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April 16, 1944 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-16

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SUNDAY, APRIL 16,1944

I'

Fifty-Fourth Year

I1

I'd Rather Be Right
By SAMUEL GRAFTON

Dominie Says

GRIN AND BEAR IT

By Lichty

Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44

E
Jane Farrant
Claire Sherman
Stan Wallace-.
Evelyn Phillips
Harvey Frank
Bud Low . .*
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson
Marjorie Rosmarin

Editorig

:01

Staff

Managing Editor
. . . Editorial Director
. . . . City Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
. Women's Editor
. Associate Women's Editor

Business Stafff
Elizabeth A. Carpenter. . Business Manager
Margery Batt . . . Associate Business Manager
Telephone 23-24-1
NIGHT EDITOR; STAN WALLACE
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
SHOW SURVIVES:

Victory Varieties Will
Receive Hearty Support

0

THE SECOND VICTORY VARIETIES SHOW,
which has barely survived attempts to crush
the program, deserves and will receive enthusi-
astic support from the student body.
Featuring the Coca Cola Spotlight Band, the
program, to be presented Saturday, is an en-
core and an indication of the success of the
first show on March 18, which featured a
comedy novelty act from the Empire Room of
Chicago's Palmer House.
The Victory Varieties programs are filling a
long-felt campus need for entertainment. Stu-
dents have found that there are about three
choices of weekend recreation: movies, danc-
ing at the League or a trip to one of the
town's beer taverns. The Varieties shows, de-
signed especially for servicemen who may find
Ann Arbor a little dull, are a welcome inno-
vation.
Presentation of the programs should continue
each month, as originally planned, regardless
of any arbitrary attempts to stop them. Dean
Bursley and Dean Rea deserve the hearty thanks
of students for working to perpetuate the en-
tertainments. -Jennie Fitch
ANTI-VICTORY:
War Effort Hindered by
Burning Food in Detroit
THE ENTIRE WORLD faces a critical food
shortage, yet there is evidence that carloads
of fruits and vegetables have been burned in
Detroit in order to keep prices up.
Charles C. Lockwood of the Greater Detroit
Consumers Council las charged the Detroit pro-
duce receivers with dumping 50 carloads of
potatoes, as well as carloads of oranges, grape-
fruit, radishes, turnips and onions, into a DPW's
incinerator.
Food is a vital war material. An urgent ap-
peal has been made to the farmers to grow
more crops in 1944 for civilian use, to feed the
men in the armed forces stationed in this
country and abroad and to send to the starv-
ing people of Europe.
Experience has proved that there is nothing
more dangerous behind battle lines than starv-
ing people. There is an okl saying that a hungry
man is a dangerous man. When our army cap-
tures territory formerly held by the enemy one
of the first tasks is to feed the people.
WHEN the second front begins there will be
even more people in Europe who will need
food. They are looking to America to supply it.
One important step towards victory will be gain-
ing the friendship of the small nations. If they
read that we are burning food in this country,
while they do not have enough to eat, we cannot
expect their friendship and cooperation.
It takes a ton of food a year to feed a man in
the armed service and approximately two-thirds
of a ton to feed a civilian. With every advance
that the army makes there are more persons
to be fed. Despite a great shortage of workers
and machinery the American farmer has met
with the government request for increased acre-
age, but his effort will have been wasted if this
food is destroyed.
A few years ago Steinbeck's "Grapes of
Wrath" appeared and shocked the entire na-

NEW YORK, April 15.-We need a system of
"free ports" for refugees. These would be reser-
vations, fenced and guarded, which any person
could enter without formality, no matter how
homeless or stateless he might be. Until we set
up free ports for refugees, we shall be asking
the refugee to stand on one foot while we solve
his problem, a position in which a man can wait
just so long, and a child less.
No rights would be acquired by anyone who
entered such a reserved area, except the right
to sit down, which is a rare right at the pres-
ent moment in civilization's majestic march.
By an easy legal fiction, entrance into a "free
port" would not constitute legal entrance into
the country, and stay in the "free port" would
not constitute residence in the country.
We have used this same legal fiction to es-
tablish free ports for goods. For reasons much
too dull to tell you about here, these are of
great advantage to our foreign trade in time of
peace. There is a functioning free port inmthe
New York City area, into which foreign mer-
chandise and alien corn can be brought without
payment of customs duties, parked for a while,
then transshipped elsewhere. The stuff can stay
here for a year without ever being considered to
be in the country, and if we can use a legal
fiction to make a dollar, we ought to be able
to use a similar legal fidtion to save a life.
There are practical difficulties in the way of
such a scheme, because storage facilities for
living women and children have to be a bit more
complex than storage facilities for wine and
corsets.
YET, THESE DIFFICULTIES are hardly great
enough to stun the human imagination. Any
Army camp scheduled for early abandonment
might do, or a fence could be put around some
of the excess housing facilities we have built
in eastern industrial areas. As to what agency
would run the "free port" for refugees, the an-
swer is, of course, the new War Refugee Board.
With such a "free port" in its pocket, the War
Refugee Board would be in a position to go to
other members of the United Nations and ask
them to establish similar facilities, and it could
not be turned down. The burden would thus
be distributed around the world.
But if we ask other nations to set up facili-
ties while we do not, the answer is going to be
a low, leering laugh, accompanied by remarks
about the pot and the kettle, etc.
There are legal difficulties, too. But we are
entertaining 130,000 Nazi prisoners of war at
the moment in this country, and not one has
NOT CONVINCED:
Coeds Must Wake Up
To Vital War Demands
"BIGGEST HURDLE in the recruiting of wo-
men is their failure to be convinced of the
very real need of their working," states an
Office of War Information report on the ne-
cessity of filling 2,000,000 essential jobs by sum-
mer if the pace of the war economy is to be
maintained.
That statement is an indictment of every
woman, student or otherwise, who presents
pat excuses for her failure to fight the war-
yes, fight the war-for working is fighting
when it is necessary for victory.
There may be differences of opinion as to why
we are fighting this war, but we are all agreed
on the necessity of winning it. The war, how-
ever, can not be won by simple agreement. Our
enemies are powerful and victory demands the
maximum amount of effort from every Ameri-
can, and that includes us-the women of
America.
American women have not fulfilled their du-
ties as citizens of a country at war. Data from
the War Manpower Commission, War, Navy,
and Labor Departments, Federal Security Hous-
ing Agency, Federal Works Agency and Bureau
of the Census revealed that 1,500,000 have quit
since July, 1943, when the peak employment
of women was recorded at 17,900,000. The war
is not yet won, but those women who have left
their jobs have stopped fighting.
Of what significance is this to the college
woman? There is a place-a battle station-
for every woman. The report points out:

"Agriculture and such seasonal industries as
canning will require the employment of an
additional 800,000 women, many of whom may
be from among teachers or students free to
take such work during summer months." The
undergraduate with a summer recess of four4
months in sight could well fill that need.
Graduating seniors among women need not
ask, "But what can I do?" The Army and Navy
need an additional 8,000 nurses by June, while
women's military units want a minimum of
100,000 more enlistments. Hundreds of thou-
sands more are needed in war and essential
civilian service jobs.
The United States has not yet found it neces-
sary to draft labor. We have relied on the desire
for victory to insure the maintenance of produc-
tion. The common plaint of coeds is, "I wish
this damn war were over." Their response to
the call for women workers will prove that their
wish for peace is accompanied by the willingness
to fight for it. -Betty Roth

entered under the quota. It is true that pris-
oners of war have certain established rights,in-
cluding the right to a safe haven, where nobody
shall make funny with them. But can we really
argue, with shabby earnestness, that the inno-
cent victims of these Nazis are not entitled to
equal rights with their deadly and malicious
enemies?
If we cannot give our friends at least the same
rights we give our enemies, then a host of ques-
tions is raised, including whither are we drifting
and what is wrong with our heads.
The refugees could be visited by consular
and other officials of their own nations in
these "free ports." they could be investigated,
picked over, and perhaps, in time, outfitted
with papers, and thus gradually raised to the
lofty level of legal existence, as distinguished
from the inconsequential level of mere physi-
cal existence.
Meanwhile, those Americans who do not want
refugees here could have the assurance that
they were not legally here at all; while Ameri-
cans of a more humanitarian turn of mind and
heart could have the assurance that refugees
were being cared for, and this is, therefore, a
democratic solution, in harmony with the tra-
ditional ingenuity and resourcefulness of Anglo-
Saxon law-making.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
DREW W
PEARSON'S '
MERRYGOROUND
WASHINGTON. April 15.-It has escaped
public attention that one of the signihicant labor
disputes in history is now before the War Labor
Board. It involves the question of whether man-
agement has the right to say whether or not its
properties must keep on operating at the behest
of a union after the War Production Board says
that operation is no longer needed after the war.
The Republic Steel Company operates the
Raimund Iron Mine near Bessemer, Alabama,
where there was a row over wages and working
conditions with the CIO mine, mill and smelter
workers. The case came before the overburdened
Atlanta branch of the WLB nine months ago
and was delayed for some time. In the interim,
Republic Steel shut down the mine with the
consent of the WPB.
Meanwhile, the union got busy inside the
WPB to find out why the iron ore from the
Raimund Mine was not necessary to the steel
program. What it discovered was that lesser
officials in the WPB's iron and steel division,
unknown to Chairman Donald Nelson and
Vice Chairman Charles E. Wilson, had so
ruled without the knowledge of their chief.
Learning this, the union pressed for a further
investigation as to the essentiality of the mine
and, later, the Atlanta WLB received a letter
from WPB's burly Vice Chairman Wilson that
the mine was essential to war production, after
all.
Wilson Reverses Himself.. ..
Elated, the union approached the WLB with
this new evidence. Came the day of the re-
hearing and a third communication arrived from
the WPB. This one, also from Wilson, sustained
,the original findings of his assistants and re-
versed his own findings that the mine's output
was necessary to the war.
This completely wrecked the union's case,
which the Atlanta Labor Board promptly dis-
missed.
Now the CIO has appealed to the full Na-
tional WLB in Washington, arguing that the
War Production Board, not being a tripartite
body of industry, labor and Government offi-
cials, is not impartial and not competent to
pass judgment on the essentialities of a prop-
erty where a labor dispute is involved.
What the union wants WLB to do is order
Republic to reopen the mine against its will
and provide jobs for about 150 miners who once
worked there. The union's prestige is involved,

also the company's business prerogatives. But
more than anything else, there is involved a
vital principle of the post-war period as war
contracts are cancelled and facilities are no
longer considered essential to the war.
Britain's Indian Empire . . .
Certain Senators, even including some of the
President's supporters, are irked over curtail-
ment of the Australian Army, simultaneous with
British requests that we send more U.S. troops
to India.
The Britishrequest was made by Field Mar-
shal Sir John Dill, former British Chief of Staff,
now liaison officer in Washington. Sir John
suggested to U.S. war chiefs that, in view of the
Jap invasion of India, the United States might
send more troops to that area.
Sir John had to admit that a huge British
army is spread out through India largely for
the purpose of preventing internal revolt.
(Copyright, 1944, United Features Syndicate)

ONE of the chief functions of ed
ucation is the discarding of par
tial metaphors, according to Profes
sor F. N. Whitehead, the Harvar
philosopher and mathematician. W
have experience. Then we rational
ize it. Then we state it, distill it
chief item into a creed and finally
state the creed by metaphor. Sucl
is the process by which we move fron
expreience to knowledge and possibly
go on to wisdom. Religious person
tend to get tripped at the point o
creed and metaphor. These are ac
cepted as final whereas they are no
final, never should be so accepte(
and are always the beginning (not th
eAd) of a vital process.
The context must give the mean-
ing. For example, "Fatherhood of
God" was adopted in early Chris-
tianity. In that Roman period
when that expression was , first
used, men thought of sternness,
austerity, command, severity. How-
ever, since the days of Rousseau,
Petsolotsi and modern education
in the western civilizations, "Fath-
erhood" connotes security and ten-
derness. Thus the term "Father-
hood of God" considered in its con-
text may mean one thing. Con-
sidered outside its context it may
mean almost the opposite.
In our day there is a tendency t
probe all the pockets of experienc(
and allow bulging ideas to burs
forth. There are trends to this an
trends to that-all trying to get ex
pression. These have been accum
ulating for years. Now there is
bursting forth all at once, as it were
Creeds must be reexamined, mad
the beginnings of something new
Old metaphors must be supplante
by ones which say what we really
mean.
There is a day of spring all about,
not in the herbs and trees, but in
the beliefs, the convictions, the as-
sociations, the aspirations and the
longings of men. If you have long
wanted to write, begin now. If
you have an invention struggling
inside of you, communicate with
someone. If to you the world needs
a new approach to an old problem
or a religion, don't tell it to God
alone, but state your conviction.
If you see some solution for a prob-
lem far off in a strange region, do
not be afraid, but ask your tutor o
professor about it and keep asking
until you find some adequate test o
some to that new thing. The basic
law is that you shall keep close to
the historic content but never stop
there.
Counselor in Relgious
Edward W. Blakeman
Education
DAILY OFFICIAL
BULLETIN

-
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*1-
iagoTimesinc
"I don't 'think you ought to keep rubbing it into your father, Otis,
that when he was your age, he didn't earn half as much as you!"

I.
SUNDAY, APRIL 16, 1944
VOL. LIV No. 121
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Notices
Honors Convocation: The 21st An-
nual Honors Convocation on Friday,
April 21, at 11:00 a.m., in Hill Audi-
torium, will be addressed by Viscount
Halifax, British Ambassador to the
United States. There will be no aca-
demic procession. Faculty members
will assemble in the dressing rooms
in the rear of the Auditorium and
proceed to seats on the stage. Aca-
demic costume will be worn. Re-
served seats on the main floor will
be provided for students receiving
honors for academic achievement,
and for their parents. To permit at-
tendance at the Convocation, classes
with the exception of clinics, will be
dismissed at 10:45 a.m. Doors of the
Auditorium will be open at 10:30 a.m.
The public is invited.
Mail is being held at the Business
Office of the University for the fol-
lowing people: Altman, Peter; Bor-
yan, Marie; Gale, Doris; Gaster, Bert
D.; Grimes, Julie; Hockett, Dr.
Charles F.; Kahn, Mrs. Alfred; Kel-
gen, Louise; Keschman, Hannah;
Prill, Paul E.; Sandler, Malcolm;
Scheer, Lawrence E.; Taube, Aileen;
Wescott, Joan E.
Eligibility Rules for the Spring
Term: First term freshmen will be
allowed to participate in extra-cur-
ricular activities but will have their
grades checked by their academic
counsellors or mentors at the end of
the five-week period and at mid-
semester. Continued participation
after these checks will depend upon
permission of the academic counsel-
lors or mentors. All other students

t who are not on probation or the
d warned list are eligible.
- Anyone on PROBATION or the
- WARNED LIST is definitely ineligi-
ble to take part in any public activity
and a student who participates under
these circumstances will be subject
. to discipline by the authorities of
d the school or college in which he or
y she is enrolled.
y Participation in a public activity
is defined as service of any kind on
a committee or a publication, in a
public performance or a rehearsal,
holding office or being a candidate
for office in a class or other student
organization, or any similar function.
In order to keep the personnel rec-
ords up to date in the Office of the
Dean of Students, the president or
chairman of any club or activity
should submit a list of those par-
ticipating each term on forms ob-
tainable in Room 2, University Hall.
These records are referred to con-
y stantly by University authorities,
r governmental agencies and industrial
concerns throughout the country and
the more complete they are, the more
valuable they become to the Univer-
sity and the student.
School of Education Faculty: The
regular meeting of the faculty will be
s held on Monday, April 17, in Univer-
sity Elementary School Library. The
meeting will convene at 4:15 p.m.
Medical Aptitude Test: The Medi-
cal Aptitude Test of the Association
of American Colleges, a normal re-
quirement for admission to practi-
cally all medical schools, will be
given on Friday, April 28, throughout
the United States. The test, which
will require about two hours, will be
given in Ann Arbor in the Rackham
Amphitheatre from 3 to 5 p.m.
Any student planning to enter a
medical school and who has not pre-
viously taken the Aptitude Test
should do so at this time. You are
requested to be in your seats prompt-
ly and to bring with you two well-
sharpened pencils.
The fee of $1.00 is payable at
the Cashier's Office from April 17
through April 26.
The deadline for Hopwood MSS is
Monday afternoon, April 17, at 4:30.
Contestants should read over the
rules of the contest to make sure
they have complied with them.
Lectures
General James S. Simmons, Chief
of the Department of Preventable
Diseases, Office of the Surgeon Gen-
eral, United States Army, will ad-
dress an assembly of public health
and medical students in the audi-
torium of the School of Public
Health at 11:00 a.m. Wednesday,
April 19. General Simmons' subject
will be "Preventive Medicine in Mili-
tary Practice."
General Simmons' duties embrace
the preventive medicine and public
health problems of our Army in all
parts of the world. Interested guests
are invited.
Academic Notices
There is a critical shortage of Hus-
sey's syllabus used in Geology 12,
"Geological History of North Amer-
ica.' Any students having copiesI
which they are willing to sell or rent,(
please bring to Secretary in Rm. 2051t
Natural Science Building.
Concerts
The Carillon Recital to be heardj
at 3 p.m. today will consist of Airt
for Carillon by Percival Price, fiveg
spirituals, selections from the Magic
Flute, by Mozart, and two Australian
airs. The program will be presented,
by Professor Price, University Caril-o
lonneur.d

Brahms for her recital at 8:30 p.m.,
Tuesday, April 18, in the Assembly
Hall of the Rackham Building. She
is a student of Joseph Brinkman and
is presenting the recital in partial
fulfillment of the requirements for
the degree of Master of Music.
The public is cordially invited.
Victory Musicale, sponsored by
Sigma Alpha Iota and Mu Phi Epsi-
lon, will be presented at 8:30 p.m.,
Friday, April 21, in Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre. The program will
include compositions by Jeannette
Haien, Philip James,DRobert Dela-
ney, Aaron Copland, Dorothy James
and Carl Eppert. The general public
will be admitted upon the purchase
of U.S. war bond 'or stamps at the
door.
Exhibitions
Exhibit: Original plans and per-
spectives for the proposed civic cen-
ter of Madison, Wisconsin, designed
by the architect, Frank Lloyd Wright.
Ground floor corridor, Architecture
Building. On exhibit until May 1.
Events Today
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will, meet this afternoon at 4:30 in
the Fireplace Room, Lane Hall.
The Congregational-Disciples Stu-
dent Guild will meet at 5:00 p.m. at
the Congregational Church, State
and William Streets. Professor Peter
A. Ostafin of the Department of Soc-
iology will speak on "Fear and the
Personality." There will be oppor-
tunity for discussion. Cost supper.
Tau Beta Pi will hold an introduc-
tory meeting for all candidates for
initiation at 5 o'clock today in the
Union. All actives are invited to
attend.
Gamma Delta, Lutheran Student
Club, will have a supper meeting to-
day at 5:00 at the Lutheran Student
Center. Supper at 5:30, discussion
at 6:10.
Wesleyan Guild meeting at 5 p.m.
Dean Faulkner will speak on "Bridges
of Understanding." Supper and fel-
lowship hour following the meeting.
International Center: Prof. Mal-
colm Soule of the Department of
Bacteriology will speak on his recent
trip to Latin America at 7:30 p.m.
Sunday in the International Center.
Following the talk, refreshments will
be available. Foreign students and
their American friends are cordially
invited.
Coming Events
Research Club: The Annual Mem-
orial meeting will be held in the
Amphitheatre of the Rackham Build-
ing, Wednesday evening, April19,
at eight o'clock. Professor E. C. Case
will present the memorial on "Jean
Baptiste Lamarck" and Professor
John W. Eaton on "Johann Gott-
fried von Herder."
Iota Sigma Pi meeting Monday,
April 17, at 7:30 in East Lecture
Room of Rackham Building. Dr. F.G.
Gustafson will speak on "Chemical
Aspects of Botany."
Bacteriology Seminar will meet
Tuesday, April 18, at 4:30 in Room
1564 East Medical Building. Sub-
ject: Glycerol metabolism by an in-
termediate of the coli-aerogenes
group. All interested are invited.
There will be a compulsory mass
meeting of all Junior USO hostesses
of Company X, at 7:30 p.m. on Tues-
day, April 18.

BARNABY

By Crockett Johnson
J You realize O'Malley. we

I

Hush, m'boy... Atlas the Mental Giant is
calculating my political growth from the
time I was prevailed upon to enter public

You're stillgrowing,
O'Malley. According
to today s editorials.

0

GR~OWTH Q O ALLEY
IN THE PUBLC EYE

'

.,vf
can't tell how large those
bronze statues of you must

MR II

1 1 1 f 1 1 1 1 " * , , ; ; i 1 A

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