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November 30, 1944 - Image 1

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-11-30

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WEATHER
Snow flurries and colder
with strong winds.

VOL. LV, No, 25.

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, THURSDAY, NOV. 30, 1944

PRICE FIVE CENTS

Yanks

Thrust

Deep

Into

Rhine Gateway

,x

Air Force Smashes
Jap roop Ships
Report 13 Nip Vessels Sunk, 4,000
Reinforcements Lost in Latest Attack
By The Associated Press
GENERAL MACARTHUR'S HEADQUARTERS, PHILIPPINES, NOV.
30-An estimated 4,000 Japanese reinforcements for the Leyte fight were
lost in Allied air attacks on eight transports at sea, headquarters an-
nounced today.
Two others were destroyed after docking at west Leyte.
Thirteen Ormoc-bound enemy ships were destroyed in the new at-
tack. The 4,000 made enemy losses at sea in such reinforcements more
than 21,000 in recent weeks.
Allied fighter planes destroyed, three cargo transports, seven troop
transports and three destroyers.
Remnants Reach Ormoc

p

,,
.*

I,.

War BondE
Total Soars
For County
Corporations Buy
Larger Series Bonds
Bond purchases in Washtenaw
County jumped one million dollars
yesterday when corporations began
buying bonds in series larger than
E, Fred Schmid, War Bond Auditor,
said.
Total county purchases jumped
from $810,323, to $1,883,628. with the
state's allocation of $536,000 in bonds
to Ann Arbor representing the lar-
gest single entry. Corporation buying
began in advance of the official
opening of sales to business firms
tomorrow, Schmid said.'
The state allocation represented a
proportional break - down of the
state's total bond purchase.
E Bond Sales Mount
Sales in E Bonds, bought by small
purchasers, mounted $81,000 yester-
day.
Large bond purchasers were Argus
Inc., $110,000; Michigan Bell Tele-
phone Co., $48,000, and credit was
made for the Wabash Railway Com-
pany's purchase of $51,900 in bonds.
1 Ii

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-A. P. Wirephoto
ARROWS INDICATE AMERICAN DRIVES on the Aachen sector of the
western front (heavy line). The U. S. Ninth Army took Kirchberg and
reached the Roer River south of Julich. The U. S. First Army, push-
ing toward Duren, fought in the streets of Inden and held most of
Langerwehe. A heavy American assault also topples Hurtgen.

American Drive
'Gains on Cologne
Canadians Smash Onto German Soil;
Threaten Siegfried Line Anchor Point
By The Associated Press
PARIS, NOV. 29-American doughboys hammered new wedges into
the Duren-Julich gateway to the Rhine today in a smash through five more
of Germany's ruined towns. Elements of a Fifth Allied Army battled onto
Nazi soil in a stab at the northern anchor of the Siegfried Line.
(A Canadian press war reporter's dispatch said Canadians of the
Fifth and latest army to penetrate German soil were fighting in the area
of De Wyler Forest. The town of Wyler is just inside Germany east of
Nijmegen, Holland, and about six miles northwest of Cleve, northern end
of the Siegfried Line.)
Hurtgen Toppled
The flaming American assault west of Cologne toppled Hurtgen,'in
the vicinity of which Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley's men have fought so

Probably an entire reinforcing di-
vision was aboard the convoy. Some
of the remnants probably reached
Ormoc, the west Leyte port into
which the enemy has fed troops into
the Yamashita line.
Two of the cargo ships partially
were unloaded during the two day
and night air attack Nov. 28-29.
The total ships destroyed by Al-
lied air and patrol torpedo action
since the Japanese began their rein-
forcement efforts stands at 26 trans-
ports and 17 escort vessels, mostly
destroyers.
Jap Airmen Strike
Making probably their most deter-
mined attack since Leyte was in-
vaded, Japanese airmen pressed home
an assault on U. S. warships and
other shipping in Leyte Gulf Monday,
causing "some casualties and dam-
age."
Fifteen enemy planes were shot
down, said Wednesday's communique
in a terse report of the assault. It
gave no details on American losses.
U. S. Destroyers Shell Ormoc
American destroyers meanwhile
were stealing into Ormoc bay, on
the western side of Leyte, and Mon-
day night shelled the strategic enemy
port of Ormoc without drawing any
shore fire. It was the first time any-
thing larger than a PT boat had
dared to enter the mine-infested
waters.
Tokyo Tar gets
Bombed Again
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29.- ()-
The new 21st Bomber Command to-
day rained destruction on Tokyo
targets from their Superfortresses
for the third time in a week."
The War Department announced
simply that "targets in the Tokyo
area" were attacked. No details were
available. It was stated a communi-
que will be issued.
The attack, the third since an-
nouncement of formation of the 21st
Command last Friday, was launched
from its base on Saipan Island, south
of Japan.
(Tokyo radio said, "A minor for-
mation of B-29's attempted their
first night attack" today on the
Japanese capital, starting two fires.
Both were brought under control
immediately, the broadcast asserted,
claiming as usual that there was
"practically no damage." The big
bombers, Tokyo added, were "re-
pulsed."
Public Told of State-Wide
Scarcity of Iodized Salt
With the state supply of iodized
salt dwindling, Washtenaw County's
Nutrition Committee yesterday warn-
ed county housewives to be on the
lookout for "inadequate substitutes."
Iodized salt should be eaten regu-
larly to "avoid goiter displeasures"
Nutrition Committeemen pointed out.
CAMPUS EVENTS
Today Social Ethics Seminar at
7:30 p. m. in the library
of Lane Hall. The book
"Neo-Orthodoxy" will be
discussed.
Today Prof. Preston Slosson lec-
ture 7:30 p. in. at Rack-
ham Amphitheater.
Dec, 1 Deadline for petitions for
positions on Union Board
of Directors.
Dec. 1 Russian movie at 8 p. m.I
in Rackham Auditorium,
Dec. 1 Post-War Council movie

Peace Plans To1
Be Discussed at
Rackham Today
Post-War council Is
Host to Prof. Slosson
Prof. Preston W. Slosson of the
history department, long-time stu-
dent of international affairs, will be
featured in the first of a series of
five meetings designed to analyze
Dumbarton Oaks decisions at 7:45
p. m. today in the Rackham Amphi-
theatre.
Open to Public
The meeting, open to the general
public, is the first on the Post War
Council's agenda for the coming year.
A question and answer period will
follow Prof. Slosson's address.
National, and international post-
war problems, including world re-
habilitation, European political pow-
er, and current international devel-
opments will be dealt with at subse-
quent post war panels which will
continue through the fall term.
Chairman of the local chapter of
the University Committee on Post-
war problems, which represents col-
leges throughout the nation, Prof.
Slosson conducts a news analyza-
tion radio program three times each
week from the campus.
At Peace Table
He was a member of the American
Peace Commission at Versailles in
1919 and has taken a leading part in
peace plans during the present con-
flict. As a leader in the Manley
Hudson association advocating an
international organization, Prof.
Slosson aided in writing the group's
charter for a world peace.
Pvt. Berton Bernard, Co. C, will
introduce Prof. Slosson and moderate
the discussion following.
Correspondence
Coutrss Are Not
Included for G..
"Although discharged veterans may
take extension courses using govern-
ment funds, there has been no pro-
vision thus far allowing G.L.'s to take
University correspondence courses,"
Dr. Charles A. Fisher director of the
University Extension Service said
yesterday.
Dr. Fisher stated that he hoped
there would be "some ruling in the
future to allow returned servicemen
to take correspondence courses with
the aid of the government."
Revision of the federal statute
allowing veterans educational oppor-
tunities in the correspondence field
would mean further circulation of
University courses ranging from as-
tronomy to zoology.
Pontiac Pastor Asks
For Recount of Vote
LANSING, NOV. 29-()-Leland
L. Marion, candidate for governor
on the America First Party ticket at
the Nov. 7 election, is an office-seek-
er who believes what the voters tell
him.
Filing a petition today for a re-
count in all Oakland County pre-

STA GE, SCREEN VETERAN:
Lillian Gish To Speak Here

BOND BOX
We have ...
County ............$ 1,883,628
University .........$15,927
We need..
County...........$ 6,280,372
University.........$84,073

Lillian
and scree
lywood t
today in

Meanwhile, through the efforts of Recent
the Bond Belles University sales sound me
mounted to $15,927 yesterday with Dawn".
the University quota of $100,000 still
far out of reach. career ir
Wittan's Team Leads stage.
The Bond Belle team leading the In the
competition for sales is Beverly Wit- red in th
tan's administration team 15 with
(.28 sales to its credit. Marian John-
son's team 12 which sells to music Sit
school faculty runs second with 18
sales. Third in the race is Barbara
Osborne's team 1 which has sold 11 I Il
bonds in the literary college. j
The other teams and their total LOND4
sales are as follows: team 7. dental, -The 20
Virginia Mast, 11; team 2, engineer- of India
ing, Jean Gaffney, 10; team 5, law, marine ii
Pat Barrett, 10; team 3, art, Carol 1942, w-
Steen, 6; team 9, business adminis- troops t
tration, Bette Boas, 6; team 10, for- said toda
estry, Carol Giordana, 6; team 6, The n
pharmacy, Peg Kohr, 5; team 13., matic ph
public health, Norma Crawford, 4; death th
team 4, medicine, Sue Curtis, 2; team ig heav
11, nursing, Elaine Bailey, 1; team as it plu
14, graduate, Jane Archer, 1; and high out
team 8, education, Lou Schloss, none. Both
a rescue;
Triat oies Elect ing or
5 sgiven.
The n
Officers After inking
Pacific 1.
Intittation Fetect
e the Ioberea
persons a
Triangles, engineering junior's and chile
honor society, elected Harry Watts, The s
V-12, president, and Charles Walton, commanc
45E, secretary-treasurer, yesterday, lifeboatc
at a meeting following an initiation "His a
dinner at the Allenel Hotel. ter from
Ten new members elected for two Victory
terms were Howard Yerges, V-12, men," sa
Howard Watts, V-12, Charles Wal- nolds of
ton, 45E; Robert Dolph, Marine; Sal-
vatore Sorice, V-12, John Weyers, '
NROTC; Warren Bentz, V-12; Rich-l
ard Mixer, 45E; Fred Dyson, Marine;
John Lintol, V-12. Rate,
Prof. C. F. Kessler of the Engi-
neering faculty was also initiated. LANSI
Selected on basis of high scholastic third ma
records plus outstanding extra-curri- state pub
cular achievement, the new members instructe
of Triangles were presented with the ed Gas C
traditional Triangle key and a cer- ber bills
tificate at the dinner. Ann Arb
Retiring officers are Bill Culligan, The or
V-12, president and Bob Precious, federal e
NROTC, secretary-treasurer. the comp
BRITISH PA RIAMi~ENT

Gish, veteran star of sta
en, will speak on "From Ht
o Broadway" at 8:30 p.
Hill Auditorium.
ly appearing in her fii
ovie, "Commandos Strike
Miss Gish has had a lo
n silent films and on t
role of Vinnie Day she sto
he record-run production
ing of Yan]
Revealed.
ON, Nov. 30, Thursday-(.
0,000-ton ocean liner Vicer
was sunk by a German st
in the Atlantic in Novemb,
hile bringing United Stal
o Britain, the Daily M
ay.
ewspaper published two di
hotographs of the ship in
iroes, one showing it wallo
ily on its side and the otr
nged to the bottom, its b+
of water,
hotographs were taken fri
ship. No details of the sir
the rescue of troops w(
ewspaper also told of t
of the 20,000-ton Canadi
iner Duchess of Atholl
1.942, while en route fri
East to Britain with 8
aboard, many of them wom
dren.
ubmarine surfaced and
der gave the Nazi salute
occupants near him.
nswer was a burst of laug
the children and the V-f
salute from men and w
aid a survivor, Daniel Re
Liverpool.
ty Company's
S To Be Cut
NG, NOV. 29--(P)-In
jor rate order this fall, t
lic service commission tod
d the Michigan Consolidi
ompany to slash its dece
31 per cent in all but t
or district.
rder wipes out a $1,000,0
xcess profits tax liability
pany.

"Life with Father," most recently
appearing in the Theatre Guild pro-
duction of "Mr. Sycamore."
Her first years in the movies were
the top director, playing her first
role at the age of six in the cast of
"In Convict's Stripes," a melodrama.
Educated in Dayton, Ohio and
Baltimore, Md., Miss Gish began her

Union Petitions
For Offices
Due Tomorrow
Vice-Presidents Will
Be Chosen in Election
To represent the Schools of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts, Medicine
and Dentistry; three more vice-presi-
dents are needed for the Board of
Directors of the Men's Union.
Petitions for these positions must
be in the student offices of the Union
before noon tomorrow. Any man in
the three schools is eligible for oe
of the offices if he conforms with
University eligibility rules, is a Union
member, and will be on campus until
June, 1945.
Applicants should state their qual-
ificational background, their experi-
ence in campus activities and any
suggestions they may have concern-
ing the policy of the Union.
Three vice-presidents already serv-
ing with the Board represent the
Engine school, the Law school, and
the other schools combined.
The Board of Directors coordinates
the policy and functions of the
Union. Its members therefore are
able to take an active part in campus
events directed through the Union.
Besides the six student vice-presi-
dents, on the Board are faculty rep-
resentatives and the president and
the secretary of the Union executive
council.
uthven Studies
Program for
Navad Traininag
After studying the naval air train-
ing program at the Naval Air Train-
ing Bases, Pensacola, Fla., President
Alexander G. Ruthven returned to
the campus yesterday.
The purpose of the President's
visit was to observe the training
program in action and "to see how
it will fit into a post-war plan cov-
erin' military preparedness in gen-
eral."
President Ruthven, who also vis-
ited his son, Ensign Bryant W. Ruth-
ven, USNR, stationed at the Train-
ing Bases as assistant personnel of-
ficer, said his studies are being di-
rected toward the formulation of a
play whereby the training program
of all military units-Army, Navy,
and Air Corps could be coordinated
with the program of colleges and
universities in peacetime. He also
conferred with Rear Admiral Charles
'A. Pownall, USN, Chief of Navay Air
Training, while there.
Alpha Phi Omega
Meeting Is Today
A special membership meeting for
all men interested in joining Alpha
Phi Omega, campus service frater-
nity, will be held at 7:30 p. mn. today
in the Union.
This fraternity is made up of men
who have had former Boy Scout
experience and its purpose is to serve
the campus community.
William Goldberg was elected
president for the coming year while

fiercely for weeks. Langerwehe, Jun.
gersdorf, Kleinhau and Koslar also
fell in a surge which broke across the
Inde River at two points and carried
to within 31/ miles of the stronghold
of Duren.
It spread to the north where flame-
throwers opened a path across the
road connecting Lindren and Linich,
five miles northeast of Geilenkirchen
and seven miles northwest of Julich,
threatening the latter place.
Flamethrowers Used
This northeastern push of the Am-
ericans, matched by another flame-
thrower assault around Wurm to the
west, caused the Germans to open
the floodgates of dams along the
Roer River, flooding the valley north
of Geilenkirchen to the width of
nearly a mile,
Langerwehe, last important com-
munications center west of the Roer,
was cleared of enemy troops after
two days of house-to-house fighting.
First Army Nears Duren
Lt. Gen. Courtney Hodges' U. S.
First Army, in its smashing drive
along both sides of the Adolf Hitler
highway toward Duren, also seized
Hurtgen, Jungersdorf, and Kleinhau.
Lt. Gen. William Simpson's U. S.
Ninth Army, boring forward on Hod-
ges' left through knee-deep mid,
drew an assault arc around the forti-
fied road center of Julich by wiping
out the last organized Nazi resistance
in Koslar, a mile west of Julich,
and by crossin the little, Inde River
just to the south on a captured
bridge.
In perhaps the day's most vital
development, Hodges' battle-tried
veterans at last began working their
way out of Hurtgen Forest, south-
west of Duren.
Red 'Offensive
Deems ed Vital
Victory Date Depends
O Dual Strategy
WAR AT A GLANCE
By The Associated Press
WESTERN FRONT - Yanks
take six German towns, hammer
new -wedges into Duren-Julich
gateway.
PACIFIC FRONT- B-29's hit
Tokyo again in first night raid.
4,000 Jap reinforcements for Leyte
lost in Allied air attacks. Libera-
tors hit Iwo Jima.
RUSSIAN FRONT-Reds thrust
westward 25 miles beyond Danube
in south Hungary.
* * *
By JOHN HIGHTOWER
Associated Press Correspondent
WASHINGTON, Nov. 29.- The
date of victory in Europe now de-
pends primarily on a Russian offen-
sive on Germany's eastern front to
match the Allied onslaught in the
west.
It is the conviction of ranking
military leaders that the battered
Reich which is now running critically
short of manpower and suffering pro-
duction difficulties, maybe beaten in
a relatively short period by such a
double-crusher strategy. Otherwise
the Germnans may be able to prolong
the fighting indefinitely.
Prime Minister Churchill's gloomy
revision of his war end forecast today
to fix the time of victory as next
summer. The hope is that the Rus-
sians will attack very soon, just as
quickly as hard freezes in central
Poland facilitate the launching of a
major offensive in the vicinity of
Warsaw.

LILLIAN GISH
...To speak here

career in 1913, starring for years in
the silent films, leaving Hollywood for
an Broadway when sound came in, and
in finally returning to Movieland,
omn Her- early theatrical experiences in-
B26 elude an appearance in support of
en Mme. Sarah Bernhardt.
its
to Council Installs
or- HouseH eads
o-
ey- For the first time in University
history, Assembly Council formally
installed its independent house pres-
idents at a candlelight ceremony held
last night in the Grand Rapids Room
of the Michigan League.
Welcomed by Florine Wilkins,
President of Assembly Council, the
its house presidents. rose and repeated
he the oath of office. Each woman was
lay then presented with the symbol of
at- her office, the blue and white rib-
m- bons of Assembly, joined together
he by a wooden gavel, the emblem of
authority.
)00 Following the induction ceremony
of Alice Lloyd, Dean of Women, wel-
comed the house presidents.

OPENS:

Churchill Eases Peace Predictions

LONDON, NOV. 29-(P-)-Prime
Minister Churchill, opening a new
session of the British Parliamentl
with centuries-old ceremonies, gave
sombre warning today that his pre-

not yet been reached, that a bridge-
head has not yet been establishedj
over that formidable barrier and that'
invaded Germany would be figh~ng
wit a,- an~a-tn nt mat . lrkur1~naI

The Prime Minister, who spoke
on the eve of his 70th birthday, gave
glowing praise to Allied armies as he
opened the tenth consecutive session
fa rli.amn-+I- P- f ,-i n1 Aq

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