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IBd Rather Be Right
BY SAMUEL GRAFToN
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
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lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
rier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1943-44
Stan Wallace. .
Evelyn Phillips .
Bud Low,. ,
Jo Ann Peterson
Mary Anne Olson.
. . . Managing Editor
. . . Editorial Director
. . . . City Editor
. . . Associate Editor
. . . . Sports Editor
Associate Sports Editor
* Associate Sports Editor
. . . Women's Editor
. Associate Women's Editor
Elizabeth A. Carpenter . . . . Business Manager
Margery Batt . . . Associate Business Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: JENNIE FITCH
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Today Marks Fourth
Year of Resistance
TODAY NORWAY has been occupied for four
years. For it was April 9, 1940, that thous-
ands of German soldiers hidden in the hulls of
apparently harmless merchant ships attacked
the proud little country at 2 a.m. and bombs
were dropped from airplanes on the unsuspecting
In spite of the disorganization and turmoil
that followed, the Norwegian people declared
war on Germany and fought for 60 days. With
the help of some English and French troops
they killed 60,000 Germans and a third of the
German navy rests now at the bottom of the
Theking and part of the government took
refuge in England. There they reorganized a
Norwegian army, navy and air force. The air
force and navy have been in the thick of the
fight and the army stands ready to be called
to action. Since the beginning of the war the
Norwegian merchant marine has carried troops,
munitions and supplies to battlefronts of the
United Nations in all parts of the world. Brit-
ain especially has good reason to respect this
merchant marine, for when Nazi bombs were
being dropped there in such numbers, Norwegian
ships carried arms, oil and food from the United
States to Great Britain.
Inside Norway, though the county is oc-
cupied, the people continue to fight. The re-
sistance consists of sabotage and espionage-
the kind of resistance that the vain Nazis find
exasperating and uncontrollable. These Ie-
ports are indicative of the spirit of the people
"Four persons. . . have been arrested for sab-
otage in connection with the blowing up and
sinking of a large ferryboat on Tinnsjo Lake
about a month ago . . . At Aal on the Bergen-
Oslo railway an important bridge has been
blown up. . . Gausdal Hotel in Gudbrandsdalen,
one of Norway's leading resorts and since 1940
a favorite haunt of quislings, was destroyed by a
fire of unknown origin ... At Tonsberg the
'authorities' have been having a good deal of
trouble with people who take delight in ripping
down Nazi placards as fast as the Nazi can
paste or nail them up."
T HESE PEOPLE have been robbed of every-
thing, clothes, food and homes. A recent
Nazi announcement states that the PAPER
MLOTHES, now available to workmen, ARE ALSO
SUBJECT TO RATIONING. But in spite of the
numerous arrests and all the privations to which
they are subjected, they will continue to resist
until the day comes when they can rebuild their
land on a basis of democracy and justice.
Before the treacherous invasion, Norway was
considered one of the most progressive and demo-
cratic countries in the world. Illiteracy is un-
known there. Social security was enjoyed by
all. Literature, philosophy, the sciences and
arts were encouraged to such an extent that the
country was able to produce such great people
as Ibsen, Bjornsen and Grieg.
Today the people in Norway fear mobiliza-
tion. They see in the added recruits for labor
service the possibilities for such action. Nor-
wegian publications state that the people will
not fight against the Allied nations and against
the ideals in which they believe. The Nor-
wegian underground papers have therefore
urged the people to disregard calls for labor
service on the grounds that this may be an
NEW YORK, April 8.-Bitter are the lamenta-
tions over our failure to take one town, Cassino,
in a pitched battle. But is this really a war of
siege, a war at one pin-point on the map, one
castle, one town; soldiers inside the walls and
soldiers outside the walls, and a contest of en-
durance between them?
It would be outrageous to suggest that our
military leaders take this shrunken, almost
medieval view of the global war, as if it were
a war for the reduction of one city, like the
ancient wars of Genoa and Florence.
But many of our civilian commentators take
just this view; with some of them it is a case of
Cassino or nothing, and they do little in their
writing to suggest that in modern war a city
may be won, not on the spot, but by a diversion-
ary action 500 miles away.
Our huge military concentration in Britain
ought to be enough to suggest to even the dim-
mest light that we are mobilizing a grand plan
for attacks at many places, for our own equiv-
alent of the Russian strategy of pulling and tor-
menting enemy forces ceaselessly to threatened
points, so that, in Western Europe, as in the
Ukraine, they may be always running, always in
motion, but never in control.
THE RUSSIANS have always insisted on fight-
ing the whole German army, as a totality;
never have they relaxed this high conceptual
grasp of their problem; never have they been
willing to be flimflammed into into an all-out
effort against one section of the German army
SO NOW, from no other a mouthpiece than the
,we-think-we-are-so-liberal Detroit Free Press
we find support for strong, silent Tom Dewey
taking a new turn. I quote from an editorial in
yesterday's Free Press: "Mr. Dewey cannot ex-
press himself until the Republican convention
has spoken. To do otherwise would be a viola-
tion of his pledge to the people of New York."
From this, one is led to believe that Dewey
must maintain a discreet silence, keeping his
views on world and domestic affairs (assuming,
of course, that he has some) under his wavy
black thatch, because he once declared he would
not seek another office during his term as gov-
The idea is, of course, that should the mous-
tached Dewey come out and say anything. on
international affairs, either intelligent or oth-
erwise, it might be misconstrued to mean that
he is campaigning for President.
This is the staid, substantial trick of the ob-
scurantists rearing its ugly head once more. Give
the people a half-truth, and they'll believe the
other half too. I know of no rule that states
"As soon as one gives his views on international
affairs, he is automatically a candidate for the
presidency." All the statements in the world
on internationalism, or isolationism, or com-
munism, or states' rights, or what-have-you, do
not add up to "I am a candidate." Or perhaps
The Free Press and Dewey view New York as so
remote from the world as to be untouched by
the war outside.
But the Free Press does not stop at this. The
obscurantism goes still farther.
I quote again: "What matters it if he does
not make clear at this time his position on in-
ternational affairs? Nothing that he might
now say or do would in any way affect the con-
duct of the war. If, as, and when he is nom-
inated it will be necessary for him to declare
himself. Then the people will have oppor-
tunity to pass on his viewpoint; and, if they
feel that they like his attitudes toward world
and domestic affairs better than they do
those of Mr. Roosevelt, they will say so at the
polls in November."
I have always assumed that it is the duty of
the political parties to select as a candidate the
man most suited to be President. Dewey's silence
tactics are absolutely no indication that he is
head and shoulders above every other candidate
in the Republican ranks. Moreover, note the way
the Free Press editorial takes it for granted that
President Roosevelt will be running for a fourth
term. All of which is blunt admission that what-
?ver Roosevelt is for, the Republicans are against.
Wouldn't they be surprised if their illustrious
son from Michigan should come out with Roose-
veltian policies after nomination!
It would seem that the Free Press and the
Republicans are more concerned in "breaking
a pledge" to New York's 12 million than in
their duty to the other 118 million people in
From all this we deduce that Dewey intends
to break his pledge, but not until the nomination
is tightly clutched in his hand. He knows, and
his supporters know, and we know, that should
he break it before he wouldn't get the nomin-
ation. nClaire Sherman
at the particular point where it happened to be
There is little of this high vision in our bitter
civilian complaint of Cassino; we chatter forever,
here at home, about the "total" nature of the
war, but are curiously willing to drop our sights
and accept the theory that this war is a series
of local operations, little wars, each standing
severely alone, like separate jousts in a tourna-
And this narrowness of view extends to the
diplomacy we are erecting on the base of the
war, so that our State Department, for in-
stance, finds there can be no increase of de-
mocracy in Italy until we take Rome.
Why Rome? What special meaning can Rome
have or any other single black speck on the map,
during a total war? Why must it be that par-
ticular city, as if we were the Doges of Venice
or the Medicis of Florence, fighting in a me-
dieval war, or in a bitter, localized Renaissance
struggle? Under the same reasoning, the Rus-
sians might have refused to recognize the Partis-
an movement in Yugoslavia until Belgrade had
But it was to help liberate Belgrade that the
Partisans were recognized and assisted.
It is people who set cities free, not the re-
verse. We insist on Rome first, Italian free-
dom afterwards; we make it read backwards,
that it is cities which set people free; we even
hold that it is only one particular city, Rome,
which has that magical power.
Mr. Hull tells us aridly that too much cannot
be done for Italian democracy now because we
are too busy fighting for Rome. Rome, like
Cassino, has fascinated us. A speck on the map
has swollen and become bigger than the country
it is in.
We look for victory in the railroad guide, dur-
ing a total war which has demonstrated that it
does not matter where any city is, because the
people are everywhere.
(Copyright, 1944, New York Post Syndicate)
cat~e1tePJ + tIe ClitoH
Stassen M isre presented.,.
To the Editor:
Unintentionally, Claire Sherman's admirable
editorial on the Wisconsin primary election did
some injustice to one of the contestants. Lieu-
tenant Commander Stassen some months ago did
publish a magazine article on foreign policy in
which he came out very strongly and definitely
for an international union powerful enough to
It is unlikely, therefore, that he will have
at the convention any genuine isolationist sup-
port; though at the primary some isolationists
may have supported him to defeat Mr. Willkie.
Mr. Willkie could logically support a Stassen.
ticket in November. There are other Republi-
cans, also, not now active candidates, who
might as "dark horses" be nominated at the
convention, who are as internationally-minded
as either man; for example, Senators Ball and
Burton, Representatives Judd, Justice Roberts,
Unhappily, it is now most improbable that
any such wise nomination will be made; and this
will probably compel those who take world or-
ganization seriously to support the Democratic
ticket. If Mr. Willkie can see his way clear to
support such a coalition of Democrats and pro-
gressive-minded Republicans it will not only
greatly enhance the chances of an enduring
peace, but perhaps lead to the long-desired re-
alignement of parties on a realistic basis of pres-
ent-day issues instead of memories of the issues
of Civil War days. A Roosevelt-Willkie ticket
would rouse genuine enthusiasm.
Wo 0 0 -- -?-.g
IF YOU have trouble getting even an upper
berth on a Pullman, take a leaf from the big
Companies which have large war orders do
not depend on 10-day advance reservations like
the average traveller. They buy up whole blocks
of Pullman berths on trains from New York,
Chicago, Detroit, Los Angeles and other places
one month in advance.
Then they turn around and bill the Gov-
ernment for this expense, under their cost-
plus contracts. All meals and liquid refresh-
ments on trains (though not itemized as such)
also are charged to the Government. Anything
goes under a cost-plus contract.
Between the war contractors and service trav-
ellers, Congressional investigators who have to
travel out of town on short notice frequently
are up against it. Not long ago, Representative
Ed Izac of California tried to get 10-day ad-
vance reservations for a Naval Affairs subcom-
mittee, but couldn't. When he complained" to
railroad officials, he was told.: "Sorry, Congress-
man, but two big industrial concerns cleaned us
out several weeks ago."
THE youth needs of a city like Ann
Arbor betray, on the one hand,
active groups needing clubrooms, and
on the other, eight or ten fine club-
rooms standing idle a part of every
week. Why must the community rent
or erect a new clubhouse when many
churchrooms are available? Here is
a good post-Easter problem.
At the bottom of this issue is the
"community" and the concept
"church." The formera sociologi-
cal ideal, is based on human need.
Need of protection, need of social
life and need of a method of ex-
change are always basic.
But the church is not created by
this type of need. Church is founded
on the intention of God and man's
need beyond himself and society. It
is the function of priest or minister
to convert persons out of the world
and bring them by Divine Grace into
"the church." While these two con-
cepts, community and church, fall
apart or fail to cohere, the kingdom
of God must wait.
The rationalizations which are of-
fered are instructive: (1) The sociolo-
gist, accepting all man to man and
group to group relations as germane,
focuses his gaze on the culture and
those group motives by which man
expects to transform society into
Utopia. He insists that this can be
done by altering the habits of per-
sons through participation. He is be-
havior bent. He is objective. (2) The
churchman, accepting a man to God
relation as the only one which is
germane, focuses attention upon God
and insists that the person and his
group life can be improved only by
repentance or by changing man's in-
tention. This can be done when God's
will becomes man's wish through
faith. He is subjective.
However, neither the sociologist
nor the churchman will arrive
without the other. They are mu-
tually dependent. Yet, in our socie-
ty today, there they stand, like
Thompson's mule, which starved
to death between two haystacks. It
is to solve such problems as this
that men and women are graduat-
ed annually from universities and
colleges. How far are our graduates
actually prepared to solve such
fundamental problems in a democ-
Edward W. Blakeman
Counselor in Religious Education
SUNDAY, APRIL 9, 1944
VOL. LIV No, 115
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Student Tea: President and Mrs.
Ruthven will be at home to students
Wednesday afternoon, April 12, from
4 to 6 o'clock.
Biological Station: Applications for
admission to the 1944 summer ses-
sion are now being received. An An-
nouncement describing the courses
offered can be obtained at the Office
of the Summer Session, or at Rm.
1073, Natural Science Building.
May Festival Tickets: A limited
number of season tickets (6 con-
certs), and also for individual con-
certs, are now on sale and will con-
tinue on sale so long as the supply
lasts, daily from 9 to 12, and 1 to 5
(Saturdays 9 to 12 only) at the
offices of the University Musical So-
ciety in Burton Memorial Tower.
Required Hygiene Lectures for Wo-
men-1944: Notice is hereby given
that the required Hygiene Lectures
for Women which have been given in
the Rackham Auditorium at 4:15-
5:15 on Mondays and Tuesdays, for
the balance of the period will be held
in the Natural Science Auditorium.
The hour and days remain the same.
Seniors and Graduate Students,
who have been invited to be guests
of honor at the Twenty-first Annual
Honors Convocation, are requested to
order caps and gowns at the Moe
Sport Shop immediately. They must
be ordered no later than April 11 to
be delivered in time for the Convoca-
A local manufacturing firm, having
discontinued the manufacture of a
liquid type duplicating machine, has
offered to give to the University a
limited number of these machines.
Any department having a real need
GRIN AND BEAR IT
E ASTER, like all holidays, is a sym-
bol. It stands for basic convictions
which the people who observe it, hold.
It is related to a specific historical
event and so is brought to focus on a
particular day, but it affirms truths
which make up the fundamental pat-
tern of life.
So Easter affirms that life is
eternal. Never was death so real
to us. We are almost afraid to read
the newspaper for fear the list of
those killed in action will include
the name of one of our friends.
Even in our civilian life, young as
well as old, at a time when they
least expect it, meet death.
The resurrection of Jesus symbol-
izes our faith that death is but the
transfer of the place of operation of
life; the laying aside of one instru-
ment, our body, to take up another,
and continue activity. The ones we
love, and we ourselves, but go on to
be with former friends, and to carry
on the work God has for us in a new
field of endeavor.
Easter, however, goes farther. It
declares that evil can never per-
manently destroy good. Though
Jesus was crucified; he rose again,
and the truths for which he stood
have continued to live.
In a day when hatred, exploita-
tion, the power of gold and brute
force seem to be in the saddle, riding
mankind to destruction, Easter de-
clares that justice, good will and
peace cannot be permanently de-
stroyed. It calls us to build our lives
individually and socially on the foun-
dation of beauty, truth and goodness,
in the faith that a "Family of God on
Earth" can be built.
Observance of Easter is thus an
affirmation of faith and a determi-
nation to make this faith effective in
-Rev. C. H. Loucks
First Baptist Church
4 . 4
4 b 1944 lCh]agotime;lii
"You squawk about food, you scream about getting up in the
morning, you shoot craps, you got pin-up girls . . . why can't
you act like soldiers out here!"
for a small cylinder type duplicating
machine should see or write the Uni-
versity Purchasing Department at
once outlining the need for this
"The Shape of Wings To Come":
Mr. Geoffrey F. Morgan, Manager,
Speakers Bureau, Douglas Aircraft
Company will discuss the role avia-
tion is to play in the post-war world.
His talk will be given Tuesday, April
L1, at 8:15 p.m. in the Amphitheatre
of the Rackham Building. The pub-
lic is invited. Sponsored by the Jun-
ior Chamber of Commerce, the lec-
ture is under the auspices of the De-
partment of Aeronautical Engineer-
University Lecture: Dr. William H.
Adolph, Professor of Chemistry at
Yenching University, China, will
speak on "Nutritional Problems in
China and the Orient," Wednesday,
April 12, at 8:00 p.m., Rackham
Amphitheater. This lecture is given
under the auspices of the Department
of Biological Chemistry.
Lecture:"Faster than the Sound."
Dr. Theodore von Karman, Director
of the Daniel Guggenheim Graduate
School of Aeronautics at the Cali-
fornia Institute of Technology and a
leading world authority in technical
aeronautics, will lecture on the above
subject at 4:15 p.m., Wednesday, Ap-
ril 12, in the amphitheatre of the
Rackham Building. The lecture is be-
ing given under the auspices of the
Department of Aeronautical En-
gineering and the public is invited.
French Lecture. Professor Edward
B. Ham, of the Romance Language
Department, will give the seventh
and last of the French lectures spon-
sored by the Cercle Francais, Thurs-
day, April 13, at 4:10 p.m. in Room D,
Alumni Memorial Hall. The title of
his lecture is: "Quelques ennemis du
Voltairianisme." Admission by ticket.
Food Handler's Lectures: The sec-
ond of the April series of food hand-
ler's lectures will be given on Tuesday
evening, April 11, in the Auditorium
of the Kellogg Building at 8:00 p.m.
All food handlers employed in com-
mercial establishments are required
by City Ordinance to attend one
series of lectures in order to obtain a
permanent food handler's card.
All persons concerned with food
service to University students who
have not previously attended are
asked to attend this lecture.
The Westminster Student Guild
will hold a Sunrise Service on Easter
Sunday Morning. Breakfast will fol-
low at 8:15 a.m. and those who desire
may attend the 9 o'clock Morning
The Congregational - Disciples
Guild will meet at the Guild House,
438 Maynard Street, at 5:00 p.m. for
a brief service of worship led by Sea-
man Walter Scott, followed by an
open house with recorded music and
The Michigan Christian Fellowship
will meet this afternoon at 4:30 in
the Fireplace Room, Lane Hall.
The Inter-Cooperative Council, In-
corporated will hold a meeting of the
Board of Directors on Monday, April
10, at 7:30 p.m. in Room 306, Michi-
The English Journal Club will meet
at 8 p.m. Wednesday, April 12, in the
West Conference Room, Rackham.
Miss Anna V. LaRue and Mr. Henry
Popkin will present papers on the
critical theories of Edmund Wilson
and Kenneth Burke. Discussion and
refreshments will follow the reading
of the papers. Faculty, graduate stu-
dents and interested undergraduates
are cordially invited to attend.
Becteriology Seminar will meet
Tuesday, April 11, at 4:30, in Room
1564 East Medical Building. Subject:
Some macroscopic phases of micro-
Mathematics Club will meet Tues-
day, April 11, at 8 p.m., in the West
Conference Room, Rackham Building.
Professor J. S. Frame of Michigan
State College will speak on "Applica-
tions of Group Theory to Molecular
There will be a meeting of all
women interested in working on the
Tutorial Committee this semester on
Tuesday, April 11, at 5 p.m. in the
Undergraduate office at the League!
Applied Mathematics Seminar will
meet Tuesday, April 11, at 4:10 p.m.,
in 318 West Engineering Building.
Professor, J. S. Frame of Michigan
State College will speak on "Mathe-
matical Problems in the Bending of
"She Stoops to Conquer," comedy
by Goldsmith, will be presented in
the Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre Wed-
nsrdav thronh Saturdav h Pla
This editorial refers to my
growth in POLITICAL stature,
m'bov...A flure of speech-
By Crockett Johnson
Did you also get Congress to
pass the dam the Elves wont?
For the brook in the woods?
. . . The original site of the Great
O'Malley Dam? They don't need
a dam there anv more. nrnnbv
S.. . The symbolic statues of me
for the river dam!. . . Now that
I've grown in stature.m'bov! .