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April 16, 1944 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-16

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SUNDAY, APRIL 16, 1944

THE MIYICfAN DAILY WAR PAGE

PAGE~

r

.M. . , _ _ . , v

JapsBl
Allies Repulse
Jap Attack
On Marshalls
Marine Airplanes
Intercept Bombers
Off Eniwetok Atoll
Iy be Associated Press
U.S. PACIFIC FLEET HEADQUAR-
TERS, Pearl Harbor, April 15.-Re-
pulse of the first Japanese attempt
in five weeks to strike against an
American central Pacific base and
additional U.S. air attacks on Japan's
Kurile Islands were reported by Adm.
Chester W. Nimitz today.
The fleet announcement said night
fighters of the 4th Marine Aircraft
Wing intercepted Japanese bombers I
as they came in before dawn Friday
to hit the American base on Eniwe-
tok atoll in the Marshalls. The Rising
Sun bombers were turned back as the
Marine pilots shot down two and
probably accounted for a third. All
of the Japanese bombs fell in the
water, Nimitz said.
The last previous Japanese attempt
to smash the Eniwetok base, 768 land
miles northeast of Truk, was on
March 8. In that case the Japanese
inflicted slight damage.
Northern Bases Hit
Steady hammering of the Kuriles
was continued Thursday night and
Friday morning. Ventura search
planes of fleet air wing four unloaded
explosives on much-bombed Para-
mushiro and Shumushu. The same
'night Liberators of the 11th Army Air
Force struck Paramushiro and Onne-
kotan. The Japanese sent up only
meager anti-aircraft fire.
Meanwhile Adm. Nimitz announced
today important changes in the cen-
tral Pacific air high command in
forward areas.
New Commanders
Maj.-Gen. Willis H. Hale will take
command of the shore-based air force
forward area while Rear Adm. John
H. Hoover will become commander
of the forward area in the central
Pacific, handling all forces assigned
to the area including shore-based air
forces. Gen. Hale succeeds Adm. Hoo-
ver in direction of operations and
logistics support for all shore-based
Army, Navy and Marine Corps com-
bat aviation in the central Pacific
forward area.

ick Kohima Sup
GERMAN PROPAGANDA:
Allied Soldiers in Italy Laugh at
Nazi Attempts To Scare Them I

pl Liuc

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By KENNE'l'! L. DIXON
Associated Press Correspondent
ANZIO BEACHHEAD, April 10.-
(Delayed)-The Nazis never seem to
tire of trying new propaganda tricks
on the Allied soldiers, but doughboy
reaction doesn't go according to the
Goebbels book.
Many a GI radio is tuned in each
night on "Berlin Sally" and her co-
mic opera partner, George, whose
propaganda program is beamed to
the boys along the front. But they
listen for the music and the laughs,
admit that the "Berlin Bitch"-a
most popular nickname-has a good
script writer, and that's all.
The program usually starts with
George intoning in a sf pulchral voice
the sentence which serves as their
theme song:
"Easy, boys, there's danger ahead:"
If they think they're scaring the
soldiers with that they should hear
the GIs joining in on the chorus
with George, each doughboy striv-
ing to put the most soulshaking vi-
brations in his voice.
But all the soldiers agree that
it't a good gag.
Just before they list the latest
Allied air losses (while bombing
Berlin or some other German
place) George and Sally play
"What Goes Up Must Come Down"
or some such touching little piece.
The b4dys like that, too.
Before or after reading the names
of newly-captured Allied prisoners
they play "Don't Get Around Much
Any More," or something similar.
"Nice timing, that," says a soldier
appreciatively; in a professional way.
But anyone who considers such stuff
effective propaganda always means it
for someone else, not for him.
Sally always invites the boys to
come up and see her and they all say
they'd like to, but they say other
things about such a visit which pro-
bably would cut her feminine little
heart to the core.
Besides countless such radio pro-
grams, they drop or shoot propagan-
da leaflets over the line, just as we
do:" The Nazi leaflets try to pit one
ally against another or one outfit
against another by telling one that
the other has failed to support it.

I

There are also subtle suggestions that
whichever Allied nation is in com-
mand on a given sector of the front
is safeguarding its own men at the
expense of others.
They love to shower down leaff-
lets on the front line soldier with
pictures of dead men hideously
maimed, accompanied by com-I
ments such as this:
"Most of you are convinced that
the war will be over in four months
-too bad if it should hit you in the
last minute . ."
One group of soldiers sent sever-
al of these leaflets back to their
divisional command post with a
solemn notation that they thought
it represented "pretty smart propa-
ganda."
"That proves it failed to affect
them," said one officer.
When one line company picked up
German leaflets saying "What about
the Nettuno front? Is the slaughter
to be repeated there?" they sent a
terse reply saying:
"Yes, guess who we mean."
A leaflet showing a picture of a
girl back home making love to ano-
ther man was thrown over with a
caption saying unfaithfulness was
common back home, "while you are
away." One frontline replied with its
,own impromptu leaflet: "You ought
to know. You've beei away longer
than we have."
But even the bitterest doughboy
got a laugh out of one propaganda
round that the Germans won. One of
our armored units shot over leaflets
saying "Watch out, we're going to
attack tonight."
Replied the Germans with an un-
expected sense of humor:
"Let us know an hour before the
attack and we'll lend you a couple of
panzer outfits. We have plenty to
handle all your tanks and then
some."

I-

Allies Atteinpt . :
To Clear Vital ' Led1
Burma Lnesimapur _ _
By CHARLES A. GRUMICII
Assoiciated Press Correspondent Khm
NEW DELHI, April 15.-The Jap-
anese have blocked the road to Dim-M
apur out of Kohima and still hold 1A _ r
stretches of the Bishenpur-Silchar IMPHl
track out of Iiphal, Allied Head- Schar
quarters acknowledged today as Al- Maw 1u
lied forces fought deadly jungle bat- Tam =-
ties to clear these land connections
between the Assam-Bengal railroad
and the two threatened Allied strong- -Indaw
holds in northeastern India.
First Admission +w !
This was the first time the South-h
east Asia Command had made known _ u0
that the Japanese invaders, despite 7MInpurR.
all Allied efforts, had blocked the _
35-mile road from Kohima to Dima-
pur, important point on the railroad.
The communique said operations
against these blocks were "progress-
ing."
The importance of the 150-mile Pakok u
Bishenpur-Silchar track was empha-! o0
sized by the disclosure in Allied quar-
ters that this alternative route could . .
be traversed by jeeps and other jun-
gle vehicles. The first disclosure that ARRO S INDICATE JAPANESE Dl
the Japanese were operating along it into northern Burma. British-Ind
was made yesterday. Silchar is the fi'mly before Imphal and sucessful
terminal of a spur to the Bengal- Japs have not yet launched any m,
Assam railway. I north inched farther into Jap-iheld
Tokyo Reports Fierce Fight
(The Tokyo radio said heavy fight-
ing was under way between the ad- -
vancing Japaiiese and the Allies de-
fending the Bishenpur-Silchar road.,
"The enemy is throwing in reinforce- AN ADVANCED ALLIED AIR
ments recklessly despite heavy los- BASE, NEW GUINEA, April 15.--W)l
ses," the broadcast said. "It should
be recalled that when their supply--A deep craving for more combat
line on the Kohima-Imphal road was flying is the answer of America's top
cut off March 28 the enemy hurriedly air ace of World War II, Maj. Rich-#
embarked on repairs to the hitherto ard I. Bong, to an order grounding
unused Bislienpur-Silchar road in him indefinitely at this New Guinea
order to render it passage to motorns
lorries as a last way of escape.") base.

' 5..umprabum 0
0 qa 4Pn gMY-4IN
CHINA
: ,- 1^Namkcham
,MANDALAY'

a Trail
2,000 yank
Planes Strafe
German Fields
British-Based Bombers
Hit Ploesti Oil Fields
Supporting lied Army
By The Associated Press
LONDON, April 15. - Powerful
American aerial forces, possibly to-
taling as many as 2,000 planes, struck
from Britain and Italy today strafing
German airfields and transportation
facilities and bombing the Romanian
capital of Bucharest and the oil cen-
ter of Ploesti in blows directly sup-
porting the Red Army.
Flying out from British bases, U.S.
Lightnings, Thunderbolts and Mus-
tangs of the Eighth and Ninth Air
Forces swept over ten German and
German-occupied airfields with some
formations penetrating as far east
as an airfield in the vicinity of Berlin.
30 Planes Lost
Thirty American fighters failed to
return, the Army announced tonight.
This constituted the largest number
of losses ever suffered by American
fighters in a single day's operation
The fighters which possibly totaled
between 500 to 750 planes shot down
18 German planes in aerial combat.
In addition they destroyed and dam-
aged "a considerable number of en-
emy aircraft on the ground," a com-
munique said.
Their low-level strafing attacks
also were directed at barges, flak
cars, a factory and locomotives in
Germany. Returning pilots reported
they had damaged 17 locomotives.
The assaults today broke a one-day
lull in the heavy blows being rained
on Hitler's aerial defenses and supply
lines.
Record Fighter Attacks
The British-based operations which
ranged over a wide area of central
and northern Germany constituted
one of the greatest mass fighter at-
- tacks ever launched. The communi-
que did not name the targets of the
fighters, which pressed forward their
attacks despite generally unfavorable
weather conditions.
In the assault from Italian bases
a force of probably 700 American
heavy bombers with a least 500 *es-
s corting fighters penetrated to within
150 miles of the Russian-German
front.

RIVES intol
ian troopsi
ly counter-a
ajor attacks
territory.
C--n
le want
in a plane
of his swee
dahl, of Sr
photo of 1V
when ano
Lightning r
ed out wh
Bong says
bit differen

India and Allied drives
were reported holding
attacking although the
. Allied forces in the
batDuty,
s to get back into the air
bearing the photograph
theart, Marjorie Vatten-
,uperior, Wis. He lost a
hiss Vattendahl recently
ther pilot took up his
named "Marge" and bail-
en an engine conked.
s he doesn't "feel a damn
V" since breaking the rec-
. Eddie Rickenbacker.
ffirms Solidarity
, April 15.-(R)-The Axis
that an important Coun-
was held at Premier Tojo's
okyo today at which the
after discussing the Allied
f the past year and the
evasion of the west, pro-
rm determination to fight
the end.
ts were reported made by
and German ambassado
tahmer.
'I I

'''

]ong, who has blasted l7 Japai-
n-ord of Capt.
SALT FOR HITLER'S TEA: ese planes out of the air since De-
cember, 1942, now is working an
Clear Skies Stim ulate Allied "office ob. The reason for the
grounding order was not announc- IjLONDON
Ai f e sv e a a i n ed. But rong says, "I'd go nuts announced1
Air Offensive Preparation ' if I couldn't keep on flying in com- cil of War w
bat." home in T
By KIRKE L. SIMPSON The quiet and seemingly nerveless conferees, a
Associated Press War Analyst fighter pilot who has shattered the offensive of
Mild mid-April weather over all Europe this week-end, set continental World War I Rickenbacker record of promised in
skies swarming with Allied and Russian bombers night and day in obvious 26 enemy aircraft downed in combat claimed a fi
preparation for furious invasion battles soon to open against Germany from and has ninetprobables to his credit, together to
east and west alike, dreads the thought that he might Statement
Evs andwsstePcfcsas.win. be sent home to take part in War both Tojo
Even across the Pacific seasonal weather conditions rated high Bond sales rallies. Heinrich S
the making of Allied operational plans against Japan. The approach of
the wet monsoon period in the India-Burma theatre had some relationship
to dispositions to meet the only Nipponese offensive move in months, the
invasion of India across the Chindwinw N ri t n e o
Riverstations were not
Tveroffthe air because of thousand-ship
The monsoon rains when they fleets of fighter escorted Allied bomb-
come in Assam and northern Bur- ers roving continental skies. 4 9 ,1#1

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Thme little hii. of iuiderwear
Juuiors like iIIsteadl of panties
o oi# Wiiei WeI to prevent calr. .
OComfortable
8 Launder like Hankies
'Do not need Ironing
. : '0"
c't
..A..ailable in hee sizes ... Junior,
C ~Avterage, and Extra Large.
$.:25 - .:50

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ma will increase ten-fold the supply
difficulties of enemy columns op-
erating scores of miles from Bur-
mese rail or river communications.
They will much less hamper Allied
movements in eastern India, or the
slow but steady progress of the
Ledo road connection with China
the Japanese thrust into Assam was
designed to check.
In the Pacific perimeter from New
Guinea to the Kuriles, monsoon
weather is not a factor. There was
ample evidence that new and deeper
thrusts into the Japanese Pacific belt
were impending. In the central zone;
Admiral Nimitz' mighty air-sea force
appeared grooming for new power
drives closer to the heart of Japan
itself. Tokio rumbled with warnings;
of American bombing attacks to
come.l
It was in Europe, however, that
the weight of both Russian and Al-
lied air power Churchill estimated
now to triple or quadruple the
strength Germany can muster in the
skies to meet it was coming into its
own as weather conditions improved.!
The mid-April week-end saw the
most sweeping and sustained seven
days of night and day attack from
the west and the linked long range
Allied bombing from bases in Italy,
brought to its culmination. Shatter-
ing blows at Nazi air defenses were
struck at factories from central Hun-
gary to France. There were few
spells of even hours during the week

There was little to hint at any
early change in the stalemated
Nazi - Allied campaign in Italy.
While the Anglo-American effort
to take Rome remained bogged
down, the effect was more political
than military since it still kept
pinned on the Italian penninsula
and in the western Balkans two
score or more Nazi divisions urg-
ently needed either in Romania
and Poland to face a double Rus-
sian menace or in the west to
confront the rising Allied invasion
drive threat.
And in the east there was no doubt
that massive new Russian assaults,
both westward through Poland above
the Carpathian barrier and south-
westward into the Danube valley,
were being Moscow organized. There
was nothing left in Russia south of
the Pripet marshes to show for Hit-
ler's disastrous attack on Russia but
a dwindling toe-hold in the south-
western corner of the Crimea and a
tiny segment of the Black Sea coast
of the Ukraine east of the Dnepr
estuary. Both seemed death traps
for the Nazi or Romanian satellite,
troops within them.
Moscow press accounts of the Cri-
mea redemption campaign moving
swiftly to its climax in the now Rus-
sian invested' Sevastopol segment of
the penninsula told of wholesale en-
emy surrenders, Nazi as well as Ro-
manian.

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SUENO IE UNA NOCH
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Conmedy il, Three Acts
by G. lMrtinez Sierra
Lydia MENDELSSOJIN Threatre

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