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April 05, 1944 - Image 2

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1944-04-05

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

E--~l-CH~ANr-41AkLY

WEDNESDAY, APRIL ., 94

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_ _ _. _
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Plan To Cross
Channel May-
Prove Difficult
Veteran Says Invasion
Via Water Possible.
With Heavy Losses
By The Associated Press
BATTLE CREEK, Mich.-Amateur
military strategists who have spent
restless nights trying to figure out
the easy way to cross the English
Channel can turn out the lights and
go to sleep.
But be ready for a nightmare!
The Channel can be crossed, says
Lt. John C. Hickson, just as we've
crossed other water in this war; we
know it and the Germans know it.
And he's willing to bet that if the
Germans allow us abbeachhead 10
miles deep all the king's legendary
horses and men-and then some-
vill be needed to drive us back into
the sea.
Foresees Heavy Casualties
"We're expecting tremendous cas-
ualties. There isn't any other way
because Jerry, remember, is a real
fighter. He's. just as good a fighter
as we are in nearly all respects and
he's better in some. We must never
forget that."
This newly-arrived patient at Per-
cy Jones General Hospital, a lanky,
28-year-old infantry officer who was
injured when struck by a truck near
Oran, ranks as something of an ex-
pert on invasions.
The young lieutenant who now
calls Lansing home-his wife, Bar-
bara, and two-year-old son have been
living there during his stay overseas
-believes that the Channel crossing
is at once the important, and the
easiest, part of the coming operation.
'Possible in Spite of Bombings'
"We won't have much trouble
crossing that water. We'll catch a lot
of bombing, but we can do it."
"When we were getting ready to go
to Sicily, the Jerry saw our ships
around Gran and Bizerte and Tunis
.and sent the planes over. We lost
several LST's at Bizerte, but we kept
right on filling up others and then
we spent three days at sea before we
finally met at rendezvous and went
in.
"Jerry is going to see us this time,
too. We'll lose a lot of stuff and a
lot of men before we even getsstart-
ed."
Is it feasible to move across the
Channel during the short nights we
know that summer will bring?
"There's plenty of time. All we
need is a few hours. I think that
when we decide to go we can put the
boys in France easily in eight hours.
If things go right, we'll have airfields
in 'operation in three hours after we
hit the French coast," he prophesied.
'Odds Are with Us'
"The odds are with us, ind for a
couple of good reasons. We know
now how to cross water and put up a
fight. We went into North Africa,
Sicily and Italy. You learn a lot in
three excursions like those.
"I figure we're going to make a
good landing and hold on. It may be
tough, but we'll. hold on. With a
summer ahead of us we should ,have
the beachhead sewed up by fall when
cold weather will bog down the entire
front. We should be able to win by
the middle of 1945.
"Yeah, I figure that with luck on
our side we can whip the German
Army a year from the day our beach-
head is ten miles into France."
Villegas Will Give Fourth
Sociedad Hispanica Talk
Francisco Villegas, Spanish depart-
ment instructor, will give the fourth

lecture in La Sociedad Hispanica
series at 8:00 p.m. today in the Rack-
ham Amphitheatre.
Speaking on "La Vida Academica
de un Estudiante en Costa Rica," Mr.
Villegas will compare educational
methods used in Costa Rica to those
of the United States.
WAR BONDS ISSUED HERE!
- Day or Night -
Continuous from 1 P.M.
Weekdays 30c to 5 P.M.
TS . E
┬žANN ARBOP'S NEWSTTT
Last Times Today
"GOVERNMENT GIRL"
- Coming Thursday -

Discovery of -
New Vitamins
Is Announced
By The Associated Press
CLEVELAND, April 4.-Two new1
B-complex vitamins - without one,j
chickens' feathers fall off, without the
other, chickens die-were describedj
to the American Chemical Society
today.
Both vitamins have been found
necessary, also, to dogs, monkeys and
white rats. This makes it fairly cer-
tain that both are important to hu-
man beings, but what they do for
them is not yet known. Both vita-
mins are found in liver and probably
exist also in leafy vegetables.
Experiment4 indicate that these
two may be the last of the unknown
vitamins forming the B-complex. The
pair raises this B count to 11 vita-
mins and are named merely B-10 and
B-11.
Both were extracted from liver at
the University of Wisconsin by fil-
tering a liver extract through cello-
phane.EThe report was made by
C. A. Elvehiem, E. B. Hart, G. M.
Briggs and T. D. Luckey.
A liver extract added to the sup-
posedly complete diet resulted in per-
fect growth of the chicks.

r _ _ _ .._-...n. .Y .w T. .__ .. _ _ _ _ . -- --

HOLY WEEK PRODUCTION:..
Van Deursen, Methodist Choir
To Present Haydn's Creation'

AMERICAN TROOPS IN ITALY-The men clean up debris at an
American evacuation hospital at the, front on the Anzio beachhead
after a German bombing attack which killed two persons and wound-
ed 56. -AP Photo.
Position of Trkey...

Hayden's oratorio, "Creation," willI
be presented by the senior choir of#
the First Methodist Church and three
guest artists under the direction ofc
Prof. Hardin Van Deursen, acting
conductor of the University Musical
Society and voice instructor in the
Club To Discuss
International
Police Force
Sigma Rho Tau will hold the first
in a series of discussions on the
machinery of an international police
force at 8 p.m. today in Rm. 318 of
the Union.
Through this series the Engineer-
ing School debate society aims to
determine the best method and ma-j
chinery the United Nations might use
in organizing an internationalpolice
force. "The group is not interestedj
in whether or not we should have
such a body." Professor Arthur H.I
Brackett, faculty advisor to the
group, stated last night.
The form of debate of tonight's
discussion will bedbased on the Rules
of the Oxford Union. The resolution
under debate will be stated as: "This
House favors an International Police
Force organized on an air power
basis." After the acceptance of the1
resolution by those attending the
meeting, there will be several speech-s
es made from the platform on the1
resolution.
Prof. Ferdinand N. Menefee, Prof.
Jacque Hourer, Barbara Fairman,
'47E, Patricia A. Ryan, E, Donald H.
Vance, '45E, and Robert Dangl, '44E,
will deliver prepared talks. Follow-
ing this there will be discussion from
the floor, and then a vote will be
taken of all those attending and the
group will go on record as favoring
or denying the resolution.
All faculty members and students
are invited to attend the meeting.

School of Music, at 7:30 p.m. today in
the church.
For the past five years the choir,
composed of 55 members, under the
direction of Prof. Van Deursen, has
performed some famous oratorio dur-
ing Holy Week. Former selections
have been Bach's "St. Matthew's
Passion," "Elijah," "Crucifixion" and
Verdi's "Requiem."
Carlton Eldridge, distinguished
blind tenor from Lansing, Agatha

War Casualties-
Announced for
British Empire
LONDON, April 4.-R)- British
Empire casualties in the first four
years of World War II total 667,159,
approximately one-fifth of those in
the first World War, it was disclosed
today by Prime Minister Churchill.
He said British casualties up to
Aug. 31, 1943, included 158,741 killed,
159,219 wounded, 78,204 missing and
270,995 prisoners of war. Churchill
said civilian casualties in the United
Kingdom during the first four years
of the war were 109,101.
American Army and Navy casual-
ties for the 27 months since Pearl
Harbor total 173,239, including 40,657
killed, 64,098 wounded, 36,321 miss-
ing and 32,163 prisoners.
Associated Press Correspondent
Taylor Henry, who was interned at
Baden-Baden in Germany, said con-
servative estimates placed Germany's
total losses at a minimum of 4,500,000
to 5,000,000. Moscow's announce-
ments of Nazi casualties gave a total
of more than 9,000,000.
The United Nations Information
Office last year said Russian Army
casualties were estimated as 4,500,000
killed and missing. Berlin claimed
18,200,000 Russian casualties a year
ago.
Italian casualties have been esti-
mated at about 1,000,000.
Conference Probes
Secret Youth Society
JACKSON, April 4. -'OP) - State,
county and school officials in a con-
ference here today sought a means
of undoing the harm caused to youth-
ful minds by a secret society of high
school youths studying subversive
plans with the avowed purpose of
"seizing the government" in 15 or
20 years.
Among effects of the group which
were seized by detectives was a well-
indexed booklet entitled "Sabotage
Wholesale."
"Sabotage Wholesale" contained
under its various headings plans for
various means of attacking individ-
uals and of disrupting transporta-
tion.

f

(Continued from Page i) that of having aii- bases in Turkey
to bombard vital Balkan targets like Hershe
power. Therefore, it did not apply the Rumanian oil fields and other y 0 0 *
when Germany and Italy were the strategic points in the east, the Rus-
attacking powers. A Balkan pact to sian front at the present is at a (continued from Page 1)
apply in such instances was being closer distance than any Turkish air
considered when the Rumanian pre, base would be. gressively less strict as the ages in-
mier, well-dressed, black-monocled My point of view is that the time a crease."
Calinescu, was assassinated. It was for Turkey to enter the war is past 3. In drafting farm workers under
then dropped. because of the present rate of the 26 local boards must interpret the
' In 1939 Turkey made a mutual as- Russian advance. The Russians Tydings* Agricultural Deferment A-
sistance pact with Great Britain and would feel simply insulted to have mendment "in the light of the de-
France. This was to be effective in another army to control the Bal- mands of today."
case of attack by any Mediterranean kans as if they were not trusted to 4. Men physically unfit, or fit for
power and was made in consideration proceed toward the Adriatic. limited service, will remain in occu-
of Mussolini's growing military force. If Soviet armies pass by the Turk- pationally deferred classes if they
ish frontier deeper into the Balkans, stay on the jobs, and if they do not,
France Near CollapseisfrnirdeeitoheBla, "the indications are that means will
a Th teat was.no n ithe only thing that both armies,
This treaty was not invoked in theTurkish and Russian, could do would be found to insure that they do
case of France for when Italy at- be to smile and salute one another, necessary work."
tacked France and Britain asked Tur- For we in Turkey recognize the im- Saying many have used their 4-F
key to declare war against Italy the portance of Russia's part in this war classification to quit work or to work
Turkish reply was that she felt the --ance o Rmimspr thi wr in unimportant jobs, Hershey assert-
French resistance had already failed gi e uso temoetUnnurnged that Selective Service "will use all
and that therefore, one of the coun- given us by the Soviet Union during means in its power to stabilize the
tries which had agreed to the pact the Turkish war of independence in positions of men who are liable for
was no longer in existence. .'This the 1920's. Furthermore, there is a military service, under the law, in
was o lnge inexitene. hisfriendship and non-aggression pactjoswihaecnrbtgmtral
may well have been the reason that between Russia and Turkey which j bs which are contributing material-
Italy waited to attack France until a e ly and ubstantially to the winning
she was so nearly collapsed. For asWethiredornot1urky9 wllhav f _the____war."__
Italy had ambitions in Albania and aWaeathe peaceotablre, will dae- UTU
Greece and preferred not to haveaeadatthe point of view taken at
Turkey against her before these am- trend on the bon fvewtkna elma SlHhlth Will
bitions were realized, that conference. Since the Turkish Give
Republic has had no territorial Piano Recital
Since the Balkan pact did not claims, and will cling to her inde-
call for assistance in case of attack pendence and her present frontiers Selma Smith. '44SM, will present a
by a non-Balkan power, Albania, under any circumstances, she would piano recital in partial fulfillment of
Greece and Yugoslavia fell one aft- only participate on such questions as the requirements for the B.M. degree
er the other and with the fall of the reorganization of the Balkans or at 8:30 p.m. today in the Lydia Men-
Greece, the German armies were the establishment of an international delssohn Theatre.
near the Turkish border. Turkey organization. She will play "Sonatine" by Ravel,
was reassured that Germany would Anti, as for the United States, the Beethoven "Sonata, Op. 53,"
not attack her, but she did not de- Turkey has no known agreements "Sonatine, Op. 13, No. 1" by Kaba-
mobilize her armies and all the with this country. However, Turk- lewsky, and "Variations Serieuses,
bridges along the border were a ish sympathies are more friendly Op. 54" by Mendelssohn.
blown up. toward the United States than to- Miss Smith, a member of Mu Phi
During the two tense months which ward any other nation. Epsilon, honorary music society,
followed many people wondered if ------- -studied under Madeline Hoffman of
Germany would try to pass through Board Bonville, N.Y.,nbefore entering the
Turkey and attack Egypt from theBor Approves Bill To University. Since then she has
east while the fighting continued in Improve State Institutions studied with Mary Fishburne and Ava
Libya. But Germany apparently felt Comin Case and is now a pupil of
this move unnecessary, that the Nazi LANSING, April 4.--(P)-The State Joseph Brinkman.
front in Libya needed no assistance. Administrative Board today gave a ----
Germany Offers Pact green light to a $1,517,635 delayed
SurpisiglyenoghGeranyof-maintenance and fire ,Hazard elim- C A S F E
Surprisingly enough, Germany of- nation program in the state institu-
fered a friendship and non-aggres-
sion pact to Turkey. Britain was in- gene C. Keys' objections to one part D IR ECT OR
formed of the pact and Turkey sign- of the plan.
ed it. This pact, although it seemed Auditor General Vernon J. Brown
absurd to the Anglo-Saxon world, was and Governor Kelly emphasized that
a turning point in the war of Egypt. no work will be started which would CLASSIFIED
For now that the forces ready to compete with the war production
help Turkey were longer needed for prograni for either labor or materials.RE
that, they could be moved to Libya. The grant of money approved by the RATES
Turkish independence is the board will allow plans to be made for
most important thing to Turkey. the projects. $ .40 per 15-word insertion for
If Turkey were attacked, she would'- one or two days. (In-
fight even if she had no help from Eden Ex>ected To Resign crease of 10c for each
the Allies. But if Turkey were to additional 5 words.)
enter the war now, in order to be of In Favor of Other Work Non-Contract
any great assistance, she would need NnCnrc
more supplies than she has received LONDON, April 4.-(/P)-Foreign $1.00 per 15-word insertion for
until now-maybe an entireAllied Secretary Anthony Eden is expected three or more days. (In-
air army. And that Allied air army to resign this week so that he can crease of 25c for each
air army. BAan tt Ald air ary fdevote full time to goverhment lead- additional 5 words.)
on a Balkan front would not be of ership in the House of Commons, a;
the amgreat help s it would were step in accordance with the Conser- Contract Rates on Request
it placed in the western front against vative Party's program to groom him
more vital enemy installations, to succeed Prime Minister Churchill.
Fewer Fronts Better An immediate explanation for Ed- LOST and FOUND
Furthermore, because every new eh's probable shift was that the for- LOST-Black Sheaffer life-time pen
front means a new situation involv- eign secretaryship and the House with gold trim. Please return to
ing many unknown factors and at leadership together were too burden- a Diana Kamburoff, 4558 Stockwell.
the same time the necessity of new some. With his preoccupation with Reward.
supply routes, few fronts and con- foreign affairs Eden has had little
centrated supplies would work for chance to keep acquainted fully with LOST-Parker man's pen. Old style.
greater efficiency. If the question is home affairs. Orange trimmed with black. Be-
- longed to deceased father. Sub-
stantial reward. 22543,
M C H IGA NPlaying through Wednesd ay [LOST - Waterman sterling silver
w_ _fountain pen. Call Ruth Klein,
< >,; <> s n25232. Reward.

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BEVERLY BARKSDALE
. . . guest soloist.
Lewis, soprano, of Chicago and Bev-
erley Barksdale, bass, from Toledo,
0., guest soloists will be assisted by
the church choir, directed by Prof.
Van Deursen.
Mary McCall Stubbins, former mu-
sic school faculty member, will play
the organ accompaniment- for the
oratorio performance.
The performance has had a large
attendance in past years, according
to Prof. Van Deursen, and therefore
he urges everyone to come early to
obtain the best seats.
Members of the mixed choir in-
clude townspeople as well as students
from the University.

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LOST-Sport glasses in red case in-
scribed "Perrin & Dinapoli, Al-
bany, N.Y." Please return to Mary
Baker, 2039 Stockwell. Reward.
HELP WANTED a
STUDENT-Men and women. Good
pay. Excellent meals. University,
Grill. 615 East Williams. Phone
9268.
MISCELLANEOUS
MIMEOGRAPHING: thesis binding.

Maybe you've never had to call the fire
department - maybe you never will.
But it's a mighty comforting thought
to know that it's there, ready night and
day to save you and yours from one of
man's most treacherous and terrifying
enemies.
The heroic work done by fire fighters
in so many of the towns and cities of
our Allies, which have been showered
with incendiaries and explosives, is
drama itself. The job of our own fire-
men right here at home in Michigan
may be less spectacular but it's no less
important-particularly to us. Yet most
of us give little thought to this vital
safeguard of our everyday life - until
an emergency comes along.
There are 3,438 men in Michigan whose
full-time job is the protection of lives
and property of the citizens of this
State. These are the regular firemen--

but there are thqusands more who are
ready to do their share at a moment's
notice, the volunteer firemen.
To all of these valiant men, we of the
Greyhound Lines pay sincere tribute.
We're proud of these fellow-citizens-
thankful 'for them, too. And we feel we
have at least one thing in common with
them, They're fighting hard to improve
the safety record of our State and so
are we. In'these tense and busy days,
we feel that Greyhound, in providing
safe, convenient transportation between
this community and its good neighbors,
is also playing its part in making Michi-
gan a safer, ha ppier place to live.

I

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