ThE MiCuICAr~ DAiLY
ThtTR~DAY~. 0; ~, 44
More on Doolittle's Raid
ANN FAGAN GINGER
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled' to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of re-
publication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Eantered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Micigan, as
second-class mal matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier, $4.50, by mal, $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
NIGHT EDiTOR: PAUL SISLIN
Lditorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by member's of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
ALLIED intervention in the politics of freed
European countries continues-a sequel to
the mistakes of North Africa.
British tanks stand guard outside the Belgian
Chamber of Deputies, ready to shoot demon-
strators, as patriots march on Brussels and
prepare for a national protest strike.
Uprisings in Belgium are not isolated events,
the product of a few malcontents. It is agreed
by 110,000 of the Belgian people that they do
not like the Pierlot government and that they
will have democratic government if they have
to fight all the way.
The people know what they want and they do
not want Pierlot.
British Ambassador Sir Charles Noel calls
Count Sarlo Sforza "politically unreliable" and
refuses to admit him as Premier or eign
Minister. Three members of the Bonomi cabi-
net, which resigned three days ago, wanted
Sforza, but they have been overridden.
The British disapprove of Sforza; therefore
the Italian people do not really want him, they
Allied intervention of this variety can hard-
ly be expetted to encourage any Underground
resistance in German, rather it is indicative of
the treatment liberal elements may expect.
Allied intervention, as Browning once said,
MUCH HAS been said about compulsory mili-
tary service for the youth of the nation,
the fact that it will help us to be a little more
prepared to fight if attacked again is true but
why not find out what it will do for the young
men whose life it will affect?
Employment is not difficult to secure today
because of the enormous increase in our pro-
duction, but after the war when factories
close andpeople are again without jobs what
will become of the young men? To do away
with the time that men have to spend after
they leave school until they reach the proper
age for employment, what would be a more ideal
solution than military training. Compulsory
military service would provide a partial solu-
tion to this problem which is becoming larger
as time goes on. Not only would it occupy these
men but it .could serve double duty in that it
would provide yaluable experience for man and
society and would tend to better the welfare of
our youth and the nation.
Answers to questionnaires sent out to col-
lege professors throughout the United States
show a definitely favorable attitude towards
the project. Many said that it would offer a
chance for greater maturation before entering
college or going out to the business world and
would make the people more appreciative of
their college work. The training, others said,
would bring youth from all over the nation
together in camps and would broaden the out-
look of these men and also aid in breaking
down social barriers. It was also pointed out
by these professors that youth would tend to
develop consideration for others; they would
realize the value of working together; and they
would develop a respect for orders.
Not all replys to the questionnaire represented
a favorable attitude to the policy suggested
for they said it would tend to develop a mili-
taristic nation and others thought better of ex-
tending the training on a ROTC basis or
through summer camps.
The fact that there were disagreements on
the issue is encouraging for it shows definitely
By DREW PEARSON
WASHINGTON, NOV. 30-Now that Stalin has
put the Japanese on notice for war, calling
them an aggressor nation, another chapter
regarding Jimmy Doolittle's raid on Tokyo can
After- dropping its bomb load on Tokyo, one
of the planes developed a leak in its gas line.
Aware that he could not make friendly Chinese
territory, the pilot set his course for Soviet
Siberia, figuring he might barely be able to
reach dry land. Internment, he figured, was
better than execution. When the fuel gave out,
he had no idea where he was, but landed on the
best fiat stretch he could find.
As the crew of the plane piled out, a column
of tanks appeared over a nearby hill. o'he air-
men climbed back into their plane and pre-
pared to make a fight for it, but finally saw
the Soviet red star on the leading tank and
got out of the plane again.
The pilot walked forward to talk with the
Soviet major who jumped out of the leading
tank. Using English, gestures, and one or two
words of Russian, the pilot tried to explain how
he happened to be there.
Finally, the Russian officer stopped him. In
fairly good English, he said: "Yes, we know all
about the bombing of Tokyo. And we knew one
plane was in trouble and might be heading
this way. We came out to see if we could find
The bomber crew started to climb into the
tanks when suddenly another column of tanks
appeared from the opposite direction. A Jap
officer came running toward the Russians,
shouting, "This is Japanese territory. We de-
mand the surrender of the Americans."
The Russian major immediately dug out his
maps, insisting he was on Soviet soil. The or-
gument raged in German for several minutes,
until finally the Jap angrily stalked off, order-
. ing his tanks to fire. This was answered by a
volley from the Russian tanks, both aiming at
the sky. The Russian tanks then drove on,
leaving the airplane behind.
They had been going at a fast clip for about.
half an hour, when the Russian major turned
to the American pilot and said:
"I now welcome, you to the Union of Soviet
The border had just been crossed. -
FDR and Henry Kaiser . .
President Roosevelt had a revealing conver-
sation with shipbuilder Henry Kaiser at the
White House recently and got some real low-
down on the prospects of a sharp increase in
unemployment next year unless prompt meas-
ures are taken to prevent it.
Kaiser, who is enthusiastic about Roosevelt's
hopes of 60,000,000 jobs after the war," rushed
into the White House with a post-war job
program of his own. He told FDR he could
swing it if he got a governmental go-ahead on
Roosevelt told Kaiser he was delighted to hear
of his plans, but asked if Kaiser wasn't getting
a little too far out in front, with the war still
. "No, Mr. President," said Kaiser. We've
got to go to work on this right away. I may
have half my shipyards closed down by June;
so unless I and other war producers can guar-
antee our workers jobs, our manpower is going
to leave us. In fact, we've lost too many men
already. Our workers are trying to get into
peacetime work even though the war is a long
way from being over. They don't want to be
left holding the bag."
"But Henry," said the President, "your con-
tracts run all through next year, don't they?"
"Oh, no," said Kaiser. "Most of them are
scheduled now to wind up in June or July.
Besides, they all have cancellation clauses and
we don't want to be caught short."
Sixth War Loan
By NICHOLAS MURRAY BUTLER
THE SIXTH War Loan drive should make di-
rect appeal to every American. By taking
part in this drive, whether the amount be large
or small, we, to the extent of
our ability, join the armed for-
ces in the defense of our
country and in the safeguard-
ing of the fundamental prin-
ciples upon which our form
of government rests.
Participation in making this
Sixth War Loan successful is
BUTLER the way open to all of us to
show tne men in service that we are taking part
with them in the great contest in which we
are engaged throughout the world. Our gov-
ernment is being called upon for quite un-
precedented expenditures in order to carry on
this stupendous struggle. It is our privilege as
well as our duty to take part in this contest for
We have. learned that wars are fought not
alone with armies, navies and airplanes, but
also with intelligent and unbroken participation
in the support of those who bear the burden
and incur the terrifying dangers of the mili-
tary struggle. Let the Sixth War Loan make
appeal to you as evidence that you appreciate
the magnificent work and stupendous sacrifice
of our armed forces and that you propose to
aid them in achieving victory.
Time for Reconversion .. .
Kaiser then explained how thousands of other
coptracts may collapse nextyear on short notice,
putting millions of workers on the street.
In reply, Roosevelt quoted War Mobilizer Jim-
my Byrnes to the effect that there was plenty
of time to plan for reconversion.
To this Kaiser declared that Byrnes was
over-optimistic, and probably hadn't been able
to study the picture carefully enough. Kaiser
also pointed out that a good business man
tapers off his work several months before a
contract ends, so that even when contracts last
until July, lay-offs start in March.
The upshot of all this was twofold. First,
Roosevelt authorized Kaiser to make an ap-
peal to war workers to stay on the job, assure
them that adequate consideration would be
given to keeping them at work in the post-
war period. Second, Roosevelt promised he
would review the reconversion picture him-
self and take prompt action to see that indu-
stry is given greater opportunity to plan
for speedy reconversion.
Big fly in the reconversion ointment is that
Byrnes is overloaded with work, plans to quit
after the defeat of Germany, can't get his heart
or his teeth into the post-war side of his job.
Until recently, Byrnes hoped to retire at once
as "Assistant President," didn't feel he would
have anything at all to do with reconversion.
(Copyright, 1944, by United Feature Syndicate., Inc,)
I'D RATHER BE RIGHT:
By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK, NOV. 29-The purpose of the
current disorder in Belgium is order. We
are quite accustomed to this explanation. When-
ever some narrow and unrepresentative exile
government returns to the homeland and pro-
vokes a quarrel, it invariably does so for the
sake of order. It insults and condemns the
resistance movement. Why? To promote in-
ternal harmony, naturally. It pardons collabo-
rationists, making sure that there will be a
large pro-fascist sigment of public opinion. Why?
To encourage national unity, of course. It is
not always that we reach the final ga-ga stage
of fighting in the streets in the name of order,
but in Belgium even this stage has been reached.
Citizens are being shot down to prove to the
world that Belgium is enjoying order.
So it is always order yesterday, and order
tomorrow, but never order today. Today there
must be a quarrel; today the resistance move-
ment must be disarmed and tamed, and denied
a rightful representation in the government,
so that there may be order at some future
But why not order now? Why not a broad-
ening of the Belgian government to a point at
which it will be sufficiently representative to do
away with armed clashes, such as the disgrace-
ful struggle of last Saturday? This is the demo-
cratic road to order; not subjugation, but repre-
sentation. There is always a failure to ex-
plain, in these situations, wy the majority has
to be put down as the only means whereby the
country can reach a stable stage of democracy
at which the majority can hope to rule.
So we have minority rule in Belgium today,
and we have disorder in Belgium today, under
the government of M. Pierlot. Why? In order
to lead the countr-y to majority rule and order,
naturally. So go the explanations which do
not explain. The only way in which the will
of the people can triumph is for it not to
triumph. That is the weird maxim of the
IT NEVER seems to cross our innocent minds
in these promises that a government can be
a source of disorder. It could perhaps be ar-
gued, that the Belgian people were making quite
satisfactory progress toward national unity until
their government came home. They had agreed,
by and large, that they were opposed to fascism.
They had set up a thriving resistance movement.
The majority was united against the collabora-
tionists. The great political quarrel has devel-
oped since the Pierlot government returned to
Brussels. In these circumstances, why should
we assume that it is those who stayed at home
and suffered for four years who are at fault,
and not those who went away and came back?
One of M. Pierlot's first declarations con-
cerned the Belgian collaborationists. He said,
with the air of a man thoughtfully chewing a
lump of butter: "The government refuses to
pronounce itself on the attitude of the indu-
strialists who directed the national produc-
tion during the occupation." In effect, he
forgives Belgians who made weapons for the
Nazis, and is terrified of Belgians who carried
weapons against them. His statement could
not have. been made by any Belgian who had
remained in Belgium and fought the Nazis.
M. Pierlot brought this attitude with him to
Brussels. After that there was disorder. And
the question is whether to blame disorder on
those who were in Brussels all along, or those
who have just arrived.
Ah, order! It has so many forms. In Bel-
gium it takes the form of disorder. To a Bel-
gian collaborationist, shaking in his shoes, and
looking out of the window at the suppression of
popular movements, it may indeed seem that
order has at last come to Brussels. Others may
take a different view.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
WE HAD INTENDED starting out
softly, and, as someone suggest-
ed, humbly. Waiting a little before
digging around in the dirty spots in
odd corners of the world: Belgium,
the Deep South,. China, University
Hall. We weren't going to try to fool
anyone into thinking we didn't care
what happened; we just thought it
would be best to prepare people for
what we had to say: About the way
the world has been run for genera-
tions; about the way it is being run
today; and the way we all can build
it for tomorrow together. Calm, cool
and collected, we were going to be.
Rational. Not impartial, but not
pushing our point to the exclusion of
all other points.
But some things happened to-
day. We reada hook called "Free-
dom Road" and we watched a news
story come in over the teletype
with a Brussels dateline.
And we are boiling mad.
Not mad at any one person. But
mad at an order of things which
makes the novel a true account of a
part of American history. And which
makes clear that it is not enough
that men risked their lives through
five years of Nazi terror to work for
freedom-they must stand in the
streets, call a general strike, get shot
down by guns of the United Nations.
for wanting to run the government
instead of turning it over to those
'patriots' who ran away to London to
become the Belgian Government-in-
exile when the fighting started and
who scurried safely back across the
channel when the "All Clear" sound-
ed. And who sit in the Belgian cham-
ber of deputies, protected by British
tanks in the streets, giving a vote of
confidence to a Premier who deserted
the people when trouble appeared.
Maybe you can't see the con-
nection. If you read Howard Fast's
book and the A.P. news report, it
isn't difficult to find. In each case
a group of people, common people,
unaccustomed to dealing in affairs
of state, unaccustomed to settling
disputes through force of arms-in
each case the common people
found that it wasn't enough to
work and build a new life. They
had to fight and die at the hands
of the old, decayed, filthy rotten-
ness of what used to be.
IT WASN'T enough that 200,000
Negroes fought with the Union
armies in the Civil War to free them-
selves from the bondage of the slave-
owning, land-owning, government-
owning Bourbon whites. Nor was it
sufficient that they fought hard in
their state conventions in the Recon-
struction Years-in the "black legis-
latures"-for schools, compulsory ed-
ucation for black children and white
children. For division of land lying
fallow, ownerless, put up for auction.
No, they finally had to fight for life
itself . . . against the political chi-
canery of the Tilden-Hayes election,
the withdrawal of federal troops
from the South in 1877, the rising of
the fiery cross: which still graces the
south, and whose spirit rose again
last Friday to lynch a 17-year-old
Negro boy in Pikeville, Tenn. (Where
is the Anti-Lynch bill which has
been reintroduced into Congress and
defeated session after session?)
And it isn't enough that the people
of Belgium, the men and women and
children, fought and died fighting
against the yoke of foreign oppres-
sion. That they killed and sabotaged
the Nazis with few weapons, little
help from the outside. No. Now they
have won that battle, and must rise
again and fight, if they are not to be
again ground down, this time under
a Belgian yoke, almost as tight and
merciless as that they just threw off.
It is hard to comprehend.
Ann Arbor is a quiet town. The
textbooks we study, printed on fine
paper in clear type, are easier to read
than newspaper accounts, from sou-
thern papers in the 1860's and '70's,
or from a news dispatch from Bel-
gium. But can you see it at all? It
is as if 2nd Lt. Snyder or Ensign
Jim Conant, USNR,nor anyrof them,
came back home, came here to
school, returning heroes, and we set
up guns against them.
We called out the police and the
ROTC to shoot them down for . .
for what? Why, for believing that
this was a just war. That they had
been fighting for democracy. That
it was time for all men to live clean
and decent lives with their wives and
families. That they shouldn't have
to worry about wages that will stop
when depression hits; which can't be
stretched to pay for food and rent.
And that they fought for a govern-
ment that is their own. That repre-
sents them. That stands for the
things all men desire.
We no longer feel calm. Or cool.
And if we can't do anything
about the Reconstruction period
now; if we can't do anything about
what is happening in Brussels ...
Then at least we can know what
is happening. We can understand
the way the world moves.
And we can see that the same
thing doesn't "happen here. Not
again. Not ever.
-Ann Fagan Ginger
THURSDAY, NOV. 30, 1944
VOL. LV No. 25
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To All Faculty Members and Oth-
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Since 1918 it has been a condition of
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for instructors of less than three
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Herbert G. Watkins
Students possessing deposit re-
ceipts for tickets to the Michigan-
Purdue football game are reminded
that these receipts become void after
Friday, Dec. 1, and no refunds will
be made after that date.
H. O. Crisler
Director of Athletics
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: The civilian
freshman five-week progress reports'
will be due Dec. 9 in the Office of the
Academic Counselors, 108 Mason
U.S. Civil Service has announced
the following: Chief, Regional Medi-
cal Division, $6,228 a year in Chicago,
for the states of Illinois, Michigan,
and Wisconsin. For further informa-
tion, call at the Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall. Office hours
are 9 to 12 a.m. and 2 to 4 p.m.
.January 1, 1945. These certificates
must be filed in the Payroll Depart-
ment of the Business Office, Room
9, University Hall. Blank certificates
may be obtained either at Room 1 or
Room 9, University Hall. If exempt-
ion certificate is not filed, tax deduc-
tion will have to be made without al-
lowance for exemptions in accord-
ance with legal rights.
Forestry Assembly: There will be
an assembly of the School of Forestry
and Conservation in Rm. 2039 Nat-
ural Science Building at 10 a.m. Fri-
day, Dec. 1.
All Students in the School are
expected to attend, and classes in the
School will be dismissed f or this pur-
The five-weeks' grades for Navy
and Marine trainees (other than
Engineers and Supply Corps) will be
due Dec. 9. Department offices will
be provided with special cards and
the Office of the Academic Counsel-
ors, 108 Mason Hall, will receive
these reports and transmit them to
the proper officers.
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Five-week reports on standings of
all civilian Engineering freshmen and
all Marine and Navy students in
Terms 1, 2, 3, and 4 of the Prescribed
Curriculum are due Dec. 9. Report
blanks will be furnished by campus
mail and are to be returned to Dean
Crawford's Office, Room 255, W.
Attention Engineering Faculty:
Five-week reports below C of all
Navy and Marine students who are
not in the Prescribed Curriculum:
also for those in Term 5 in the
Prescribed Curriculum are to be turn-
ed in to Dean Emmons' Office, Room
259, W. Eng. Bldg., not later than
Dec. 9. Report cards may be ob-
tained from your departmental of-
fice about Dec. 3.
Notice: Miss Gertrude Bruns, Field
Adviser for Girl Scouts, will be at the
University Bureau of Appointments
and Occupational Information, Fri-
day, Dec. 1. Any girs who are inter-
ested in being interviewed for a posi-
tion with the Girl Scouts, should call
the Bureau to make an appointment
for an interview.
French Lecture: The series of
French lectures for 1944-1945, spon-
sored by the Cercle Francais will
open today at 4:10 p.m., in Kellogg
Auditorium. A group of five short
French films on the fighting French
will be shown.
Tickets for the series of lectures
and films may be procured from the
Secretary of the Department of Ro-
mance Languages (Rm. 112, Ro-
mance Language Building) or at the
door at the time of the lecture for a
small sum. Holders of these tickets
are entitled to admission. to all lec-
tures, a small additional charge being
made for the annual play. These lec-
tures and films are open to the
Lillian Gish, famous star of stage
and screen, will speak tonight at
8:30 in Hill Auditorium as the third
attraction on the Oratorical Associa-
tion Lecture Course. Miss Gish's
subject will be "From Hollywood to
Broadway." Tickets may be pur-
chased at the auditorium box office
today from 10-1 and 2-8:30 p.m.
Acad emic lNtices
Geometry Seminar: The next meet-
ing of the Geometry seminar will
take place at 4:15 today in Rm. 3001
Angell Hall. Dr. Erdos will speak on
Euclidean Inequalities. Tea at 4
Seminar: Friday, Dec. 1, 10:30
a.m., Rm. 1564 East Medical Build-
ing. Subject: Factors Controlling the
Production of Antibiotic Subin Fluid
Culture Media. All interested are
Social Ethics Seminar: Will meet
this evening at 7:30 in the Lane
Hall Library. John Muehl will dis-
cuss Niebuhr's "Neo-Orthodoxy." All
those interested are cordially invited.
Botany 1 Make-up Final Exam-
ination will be given Friday Dec. 1 in
room 2033NS from 4:00-6:00 p. m.
Examination, Physics: Today, 10
o'clock. Courses 1, Ni and 45-Rm.
348, West Engineering Bldg. Course
25-Lecture Room, West Physics.
Percival Price, University Caril-
lonneur, will play his composition,
Sonata for 43 Bells, at 7 o'clock
tonight. The program will open with
five selections from the repertoire of
DeGruytters, carillonneur of Ant-
werp in 1740, and will close with
Tschaikowsky's Waltz of the Flowers.
Architecture Building, main corri-
dor cases, through Dec. 9, "How an
Advertisement Is Designed." An ex-
hibit furnished by courtesy of Young
& Rubicam, Inc., New York.
Mr O'Malley. Mom wants an ermine wrapi
for Christmas. . . Pop says as long as it's a
By Crockett Johnson
copyright 14 -4 Fmld pseltltio"
Can you get Mom an ermine wrap?
E , _ _ _ _ _ _ _
Let's repair to the forest