TH F MICHIGAN. DAILY ,TUESDAY;:MAY =14, 1940
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
Michigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
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it or not otherwise credited in this newspaper. All
rights of republication of all other matters herein also
Entered at the Post Office at Ann Arbor, Michigan, as
second class mail matter.
Subscriptions during regular school year by carrier,
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Extension Of Facilities
For Recreation Needed .. .
N NOVEMBER of this year the peo-
ple of five counties, Wayne, Ma-
comb, Oakland, Livingston and Washtenaw,
will go to the polls to vote on Public Act 147,
providing for "the establishment of a Metro-
politan Authority which would plan and develop
'limited-access' or express-type highways, scenic
drives and a variety of recreational features
for the use of the public."
For many years Michigan has been nationally,
advertised by local chambers of commerce aS
the recreational center of the Middle West.
In Michigan, they boast, there are streams full
of fish, crystal clear lakes for clean, healthful
swimming, virgin woods stocked with game.
But in their eagerness to entice tourist trade
to the Michigan playground the chambers of
commerce have neglected to observe that suffi-
cient recreational facilities are lacking for those
who are permanent residents of the state.
ACCORDING TO estimates made by the spon-
sors of the project, if all the summer camps
in the state were fully utilized only five thou-
sand of some thirty thousand young people in
the state would be able to attend. And if all
the beaches in the Detroit metropolitan area
were made available to the public, the estimate
continues, there would still be thousands of
people who could not be accommodated.
Even these few observations make it quite
evident that Michigan is sorely lacking in the
facilities requiredi for the healthful, outdoor
recreation of her own people.
Public Act 147 calls for the development of
adequate recreational facilities and of safe
thoroughfares leading from the metropolitan
areas' to the recreational areas. If the act is
accepted by the people, tax levies will be
planned, blueprints will be drawn up, and by
1942 the actual construction work will be un-
It is estimated that a tax levy of fifty cents
on each voting citizen for a period of from
thirty to fifty years will be necessary to finance
the project. Fifty cents a year for healthier,
happier citizens in general; how much less this
is than the estimated $25 medical bill which
is handed to the average citizen of this area
THE PROJECT is the result of an intensive
study made by a privately supported or-
ganization of the needs and potentialities of the
southeastern areas in Michigan. Its development
will be a true justification of the boast that
Michigan is the playground of the Middle West.
-Gerald E. Burns
Paul M. Chandler
Howard A. GoldMan
. . . . Managing Editor
. .City Editor
. . . . Associate Editor
Business Manager . .
Promotion Manager .
Credit Manager . .
Women's Business Manager.
Women's Advertising Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: ROSEBUD SCOTT
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Of Decision .'
/ rpHE ANTI-ROOSEVELT viewpoint
T expressed Sunday by the Daily's
senior editors placed us definitely in the minor-
ity. It seems apparent that, as far as the total
national attitude is concerned, we are taking
the, unenviable' position of "everybody's out-
of-step except Johnny." The news dispatches
tell us that 90 per cent of the letters received
at the White House commended Mr. Roosevelt
on his speech Friday night.
We still believe we are right. As we see it,
the Rooseveltian reasoning is based on two
fallacies. In the first place the warns that if
the Allies are conquered, the legions of Adolf
Hitler will drive on into our hemisphere. We
do not predict that Hitler may not try this,
but we maintain that it is an extremely remote
eventuality. The world may have shrunk, but
crossing the Atlantic to jump on America is
still a lot different than crossing the Ijssel to
attack ,the Dutch. If we remember correctly,
Hitler wavered for many day before deciding
on blitzkrieging Poland. It seems to us that
the President is expressing a "good" reason
and not the "real" reason when he paints his
grim picture of a Hitler-ized world. We believe
Mr. Roosevelt is not looking so far into the
future as he pretends. It is not our own ulti-
mate security he would have us worry about
right now; it is the Allies.
THE HOUR OF DECISION can be reduced to
assumption that America can go halfway
into war, that she can lend "moral" aid o
economic aid without in the end sending men.
Frankly, we do not know. There is a great
backlog of opinion banked solidly against an-
other A.E.F. But the once-strong opposition to
lending money seems to be dwindling fast and
we have no assurance that the anti-A.E.F.
sentiments may not melt as swiftly. Our point
is that America should not take a chance on it.
Evidence is piling up that the Allies might well
be the losers this time, and if we pledge our-
selves to fight with them at least financially
and economically, is this not tantamount to
saying that we cannot let them lost at any cost?
Colonel Frank Knox editorialized Saturday in
- his Chicago Daily News that this is "the hour
of decision for the United States." We agree.
America must decide if she will again prop- up
an Allied cause that is too weak to stand alone.
Americans must ask themselves if their coun-
try should pledge itself to send men and money
to Europe every twenty years to keep Germany
down. Colonel Knox says the United States
should send money and supplies. To this we
disagree. However much we may want England
and France to win, however strong may be our
cultural ties, we believe that the cost of pre-
serving her dominance in Europe is too great
for us to withstand.
THE HOUR OF DECISION can be reduced to
this: Shall w' e plunge in now, shall we di-
vert our strength to the Allies and, try, to stop
Hitler in Europe? Or shall we prepare our-
selves, keep all our strength here at home, and
await this eventuality of invasion?
- Hervie Haufler
By JAMES E. GREEN
One of the more sparkling pieces of corre-
spondence in George Bernard Shaw's reporting
of the war between men and women, Pygmalion,
constituted the opening offering of the 1940
Dramatic Season. Shaw's reporting is hardly
unbiased (he might be called a female chau-
vinist) and hence it is completely fitting to
the Shavian scheme of things that a wonian
should carry off the top honors. Ruth Chatter-
ton, as Eliza, was an able female champion and
if, at the conclusion of the play, she seems to
lower her colors we can, without doing violence
to the scheme of the play, feel quite certain that
her retreat was only a strategic one.
For those, who witnessed last season's debacle,
last night's performance was a heartening one.
It represented the return to Ann Arbor of a
professional standard of production with actors
whose performances were, if not always bril-
liant, at least always professionally capable.
There is no intention here to damn with faint
praise, as anyone who witnessed last season's
generally slipshod performances of generally
mediocre plays will realize. Valentine Windt's
debut as director of the Dramatic Season was
an auspicious one.
Miss Chatterton was at her very excellent
best in the scenes of the first two acts, which
demanded acting rather than dialectical skill.
She has been seen in recent years largely in
heavily dramatic parts and the comic gift which
she displayed last night is a tribute to her
versatility as an actress. Few genuine cockney
accents penetrate to the hinterland and we
therefore have no standard by which to judge
hers, but she showed more than a linguistic
skill in so adelptly managing the shift from
flower girl to lady. The play demands that she
never be absolutely the one or the other and
she met its demands handsomely.
In the part of Professor Higgins, Barry
Thompson was fully as able a male protagonist
as Miss Chatterton was a female. Like all
Shavian heroes, Henry Higgins bears within
him the seeds of his own downfall, and Mr.
Thompson's understanding of his role seldom
lapsed. Louis Calhern, as Colonel Pickering,
gave a good performance as the essentially
non-Shavian man whose part in the battle is
usually that of the innocent and well-meaning
bystander. It can be said generally of the three
performances already mentioned that they
showed a tendency to lag in the third act. It is
more than likely that the fault lies with the play
as much as with the actors. Mr. Shaw's third
act very often tends to shift from the field of
the drama to the field of dialectic. The conflict
becomes one. of- words rather than one of action
and the fact that the words are always witty and
iconoclastic is not always enough to make them
Richard Temple, as Alfred Doolittle, really
deserves more notice than can be given him
here. The best of Shaw's humor is written into
By ROWENA LA COSTE
OUTSTANDING among the year's art exhibi-
tions is the triple feature which is being
shown from May 8 to May 22 in the exhibition
galleries of Alumni Memorial Hall under the
auspices of the Ann Arbor Art Association in
collaboration with the Institute of Fine Arts.
The show includes a choice selection of forty
water color drawings from the annual show of
the Cleveland Society of Artists, a group o
original celluloids by the Walt Disney artists
and a collection of twenty-five pencil nudes by
John Carroll of the Detroit School of Arts and
For those who have never seen them, the Walt
Disney drawings, consisting of colored cellu-
loid figures superimposed on water color back-
grounds, are the chief attraction of the show.
The technical precision and real artistic per-
fection of these drawings, of which thousands
are needed for each small scene in a finished
production, is most remarkable. However, in
some Disney cartoons, the definite mood, like
joy or surprise or fear, is clearly distinguishable,
but the cartoons in this collection seem to depict
the transitional state between two moods. This
is necessary for the finished movie, and while
one might think that the definite mood is hard-
est to depict, in the medium of the cartoon it
is much more difficult to refrain from this and
make a drawing which will give an even flow
to the continuity of action.
THE CARTOONS from the Ugly Duckling,
like Japanese drawings, are decorative ra-
ther than pictorial in effect while those from
Pinocchio, Ferdinand and Snow White are nota-
ble for their careful attention to the psycho-
logical development of the characters they por-
tray. Of all the cartoons in the Disney collec-
tion the one showing Jiminy Cricket jauntily
perched on the arm of a lamp post is most re-
freshingly different in color tones. Ranging
through yellows and greens to brown, the colors
give this drawing remarkable feeling and in-
The greatest virtue of the Cleveland Society's
water colors lies in the consistently high stan-
dard of the entire group and not in the obvious
excellence of half a dozen of them. Among
those that stand out in interest are two pas-
toral scenes by Joe E. Wagner II, done with
great finesse of style, and a powerful, though
subtly done, harbor scene by Arthur Keller,
chief guide and mentor of the group for many
ALSO LAUDABLE is a work called Elegy by
Charles Campbell, suggestive of PaulsCad-
mus' technique in his picture Coney Island.
There is the same pastel-wash with rounded
high lights, the same sensuousness of approach
in spite of the graveyard setting. Another work
to note is Spring Sn by Jack Burton which is
strikingly reminiscent of Edward Hopper's
House By the Railroad. In his dry brush draw-
ing called Jungle, Paul Travis modifies the trop-
ical flatness found in the work of the late 19th
century French painter, Rousseau, to give his
own work greater depth and force.
The Carroll works exhibited here do not
meet the standards which might be expected
on the basis of his reputation. In an attempt
to get a vibrancy suggesting movement, the
clarity of line is destroyed without achieving
the effect he desires. The drawings seem to
have been done, in such a hurry that they lack
good artistic taste; no doubt his more carefully
done work exemplifies better the dreamy, imag-
inative concept of art on which his reputation
The show is a challenging one since it brings
together a substantial piece of contemporary
effort which contains much that is good and
more that is better-than-average. The galleries
are open from 2 to 5 p.m. Monday tirou
'The Six Sills . ..
That was a provocative speech which W. H.
Cowley, president of Hamilton College, delivered
at the Founders' Day exercises at Skidmore Col-
lege. Saratoga. He named the following as the
six "specific skills" which the educated person
of this century should possess:
1) Ability to speak one's own language cor-
rectly and effectively in conversation and on
one's feet before an audience.
2) Ability to read one's own language with
a reasonable speed and comprehension.
3) Ability to write a clear and well organized
exposition in one's own language.
4) Ability to read a foreign language with
5 Ability to think clearly from a given set
6) Ability to work and live with other people.
At first glance this would appear to be a
fairly easy test, with millions of Americans
able to pass it. But is it? Take Number One,
for example. Doesn't common experience dis-
close many persons, who pass as well educated,
who simply cannot make sense while talking
before an audience.
Number Five likewise is not so simple as
it may appear; if it were what is all this bickef-
ing between the Republicans and Democrats
this year-parties who have the same set of
facts but who arrive at such different conclu-
sions? And as for Number Six, who can say?
Sometimes the illiterate peasant can pass that
test superbly, and the scholar cannot. More-
over, isn't it the most difficult of all the skills
- New York Herald Tribune
Silver Policy Revised. , .
Nnthing mnre encnuraaing ha hannened in
M 4" d 9
ing criticism of the British Army
has been cabled out of Norway and
London, but it was not half so criti-
cal as the confidential information
collected by our own military ob-
servers and cabled back to Wash-
This information describes ineffi-
cency, stupidity and lack of coor-
dination almost beyond belief. Also
it reveals that Hore-Belisha, deposed
War Minister of the Chamberlain
Cabinet, was absolutely right in ad-
vocating reorganization of the army.
Here are some of the unbelievable
boners pulled by the British Army
1. When the British landed at An-
dalsnes, they put ashore 400 anti-
tank guns, but not a single round of
ammunition for them. The ammu-
nition was down in the hold of an-
In short, the British have not yet
remedied the mistake they made in
the Boer War (1899). They learned
then that when a landing party goes
ashore, it must be equipped with
everything it needs, ready to go into
action the minute it sets foot on
The U.S. Army made the same
mistake in the Spanish-American
War, but has remedied it since. The
British, however, dumped their goods
on the shore intNorway, then pro-
ceeded to sort them out and dis-
CUT TO RIBBONS
2. When the British landed two
battalions at Namsos, they were
without a single anti-tank or anti-
aircraft gun. Yet their commanders
knew they had to face German forces
equipped with the latest tanks and
supported by airplanes. As a result,
the British were cut to pieces. One
battalion lost 45 per cent of its men,
the other 30 per cent.
3. There was absolutely no coor-
dination between British land and
air forces. The Royal Air Force is
completely independent of the Army
and Navy. This means that today,
if a British army commander in
France wants more air support, he
has to telegraph back to London,
which then gives orders to the Air
Forces. And what does a pundit
sitting at a desk in London know
about actual needs in the front line
In contrast, the German com-
mander, General Von Falkenhorst,
was in complete command of Ger-
man naval, air and army units. He
was also in command of communica-,
tions, so no message could go back
to Berlin without his permission.
The same jealousy exists between
the British air force and the navy
which once existed between U.S.
armed services. For instance; the
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
(Continued from Page 2)
Chief Administrative Analyst, sal-
ary $6,500, June 3.
Principal Administrative Analyst,
salary, $5,600, June 3.
Senior Administrative Analyst,
salary $4,600, June 3.
Student Dietitian, salary, $4,200
(less maint.), June 3.
Student Physiotherapy Aide, sal-
ary, $420 (less maint.), June 3.
Attendant Nurse B2, salary range
$90-110, May 25.
CITY OF DETROIT
Secretary and Chief Examiner, sal-
ary, $6,000, May 24.
Complete announcements on file
at the University Bureau of Appoint-
ments and Occupational Informa-
tion, 201 Mason Hall. Office hours:
9-12 and 2-4.
JGP script deadline is November
15. The deadline for synopses or
first acts is July 1. All material
turned in during the summer should
be seit to the League in care of Miss
Ethel McCormick. The writer of the
script used for production will be
German Departmental Library: All
books due not later than May 15.
Juniors concentrating in English
are invited to apply for admission to
the Senior Honors Course in English.
Names should be left in the English
Office, 3221 A.H. before noon on
Saturday, May 18.
W. G. Rice
Preliminary Examinations for the
doctorate in the School of Education
will be held on May 23, 24, and 25.
Graduate students desiring to take
these examinations should notify my
office, 4002 University High School,
not later than May 18.
The professional-Degree examina-
tian of Max William Benjamin will
be held at 2:00 p.m., Wednesday, Mayr
15 in the East Council Room, Rack-
ham Building. Mr. Benjamin's de-
partment of specialization is Mech-
anical Engineering. The title of his
thesis is "Development of Factors'
for Correcting Extraction-Turbine
Steam-Rate Tests to Standard Oper-
Professor H. E. Keeler, as chairman
of the committee, will conduct the
examination. By direction of the
Executive Board, the chairman has
the privilege of inviting members of
the faculty and advanced doctoral
candidates to attend the examina-
tion and to grant permission to others
who might wish to be present.
C. S. Yoakum
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Photographs of recent
architectural work in Florida in the
modern manner, by Architects Igor
B. Polevitzky and T. Trip Russell.
Ground floor corridor cases. Open
daily 9 to 5, through May 22, except.
Sunday. The public is invited.
Exhibition, College of Architecture
and Design: Drawings of candidates
in the recent competition for the
George G. Booth Travelling Fellow-
ship in Architecture. Third floor ex-
hibition room: Open daily 9 to 5
except Sunday, through May 18. The
public is invited.
Exhibition of works in water colors
by Cleveland artists, drawings by
John Carroll, Walt Disney originals.
Auspices Ann Arbor Art Association
and University Institute of Fine Arts.
Open daily, 2-5 until May 22, Alumni
Memorial Hall. Sundays included,
An exhibition of the H. A. Elsberg
collection of coptic and islamic tex-
tiles of the University of Michigan.
Rackham Building, through May 18.
Eleventh Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture of the Institute of Fine
Arts in the Michigan League Build-
ing on view daily until after Com-
University Lecture: Harry Elmer
Barnes, Ph.D., Lecturer, New School
in Social Research, will lecture on
"The Present World Crisis" under the
auspices of the Division of the Social
Sciences at. 4:15 p.m. on Thursday,
May 16, in the Rackham Amphithe-
atre. The public is cordially invited.
Notice to Medical Students: Dr.
William S. Middleton, Dean and Pro-
fessor of Medicine at the University
of Wisconsin Medical School, will de-
liver an Extracurricular Lecture to
the medical students today at
4:15 p.m., in the Rackham Lec-
ture Hall. His topic will be "The
Tools with Which We Work."
All classes of the Medical School are
in bo dsmiss eda4:0 n m in nrde,
ference Room of the Rackham Build-
ing. Mr. Gaskell will speak on
"A Problem in Heat Conduc-
tion and an Expansion Theorem,"
and Mr. Fan will speak on "Integra-
tion with Respect to an Upper Meas-
Eleventh Annual Exhibition of
Sculpture of the Institute of Fine
Arts. Reception: Tonight at 8:30
in the Michigan League Building.
Works will be on view daily until
The S.A.E. and the A.S.M.E. will
hold a joint meeting tonight at 7:30
in the amphitheatre of the Rackham
building. Three sound and color
movies will be shown covering all
phases of automobile racing.
Sigma Rho Tau will hold finals in
impromptu and after-dinner speech
contests tonight in the Union. Final
plans for national convention to be
discussed. All members please be
Pan-Hellenic Association meeting
today at 4:15 p.m. in the League.
Representatives must be there.
American Country Dancing tonight,
7:30 to 9:30, at the Women's Ath-
letic Building. Mr. Lovett of the
Ford School of Dance will instruct.
The class in Conversational He-
brew will meet tonight at 7:00 at the
Christian Science Organization
will meet tonight at 8:15 p.m, in the
chapel of the Michigan League.
Chemistry Colloquium will meet on
Wednesday, May 15, at 4:15 p.m. in
Room 303 Chemistry Building. Dr.
R. K. McAlpine will speak on "Basic
Nitrates of Chromium." All inter-
ested are invited.
Research Club will meet on Wed-
nesday, May 15, at 8:00 p.m. in the
Rackham Amphitheatre. Annual
election of officers and voe on a
candidate for membership. Papers
by aProessor C. L. Hubbs on "Fishes
of the Isolated Waters of the Ameri-
can West," and by Professor A. Hy-
ma on "Anglo-Dutch Rivalry and
Subsequent Friendship in the Far
East." The Council will meet at 7:30
in the alcove of the Assembly Hall.
Anatomy Research Club Meeting
on Wednesday, May 15, at 4:30 p.m.,
in Room 2501 East Medical Building.
Dr. Jacob Sachs will give a paper
entitled: "Radioactive Isotopes in Bi-
Tea at 4:00 p.m. in Room 3502.
All interested are invited.
Institute of the Aeronautical Set-
ences: The final meeting of the Stu-
dent Branch will be held on Wednes-
day, May 15, at 7:30 p.m., in Room
1042 East Engineering Building. Final
arrangements for the trip to the Cur-
tiss-Wright and Bell aircraft factories
at Buffalo, N.Y., will be discussed.
The election of officers for 194041
will also take placeeatrthisrmeeting.
All members are urged to be pres-
The Pre-Medical Society will elect
next year's officers on Tuesday, May
21, at 8:00 p.m., in the East Amphi-
theatre of the West Medical Build-
ing. All those interested in holding
office should contact Leonard Kuttz,
chairman of the elections committee,
as early as possible, since each can-
didate must submit a petition for
election by Monday, May 20.
Graduate Student Council will
meet on Wednesday, May 15, at 7:30
p.m. in the Women's Lounge of the
Rackham Building. Election of offi-
cers for the coming year, and dis-
cussion of program for next fall. All
members are urged to attend.
The Division of the Social Sciences
will hold its annual dinner meeting
at the Michigan Union on Thursday,
May 16, at 6:30 p.m. After the din-
ner, a brief talk by Dr. Harry Elmer
Barnes will introduce a general dis-
cussion of the present war. Members
who plan to attend are requested to
notify the secretary of the Division,
Prof. Dudley M. Phelps.
Graduate Tea on Wednesday, May
15, 4-6 p.m., West Conference Room,
Rackham Building. Professor James
K. Pollock of the Political Science
Department will speak on "Germany
After the War." Graduate students
and faculty members are invited.
Mimes meeting on Wednesday eve-
ning at 7:30 in the Union. Officers
will be elected. Those unable to at-
tend may vote in the student offices
of the Union.
The Ann Arbor Independents will
meet Wednesday, May 15, at 4:15 p.m.
in the League.
Royal Air Force limits the numb
of planes to behcarried on airpla]
carriers (even though they come ui
der the Navy), and failed to repla
those destroyed during pre-war ope:
ations. Result was that the plat
carriers operating off Norway we:
short of planes.
According to U.S. military exper
all this is an outgrowth of the ne
tia and caste system of the BriWi
Army, Officers get their rat
through birth and social positio
not ability. There is more emphas
on tradition than efficiency. "If
was good endugh for my father it
good enough for me," has been t
watchword of the British milita
'perhaps also of the Chamberla
Leslie Hore-Belisha started to roi
out some of these evils, but did n
go nearly fartenough. He only in
tated the military nobility, witho
getting at the real weaknesses.
Today's (Tuesday's) primary
West Virginia marks the end of of
of the bitterest feuds in the Senate-
that between able Senator MatthE
Neely and baby Senator Rush DE
They have not spoken a sing
word to each other for over ti
years. When Neely took the oa
of office after re-election, Holt I
fused to walk down the corridor wi
him, as is customary, while he place
his hand upon the Bible.
But today, they are united in o
posing the West Virginia State Hou
gang, Neely running for Govern
and Holt for Senator.
That much is well-known. But t:
little dramatic incident which buri
the hatchet has not been told. NeE
had urged certain patronage a
and he wanted them badly. But t
appointments were held up by Hc
who is a member of the Senate Pi
One day, when Neely's candidat
were brought up before the comm
tee, Holt suddenly "lifted his fingE
-that is, indicated his approval
the Neely men.