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November 25, 1942 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1942-11-25

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* - t






Nazi i
Allies Gain





New Hold

Manpower Registration
Booths Are Still Open
Dormitory Staff Men, Freshman Engineering
Council Will Cooperate with Recruiting Centers

War Doesn't Stop for Lunch

Soviet Attack
Rolls German
Armies Back

in Tunisia
Axis Mechanized Units
Smashed by Attack
of Fighter Planes in
Deep Southern Area
By The Associated Press
LONDON, Nov. 24.-The Africa
second front fighting spread over al-
most all Tunisia today and blaze
fiercest on a new sector in the dee
south of the French protectorat
where Allied parachutists broke u
an Axis mechanized column and sup
porting fighter planes shot up ar
Axis troop train. *
The first disclosures of Axis dispo-
sitions in force in south Tunisia-the
presence of the armoredcolumn an
the use of a troop tGrain-came almos
simultaneously with a Vichy radio re-
port that the Axis had landed large
troop formations on the Tunisian east
coastline at Sfax and Gabes, far be-
low Bizerte and Tunis.
Parachute Action
An Allied comnunique announced
that parachutists had repulsed the
mechanized column operating in the
south and captured prisoners.
The train under attack of Ameri-
can fighter planes had an aerial es-
cort, from which four Axis planes
were shot down in dogfights.
No American planes were reported
missingfrom these operations or the
'continuing of bombings of Tunis and
"Local engagements" were fought
over the greater part of Tunisia," said
reports from Allied headquarters in
North Africa, and an American-
French force fought off a German
"advance screen" southwest of Tunis
while the British battered a similar
Axis force along the Mediterranean
coast. -
Axis Last Refuge
The reported new landings would
place Axis forces across the coastal
road leading from Tunis to Italian
Tripoli, the last potential refuge for
Marshal Rommel's desert armies re-
treating westward across Libya.
The Axis intention apparently was
to link its forces at Bizerte and Tunis
via the coastal road with the garri-
sons of Tripoli and with Rommel's
forces, too, if they eventually escape
the British pursuit from the east.
Sfax lies midway between Tunis
and Tripoli near the top of the Gulf
of Gabes, and Gabes itself is some
65 miles to the south, where the
coastline turns from the north to
eastward line leading to Tripoli.
Shuttling over the Sicilian Channel
arena, the Allied airmen blasted the
Axis' African port of entry at Bizerte,
Jan Valtin Interned;
Faces 'Deportation'
for Illegal Entry
WASHINGTON, Nov. 24.- (P)-
Richard Julius Herman Krebs, whose
sensational book on his experiences
as an agent of the Russian and Ger-
man secret police was a best seller,
has been taken into custody on a war-
rant ordering his deportation to Ger-
His apprehension near Bethel,
Conn., was announced today by At-
torney General Biddle, who approved
the deportation order based on al-
leged violations of the 1917 and 1924
immigration acts. Krebs, who wrote
"Out of the Night" under the name
Jan Valtin, is accused of illegally en-
tering the country after once having
been arrested and deported and after
committing a crime (perjury) in-
volving moral turpitude.
The author had been at liberty on
$5,000 bond pending a decision by
the Immigration Board of Appeals on
his appeal from the deportation pro-

League Will Hold
First Victory Dance
.A patriotic way to have fun will be,
to attend the Victory Dances start-
ing Friday and Saturday in the
League ballroom, with .all proceeds
except orchestra expense going to the
Bomber Scholarship fund.
The committee in charge of the I

The University of Michigan's'° stu-
dent-led Manpower Corps will still
have registration booths open-for-
business today in an attempt to swell
the membership "for the big jobs
that are ahead on the local front."
New recruits to the corps can regis-
ter in the Angell Hall lobby, at the
.Death Penalty
for Treason

West Engineering Arch and on


Aides of Saboteurs
to Get Chair, Prison

CHICAGO, Nov. 24.- (P)- Three
men were condemned to death and
their wives were sentenced to long
prison terms for the high crime ofE
treason today by a young jurist whof
regarded their punishment as- a stern
warning against aiding the nation'sl
The three middle-aged couples, na-
tives of Germany who became nat-
uralized Americans, were pale, tight-
lipped and tense while Federal Judge
William' J. Campbell declared they
had committed "the most iniquitous
offense on the unholy list of crimes,"
and pronounced their penalties.
He directed that the men be exe-
cuted Jan. 22 in the electric, chair,
and ordered that the women be im-
prisoned for 25 years and pay fines
of $10,000 each.
The prisoners were convicted of
treason by a jury Nov. 14 for shelter-
ing and assisting Herbert Haupt, one.
of the eight Nazi saboteurs who were
smuggled into this country by U-boats
last June. They are Haupt's parents,
l Mr. and Mrs. Max Haupt; his uncle
and aunt, Mr. and Mrs. Walter Froeh-
ling; and Mr. and Mrs. Otto Richard
Tears of women spectators height-
ened the drama of the proceedings-
second instance of the imposition of
the death sentence for treason in the
United States in 148 years.
Technic Goes
on Sale Today
Will Feature Contest
on Ethics Question
Labor shortages and delayed cuts
have finally been reconciled to pro-
duce the November Technic which
goes on sale today above the Engi-
neering Arch and in the East Engi-
neering Building.
Scheduled to appear two weeks ago,
the failure of small cuts portraying
the acidizing process to arrive from
Battle Creek caused the late publi-
cation date. The issue was also de-
layed because of the local printer's
labor shortage.
Making its first appearance will be
a contest on the solving of a prob-
lem of ethics. A five dollar prize will
be given to the engineer submitting
the best answer to a special commit-c
tee on ethics chairmaned by Prof.:
Donald L. Katz. Deadline for submis-i
sion of entries is Dec. 3 at the Technic
Feature articles by four eminent
Michigan engineers, undergraduates
and alumni, will be included along
with the regular sections, "Technic
R'eflects, Explores and Presents."E
Authorbiographies will be included. t
The lead article of this issue is
Blaine Newman's "Polaroid." Other
articles are "Acid Control of Oil
Flow" by John G. Strandt, '31E; "Co-t
operation-Production-Aircraft" by
Jack T. Gray, '39E, and "Theory off
Limit Design" by Robert Hay, '43E.

To date, the Manpower Corps has
over 1,00 members. "We're out to
double that figure," head-man Mary
Borman announced last night.
The staff men of each dormitory
have been contacted, he said, and they
will cooperate with us to register the
dormitory men.
Fraternity men who have already
beenacontacted should report to the
Manpower offices in Angell Hall and
get registration cards.
The freshman engineering assem-
bly will also cooperate by registering
"We have to expand to tackle the
jobs being demanded of us," Borman
said yesterday, "and with a war to
win it's the job of every student on
campus to register for at least a few
hours each week.
"Most of the students will eventu-
ally serve in the armed forces but it
is still their patriotic duty to help out
whenever and wherever they are
needed. The Manpower Corps needs
more help and our goal is to register
every male student on campus even-
Holiday Buying
Causes Acute
Food .Shortages
WASHINGTON, Nov. 24.- ()-
Temporary food shortages were de-
veloping in some sections of the coun-
try as consumers, enjoying a record
volume of purchasing power, rushed
to none-too-heavily stocked grocery
stores to buy supplies for bountiful
Thanksgiving Day dinners.
Shortages were showing up in
meats, poultry and dairy products-
items most in demand for military.
and lend-lease food programs.
Agriculture department officials
said the demand for food this week
was reaching unprecedented propor-
tions. In addition to the heavy re-
quirements of the goverment to meet
war needs, there was a record demand
from civilians. Some of this civilian
demand was said to reflect fears of
future food shortages.
Because of the high level of indus-
trial and agriculture employment,
more families than ever before were
said by the officials to be financially
able-and willing-to spread the tra-
ditional American-style turkey din-
ner, with trimmings rich in butter,
milk, cream and eggs.
"We're faced with a situation," one
official explained, "in which there is
an abnormally large demand for bet-
er quality foods and just an average
civilian supply."
War Work Halted by
Unauthorized Strike
DETROIT, Nov. 24. -(R)- Nearly
1,000 employes of the Murray Cor-
poration of America's Ecorse plant
walked out this afternoon in what a
comany spokesman described as an
apparent protest against failure of
the War Labor Board to approve a
union-company agreement on wage
Officials of the United Automobile
Workers (CIO) Murray Local No. 2
said the walkout was unauthorized
and that they were making every
effort to get the men to return to
their jobs. The plant is engaged in
war production.
The company spokesman said man-
agement and UAW-CIO representa-
ives signed an agreement Nov. 3 pro-
viding a 10-cent hourly wage raise
for tool and die makers and a 4-cent
increase for production workers.

Japs Cut Off
by Blockade
at Guadalcanal
Enemy Yields Ground
as American Troops
Advance toward Sea
WASHINGTON, Nov. 24.-(A)-Ap-
parently isolated by a tight blockade,
Japanese on the island of Guadal-
canal are yielding ground to slowly
advancing American troops whose ul-
timate aim is to drive the foe into the
sea, the Navy disclosed today.
Vigilant day and night patrols, pre-
sumably by aircraft and naval vessels,
have made it "very unlikely" that the
enemy has been able to get reinforce-'
ments ashore, Secretary of the Navy
Knox said at a press conference.
A short time later, a communique
said that on Nov. 23 "United States
forces continued limited advances
west of the Matinikau River." This
stream lies west of Henderson Air-
field, vital point in the American
On the night of Nov. 22-23, "United
States aircraft attacked enemy posi-
tions," the communique stated, with-
out giving details.
Before the great naval battle a
fortnight ago, the Japanese were
landing reinforcements on the island
almost every other night.
McCrea, Wilcox
Are Convicted
LANSING, Nov. 24.-(A)- Without
dissent, the Supreme Court affirmed
today the convictions of Duncan C.
McCrea, former Wayne County prose-
cutor, and Thomas C. Wilcox, former
Wayne sheriff, on charges that they
betrayed their public trust by con-
spiring to collect tribute from the
operation of vice and gambling re-
It held likewise in the cases of
eight others convicted with McCrea
and Wilcox, sustaining the Wayne
County circuit court's verdict of "guil-
ty" of participation in the graft con-
Each respondent has 20 days in
which to appeal for a re-hearing of
the case, or begin serving the prison
sentences which face them. They are
at liberty on bond.
McCrea and Wilcox each is under
sentence of 41/2 to 5 years in prison.
So, too, are Alfred J. Garska, former
village president of Grosse Pointe
Park and handbook operator, and
Bertha (Big Bertha) Malone, bawdy-
house operator, whose appeals also
were denied today.
Closing hours for women stu-
dents will be 12:30 tonight and 11
p.m. tomorrow, Thanksgiving.
Jeannette Perry,
Assistant Dean of Women'

Half of Jews in Europe Slain in
Nazi Extermination Campaign

A lookout and his "talker" on a U.S. warship munch sandwiches during a lull in a southwestern
Pacific naval battle. They keep eyes on the horizon in search of enemy fleet units.

WASHINGTON, Nov. 24.-W)-Dr.
Stephen S. Wise, chairman of the
World Jewish Congress, said tonight
that he had learned through sources
confirmed by the State Department
that approximately half the esti-
mated 4,000,000 Jews in Nazi-occupied
Europe had been slain in an "Exter-
mination campaign."
Dr. Wise, who also is president of
the American Jewish Congress and
chairman of a committee composed
of representatives of leading Jewish
organizations in America, said these
sources also disclosed:
1. That Hitler has ordered the ex-
termination of all Jews in Nazi-ruled
Europe in 1942.
2. That the Jewish population of
Warsaw, Poland, already has been
reduced from 500,000 to about 100,000
3. That when chief Nazis speak of
"exterminating" Jews in Poland, they
speak of "four-fifths of the Jewish
population in Hitler-ruled Europe,"
since that percentage either now is
in Poland or en route there under a
Nazi grouping plan.
4. That Nazis have established a
price of 50 reichsmarks for each
corpse-mostly Jewish, Dr. Wise indi-
cated-and are reclaiming bodies of
slain civilians to be "processed into
such war-vital commodities as soap
fats and fertilizer."
The United Press yesterday quoted
Polish government-in-exile reports
from the Polish underground move-
ment which said that Heinrich Himm-
ler, head of the Nazi Gestapo, has
ordered that one-half of the large
Jewish population in occupied Poland
be exterminated by the end of the
The first step in the bloody pro-
gram, it was said, would be to kill
50 per cent of the thousands of
Jews living in ghettoes established
by the Nazis. The remainder would
be "liquidated" later. a
There were 3,113,900 Jews, or 9.8
Jeffers Insists on
Gas Rationing Dec.1
WASHINGTON, Nov. 24.- VP)-
Nationwide gasoline rationing as a
rubber conservation measure must be
put into effect on Dec. 1 as scheduled,'
William M. Jeffers, federal rubber
administrator, declared today.
The nation, he told a House'Inter-
state Subcommittee, owes it to its
armed forces and to the United States
not to "take chances" on a rubber
shortage interfering with the war ef-
Both Jeffers and one of his aides,
L. D. Tompkins, warned that the
present stockpile of crude rubber
would reach the danger point next,
year, but foresaw brighter prospects
for 1944 when Tompkins estimated
production of all types of synthetic
rubber would reach 800,000 tons.

per cept of the total population, in
Poland, according to the 1931 census,
but the Germans during more than
three years of occupation have re-
duced this number by killing thou-
sands outright or permitting them ,to
die of starvation and disease.
Old men and women and cripples
were singled out to be herded to
cemeteries where they were mowed
down by firing squads Palish sour-
ces said. The Nazis made no at-
tempt to prove that the Jews had
committed any crimes or violated
German regulations.
Jews who were not executed imme-
diately, .it was reported, were packed
into freight cars to be shipped . to
undisclosed points for liquidation.
British Force
Retreat of "Axis
in Libyan .Desert
CAIRO, Nov. 24.--M)-The British
Eighth Army hounded the remnants
of the fleeing Axis desert army be-
yond the native Libyan village of
Agedabia today and poised another
punch to throw at El Agheila's de-
fenses, where the Germans were be-
lieved gathering all their available
strength to hold the pursuit off
(In London British military sources
expressed the belief that there would
be a three or four-day lull in the
desert, pointing out that Gen. Sir
Bernard 'Montgomery is not likely to
make any half-prepared lunge at
the Germans. Some time is required
to bring up guns and supplies suffi-
cient for a knockout at El Agheila,
these sources said.)
From El Agheila onward there is
a vast desert waste up to Misurata,
an oasis 11 miles long and 32 wide
with a population of about 5,000.
The pursuit caught up with Mar-
shal Erwin Rommel's rear-guard west
of Agedabia after the British entry
into the native village yesterday, and
today the head of the retreating en-
emy column was reported approach-
ing El Agheila, 70 miles on to the
Allied African Forces
Free British Prisoners
LONDON, Nov. 24.- VP)- The
British-American forces in North
Africa have liberated 957 British in-
ternees in French Morocco, including
almost 500 survivors of the British
cruiser Manchester, sunk last August
in the Malta convoy battle, it was
disclosed tonight.
A press association correspondent
who interviewed the internees on their
arrival at a British port said the men
told stories of severe hardships in a
vermin-infested foreign legion post
at the edge of the Sahara Desert.
He said they told of 48 men being
crowded into bare rooms designed to
accommodate 24 and of about 30 who
scooped a 100-yard long tunnel under
the barricades with their hands and
table knives but were recaptured two

Russians Kill 15,000
as Winter Offensive
Gets under Way; Repel
Caucasus Onslaughts
MOSCOW, Nov. 25. (Wednesday)-
(/)- The three-months-old Nazi grip
on Stalingrad was weakening today
as a swiftly advancing Red Army
killed 15,000 more Germans yesterday
and captured 12,000, including three
divisional generals, in a great winter
offensive rolling so fast that some
Nazi units were cut down from be-
hind in panicky retreat.
Russian official announcements
raised the toll of'Nazis to 77,000dead
and captured, not counting huge
numbers of wounded who apparently
are freezing to death on the frozen
steppes as did other German units last
winter in the rout from Moscow.
Reds Seize Airdrome
The Red Army's effort to encircle
the entire Nazi army stalemated be-
fore Stalingrad, estimated at 300,000,
clearly was gaining in power. Two
communiques told of vast stocks of
war equipment falling to the Red
Army tide, of at least one enemy air-
drome being seized so swiftly that
scores of German planes were unable
to take to the air.
Inside Stalingrad itself the Rus-
sians in front assaults also were gain-
ing against Nazi detachments whose
rear communications have been
slashed by Russian flanking armies
sweeping across the Don River far to
the west.
Advance inside Stalingrad
The regular -midnight communique
said 900 Germans were killed and
dozens of enemy blockhouses occupied
in a slow but steady advance inside
Stalingrad, while in the Caucasus Red
Army units cut down additional hun-
dreds of Nazis in successful stands in
the Nalchik and Tuapse sectors.
This bulletin added some details to
the striking Russian successes above
and below Stalingrad andinside the
Don River bend, as announced in a
special communique. One Red unit
captured a Nazi airdrome so swiftly,
it said, that 42 enemy airplanes did
not have time to take to the air.
Twenty-five of these planes were de-
stroyed, the other 17 were capturedI
Japs Trapped
in Buna Sector
Heavy Fighting Rages
on New Guinea Coast
tralia, Nov. 25. (Wednesday)-(P)-
Heavy fighting by both land and air
raged today throughout the Buna-
Gona sector of the northern New
Guinea coast where Japanese troops,
trapped within a constricting area by
Allied forces and the sea, continued
to fight bitterly to maintain a pre-
carious hold on the beach.
The Allied high command's noon
communique said fighting in the
BUna-Gona sector was accompanied
by Allied bombing forays on Japa-
nese plan bases on Timor, New Ire-
land and at Lae, further up the New
Guinea coast.
"Heavy fighting by land and air
rages throughout the position," the
communique said of the Buna-Gona
Yesterday's communique reported
the Allies had entered Gona, 12 miles
up the coast from Buna, and were
closing in on the Japs' only remain-
ing foothold in the sector.
The command reported heavy air
units dropped 1,000-pound bombs.



Midway Hero Honored After Death by President

Help Speed
the War Effort1
1 13INLY


WASHINGTON, Nov. 24.- )-
Captain Richard E. Fleming, whoj
bombed Japanese warships almost
from their mast tons in the Rattle of

that the Chief Executive told Mrs.
Fleming that his own boy, "Jimmie,"
a Marine Corps major, also had been
at Miriwav brefvi drinff the fizht-

citation for "extraordinary heroism
and conspicuous intrepidity above
and beyond the call of duty . . . in

chance of coming safely through a
warship's cone of defensive fire. But
Fleming had set his bomb mechan-

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