THE lVLHIi 2A- TDAI
......H ....i i~ i
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Edited and managed by students of the University of
JUlchigan under the authority of the Board in Control of
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CHICAGOOSTONe C'LOSANGELES -SAN tResACIs8C
,Member, Associated Collegiate Press,. 1939-40
Stan M.' Swinton
Morton L. Linder
Nprman A. Schorr
John N. Canavan
Ann Vicary .
Mel Fineberg .
* . City Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
. Associate Editor
. Women's Editor
. Sports Editor
. Paul R. Park
. Jane Mowers
. Harriet S. Levy
Asst. Business Mgr., Credit Manager
Women's Business Manager
Women's Advertising Manager
NIGHT EDITOR: HOWARD A. GOLDMAN
The editorials published in The Michigan
Daily are written by members of The Daily
staff and represent the views of the writers
Of Ghost Writing . . .
A STUDENT OPINION SURVEYS
poll has canvassed a cross section
of college students throughout the country and
comes up with the finding that 75 per cent dis-
approve of ghostwriting, 10 per cent don't care,
and 15 per cent approve. And there we see what
college students probably think about those
circular letters that come around about twice
a year purporting to help laggard students
through courses that stump them. The "ghost",
will write brilliant theses and term papers for
a nominal sum on any topic you can think of.
A little money, and the dumbest collegian can
hand in a paper as erudite as the smartest
student in the class; indeed, it is doubtful
whether the professor, himself, could turn out
such a classy gem, so the circular would claim
BUT THE POLL is not too reassuring even
though it does say that the great majority
of students disapprove of getting by in a course
on the work of someone else. There is the 25
per cent of the students that doesn't mind
employing ghosts. This might mean that these
persons believe that the diploma is the impor-
tant thing in college, and it must be obtained
if only through subterfuge. It might mean, as
some of those questioned claimed, that ghost
writing helps students to put more time toward
studying more important courses. It might mean
It is probable that students who attempt to
go through a whole college career on the written
work of another will not last long. If their
money does not run out first, their teachers
may notice the difference between classroom
opinions and those of written work. Teachers
may notice a great difference in approach-
they may wonder at the strange treatment of
the subject. Lastly, students who rely on ghost
writers may one day run into that vagary called
"conscience." Dishonesty has not yet become
The argument that holds that ghost writing
enables students to devote more time to impor-
tant subjecs implies a course of study that has
not been carefully thought out. At any rate,
this sort of claim seems rather foolish when
one considers that a course which is thought
unimportant should take very little of the
student's time and effort. He should be able
to complete his work in such a course without
too much thought or trouble.
FINALLY, we have the ghost writer, himself,
to consider. This learned individual and
supposed employer of learned individuals
seems quite similar to those literary agents
who claim to be able to teach willing persons
how to write well enough to sell copiously to
magazines and thus make a great deal of
money. It is to be wondered why such persons
do not do the writing themselves and thus
take for themselves the money. They say that
they have the secret of writing and the secret
of finding the markets-why don't they take
all the gravy for themselves? The ghost writer
is another of this type. If he knows enough
to write learned dissertations on every subject
in the college curriculum; if his wealth of in-
formation enables him even to write masters'
theses-why doesn't he use that information
in his -own behalf, instead of accepting mere
"i; fn.a-frnm ctidc ytc iio'1n, a nrc f
"Now the 'sping, sun in the opei sky, was shiing
In his glory, and waring the pregnant earth
From its fertile flank life was leaping out, buds
were bursting into green leaves, and the fields
were quivering with the growth of the grass. .Men,
too, were springing forth, a black avenging army,
germinating slowly in the furrows, growing towards
the harvests of the next century, and this ger-
mination would soon overturn the eart."--EMILE
By ROBERT SPECKHARD
filAY DAY, 1940--The sap is rising in the
ashen trees, bursting gray-habited buds into
glorious green. Men and women, too, are burst-
ing this day, bursting from their factory posts,
from decks of ships and docks, from spinner's
reel, trucker's cab, from foundry's forge, as-
sembly lines. It's strike day. It's labor's day all
over the world.
For on May 1 of every year there resounds
throughout the world the voices of a greater
solidarity that has no national limits or devo-
tion. It pervades all with commonness of pur-
pose. It is the conviction and challenge of
laborers of every race, of every color, for mutual
peace, security and liberty.
It was back in 1886 when the struggle for
the eight-hour day in the United States was
climaxed in the general strike, centered in Chi-
cago, that May Day became the international
workers' day. The strike culminated in the
arrest of eight labor leaders and the execution
of five of them following the bomb explosion
in Haymarket Square while a huge mass meeting
was in progress. Today the immediate objective
of that strike, the eight-hour day, is widely
Praise For The
Alumni Association * *a*
C LOSE SCRUTINY of yesterday's
Daily reveals a short article on a
"Party in the Air," given by the University of
Michigan of New York City. Behind that little
story is a vast and highly important organiza-
tion, the University of Michigan Alumni Asso-
Few students realize the great value of this
smoothly running organization. Yet, its services
and functions soon will provide members of
the June Class of 1940 with the only tangible
ties with their alma mater.
When this graduating class leaves the campus
to join the ranks of more than 95,000 living
Michigan alumni, its members will scatter to
their various homes in all parts of the country,
with some even leaving American borders. For
the first few years after graduation the Univer-
sity will still be fresh in their minds, their
thoughts will dwell long on their college days,
and doubtless many of them will make return
visits to the campus.
After that, however, ties with the University
become ever weaker, and the typical alumnus
takes only incidental interest in his alma mater.
Herein lies the value of the Alumni Association.
More than 200 Michigan alumni clubs are
organized throughout the world, some officially
chartered as University of Michigan Clubs, oth-
ers existing and actively functioning without
charters. On almost every day of the year at
least one of these clubs is sponsoring an affair
to discuss various alumni projects closely con-
nected with the University, to entertain a prom-
inent visitor from the campus, to help influence
good prospects to matriculate at Michigan, or
merely to bring together all Michigan alumni
of any locality for a good, old-fashioned, rem-
iniscing bull session.
Such an affair was the New York alumni
group's "Party in the Air." Such an affair,
too. was Monday's U. of M. Night, sponsored by
the University of Michigan Club of Detroit in
order to "bring about a closer relationship be-
tween the University and its Detroit alumni."
Another example would be the reception held
recently by an Oklahoma alumni group for
Michigan's Tom Dewey.
Some. of these clubs hold weekly meetings;
others get together at monthly dinners; all of
them amply justify their existence by keeping
alive in the University's vast army of alumni
a spark of interest in their alma mater.
This Year's graduating seniors may not real-
ize now the importance of these numerous cases'
of Michigan comradeship. A few years hence,
however, they may be only too glad to take
advantage of the valuable services and func-
tions of their alumni organization. They will
do well, immediately after graduation, to asso-
icate themselves with the University of Mich-
igan Clubs nearest their homes.
The University needs its alumni. Each suc-
ceeding graduating class must do its part to
keep alive and strengthen the remarkable or-
ganization already built up.
- Howard A. Goldman
To the Editor:
Noting with interest that the Building and
Grounds department is spending time, money
and effort in a vain attempt to save some
grass, it occurred to me that it might be more
important for it to invest in a few light bulbs
so that after four years in Michigan's ill-
lighted, ill-ventilated buildings the student
might still be able to see what grass remains.
a a a a*a 1940
achieved, But May Day still lives on, an ever
dynamic symbol of labor's unceasing struggle.
WARS have come and passed since then but
''today once more laborers find themselves
enmeshed and impressed again in the bitter,
imperialist rivalries that are renting the world.
This sordid mess is not their struggle; no cause
of theirs is involved. Theirs is a constructive
task; a common fight for security and peace,
It is a battle on every domestic front for jobs,
decent living wages, and ,an opportunity to en-
joy the productivity of their countries at peace.
American workers recognize this greater
struggle and still have the chance to express
it. In their local meetings, in their state and
national conventions they are articulating their
demands for a program in America that shall
make employment, health, and the opportunity
for happiness the heritage, not only of them-
selves, but of all Americans. American workers
are the pressure behind social reform; they are
the sap that will burst the bud of a New
Yes, the common people recognize this greater
struggle, and in their parades throughout the
country today they who are still fortunately
not yet involved in war's cataclysm are dedicat-
ing this May Day, 1940, with a pledge that they
shall remain at peace. While military boots
are marching towards Europe's battlefields,
American workers are marching on May Day
to block an American M-Day.
AND FROM their struggles, from their strikes
for better working conditions, for higher
wages, for clean, decent homes to live in, for
security and peace there is evolving a unity
whose commonness of conviction "would soon
overturn the earth."
They are "germinating slowly, growing to-
wards the harvest."
WHEN cocky ex-champagne salesman Joa-
chim von Ribbentrop summoned diplomats
and the press to a gala presentation of the
Nazi white paper the other day, it may have
been that he was chiefly concerned with cover-
ing up some dynamite which the Allies had
At that meeting Ribbentrop claimed that
Germany went into Norway because secret
Allied plans to penetrate Scandinavia first
had been discovered. But the real truth, as
reported to official sources here, was very dif-
What actually happened was that six or
seven days before the invasion of Norway,
French and British inteligence services got
wind of a German plan to launch a whirlwind
war about mid-May.
This lightning war was to include the inva-
sion of Norway; the invasion of Holland; the
occupation of Greece by Mussolini; and an at-
tack on the Maginot Line. Apparently the
strategy was hatched at the famous Hitler-
Mussolini conference at the Brenner Pass, and
was calculated to sweep the Allies off their
Naturally when Allied intelligence agents
learned of this, the first thing the British did
was check into the situation in Norway. There,
thanks to British prodding, the Norwegian Gov-
ernment (which is a labor government) uncov-
ered certain high-placed officers who were
sympathetic to the Nazis, in some cases ready
to go over to them.
So Norway started to clean house. Naturally
when. the pro-Nazi Norwegians were fired, it
tipped off the Germans to the fact that the
Allies, were in on their plot. So they started
into Norway almost immediately.
There is no question that before the Norwe-
gian Government had time to oust many o
the inside plotters, the British had prepared
maps of Norway and had figured on the possi-
bility of military operations there. Some of
the more forceful in the Chamberlain Cabinet
even wanted to do what Ribbentrop accused
them of planning-going into Norway first.
But Chamberlain and a majority of the Cabinet
were against it.
This was about all the truth there was to
the Ribbentrop white paper.
* * *
SEVERAL WEEKS before fast-working Gov-
ernor Ed Rivers ofgGeorgia had officially
lined up Georgia's delegates for a third term,
he made a trip to Washington and reported
to Roosevelt that unofficially he had the G
gia Democrats in line.
"I've followed your instructions, Mr. Presi-
dent," reported Rivers, "and I've got all the
Georgia delegates bagged for your man at the
convention. But you know how cats are when
you get 'em in a bag. They're a-scratchin' and
a-clawin', and I don't know when they're going
to get out."
"That's fine, Ed," replied the President, "just
keep hold of that bag."
However, the Governor of Georgia was not
as enthusiastic as the President. Doubtless, also,
he was interested in pinning him down on the
third term. He said:
"Well, I can hold 'em all right, Mr. President,
if I'm holding them for you. But if I'm holding
them for someone else, then they want to know
1Y Youvig Gulliver
THE CURRENT IDOL of American
readers is quite a man. And
maybe it's not such a bad sign that
mothers are now saying to their
kiddies not "Eat your spinach and
someday you'll be another Franklin
Roosevelt," but "Be a good boy and
some day you'll grow up to be like
Leland Stowe." Stowe's dispatches
from the Scandinavian countries are
unprecedented (that's right) in the
history of journalism. The man has-
n't had one scoop, but a whole
series of scoops. And he has-
ri't written them up in a corny fash-
ion, either; not only do they make
good reading now, but they will be
exciting readers years from now. His
dispatches from Finland, from Nor-
way, from Sweden, will take their
place alongside such masterpieces as
William Hazlitt's The Fight and
John Reed's Ten Days That Shook
Stowe may not be a profound po-
litical thinker; one occasionally gets
just the opposite impression from
some of his dispatches. But he is
just about the best foreign corres-
pondent in the world right now. And
.t is ironical to recall that the Her-
ald Tribune didn't want to send
Stowe to Europe last year because
he was "too old." Right now they
are probably kicking themselves for
that, but that's beside the point.
Not many people today remember
that Leland Stowe was in Spain
throughout most of the fascist inva-
sion; it is Gulliver's opinion that
his dispatches from Madrid rank just
as high, if not higher, than his Scan-
Stowe is a very earnest man, ter-
ribly sincere. Several years ago he
was in Ann Arbor to speak for
Loyalist Spain. If Y. G. remembers
correctly, about thirty people showed
up. Stowe got up and made a short
speech. He is a little man, probably
not much over five feet, with snow
white hair and a ruddy, youthful
face. But he was really impre ;sive,
standing there and pounding away
at the fascist sympathizers in this
country and extolling the noble qual-
ities of the defenders of Madrid.
That's going to be one of Gulliver's
Little Memories-Leland Stowe har-
anguing a handful of Ann Arborites,
pleading with them to get on the
ball for Spain before it was too
(Continued from Pase 21
Board, the chairman has the privilege
of inviting members of the faculty
and advanced doctoral candidates to
attend the examination and to grant
permission to others who might wish
to be present,
C. S. Yoakum
1940 Dramatic Season: Five great
plays, May 13 through June 15. Save
by buying Season Tickets now on
sale in Garden Room, Michigan
Results on Contemporary Affairs
Test: Students who took the Ameri-
can Council on Education Contem-
porary Affairs test may receive their
scores and percentile ranks on Wed-
nesday or Thursday (May 1 and 2)
at 3:30 to 4:30 in Room 4009 Uni-
versity High School. A key of cor-
rect answers will be furnished at,
L. E. Campbell.
Tournament: The second
the women's singles must
off by Thursday, May 2.
Rackham Building. Professor H.
Carver will speak on "Statistics
Graduate Tea: Professor Robert, B.
Hall will discuss "American Defiien-
cies in Strategic Raw Materials"
today, West Conference Room, Rack-
ham Building, 4:00-6:00 p.m. Gradu-
ate students and faculty are invited.
Graduate Student Council will meet
tonight at 7:30 p.m.cin the Women's
Lounge of the Rackham Building.
The constitution will be discussed
and voted upon, and a nominating
committee will be appointed, following
a discussion on plans for the election
of officers. All council members are
ur ged to attend.
Graduate students and other stu-
dents interested are invited to listen
to a concert of recorded music today
at 4:15 p.m. in the Men's Lounge of
the Rackham Building.
Tryouts for all those interested in
Cheer Leading, report to Art Treut,
North Entrance, Yost Field House at
5:00 p.m. today.
Ann Arbor Independents will meet
today in the League at 4:15 p.m.
American Student Union: Richard
Heikkinen, chairman of the State
American Youth Act Committee, will
speak here tonight at 7:30 in the
Union on the topic. "Aid for the
Youth of America."
University Girls' Glee Club: No
rehearsal tonight. Rehearsal Fri-
day, May 3, at 3:00 p.m. in Qame
Room of League. Rehearsal Satur-
day at 1:00 p.m. at Methodist
By m~lrt -.
A SHORT WHILE AGO that big-
mouthed Gulliver got the adver-
tising staff into trouble by giving a
free plug to a competitor of some
lucrative Daily advertisers. Not that
it mattered very much because no
one saw it anyhow, but it was just
the principle. At any rate, the reac-
tion set some kind of a precedent-
you know, like a Supreme Court-so
now Mr. Q. has to be careful not
to mention any commercial names.
It's a shame too, because there's a
certain picture playing at a certain
show in town that Mr. Q, would like
very much to recommend to you.
But, since it would make the other
theatres sore, and since the theatres
are big advertisers, there's not . .
What's that you say? All the the-
atres are under one management?
They won't get sore?
Well, that's different. The picture
is "Rebecca," now playing at the
Majestic, and it is one of the finest
of its kind Mr. Q. has ever seen.
If Alfred Hitchcock doesn't win the
year's award for his direction in this
movie, well, they may as well toss
the whole Motion Picture Academy
in the drink. Not many pictures
have come out of Hollywood with
such delicate shadings and magnifi-i
cent dramatic overtones. It's the
kind of touch to be found in "Grand
Illusion" or "Of Mice and Men":
sensitive, rich and meaningful.
WHILE on the subject of pic-
tures, Mr. Q. might as well
get off a few chuckles over the
people who hurried to see "Har-
vest" because they heard it was
"dirty." Mr. Q. overheard one
fellow comment to this effect
(before he saw the picture):
"Wonder how come the Uni-
versity ever let a sexy picture
like this be shown?" And so
they went into the theatre, sat
down and waited for the por-
nography. When Arsule leaves
Gedemus, the itinerant. knife-
grinder, to live with Panturle
in the deserted village, they sat
up in their seats eagerly, figur-
ing that the objectionable parts
must at last come in. There was
almost an audible sigh of regret
ne the tn wn an*ohnn# cimnrla
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
Graduation Recital: William Pres-
ser, violinist of Saginaw, with Wil-
liam Schottstaedt at the piano, will
give a recital in partial fulfillment
for the degree of Bachelor of Music
at the School of Music Auditorium
on Maynard Street, tonight at 8:15
o'clock, to which the general public
An Exhibit of the Art of Eastern
Asia, under the auspices of the Insti-
tute of Fine Arts on the occasion of
the opening of new quarters for Far
Eastern Art in Alumni Memorial
Hall, through Friday, May 3 (2 to 5
Retrospective exhibits of the etch-
ings and drawings of Dr. Warren P.
Lombard, and the paintings of Hor-
atio W. Shaw, until May 3, West Gal-
lery, Alumni Memorial Hall, 2-5, every
day, including Sundays. Auspices
University Institute of Fine Arts and
Ann Arbor Art Association.
University Lecture: Dr. Kazys
Pakstas, Professor of Geography at
the University of Vytautas-the-Great
(Kaunas, Lithuania) will lecture on
"The Baltic States: Gateway to Rus-
sia" under the auspices of the De-
partment of Geography at 4:15 p.m.
today in the Rackham Amphitheatre.
The public is cordially invited.
Henry Russel Lecture: Dr. Frank
N. Wilson, Professor of Internal Med-
icine, will deliver the Henry Russel
Lecture for 1939-40 at 4:15 p.m.,
Thursday, May 2, in the Rackham
Lecture Hall, on the subject "The
Electrical Currents Produced by the
Heart Beats" (illustrated by stere-
optican). The Henry Russel Award
for 1939-40 will be announced at
this time. The public is cordially
Open House: gThe new buildings of
the W. K. Kellogg Foundation In-
stitute: Graduate and Post Gradu-
ate Dentistry, and the Health Service
will be open for inspection this week.
Both buildings will be open for in-
spection by members of the faculty
and citizens of Ann Arbor from 7:30
to 10:00 tonight.
The Health Service building only
will be open for inspection by Uni-
versity students on Thursday eve-
ning from 7:30 to 10:00, May 2.
The purpose of these functions is
to give the public an opportunity to
view the general features of these
unusual and interesting building pro-
jects. No special exhibits are being
planned. Members of the staffs will
be present in the various units to
explain them to visitors.
Chemical and Metallurgical Engin-
eering Seminar. Mr. Robert R. White
will speak at the Seminar for Gradu-
ate Students today at 4 o'clock in
Room 3201 E. Eng. Bldg. Subject:
"Vapor Liquid Equilibrium of Petrol-
eum Mixtures at Elevated Tempera-
tures and Pressures."
Seminar in Physical Chemistry will
meet in Room 122 Chemistry Build-
ing at 4:15 p.m. today. Dr. Eugene
H. Eyster will speak on "Physical
Investigations in the Structural
Chemistry of Azides and Cyanates."
Graduate Education Club will
meet today at 4 p.m. in the
University Elementary School Library.
Dr. Walter C. Reckless, Visiting Pro-
fessor of Sociology from the Univer-
sity of Chicago, will speak on "Juven-
ile Delinquency and Truancy prob-
on the range.
Crop and Saddle Club will meet
at Barbour Gymnasium at 4:30 p.m.
today for a supper ride and drill
practice. Dues will be accepted.
Mimes meeting tonight at 7:30 in
the Student Offices of the Union.
Final plans for the Mimes Dance will
Tennis Club meeting" today at 4:30
p.m. in the Women's Athletic Bldg.
Come dressed to play. All women
interested are welcome.
Disciples Guild: Students interest-
ed in a discussion of the address
given last Suni by Rev. Owen
Geer are invited to meet at the
Guild House this evening at 5:30 for
supper. No charge. Call 5838 be-
fore 3 p.m. for reservations.
The Jewish History class will Meet
at the Hillel Foundation tonight at
Avukah meeting at the Hillel Foun-
dation tonight at 7:30. All mem-
bers are urged to attend for elec-
tion of officers.
Michigan Dames: Click and Sttch
Group will meet tonight at ' at
the home of Mrs. J. H. Waldner, 223
Geological Journal Club will lheet
in Room 3056 Natural Science Build-
ing at 7:30 p.m. on Thursday, My 2.
Program: Prof. W. A. Kelly of Mich-
igan State College will lecture on
"Structural Trends in the Cana ian
Shield, and Their Relation to Min-
Polish Engineering Society will
meet Thursday, May 2, at 7:30 p.m.
in Room 220 of the Michigan Union.
The Senior Ball Committee will
meet Thursday, 7:30 p.m., Rooni 323
of the Michigan Union.
Social Committee will meet Thurs-
day, May 2, at 4:00 p.m. at the TVich-
igan League. All wishing to be ac-
tivt on the'committee next year must
attend or call Virginia Osgood at
2-2285. Appointments for the com-
ing year will be announced at this
Episcopal Student Guild: Celebra-
tion of the Holy Communion will be
held at 7:00 a.m., Thursday, May 2,
in the Williams Memorial Chapel at
Harris Hall, Breakfast.
All R.O.T.C. Students: Report in
uniform with rifles to your companies
on East University between W ter-
man Gymnasium and West Egin-
eering Building on Thursday, My 2,
at 4:50 p.m. for practice parade.
This parade will take the place of
regular drill this week.
Notice to All Student and Fa ulty
Members of the Michigan Wolverine
Student Cooperative, Inc. Anhual
Meeting on Monday, May 6, at 7:00