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a_ NDAY. M"i~taACH 21l e"1 +ral
Tells Of Pitfalls
Of Plan Emphasized By
(Continued from Page 1)
ing the investment of control in a
board of directors, the cooperatives
become subject to the same "control
of insiders" and "inertia" that char-
acterize many large corporations.
Local manifestations of the cooper-
ative movement, according to Profes-
sor Dickinson, include a gas station
which is part of the American Co-
operative Association, a credit union
of Ann Arbor teachers, the Saline
Valley Cooperative Plan with a store
at Saline, and a consumer's coopera-
tive in Flint.
Participation of colleges in the
movement has been limited to co-
operative bookstores, such as the
ones at Harvard and at the University
of Minnesota, he stated.
Professor Dickinson, in explaining
the reasons for the slow development
of the movement in the United States,
pointed to the fact that retailing in
this country has been greatly more
efficient than in other countries, that
cooperatives in other nations "dis-
coered" the cash and carry policy
which had already been in wide-
spread use here, and that Americans
have not been so socialistic or as radi-
cal as Europeans.
The most important benefit to so-
ciety as a whole which these coopera-
tives have to offer, according to Pro-
fessor Dickinson, is that they reduce
the "ballyhoo of marketing, the ec-
onomic waste from sales promotion
The present movement in this
country indicates, Professor Dick-
inson believes, a swing to the left on
the part of large groups of the people,
and a closer alignment of middle class
and workers' interests.
GUARD PRESIDENT'S SON
BOSTON, March 28. - (P) - Two
secret service agents guarded John
A. Roosevelt, youngest son of the
President, when he appeared last
night at the Copley Theatre in Har-
vard's Hasty Pudding Club play, it
was learned today.
T WE EEK IN REVIEW
World and National News In Brief
Let's Go Home
London settled down to the quiet
life again this week as the Naval Con-
ference and the meeting of the Coun-
cil of the League of Nations were
brought to a close, the latter only
A few members of both groups
went home dissatisfied and on no
1 front was either meeting cosidered
a complete success. The Naval Con-
ference was concluded with the sign-
ing of an agreement creating quali-
tative limitations of navies on terms
which were not approved by Japan
and Italy, who refused to sign the
agreement. Following the signing of
the agreement, Secretary of State
Hull was kept busy denying that it
does not constitute an alliance be-
tween the United States and Great
Britain. The fact that Japan did not
sign is not taken seriously in Europ-
ean quarters, since it is commonly
known that her finances are too weak-
ened at present to allow her to under-
take a naval-building race.
Herr Krupp, Herr Hitler
Chancellor Hitler viewed the agree-
ment with distaste, once more point-
ing out, in a dramatic pre-election
speech that world peace cannot be
achieved through military compro-
mises. The speech, broadcast
throughout Germany, was delivered
in the factory of the Krupp Corp-
oration, world's largest manufac-
turers of armaments. In an impres-
sive setting of machinery and muni-
tions, Chancellor Hitler addressed a
great crowd of enthusiastic Germans,
among them the 60,000 employes of
the Krupp plant. Appealing to the
people of the world, the Chancellor
pleaded, "Make peace. Do not talk
of gestures." And again he announced
that Germany will not renounce her
right to fortify the Rhineland, there-
by showing his disapproval of the
most important term of the four-
power pact suggested last week at
the Council meeting.
Italy, carrying on the policy begun
by her decision not to become a party
to the naval agreement, announced
a new plan of national economy,
wiped that Chamber of Deputies off
the record, and replaced it with a
National Assembly of Corporations,
completing the nationalization of all
industry in the country. A new men-
ace was added to the safety of world
peace this week when a number of
Adult class every Thur.
eve, at 8 p.m. Private
lessons daily, 10 to 10.
Wuerth Theater Bldg.
clashes occured on the Soviet-Man-
churian border, causing a number of
The situation in Europe appears
little relieved by the London Confer-
ences, and the powers are now fol-
lowing a waiting policy-waiting for
action on Germany's part while Ger-
many asks the other nations to keep
hands off her affairs.
France Will Stand Pat
One of the most discouraging re-
sults of the past week's activities is
the rift which has developed between
France and Great Britain. Franec
has stated definitely that she is un-
willing to change in any way the
terms of the four-power agreement
while Britain is ready co bargain wish
Germany, especially on the term of
the pact calling for a demilitarized
zone in the Rhineland. It is this de-
mand which is most obnoxious to
Chancellor Hitler, and English paci-
fists would like to please him.
The rift was broadened by Joachim
von Ribbentrop's speech at the clos-
ing session of the Council, when he
affirmed that Germany would reject
ti e entire pact, but would make posi-
twe counter-proposals after today's
"elections." France does not want to
bargain with Hitler. Following this
speech, the meeting was adjourned
until it shall be called again by
Stanley Bruce of Australia, its Presi-
* * *
The possibilities of war in Europe
are not tossed off lightly by Premier
Mussolini, as is evidenced by his na-
tionalization of all Italian industry.
Other actions taken than the abolish-
ing of the Chanfber of Deputies are
as follows: the nationalization of key
industries; measures to attain the
greatest possible degree of economic
independence; the disciplining of
every branch of national activity and
the inauguration of a regime of
"higher social justice" based on the
idea that workers should be consid-
ered as collaborators of capital with
equal rights and duties. All of these
reforms, Il Duce says are neessary
to prepare the nation for the "su-
preme test of war" which he is sure
is coming. It seems that this atti-
tude is sincere, since all about him
Mussolini says the European nations
engaged in a hectic armament build-
ing race, with unrest and indecision
characterizing all of their activities.
Trouble For Dr. Townsend
Dr. Francis E. Townsend's flare for
high finance, which proved so highly
popular with America's depression
victims, boomeranged last week in
the form of a Congressional investiga-
tion which gives every sign of dis-
abusing many of the doctor's disil-
lusioned followers. Robert E. Clem-
ents, co-founder of the Old Age Re-
volving Pensions, Ltd., was the first to
be questioned by the committee when
it opened Thursday. He estimated
the income from the Townsend Plan
from its formation to the present
tinh 'was approximately $952,000,
mostly in the form of "dime-a-month"
dues. His personal income during
1935, was $12,585, he said, but that
did not include his $130-a-month
apartinent, which he shares with Dr.
Townsend, his food bills or his travel-
ling expenses, all of which are paid
by the OARP.
Special interest was evident in the
Clements testimony because his resig-
nation, tendered Tuesday because of
disagreement between the founders
on "fundamental policies and meth-
ods," had led Washington to suspect
that horrifying details would be re-
Dr. Townsend and many of his
state managers will be called before
the committee before its investiga-
tion is concluded, and all the accounts
of the organization will be inspected.
The next session of the committee
will be Wednesday.
In what appeared to be a timely
check on Congressional criticism of
the New Deal, President Roosevelt
early in the week announced a sur-
vey to determine which of the New
Deal agencies shall be scrapped, re-
duced or molded into the permanent
government framework. By this move
the President relegated the Senate
survey of the New Deal, instigated by
Senator Byrd, an ardent administra-
tion critic, to a subordinate position.
To undertake the survey, Roosevelt
appointed a committee of three, for
whom he asked the cooperation of
both houses of Congress.
The New Tax Bill
The House Ways and Means com-
mittee accepted tentatively the plan
for taxing undivided corporate profits
submitted to it by its subcommittee,
which has been working on the cor-
porate tax plan since the President
suggested it several weeks ago. In
the great mnajority of instances, the
subcommittee proposal adhered close-
ly to the Roosevelt draft, but it pro-
vided for only 799 million dollars ad-
ditional appropriation for the next
P year, and 616 million additional an-
nual revenue for every year there-
after, where the President wanted 792
million additional revenue for the
next year and 620 million for the
This discrepancy brought a hard-
boiled" threat from the President on
Friday to the effect that unless Con-
gress provided the revenue he asked,
enough to meet his budget, he would
push some more tax proposals.
The proposal called for an undis-
tributed corporate tax and a windfall
tax, designed to retrieve the impound-
ed or unpaid processing tax collec-
tions which were returned or abated
to processors by the invalidation of
the AAA. Corporations would be di-
vided into the classes of $10,000 year-
ly income or under, and over $10,000
yearly income. The former would be
taxed on total net income at a rate
of from one to 29.7 per cent, depend-
ing on the portion of profits dis-
tributed. The tax rate on the second
group would be from four to 42
per cent, both on a basis of total
net income. The subcommittee pro-
posed that there be a group whose
income was between $10,000 and $20,-
000 that should be allowed a combina-
I tion of the tax rates.
Flood Crisis Past
Floods that have wrought more
than half a billion dollars damage
throughout the East during the last
two weeks died down last week until
yesterday there was little danger to
any community, although rivers were
swelling in the South. Enheartened
populaces beg.an to clean up their
debris-ridden cities last week. Pitts-
burgh was hastily putting itself in
order again, and New England cities,
f such as Hartford, worked valiently
in the face of disease. Governor
Earle of Pennsylvania prepared to call
a special session of the legislature
and ask for 70 million dollars to re-
furbish that state's flood-wrecked
6:00-WJR Phil Spitalny and Girl
WWJ Catholic Hour.
WxYz Rosary Hour.
CKLW National Amateur Night.
6:30-WJR Smilin' Ed McConnell.
wwJ Story of Song.
6:45--WJR Voice of Experience.
CKLW Laugh Parade.
7:00-WJR Eddie Cantor.
WWJ K-7 Drama.
WXYZ Jack Benny, Mary Livingstone:
Johnny Green's Music.
CKLW Song Symphony.
7:15-CKLW Forum Hour.
730-WJR Phil Baker.
wxYz Ozzie Nelson's Music:
Robert L. Ripley.
7:45-WWJ Sunset Dr.eams.
CKLW Larry Bradford's Music.
8:00-WJR Orchestra: Soloists Chorus.
WWJ Major Bowes' Amateurs.
WXYZ Evening Melodies.
CKLW Master Musicians.
':] S--WXY'1 Evening lelodies.
CKLW Will Osborne's Music.
WXYZ Kavanagh's Music.
8_:--WXYZ Cavanagh's Music..
8:30-CKLW Will Osbore's Music.
8:45-wXYZ Larry Funk's Music.
9:W0-WJR Sunday Evening Hour,
WXYZ "Life is a Song."
CKLW Pop Concert.
;:30-WWJ Album of Familiar Muic.
WXYZ Walter Winchel--
CKLW Vincent York's Music.
9:45--WXYZ Paul Whitenan's Varieties.
CKLW Upton Close.
10:00---WJR House of a Thousand Eyes.
WWJ Soloist; Symrphony Orchestra.
CKLW Famous Jury Trials.
10:30-WJR Ghost Stories.
wXYZ Adventures of the Hornet.
CKlW Pontiac Baptist Churc.
}:00 _ WWJ Melody Master.
WJR Vincent Travers' Music.
WXYZ Biker Twins.
CKLW Freddy Martin's Music.
11:15 WXY'1 Lowry Clark's Mus ,~.
CKLW Key Kyser's Music.
WW.J Dace Music.
WXYZ E Chico.
'KI 'fTed Weins' Musaic.
1:2 Midn],ight - WJR B~arney IhIpp's R~i~c,
WXYZ Dance Music.
CKLW Dick Messner's Music.
12:30-WJR Harry Sosrick's Music.
wxYz Tom Coakley's Music.
CKLW Will Osborne's Music.
1:00-CKLW Ted Weems' Music.
About Kag awa
(Continued from Page 1)
of the Unitarian church will be "Nik-
olai Lenin -- The Proletariat are Also
People." Miss Florence Binnell will
talk on "Patent Medicine Palliatives"
before the Liberal Students' Union
at 7:30 p.m.
The Rev. Ernest C. Stellhorn of the
Zion Lutheran Church will deliver a
sermon on "Glorifying Christ" at
10:30 a.m. Prof. Henry A. Sanders
of the speech department will talk
on "Biblical Manuscripts" at 6:30 p.m.
"The Cross and Chistian ServiceI
nseparablc" will be the subject of
the Rev. H-enr'y Yoder's sermon at
10:30 a.m. in the Trinity Luthera
Aththe First Baptist church service
the Rev. R. Edward Sayles willde-
liver a sermon on "The Power of a
Great Decision" at 10:45 a.m. Dr. Wil-
liam D. Baten of the mathematics
department will speak on "Anticipat-
ing the Cross" at 6 p.m. in the Roger'
Williams Guild house.
Dr. Bernard Heller of the Hillel
Foundation will address a forum
meeting at 8 p.m. on the subject
"Plight of the Polish Jew."
SUNDAY, MARCH 29, 1936
VOL. XLVI No. 127
Faculty, College of Engineering:
The adjourned meeting of the faculty
of this college is called for Monday,
March 30, 4:15 p.m., in Room 348,
West Engineering Building.
Students of the College of' Litera-
ture, Science, and the Arts: A meeting'
will be held on Tuesday, March 31, at
4:15 p.m., in Room 1025, Angell Hall.
for students in the College of Litera-
ture, Science and the Arts and others
interested in future work in Business
Administration. The meeting, one of
the vocational series designed to give
information concerning the nature
and preparation of the various pro-
fessions, will be addressed by Profes-
sor R. G. Rodkey of the School of
Business Administration. The next
proessional talk, to be given by Dean
H. C. Sadler of the College of Engi-
neering, will be given on Thursday,
Seniors of The College of Engineer-
ing: Call at Room 412 eWst Engineer-
ing Building at once for your Draw-
ing I, II, and III Plates.
Phi Beta Kappa: The local chapter
of Phi Beta Kappa is anxious to have
on its lists the names and addresses
of members of the organization who
have recently moved to Ann Arbor.
The names may be sent to the See-
(Continue on Page 3)
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The aboverrates are for 7% point
LOST AND FOUND
LOST: Black Cocker Spaniel. Sturd-
ily built, white forepaws. Reward
offered, 501 Onondaga St. 6890.
LOST: Men's Bedford wrist watch,
Blown strap. Call 6740. Lester
I IjmlLA trIl hd a rty
ST. PAUL, March 28.-_.0) - - Spon-
soring a pan pointing toward a pos-
sible national third party ticket in the
1936 political campaign, Minnesota
Farmer-Laborites in state convention
apploved tonight a platform urging a
changed economic system in which
"monopolized industries ultimately
will be collectively owned."
While not embodying the public
owncrship principles of two years ago,
ST E A M.hit I P,
T ICKETS &CRUES
}naur stewishlp passage to Europe, for this coming Spring &
Summrer, should be reserved now. Phone or coa in, choose
y~our ship & a small deposit will guarantee the space. If you find
liou cannot go, I wil gladly arrange for a Transfer, or a full return,
of deposit money. .411 details completed here- without choiqe.
"Personal service" on euery booking, since 117. PH. 0412
KUE LER TRAVEL BUREAU. 601 E. Huron St.. Ann Arbor
STATIONERY: Printed with yout
name and address. 100 sheets, 100
envelopes. $1.00. Many styles.
Craft Press, 305 Maynard. 9x
MAC'S TAXI-4289. Try our effi-
cient service. All new cabs. 3x
EYES examined, best glasses made at
lowest prices. Oculist, U. of M.
graduate, 44 years practice. 549
Packard. Phone 2-1866. 13x
NOTICE: We clean, upholster, repair
and refinish furniture. Phone 8105.
A. A. Stuhlman. 15x
SELL YOUR OLD CLOTHES: We'll
buy old and new suits and over-
coats for $3 to $20. Also highest
prices for saxophones and typewrit-
ers, Don't sell before you see Sam.
Phone for appointments. 2-3640.
LAUNDRY 2-1044. Sox darned.
Careful work at low price. Ix
FOR RENT -ROOMS
FOR RENT: Five-room housekeeping
apartment with yard and basement.
Call 6809. 406
FOR RENT Suitetwith overstuffed
furniture, private batI and shower.
Also single room. Cross ventila-
tion. shower bath. Phone 8544.
422 E. Wasington.
nor the ass rtioni ('"al)italism has
failed," the party dec(laration of pol-
icies for 1936 asserted:
"The program of tie present sys-
tem constitutes a planned poverty;
we advocate and demand a system of
planned plenty. To effect a cure
fox economic ills changes must be
Come In and Look
Over Our Display
The OR IENTAL
GI- FOTH PTATE"rT
300-B SOUTH STATE ST.
TODAY TURKEY DINNER12 N.to 8 P.m.
Savory Dressing - Olives and Celery
Creamed Corn - Tomato and Cucumber Salad
French Fried or Mashed Potatoes
Fresh Strawberry Sundae, Pie, or Pudding Coffee, Tea, or Milk
New and Used,
Office and por-
changed, cleaned, repaired. Also
Supplies. Special Rental Rates
to students. Rent may apply in
event of purchase.
0. D. MORRILL
314 S. State St.
Since 1908 Phone 6615
Other Meals at 35c,
Special Plate Luncheon, 5
40c, 45c, 50c.
p.m. to 8 p.m., 25c
WEEK DAYS -
cheons 11 a.m. to 2 p.m. -25c, 30c, 35c, 40c
ners 5 p.m. to 8 p.m. - 30c, 35c, 40c, 45c
kard Street OPEN DURING VACATION
long time be-
up for lost
Continuous 1:30 - 11 P.M.
a m Feature 1:00 - 3:12 - 5:18 - 7:30 - 9:42
A GRAND SHOW!
15c to 6 - 25c after 6A
THE PICTURE OF PICTURES!
- = % -
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This is a ITARTMANN trunk. t
is the strongest of all trunks.
Dle to tie ilignious principle
)f construction, not a single inch
is wasted. You will not find a
Wrinkle in your clothes at the
end of your journey, whether
your destination is five or 5,000
miles distant. Be prepared with
325 South Main
"/lw7ays buy ledther goods at
a Icather goods store"
Vacationis Are Coming!
Shy bl r
Sol VA no,.
- - DID
L, , ,
. T- - ---------------
,_ - --
Today's Feature at:
[ :-2, 3:51 5:30, 7:29, and 9:32
We are are miniature camera specialists,
take advantage of this in obtaining your miniature
Cameras, Supplies, and Enlargements.
Attend the Matinee -- Be Sure of a Seat - You Have
Waited for this event 4 Years
CHIAR LIC A L i N
undr eds of single and married people are getting
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-why don't you? You get the cash without delay.
The payments are arranged to suit you and you can
have a year or longer to repay. Use this personal
moey service.Addtupyour Spring needs and see us
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