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March 11, 1943 - Image 4

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The Michigan Daily, 1943-03-11

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Fifty-Third Year
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control
of Student Publications.
Published every morning except Monday during the
regular University year, and every morning except Mon-
day and Tuesday during the summer session.
Member of The Associated Press
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use
for republication of all news dispatches credited to it or
otherwise credited in this newspaper. All rights of repub-
lication of all other matters herein also reserved.
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second-class mail matter.
Subscriptions during the regular school year by car-
tier $4.25, by mail $5.25.
Member, Associated Collegiate Press, 1942-43
National Advertising Service, Inc.
College Publishers Representative


-TEW E R, V.S .Pt {

Editorial Staff

John Erlewine .
Bud Brimmer .
Leon Gordenker
Marion Ford .
Charlotte Conover .
Eric Zalenski
Betty Harvey
James Conant.

. . . . Managing Editor
. Editorial Director
. . .City Editor
Associate Editor
Associate Editor
. . . . . Sports Editor
. .omen's Editor

Edward J. Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg,
Mary Lou Curran
Jane Lindberg .

Business Staff
. Business Manager
. . Associate Business Manager
. . Women's Business Manager
. . Women's Advertising Manager

WASHINGTON, Mar. 11.-Rail-
road history is being made this
week largely as the result of a bat-
tle by a Maryland farmer who ex-
posed a deal between J. P. Morgan
and the many-times financed Erie
Railroad to refinance it again
without benefit of competitive bid-
ding-and without benefit to the
Back in Civil War days the Erie
was the object of a historic finan-
cial battle, when Jay Gould and
Daniel Drew stole its books, fled
to New Jersey, and proceeded to
issue paper stock beyond the reach
of the stockholders. J. P. Morgan,
the elder, and Commodore Van-
derbilt fought them in this deal.
In World War II, the long bank-
rupt Erie, put through several re-
ceiverships, has been carrying
record quantities of war goods and
making money hand over fist. So
Morgan, Stanley and Co. (offshoot
of J. P. Morgan) secretly nego-
tiated the refinancing of $14,000,-
000 of Erie bonds held by the RFC.
This time the battle was be-
tween Morgan and Midwestern
bankers who were not allowed to
bid. But Morgan's chief oppo-
nent actually turned out to be
Eugene Casey, who owns two
farms near Washington which
he calls "New Deal Farm No. 1"
and "New Deal Farm No. 2," and
who also happens to own some
stock in the Erie Railroad.
Because of Casey's loyalty to
FDR he is on the White . House
staff as farm adviser, but he
fought the Erie deal as a private
individual, and incidentally de-
livered before the Interstate Com-
merce Commission one of the most
scathing speeches since Roosevelt's
"banking speech" March 4, 1933.
"I hope," he told the I.C.C.,
"that you will not silently sit and
permit the repudiated money-
changers of America subtly and in
slinking fashion to ease back into
the temples of American unortho-
dox finance ...
"Only the bankers and brokers
and directors can ever destroy cap-
italism in this country," Casey
continued, "by methods such as
this, in undermining the inherent
faith of the American people in.

their financial and corporate in-
Casey claimed that instead of
profiting by the deal, the Erie
Roalroad actually would lose
about $16,000, while the U.S.
Treasury would lose about a mil-
lion dollars in taxes. He also
contended that the deal had
been put across by Frank J.
Wright, a director of Erie, who
.was drawing. money not only
from Erie but also from the RFC
at $30 a day as a railroad ad-
As a result of Casey's expos6 it
looks -as if the Interstate Com-
merce -Commission would reverse
itself and take the bond deal away
from Morgan. It also looks as if
the ICC would make railroad his-
tory by requiring competitive bid-
ding on all railroad financing from
now on.
Why the Japs Knew
Here is an excerpt from the In-
terior Department's annual 1941
report, which indicates why the
Japs know so much about the
Aleutian Islands:
"The floating plant Kosei Ma-
ru, with auxiliary draft consist-
ing of 9 trawlers, was engaged
from May to August, 1940, in
taking halibut and cod in Bering
rSea about 100 miles northeast of
the Pribilof Islands, with one
additional. trawler during the
last week or two of the season.
The vessel was reported to have
left for Japan toward the end of
"This is the eleventh consecutive
year that Japanese floating plants
have operated in these waters, the
number ofevessels having varied
from one to:four, with the usual
complement of tenders."
Note: Under international -law
it is impossible tonprevent foreign
fishermen from fishing in foreign
A brewery which discontinued beer
shipments to three Western States
served by local breweries will save
almost 61/2 million tire miles in 1943,
and a proportionate amount of gaso-
line and manpower.

11Ji e 1er$ o
A WORD in support of Grafton and
certain Daily columnists who
have finally irritated "Jason."
"Jason" accuses them of falla-
ciously using the "all-or-nothing"
argument (he calls it the "black-or-
white.") "I'm prepared to fight
the philosophy of power brutality, of
might makes fright . . . whether we
ourselves always succeed in living up
to our own ideals or not." Right
noble, Jason, and you are mistaken
if you understand that Grafton and
certain Daily columnists wouldn't
join you. But they would hold you
to your promise. They would say,
"Do you, while you fight power-bru-
tality abroad, intend to fight it at
home too-now." If you don't intend
to, they would accuse you of hypocri-
sy, and would advise against the for-
eign campaign for the practical rea-
son that a man doesn't fight effec-
tively against his buddy, especially
when that buddy isn't as sentimental
as he. He gets knocked out.
That explains America's great
dilemma in this war, Jason. Read
the records on a substantial bloc
of our congressmen and industrial-
ists and newspaper owners, and it
won't take a clairvoyant to see that
all the Nazis aren't in Deutschland.
Hatred of the labor union move-
ment, use of racism for political
ends, the practice of lynching to
intimidate, and many similar ide-
ologies and practices we call Naz-
ism-when they happen bin Ger-
many. But Hitler could have
learned much of the theories and
techniques from the U.S.A.
Therefore, a very sizeable block of
us haven't got our minds on this
fight, Jason, because we don't really
hate Hitler and what he stands for.
-Cecil A. Blue
If every housewife in the United
.States saved 4 ounces of waste cook-
ing fats in a week, it would produce
enough glycerine for the require-
ments of 13 million pounds of double
base powder, used as a high explosive.
Since the Nazi occupation of Den-
mark, customers at barber shops in
many places must bring their own
towels-Danish toweling has gone to

Telephone 23-24-1
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily"
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.

Volunteer Help Needed'
At University Hospital
THE MANPOWER CORPS issued another call
yesterday for men to assist the overburdened
doctors and nurses in the University Hospital
and Health Service. No other institutions on
campus are in such dire need of volunteer help.
Today the hospital has only three orderlies
serving an institution that treats 30,000 patients
yearly, performs more than 10,000 operations
annually and employs approximately 250 doc-
So desperate is the situation that ice cannot
be transported to the West Wing. This is tre-
mendously important because the ice is used
in the manufacture of oxygen for pneumonia
victims. There is only one orderly assigned to
the operating rooms so that the valuable time
of the doctors and nurses is taken up in work
that could be done by unskilled labor.
The situation is obvious. Any student with a
few free hours should feel obliged to contribute
them to this vitally needed war work.
- Margaret Frank
Red Cross Membership
Is Vital Campus Duty
NO ONE can say now that he didn't know where
he could buy a membership in. the Red Cross.
No one will be excused for neglecting a duty
which was made especially easy for him to do.
The campus is being thoroughly covered by Red
Cross committees; you can now do your part.
$125,000,000 is the amount the American
Red Cross has asked the country to contribute
to its War Fund during the month of March.
With this money the organization will be able
to give comfort to the members of our armed
forces and will be in a position to aid the
people in war-torn countries.
Through the efforts of two committees from
the Michigan League and Union, every man and
woman on campus will be contacted personally
for their donation. For those who by accident
are missed the Manpower Corps will set up
booths today and tomorrow on campus. Your
membership will be marked by a small tag that
will be given you. It will mean much more in
your lapel than a flower. - Mary Ronay
Housing Plans Doomed
By Ann Arbor's Attitude
PLANS to canvass every home in Ann Arbor in
a County-wide drive to seek out more homes
for Washtenaw war workers, are dimmed by the
recent failure of one of the first independent
efforts to expand p'esent City housing facilities.
The failure was the plan of contractor Leo
Meyers to erect temporary trailer dwellings in
the back yard of a house which he rented.
Although city officials had given their tacit
approval to the plan, the installation of the
two trailers was roundly rebuked by neighbor-
ing home owners and finally vetoed by Mayor
Leigh J. Young last week.
CONTENDING the two housing units "Did not
conform to city and state laws." and besides

Democracies Sidestep
Jewish Refugee Issue
TWO WEEKS AGO, when Hitler had to an-
nounce to his people that the Aryans were
being licked by the barbarians from the East, he
still had one bit of good news to console the
This means that three million men, women
and children must be murdered in 31 days.
Shortly after this decree was made the Ru-
manian government announced that they would
transport 70,000 Jews at 50 dollars a head to
any location the United Nations named.
What is the reaction from the great democra-
cies, the lovers of mankind, fighters for the Four
The Archbishop of Canterbury told the British
government 2,000 Jewish children could get out
of Europe if the visas were issued.
The world's great democratic government
answered, "Granting the visas would cause
anti-semitism. .." Our government happened
to be looking the other way at the time.
LAST WEEK 50,000 people held a mass meeting
in New York in memory of the two million
Jews killed in Europe.
The next day it was so quiet you could hear
a pin drop... and someone did drop a pin.
Undersecretary of State Sumner Welles sent
a formal diplomatic message to the proper
diplomatic channels of the British government
saying, "The government of the United States
is willing to cooperate in any plan the British
government may have to take Jewish refugees
from Nazi occupied Europe."
Today is March 11 and tomorrow is March 12.
The governments of the United Nations have
but 19 days to save 100,000 lives in .Europe.
Meanwhile they remain, calm, polite and prac-
tical. - Charles Bernstein

I'd Rather
L Be Right
NEW YORK, March 11.- The opposition to
President Roosevelt is having a. hard time. It
has suddenly grown quiet and thoughtful.
Up to now, there was a kind of open season on
brickbats. Lend-lease? Why, sock it and rock
it; sneer at it on the floor of the House; tell fan-
tastic stories about how Lord Beaverbrook makes
funny with lend-lease by giving emeralds to Mrs.
Harry Hopkins, in order to gain influence with
her husband.
Now, suddenly, lend-lease is up for renewal.
And there is no opposition. Senator Nye signs
a committee report describing lend-lease as a
"brilliant success." The season of conversation
ends. Put-up-or-shut-up time has arrived,
The Senators suddenly see the face of the real
world, the snarling, real world with teeth in it.
The fantastic unreal world of off-season argu-
mentation shrivels and dies. It doesn't seem
so smart to stop sending help abroad.
The fight to repeal the wage-hour law has also
come to a full stop.
It will not be renewed for years, if ever. It is
all well enough to talk about revoking overtime
pay between campaigns, when the other party
is in power. Now again we come to put-up-or-
shut-up time. The opposition wants to take
power. It finds itself looking at the face of
America. It finds it rather hard to say: "We're
going to take your overtime pay away." The
words, once so chipper, stick in the throat. The
proposal does not seem nearly so gladsome, nor
so glamorous, as when it was merely conversa-
In the conversations of this last winter, Mr.
Willkie has seemed politically weak indeed.
Hardly a major Republican had any time for
him. The theory of world collaboration has
been good for a laugh all year in the more
rarefied Republican circles of Chicago and
points west. Now, suddenly, it is campaign-
time. Mr. Willkie shows unsuspected strength
in Indiana, in Arkansas, in Alabama, in other
places where the testing-out has begun. It
turns out that a man may thrive even after a
dozen leading Republicans have laughed him
out of court.
(For the people of America suddenly see three
men at a table, Churchill, Stalin and Chiang Kai-
shek. And a fourth chair, vacant. Who will sit
in it? Dewey? Bricker? It is, suddenly, not so
important that the man destined for that chair
be personally acceptable to one Robert H. McCor-
mick of Chicago. Put-up-or-shut-up time has
arrived. It makes its own rules.)
During the winter of our discontent, it. ap-
peared that the merest mention of a fourth term
for Mr. Roosevelt would provoke a high howling
chorus to blow the man down.
The mention has been made. Where is the
noise? A thin squealing, at best. The sound
effects are less impressive than when the third
term mention first came.
Again, men who had persuaded themselves of
the validity of their own passions, find a hard
and bitter world to be utterly indifferent to their
heart's desire.
We have come to put-up-or-shut-up time.
The future of the world is being decided, but
---1.. ......- An . _A A 4.... u.. ix a.. ru x-



City Editor's

THURSDAY,. MARCH 11, 1943 t
VOL. LIII No. 1101
All notices for the Daily Official Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of the g
President in typewritten form by 3:303
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-c
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
Credit for men entering armed services:s
By vote of the faculty, credit for stu-3
dents who withdraw from the School- of
Forestry and Conservation for immediate
entrance into the armed services will beg
adjusted for each student individually
according to the merits of the particular2
case, but as nearly as practicable in ac-2
cordance with the following principles:a
1. Students in attendance for mores
than 2 weeks but less than 12 weeks will
receive pro-rated blanket credit to thet
nearest hour on the basis of the per-v
centage of the entire term they have at-y
tended classes.t
2. Studentsin attendance for 12 weeksI
or more will receive appropriate pro-
rated credit in specific subjects.
3. Seniors who are in attendance for 8
weeks or more will be recommended for
the degree for which they would normally
have qualified at the end of the term.
In each case the pro-rated credit will
be granted or the recommendation for
graduation made only if such action ist
justified by the student's work up to the1
time of withdrawal and by such validat-
ing examination as the instructor in each
course may require.
S. T. Dana, Deant
Faculty of the College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts: The five-week fresh-.
man reports will be due Saturday, March
13, in the Academic Counselors' Office, 108
Mason Hall.
Arthur Van Duren,
Chairman, Academic Counselors
Candidates for the Teacher's Certifi-
cate for May and September, 1943: A list
of candidates has been posted on the
bulletin board of the School of Educa-
tion, Room 1431 U. E. S. Any prospective
candidate whose name does not appear on
this list should call at the office of the
Recorder of the School of Education, 1437,
U. E. S.
The American Association of University
Women Fellowship: The Ann Arbor-Ypsi-
lanti Branch of the AA.U.W. is again offer
ing a fellowship for the year 1943-1944 in
honor of Dr. May Preston Slosson. This
fellowship is open to women students for
raduate study in any field. Application
blanks may be obtained now from the
3raduate School Office and must be re-
1,aiT . nnnL . $f.d. !L 1.. ..w.

turned to that office no later than March
15 in order to receive consideration.
Kothe-Hildner Annual German Lan-
guage Award offered students in Courses
31 and 32. The contest, a translation test
(German English and English-German),
carries two stipends of $20 and $30, and
will be held from 2 to 4 p.m. Thursday,
March 25, in room 203 University Hall.
Students who wish to compete and who
have not yet handed in their applications
should do so immediately in 204 Univer-
sIty Hall.
Bronson-Thomas Annual German Lan-
guage Award offered juniors and seniors
in German. The contest will be held from
2 to 5 o'clock Thursday, March 25, in room
203 University Hall. The award, in the
amount of $32, will be presented to the
student writing the best essay dealing
with some phase in the development of
German literature from 1750-1900. Students
who wish to compete and who have not
yet handed in their applications should
ao so immediately in room 204 University
University Lectures: A Symposium on
Traumatic Shock will be conducted by
Dr. Carl J. Wiggers, Professor of Physiol-
ogy, Medical School, Western Reserve Uni-
versity; Dr. Roy D. McClure, Surgeon-in-
Chief, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit; Dr.
Frederick A. Coller, Chairman of the De-
partment of Surgery, University of Michi-
gan; with Dr. Cyrus C. Sturgis, Chair-
man of the Department of Internal Medi-
cine, presiding; under the auspices of the
Medical School and of the Michigan Acad-
emy of Science, Arts, and Letters, on Fri-
day, March 26, at 4:15 p.m. in the Kellogg
Auditorium. The public is invited.
American Chemical Society Lecture: Dr.
Carl R. Addinall, Director of Library Serv-
ices, Merck and Company, will lecture on
the subject, "The vitamins; their Indus-
trial Development and Importance," under
the auspices of the University of Michigan
Section, American Chemical Society, on
Friday, March 12, at 4:15 p.m. in Room
151, Chemistry Building. The public is
La Sociedad Hispanica lecture by Pro-
fessor del Toro, scheduled for Thursday,
:March 11, at 4:15 p.m. in Room D, Alumni
Building, has been .postponed to Tuesday,
March 16, at the same time and place.
Academic Notices
ROTC Drill (Thursday Section): Co. D
will Fall In inside the IM Building as
usual. Be prepared for inspection. Cadet
Officers will be prepared to give instruc-
tions on March Security and Bayonet
Positions and Movements. A cony of PM

will be given by Mr. Gilbert Ross, violin-
ist, and Mrs. Mabel Ross Rhead, pianist,
at 8:30 p.m. Sunday, March 14, in Lydia
Mendelssohn Theatre. The program will
consist of the A-minor, A-major, G-major
and E-fiat major sonatas.
These programs are open to the public
without charge and without the use of
Exhibition under the auspices of the In-
stitute of Fine Arts: Metal Work from Is-
lamic countries (Iran, ~Egypt, and Syria).
Rackham School, through March 11. Every
afternoon, except Sundays, 2:00-5:00.
Events TodY
Gallery Talk on the exhibit of "Metal-
work in Islamic Countries" by Professor
Richard Ettinghausen tonight at 8:00 in
the Exhibition Gallery of the Rackham
Sociedad Hispanica will present a Chile-
an night tonight at 8:00 in the League.
Featured on the program will be the group
of Chilean engineering students who re-
cently arrived in this country to study
here. i td
All are cordially invited.
The Regular Thursday Evening Record
Program in the Men's Lounge of the Rack-
ham Building at 8:00 p.m. will be as fol-
Prokofieff: Classical Symphony in D
major, Love for Three Oranges, and Con-
certo No. 2 in G minor.
Glazounow: Concerto in A minor.
Rachmaninoff: Concerto No. 2 in C
Michigan Dames home nursing group
will meet tonight at 8:00 in North Hall.
Coming Events
The English Journal Club will meet
Tuesday, March 16, at 7:45 p.m. in the
West 'Conference Room of the Rackham
Building. Mr. Cecil A. Blue will present
a paper entitled "White Authors and
Black Subjects," dealing with the sub-
ject of the Negro as pictured by non-
Negro writers. Faculty members and grad-
uate students are invited.
The Graduate Outing Club will meet at
2:30 p.m. on Sunday, March 14, at the
west entrance of the Rackham Building
on Huron Street for a Camera Hike. All
graduate and professional students, with
or without camera, are welcome.
All house athletic managers or exercise
managers will meet at 5:00 p.m. on Fri-

THE WHOLE WORLD doesn't seem as bad as
it used to be. The hard-hearted man who
made off with nearly-blind Herman Hudson's
special typewriter returned it a few days after
Herm discovered it was missing.
At first we were convinced that the meanest
man in the world must have seen him put that
machine with large type in the Union check
room, but now that it's returned we once more
have faith in mankind.
* * * *
HOWEVER complete faith in Army reserve or-
ders is much harder to maintain.
The boys with brass hats in the big offices have
been playing checkers with college students late-
ly. The Enlisted Reserve men know all about the
conflicting announcements that began with
Stimson's blast last October.
With the orders coming in now, the dates
are still messed up. The Sixth Service Command
promised 10 days notice to the reservists and

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