is rebuilding a Russian town,
or producing goods for Russia in a German fac-
tory. His situation will have been, to a degree,
normalized.
Russia's enormous capacity to take goods
may make her Germany's WPA, and may make
Russia enormously important to the German
economy; a development not to be discussed
in the sinister terms of "attempted Russian
domination" of Germany, but as the working-
out of natural laws, whose effects we shall have
to see and study.
T HE difference between economic systems, east
and west, will show up in other farms, of
which we can have only the faintest glimmers at
the moment. The Soviet Union, for example,
displays very little interest in the carrying trade,
whether by water or air; we have a great interest
in that field.
Our system and the Russian compete on
the level of ideas; they compete to capture the
imaginations of men; but they are curiously
non-competitive as going economic concerns.
The Russians can afford to buy, and we can
afford to sell them, huge quantities of capital
goods, of transportation equipment, power-
producing devices and machine tools. The
amounts being spoken of range up to $6,000,-
000,000; and we can sell these with relatively
little fear that the products of our own ma-
chines will later be sold in competition with
our own on the world markets.
It would be strange if it worked out that the
difference between our economic systems actu-
ally served to ease international tensions, at
least for a long transition period.
This paradox, if it be one, shows up clearly

in the case of our relations with Britain. Our
system does not compete at all with the British
on the level of ideas, but the two compete sharply
as going concerns. Our quarrels with the Rus-
sians are purely ideological, but our quarrels with
the British are about such matters as commercial
air lines, shipping lines, markets for capital and
other goods.
The possibility is raised that both the United
States and Great Britain may get along more eas-
ily with Russia than with each other, for ideol-
cgical arguments can almost always wait, while
commercial disputes are immediate and pressing.
Peace therefore depends on our avoiding
ideological war with Russia, and commercial
war with Britain. Our commercial interest in
Russia may serve to temper the one, and our
ideological unity with Britain may smooth
down the other. The above is only the faintest
kind of preliminary trend-spotting. To all of
those prognostications which have been made
about the postwar future, I should like to add
the modest contribution that it is going to be
intricate, and interesting.
(Copyright, 1945, New York Post Syndicate)

MMU
ANN ARBOR hailed another great
artist in the person of Dorothy
Maynor, the eighth guest performer
of the Choral Union Series. The
gracious gestures- of Miss Maynor
completely captivated her fairly large
audience. But Miss Maynor is some-
thing more than just a charming
stage personality.' She does not need
to utilize this gift merely to compen-
sate for any lack in musicianship.
Instead, the delightful combination
of both makes her one of the favo-
rites on the concert stage today.
Miss Maynor is a very versatile
musician and the possessor of a
very supple voice. As an interpreter
of French music, her pure soprano
voice contains the subtle restraint
that is required. In the NegroI
Spirituals, her flexible range and
splendid skill in chest tones are
constituents -rarely characteristic
of a soprano. Velvet tones and
pianissimos that demand absolute
control are further confirmations of
her talents.
Moreover, Mr. Ernest Victor Wolff,
Miss Maynor's accompanist, is wor-
thy of that position. It is seldom that
an accompanist demonstrates such
control in maintaining a balance of
tone proportionate to the tone of the
singer.
The formal program, interspers-
ed with popular encores, consisted
of compositions that satisfied a
variety of tastes. Of the two Han-
del arias, perhaps the first one,
Gismunda's aria from "Ottone,"
was the more satisfactory. Rode-
linda's aria did not seem as pol-
ished, technically, as the latter.
Without doubt, Miss Maynor's forte
is to be found in the relatively mod-
ern group of French art songs. Each
was executed with the utmost delic-
acy and taste. On the other hand
the German group of Brahms anc

tect," Wednesday, Feb. 7, 9:00 a. n.,
2009 Angell Hall. C hairman, J. G.
Winter.
. ~By action of the E xecutive Board
S ICI the Chairman may .inv.ite members of
the faculties and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend this examina-
tion, and he may grant permission
Strauss lieder did not attain the to those who for sufficient reason
standards of the French group. A might wish to be present.
I lack of thorough understanding of
the music may be responsible. The Notice to. Students Planning to Do
massenet aria from "Herodiade" was Directed Teaching: Students expect-
also a trifle disappointing. French ing to do directed teaching the spring
opera too, is sometimes emotional, term are requested to secure assign-
and Miss Maynor seemed to miss ments in Room 2442 University Ele-
some of the vulnerable spots in this mentary School on Thursday, Feb. 8,
excpt accord ing to the following schedule:
Unfortunately, not too frequently' English, 8:00-9:00.
does one hear a group of Dvorak Social Studies, 9:00-10:00.
songs. That the most famous one is Science and Mathematics, 10:00-
overdone goes without hearsay. 11:00.
Therefore, to hear only one other was All foreign languages, 11:00-12:00.
gratifying. All others, and any having con-
fiicts at scheduled hour, 2:00-4:00
The remainder of the recital con- or by appointment.
sisted primarily of English and Am-
erican songs. Miss Maynor's inter- Latin American Studies, 194. This
pretation and beautiful diction were cooperative course will be offered by
distinctive in this concluding sec- the participating departments in the
tion. Spring Term if enough students indi-
--Kay Engel cate their intention to elect the
course. Students who plan to elect
Cxii nshi a this' course should file a notice of
t such intetnion with the secretary of
Gto the specifcati the History Department, Rm. 119,
ions Haven Hall.
just handed out by the OWI, it
is the duty of a patriotic citizen to: Lip Reading Classes: Hard of hear-
Take a war job if not now essentially ing students who are interested in
employed redouble paper salvage ef- obtaining instruction in lip reading
forts, start planning a Victory gar- should meet at the Speech Clinic to-
den now and if possible defer calls day at 4:00 p. m. The Speech Clinic
for nurses' service, is located at 1007 East Huron Street.
This, of course, isn't the whole
story. The patriotic citizen's duties Events Today
still include: Giving blood donations,
shunning the black market, buying Applied Mathematics Seminar to-
war bonds and stamps, helping the day at 3 p. in. in 317 West Engi-
Red Cross, USO and other war or- neering.
ganizations, saving kitchen fats, econ- Professor Rainville continues on
omizing on fuel, writing to service the Generalized Hypergeometric
men, taking no unnecessary trips, Functions.
joining a car pool, refraining from
loose talk. Junior Research Club: The Febru-
arneeigofte ulr .s~~

A

Yes, being a loyal citizen is al-
most a full-time job. Nevertheless,
- it isn't nearly as tough as being a
, loyal soldier or sailor.
l -St. Louis Post-Dispatch

I

i

DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN

TUESDAY, FEB. 6, 1945 B
VOL. LV, No. 77
Publication in the Daily Official Bul.
letin is constructive notice to all mem-
bers of the University. Notices for the
Bulletin should be sent in typewritten
form to the Assistant to the President,
1021 Angell Hall, by 3:30 p. m. of the day
preceding publication (11:30 a. m. Sat-
urdays).
NotiC s
Student Tea: President and Mrs.:
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, Feb. 7, from 4
to 6 o'clock.
Faculty, College of Engineering:
There will be a meeting of the Facul-
ty of this College on Monday, Feb. 12,
at 4:15 p. m. in Room 445, West Engi-
neering Bldg.
Midyear Graduation Exercises will
be held at 10:30 a. m., Saturday,
Feb. 24, in the Rackham Lecture
Hall. The address to the graduating
classes will be given by Professor
Campbell Bonner. Assembly at 10:00
a. m. as follows: Graduates in the
middle sections of the Lecture Hall
as directed by ushers; faculty in the
office of the Graduate School; re-
gents, officers, deans, minister, and
speaker of the day in Executive Board
room; color guard and honor guard
in the outer lobby. Participants will
wear academic costume. The public
is cordially invited; no tickets are re-
quired.
Conservation of Heat and Light:
In compliance with the order of the
Director of War Mobilization the Uni-
versity is making arrangements to
conserve both heat and light. Fac-
ulty and staff members should there
fore turn out all unnecessary lights
and are cautioned against changing
any adjustments which may be made
in the thermostate. Where certain
conditions must be maintained, in
laboratories, animal houses, hospi-
tals, etc. proper arrangements will be
made. This policy has the approval
of the Conference of the Deans.
AlexanderhG. Ruthven
Application Forms for Fellowships
and Scholarships in the Graduate
School of the University for the year
1945-1946 may now be obtained from
the Office of the Graduate School
All blanks must be returned to that
Office by Feb. 15 in order to receive
consideration.
Applications in Support of Re-
search Projects: To give Research
Committees and the Executive Board
adequate time to study all 'proposals,
it is requested that faculty members
having projects needing support dur-
Jy Crockett Johnson
lf~-

ing 1945-1946 file their proposals in
the Office of the Graduate School by
Friday, Feb. 9, 1945. Those wishing
to renew previous requests whether
now receiving support or not should'
so indicate. Application forms will
be mailed or can be obtained at Sec-
retary's office, Rm. 1006 Rackham
Building.telephone 372.
Lectures r
University Lecture: Dr. Gustav E.
von Grunebaum, Professor of Arabic,
University of Chicago, will lecture on
the subject, "The Arabian Nights and
Classical Literature" at 4:15 p. m.,
Wednesday, Feb. 7, in the Rackham
Amphitheatre; auspices of the De-
partment of Oriental Languages and
Literatures. The public is cordially
invited.
Ruth Draper, famous for her char-
acter sketches, will be presented by
th'e Oratorical Association Lecture
Course tonight at 8:30 in Hill Audi-
torium. Miss Draper's program is as
follows:
At a Children's Party.
On The Porch in a Maine Coast
Village.
Vive la France, 1916.
Vive la France, 1940.
Intermission
Doctors-Diets.
In a Church in Italy.
Tickets may be purchased at the
auditorium box office today from 10-
1, 2-8:30 p. m.
University Lecture. Captain Pet-
er Freuchen, Danish Polar Explorer,
will lecture on "Epic of an Explorer
in the War," at 8:00 p. in., Thurs-
day, Feb. 8, in the Rackham Lecture
Hall; aucpices of the Department of
{ Geography. The public is cordially
invited.
French Lecture. Professor Marc
SDenkinger, of the Romance Lan-
guages Department, will offer a lec-
ture Thursday, Feb. 8, at 4:10 p.m.
in Rm. D, Alumni Memorial Hall. His
lecture, which will be illustrated with
slides, is entitled "Queique activities
francaises de'entre les deux guerres."
Academic Notices
Recommendations for Department-
al Honors: Teaching departments
wishing to recommend tentative Feb-
ruary graduates from the College of
Literature, Science, and the Arts, and
the School of Education for depart-
mental honors should send such
names to the Registrar's Office, Room'
4 University Hall, by noon, Feb. 26.~
Robert L. Williams
Assistant Registrar.
Doctoral Examination for Lois R.
Wang Guo, Education; thesis: "A
Critique of Proposals for Educational
Reconstruction in China," today,
12:00 p. in., East Council Room, Rack-
ham Building. Chairman, A. B.

ary meeting of the Junior Research
Club will be held in the Amphitheatre
of the Horace H. Rackham School
of Graduate Studies at 7:30 tonight.
Program: "A Survey of Antibiotic
Agents," J. E. Kempf, Dept. of Bac-
teriology; "Exploring For Quinine in
the Andes," W. C. Steere, Dept. of
Botany.
Sigma Rho Tau; The last meeting
of the term for the Stump Speakers'
Society of Sigma Rho Tau will be
held at 7:30 p. m. in Rms. 319-323
of the Union. Parliamentary Law
and Society elections will be discuss-
ed. Circles will debate on compul-
sory military conscription and the
new topic: Who should support non-
profit extensions of public utility
services? Project and Hall of Fame
Speeches will be given.
The Christian Science Students'
Organization is holding a meeting to-
night at 8:15 in the chapel of the
Michigan League. All are welcome
to attend.
Sigma Rho Tau: For the last time
this term, tonight the Stump Speak-
ers' Society of Sigma Rho Tau will
meet at 7:30 o'clock in Rooms 319-
323 of the Union. Circles will com-
plete their debates on compulsory
military conscription. New topic:
Who should support non-profit exten-
sions of public utility services? Par-
liamentary Law and Society elections
will be discussed. Hall of Fame and
Project Speeches will be given.
Coming Events
The Fine Arts Club invites all stu-
dents interested in Fine Arts to a
meeting on Wednesday, Feb. 7, from
4:00 to 5:30 in Rm. D, Alumni Me-
morial Hall. Travel movies about
England, France. and Egypt will be
shown, after which a short business
meeting will be held.
"The Skin of Our Teeth", comedy
by Thornton Wilder, will be present-
ed by Play Production of the Depart-
ment of Speech tomorrow through
Saturday evenings at 8:30 in the Ly-
dia Mendelssohn Theatre. Tickets are
on sale daily at the theatre box of-
fice, phone 6300.
Beethoven's Ninth Symphony will
be presented in the weekly Lane Hall
Music Hour at 7:30 p. m. Wednesday.
Scores will be provided and refresh-
ments served.
Graduate Students: A coffee hour
will be held from 7:30-8:30 on Wed-
nesday, Feb. 7, in the West Confer-
ence Room of the Rackham Build-
ing. All Graduate Students are in-
vited to attend.
A. S. M. E. Student Branch: Mr. C.
A. Chayne, Chief Engineer of the
Buick Motor Company will present a
48-minute sound movie, "Buick on
the Job," Wednesday, Feb. 7, at 7:30
p. m. in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
This film deals with the production of
tanks, tank destroyers, aircraft en-
gines, etc. Public invited.
La Sociedad Hispanica will present
the third lecture in the annual series
on Wednesday, Feb. 7, at 8 p. m. in
the Michigan Union. Professor Ar-
thur Aiton will speak on "Relaciones
entre Latino-America y los Estados
Unjdos." Because this is the last
meeting of La Sociedad for the pres-
ent semester, all members and friends

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