K TW THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 25, 1942
Edited and managed by students of the University O
Milhigan under the authority of the Board in Coltrol
of Student Publications.
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CHICAGO * SON . LOS AMOILES - SAI LFANCISCO
Morton Mintz .
George W. Sallad6
Myron Dann .
. . . o. Managing Editor
. . . . - Editorial Director
C .ity Edito r
* . . . . Associate Editor
* . . . .Associate Editor!
. Sports Editor
. Women's Editor
. . . . Associate Sports Editor
Edward J. Perlberg
Fred M. Ginsberg
Mary Lou Curran
Jane Lindberg .
James Daniels .
Assoiate Business Manager
. Women's Business Manager
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. Publications Sales Analyst
WASHINGTON - One of the
most significant treaties since the
founding fathers wrote the Consti-
tution is now under secret consider-
ation in the U.S. Senate. It is an
agreement with Panama.
Actually it is not called a "trea-
ty." It is called a "joint resolution"
to escape the constitutional pro-
vision requiring two-thirds ratifi-I
cation by the Senate. In other
words, this particular treaty, when
called a joint resolution, can be
ratified by a bare majority vote of
one in each house of Congress.
So far eagle-eyed Senators Gil-
lette, Democrat of Iowa, and Nye,
Republican of North Dakota, com-
prising a sub-committee to study
the matter, have not recommended
passage. They are skeptical regard-
ing any break down of constitu-
The treaty (1) provides that
Panama be given the entire sew-
age, water supply and sanitation
system constructed by the U.S.A. in
the cities of Colon and Panama to
get rid of dread yellow fever and
malaria menace. But after giving
them to Panama for its own opera-
tion, the United States would still
retain the obligation to maintain
health in the Canal Zone.
(2) Gives Panama all U.S.-owned
land in the city of Colon, valued
(3) Cancels the $2,500,000 debt
which Panama borrowed from the
Panamanians Must Ratify
Another "treaty" also has been
negotiated with Panama which has
not been referred to Congress even
as a joint resolution. This is called
a military agreement. Undoubtedly
there is justification for rushing
through an agreement of this kind
for the defense of Panama. But
although the U.S. Senate is not
consulted and not asked to ratify
the agreement, neverthelessrthe
Congress of Panama, under Article
14, must ratify. In other words,
the State Department considers the
Congress of Panama more impor-
tant than the Senate of the United
This military agreement provides
for (1) $700,000 a year rent to Pan-
ama (during the war for the occu-
pation of certain areas in the Re-
public; (2) Building roads through
Panama which become the property
of Panama after the war; (3)
Building a bridge over a major
river which becomes the property
of Panama; (4) Building bridges
over or subways under each end of
the Panama Canal.
(Copyright, 1942, United Features Synd.)
Today in a newspaper office is ments are not the type we are fight-
much the same as any other day. ing for. When a group of men who
There are the usual number of press wield considerable power talk as
releases and Associated Press Dis- quoted, it becomes very ve y dis-
patches, and copies of PM and In couraging. We should not be\fight-
Fact, and the Ohio State Lanten. ing to go back to 1929; we should be
And much as every other day, there fighting to go forward to the "peo-
are large and glaring defects of what ple's century."
intelligent people in a college town We get the same kind of material
regard as "the good." here every day-we read the Free
We have heard today that 'the Press and Little Orphan Annie telling
anti-poll tax bill has been defeated. children that the "CIOman will get
The defeat does not mean that the you if you don't watch out." And of
majority of the American people course the Chicago Tribune comes in
are in favor of Negro slavery, nor every day.
does it mean that a majority of Really the issue becomes: To be or
the Senate is against democratic not to be discouraged. And every edi-
voting qualifications. torial and column criticizing some
It merely means that the whole new social inanity receives a mental
question is of little interest to the pat on the head, "These young liber-
American people; and that only 37 als; they fight so beautifully: they
of 96 senators thought the question never learn: I wish I were a young
a fundamental one. Some of the idealist again." Some people say:
senators were in favor of cloture (the "How can they fight Ilitler so vigor-
technical provision whereby the bill ously, when winning will just give
would have been forced to a vote) the NAM power?"
but refused to be gagged. The fight I will tell you why I do not become
will, we hope, be resumed in the near discouraged. I do not really deep
future. down believe we are fighting this war
Today, In Fact, a small sheet put so that as soon as Hitler is defeated
out by George Seldes "For the Mi- labor will come into its own, and a
lions Who Want a Free Press," re- new South will run to the polls to
ports the results of a closed meeting exercise its democratic franchise. I
of the National Association of Manu- don't think that this will come after
facturers. In Fact quotes some of the the German armies are defeated. I
assembled manufacturers: don't think that little Orphan Annie
"If we are to come out of this will cease her insidium. I don't think
war with a Marxist brand of Na- that a new and glorious era of ram-
tional Socialism, then I say nego- pant New Dealism will sweep the
tiate peace right now and ,bring world into a people's century.
Adolf over here to run the show.'
He knows how. He's efficient. He Bt I do believe what one of the
can do a better jsb than any of us greatest men in America has said:
can, andabdamn sight better job "We are fighting for the right to
than Roosevelt, who is nothing but fight to be free." I do believe that
a left-wing bungling amateur." some day the poll tax will be abol-
ished, and maybe that some day
"We've got Roosevelt on the run, there will be racial equality.
We licked production and the Axis Winning the war won't do it. Win-
is licking him. 'Th~efinger points ning the war won't do it because the
where it belongs. We'll keep him on American people after the war will
the run .. .
the rn ..be the same American people that
Mr. Lamont DuPont is quoted: didn't force the poll tax today. This
"Deal with the government and the does not .mean that the American
rest of the squawlgers the way you people are stupid; it merely means
deal with a buyer in a sellers' mar- that they are not educated. We are
ket. If the buyer wants to buy, he fighting the war so that everybody
has to meet your price ... They may be educated; so that maybe in a
want what we've got. Good. Make thousand years a cloture bill on the
them pay the right price for it. The poll tax will be forced through the
price isn't unfair or unreasonable. Senate. If we lose-it's the dark
And if they don'tlike the rice, ages; if we win, then Frank Graham's
why don they think it over." statement will mean something. We
It would 'seem that these state- will have the right to fight to be free.
NIGHT EDITOR: BUD BRIMMER j
Editorials published in The Michigan Daily
are written by members of The Daily staff
and represent the views of the writers only.
Burial Of A t4oll Tax
Bill Blots U.S. Record
W ELL, there goes the anti-poll tax bill. Oppo-
nents of the proposal have won amajor vic-
tory, they forced the bill back on the calendar
Where it will languish until thissession of Con-
gress is over. To be brought before the Senate
again a new bill will have to be passed through
the gauntlet of committees. And that is not a
bet we would like to give big odds on.
The senators must be very warm 'and com-
fortable today. A minorityof them gave all so
that democracy in the United States could be
laughingly slapped on the bck by, good old
Adolf. He always knew that any fool could break
down a country by pitting one group against
another. But without his aid and benefit the
Senators have done a splendid job. A minority
of them have forced the majority to back down
on a bill that surely would have passed that body
could it have been brought to a vote. Filibuster
did the trick. Adolf knows about that, too.
The anti-poll tax bill has been tucked away
for the duration of this Congress. Everybody is
very happy, except the majority of Cogress and
the people of this country who beleve in defne-
racy despite the Senators from the South. lt~s
all go out and cheer our throats raw, for United
States democracy has just been seen in action
and its glowing example will be the byword of
every Fascist who believes in 'egal" Fascism-.
- Eugene Mandeberg
To U.S. War Program,
T HE University's Engineering Science and
Management War Training progran is'doubt-
less just another mysterious initial organiation
to many students.
However, for more than 3,000 persons who up
until last September received essential war train-
ing under this program, ESMWT is one of the
University's major contributions to the war ef-
Managed and coordinated by Prof. R. H. Sher-
lock of the Civil Engineering Department, this
prbgram is now conducting 32 war training
courses in Ann Arbor and other Michigan cities.
Both full-time and part-time, these courses in-
clude ordnance inspection training, personnel
work, radio training, production supervision,
stress analysis of machine parts and several oth-
er essential subjects. Col. H. W. Miller of the
Engineering Drawing Department is in charge of
the ordnance program.
All told, by June, 1943, ESMWT plans to
contribute more than 3,000 additional trained
workers to American industry who will have
put in at least 500,000 class hours. This will
make an estimated'total of at least 7,000 stu-
dents graduated from ESMWT courses-a war
effort contibution of sh magnitude that
every student should not only be aware of this
excellent work but should give it due promi-
nence on the role of University war under-
takings.. -- Bud Brimmer
A Welcome Defeat /
Now it can be told. The Democrats were so
busy, trying to win the war that they flunked
their id-term examinations.
New Education Policy
Asked For 17-year-olds
IN AN EFFORT to salvage as much education
as possible for high school students of high
scholastic ability, the Educational Policies Com-
mission has recommended that 17-year-old high
school seniors be allowed to complete their last
year of school at a university, thus gaining both
a high school diploma and at least one year of
college education before they are taken by the
The commission recommending this policy is
a product of the National Education Association
and the American Association of School Admin-
istrations. Its membership is composed of uni-
versity and college presidents, deans and pro-
fessors, city and state superintendents of schools,
classroom teachers and officials of educational
This synthesis of opinion from representatives
of high schools and colleges is the result of an
extended discussion held in Washington last week
on how to preserve universities, "now threat-
ened," by the almost total evacuation of -their
male students, "as the sources of leadership for
the post-war world." It was suggested that the
plan be put into partial operation this February,
'and full operation would start next fall.
Al parties concerned stressed especially the
need for concessions on the part of both insti-
tutions. Traditional college entrance require-
ments must be relaxed and many high school
pet" courses will have to be eliminated. It i
the commission's idea that students admitted
to colleges would, during their year's work,
work towards a bachelor's degree or prepare for
a professional school. Members were insistent
that the high school senior be deprived neither
of his high school diploma nor -credit for his
year in college, but that he receive both.
Edmund E. Day, President of Cornell Univer-
sity, declared that the plan would give young men
a "toe hold" in college before entering military
service. He pointed out that the year in college
would be invaluable to them in the Army and
that it Would help avoid a break in college educa-
tion which Will eventually leave universities ex-
clusively to men in 4-F and women.
But another aspect of the resolution, as
stated by Dean J. B. Edmonson of the Univer-
sity School of Education is still the most seri-
,us art of the entire discussion. Said the
Dean: "Many principails of high schools will
feel that students can spend the last year to
better advantage in high schools than in col-
lege. It will, therefore, be necessary for the
higher institutions to have conferences with
the heads of "secondary schools in order that
the advantages and disadvantages of the pro-
posal may be carefully exposed."
And it is this latter question mark that is the
crux of the situation. The commission's resolu-
tion may well look splendid on paper, but the
actual operation of such a plan will call for so
much more cooperation between high schools and
colleges that the plan may, fail at the conference
OWEVER ADMIRABLE the idea is, it will re-
'quire the hurdling of ideas and prejudices
close to the hearts of high school principals and
college presidents. To some it will seem like
oheapening college. To others it will appear as
though the colleges are stealing their students.
And there are some who will violently oppose it
simply because it is something new.
Yethe idea is certainly worth a fair trial.
--- By SAMUEL GRAFTON
NEW YORK-Conservatism is on the march.
It is in a new mood, tittering and giggling and'
humming snatches of song.
It has not been so confident since 1920. One
reads in the :political chatter columns of the
things conservatism intends to do; it will take
back the money grants it has given to the Pres-
ident to fight the war, and will dole out, dollar
for dollar, as it sees fit. It will call Mr. Roose-
velt's recent appointees (including perhaps Mr.
Lehman, as Foreign Relief Administrator) to the
carpet, and will give each one a bad afternoon,
thatbeing, obviously, what the last election was
The Joy-Ride Note
In this new, eager mood, conservatism does
not quite know what to grab first. Its eyes are
wide and its hands are reaching.
Senator Byrd will go into the questionnaire
situation. He wants to know why the government
asks so many people so many questions. Too
many questions being asked around here, says
Senator Byrd, and he intends to ask the govern-
ment some questions about it.
This is the tape-measure approach to gov-
ernment, a conservative favorite. You pull out
the old tape measure, and if more questions
are being asked than in the last war, that is
But the big thing about the new conservative
putsch is the wheeeee! or joy-ride note that is
beginning to be heard in it.
A kind of in-at-the-kill rejoicing is going on,
reaching so shrill a peak that new strains have
been set up within the Republican party itself.
Its more sober voices, such as the New York
Herald-Tribune, warn against making an indis'
criminate bonfire of recent reforms, but those
voices are not easily heard amid the jubilation
and the hoop-la.
The question is raised as to whether the public
business can be carried on like a fox-hunt, and
whether the gleeful cry "Tantivy! Tantivy!" is
an adequate substitute for a study of the facts.
It was exactly this left-right angling of every
issue which so depressed conservatives when
the boisterous youths of the New Deal went
in for it a few years ago, but one must ask
whether this angling is any better when it
comes from the right.
That the world and its events are being given
a right angle, so to speak, is evident from such
current Washington phrases as "This is the end
of reform!" Now, a reform can be anything,
from a proposal to give each American an income
of $1,000 to a plan for extirpating ringworm by
grants-in-aid, and the new heated-brow ten-
dency to tie it all up together in one package
and throw it, into the Potomac is exactly as
class-conscious as the Communist Manifesto. One
fails to see why it is any better to make "reform"
a dirty word than to mae "rich man" a dirty
Look What He Found-
But the glee mounts, and almost every day now
some new bright little idea is trotted out for put-
ting an extra twist in the tail of the New Deal.
Conservatism is on a binge, its cheeks are
flushed, and some days it doesn't seem to care
what it says any more. One man discovers
with horror that the "bureaucrats" have posted
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
To the Editor:
ON Sunday, Nov. 22, at noon, some
of the many friends of the late
Professor Moritz Levi (1887, A.B.)
gathered at his home on Olivia Ave-
nue to pay tribute to a man whose
9ctivities for the mature sixty years
of his 85 years of life had centered in,
Two brief addresses were given,
the one by a distinguished alumnus
of the University, Mr. Gustave A.
Wolf, (1878, Law), brother of Mrs..
Levi, and the other by Professor I.
Leo Sharfman. The fact that Pro-
fessor Levi was born in Germany in
1857, coming to America at the age
of 17, made it most fitting that both
speakers should touch upon the fact
that throughout his life Professor
Levi was and remained an ardent
admirer of American institutions and
of democratic processes. Mr. Wolf
gave briefly, facts concerning his ac-'
tivities both as a citizen and as a
teacher while Professor Sharfman, a
lifelong friend and colleague, spoke"
of the University activities of Profes-
sor Levi as a fine teacher of French
and Italian. To all who knew Mr.
Levi it was natural that the devotion
of his distinguished citizen to demo-
cratic ideas should be stressed.
PROFESSOR Mabel Ross Rhead
rendered at the opening and at
the close of this beautiful memorial.
service selections on the piano which
will long remain in the memory of.
those who heard them.
To the thousands of students who
have sat in French and in Italian;
classes under Professor Levi his pass-
ing will recall to them the many hap-
py hours spent in the classroom with
one who was truly a devoted teacher.
- L. C. Karpinski
ni n.. nnwm i -, itinvnim i.- n r mnnd
WEDNESDAY, NOV. 25, 1942
VOL. LIII No. 45
All notices for the Daiofficial Bul-
letin are to be sent to the Office of'the
President in typewritten form by 3:30
p.m. of the day preceding its publica-
tion, except on Saturday when the no-
tices should be submitted by 11:30 a.m.
If you wish to finance the purchase
of a home, or if you have purchased
improved property ion :a land contract
and owe a balance of approximately
60 per .cent of tle value of the prop-
erty, the Investment Office, 100
South Wing of University Hall, would
be glad to discuss financing through
the medium of a first mortgage. Such
financing may effect a -substantial
saving in interest.
Naval Reserve 'Classes V-1' and
V47: The height-weIght requirements
for enilistmeut in Classes V-1 (S),
V-1 '(G) and V-7 (S), V-7 (G) have
recently been modified. It is sug-
gested that a11 ,those 'who have been
rejected, because of failure 'to meet
the minimum or maximum weight re-
:quirements, apply again for .enlist-
ment. The new age-height-weight
'standards are 'on file in 1'009 Angell
B. D. Thuma
College df Architecture and Design,
School of Education, School of For-
estry and Conservation, School of
Music, and School of Public Health:
Midsemester reports indicating stu-
dents enrolled in these units doing
unsatisfactory work in any unit of
the University are 'due in the office
of the school on Saturday, 'Nov. 28,
at noon. R-oport blanks "for this pur-
pose may be secured from 'the office:
of the school or from Room 4, Uni-
Robert L. Williams,
University Automobile Regulation:
There will be no lifting or modifica-
tion of the Automobile Regulation
for Thanksgiving Day.
Closing hours for women students
will be 12:30 an. Wednesday, No-
vember 25, and 11:00 pm. Thursday,
The final day for DROPPING'
COURSES WITHOUT RECORD will,
be Saturday, November 28. A course
may be dropped only with 'the per-
mission of the dlassif'er, after con-
fermn-o with -th intrnttnr. '
that day will be made available in
the Main Reading Room if request
is made on Wednesday to an Assist-
ant in the Reading Room where the
books are usually shelved. .
W. G. Rice, Director
Students, College of Engineering:
The final day for removal of INCOM-
PLETES for all students who have
not filed petitions for Extension of
Time will be Saturday, November 28.
A. H. Lovell, Secretary
School of Education Freshmen:
.Courses dropped after Saturday, No-
vember 28, will be recorded with the
grade of E except under extraordi-
nary circumstances. No course is
,considered dropped unless it has been
reported in the ;office of the Regis-
trar, Room 4, University Hall.
Graduate Students who took the
'Graduate Record Examination in Oc-
tober may call for their test scores
in the Graduate School Office
through Thursday of this week.
- C. S. Yoakum
Candidates for the Teacher's Cer-
tificate for January and May 1943:
A list of candidates has been posted
on the bulletin board of the School
of Education, Room 1431 U.E.S. Any
prospective candidate whose name
does not appear on this list should
call at the office of the Recorder of
the School of Education, 1437 U.E.S.
Faculty, College of Literature, Sci-
ence, and the Arts:
Midsemester reports are due not
later than Saturday, November 28.
Report cards are being distributed
to all departmental offices. Green
cards. are being provided for fresh-
men reports; they should be re-
turned to the office of the Academic
Counselors, 108 Mason Hall. White
cards, for reporting sophomores,
juniors and seniors should be re-
turned to 1220 Angell Hall.
Midsemester reports should name
those students, freshmenand upper-
class, whose standing at midsemes-
ter is D or E, not merely those who
receive D or E in so-called Mid-
Students electing our courses, but
registered in other schools or col-
leges of the University should be
reported to the school or college in
which they are registered.
Additional cards m y be had atl
108 'Mason hall oir . 1r.,24) An, ,el
Hall. s a . A. Walter,