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October 27, 1935 - Image 3

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Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1935-10-27

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4

SUNDAY, OCtOBER 27, 1935

THE MICHI-GAN" DAILY

PAGE TIME

TILE MICIITGAN DATTY
I

PA~ TNR2E

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Weary Fighters
Continue Battle
To Check Fire
Malibu Resort Threatened
Despite Frantic Efforts
Of 2,000 Men
LOS ANGELES -Two thousan
weary fighters continued their des-
perate battle today to halt a fores
fire raging inland toward the Mal-
ibu Lake resort on the crest of Mal-
ibu mountain.
Outbreak of smaller confiagrations
in spotted areas of Los Angeles coun-
ty added more worry to forestry for
ces as the damage of the major fire
neared the $10,000,000 mark.
Concern was felt for the safety
of four members of a county fire de-
partment pumping crew. The quar-
tet, together with another crew, was
rushed from the Malibu CCC cam
to the endangered Saddle Rock ledg
near Malibu Lake. The second crew
returned, reporting the four mighi
have been trapped between Lobo and
Sierra Canyons.
Standing Home Threatened
Lying ahead of the Malibu moun-
tain fire, in the lake resort commun-
ity, were the $50,000 home of Sir
Guy Standing, noted English film
actor, several pretentious mountain
lodges, and a number of cabins.
Unofficial estimates placed the to-
tal devasted area, ranging from the
Ventura county line to the Malibu
along the ocean front, and from three
to eight miles inland, at 150,000
acres of brush and timber land.
A new fire racing up Triunfo can-
yon threatened the Ventura county
settlement of Triunfo, and the work-
ers were sent into the sectioin.
Ten other minor fires were believed
under control in Ventura county. One
of the fires resulted in the arrest by
Fire Warden Jack White of three
men, Arthur Winkler, Henry R.
Covery and John Petro, all of Santa
Monica, who allegedly left a camp
fire unattpnded.
Another fire near the head of
Dume canyon spread toward the old
Barrett ranch, one of the pioneer
cattle domains of southern Califor-
nia. Several score. CCC youths were
sent in to back-fire the property.
Sheriff's officers, maintained head-
quarters at Seminole Hot Springs,
ready to spread an alarm to cabin
residents in that area if fresh winds
whip blazes at the heads of Escon-
dido, Dume and Solstice canyons
toward the springs.
Three times the Malibu fire rolled
toward the ocean to threaten destruc-
tion of the swank colony at Malibu
Beach, and each time it was turned
back. The most serious advance was
checked yesterday.
Damage of $3,000,000 to the Mal-
ibu area was estimated by Dirk Van
Tol, superintendent of the vast Hills-
dale estate of Mrs. May K. Rindge.
League Hears
Angry Protest
From Bolivia
GENEVA, Oct. 26. - 0P) - Bolivia
protested against Paraguay's treat-
ment of war prisoners in such scath-
ing terms today that Geneva re-
ceived the distinct impression all
problems of the Chaco war are not
liquidated.
Thousands of Bolivian prisoners of
war are being held in bondage by
Paraguay, Bolivia's note to the League
of Nations declared.
The communication, which mom-
entarily diverted attention from the

Italo-Ethiopian war, said the prison-
er problem, which the Buenos Aires
peace conference was unable to solve,
constitutes a "grave detriment to
thousands of unfortunate men."
Estimating the number of prison-
ers in Paraguay at 20,000, Bolivia
said their labor reprsents a big,
steady source of revenue for Para-
guay under "servitude or bondage
similar to the constraint formally
exercised by a lords or slave owner
over human material."
The note added the refusal of
Paraguay to release the prisoners
represents a means of bringing pres-
sure to bear on Bolivia to "induce Bo-
livia to accept peace terms incom-
patible with justice and honor."
Now that the Buenos Aires con-
ference has declared the Chaco war
ended, Bolivia contends, there is no
valid reason "for keeping men as
serfs or hostages when war has given
place to legal and diplomatic con-
troversy, the duration of which un-
fortunately was not nixed by the
Buenos Aires protocol."
Bolivia appealed to the world con-
science to solve the vital problem of
"social and moral salvage."
4-H Clubs Will Hold
Annual Banquet Here
The 4-H clubs of Washtenaw coun-
ty will hold their annual achievement
banquet Tuesday, November 5, at the
Union. Prizes will be awarded at that

Waste Lands Reclaimed By TVA Project

Warns Against
County Failure
To Help E.R.A.
Counties Threatened With
Refusal Of Federal And
State Funds
LANSING, Oct. 26. -(P)--A puni-
tive threat from the Emergency Re-
lief administration rang todayin the
ears of recalcitrant counties reluctant
to contribute to the federal-state
fund for welfare purposes.
George Granger, deputy relief ad-
ministrator under Dr. William Hab-
er, warned that the ERA will with-
draw assistance entirely from any
county which refuses to contribute.
A number of boards of supervisors
have insisted that the counties are
capable of administering their own
relief program and have taken ex-
ception to the announcement of Gov.
Fitzgerald that the FRA would be
given control not only of federal and
state expenditures but of money ap-
propriated by the local units of gov-
ernment.
"If any county in the state feels
that its employment situation is such
that it need not co-operate," Grang-
er explained the ERA attitude, "we
will grant its wish and withdraw en-
tirely. Those counties should real-
ize, however, that when we withdraw
they lose 60 per cent of the money
that couldbe available to care for
their welfare burden."
The law provides that only the ERA
may administer state and federal re-
lief moneys. Granger said it would
be "sheer waste" to maintain both an
ERA and county relief set-up in any
one county, when one staff could do
the work.
The deputy administrator minim-
ized the importance of the reputed
revolt of the counties. He said more
of them are appropriating than last
year, and that they are making larg-
er appropriations.
Emperor Holds Own
Chieftain Prisoner
ADDIS ABABA, Oct. 26. -()-
An Ethiopian chieftain whom Italians
are reported to have once planned to
kidnap to make him a puppet ruler
in part of Ethiopia is a virtual prison-
er in a mountain monastery by order
of Emperor Haile Selassie.
The chieftain, Ras Hailu, former
governor of Gojjam Province and
once one of the most powerful and
richest nobemen in Ethiopia, has been
taken to a secluded spot where no
woman has ever set foot, atop a
mountain. It is at Debra Libanos,
the "Jerusalem of Ethiopia," in Se-
lale Province.
Ethiopians allege that Italians
have tried on various occasions to
kidnap Ras Hailu, with the object
of giving him the position recently
given to Haile Selassie Gugsa, Eth-

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Invaluable Training Is"Offered
By Radio Classes, Says Abbot

By ELSIE R. PIERCE
"The classes in radio technique
which were inaugurated last year at
the University have succeeded very
well in combining the theoretical with
the practical, and have offered thef
students invaluable training," Prof.
Waldo M. Abbot, director of the Uni-
versity Broadcasting Service, said in
an article entitled "Teaching Radio
at Michigan," which appeared in the
October issue of Broadcasting, na-
tional radio magazine.
Although broadcasting has been
conducted by the University campus
since 1923, when they were first sent
out over a student-constructed sta-
tion, and since 1925, when the facili-
ties of WJR were first. used, the pro-
grams did not afford the students any
experience in broadcasting. The three
types of programs which were broad-
cast then, were parent education,
music instruction, and adult instruc-
tion classes.
The six courses in broadcasting
technique which were begun last year
offered the students to take part in
actual programs broadcast by the
University, over Station WJR. To
fulfill the requirements for a mid-
semester examination, they presented
a full morning's broadcast over the
studio's public address system.
Every field of broadcasting was cov-
ered by these classes, Professor Ab-
bot said, including training as station.
managers and announcers, continuity
writers and artists.
These new programs, all presented
and prepared by members of advanced

speech classes, added to the list morn-
ing programs concerning campus
events and news, talks about student
life, "tours' 'of the campus, and skits
of classroom instruction. "Their pur-
pose," Professor Abbot said, "was not
only to provide practical training for
the students, but to give radio lis-
teners an opportunity to become fa-
miliar with various phases of campus
life."
Fundamentals Learned
During the first semester the stu-
dents in these classes learn the fun-
damentals of broadcasting, including
radio mechanics, acoustics, speech,
writing, radio advertising, dramatics,
interviewing, and news and sport re-
portng. The second semester's work
offers a study of school programs and
preparation of programs, and studio
management.
The other courses offer training in
public speaking, radio reading, and
dramatics, and music instruction by
radio.
In addition, classes are conducted
in the main studios of WJR for stu-
dents enrolled in the Extension di-
vision of the University. During the
first year of their existence, 120 per-
sons were enrolled.
In concluding his article, Professor
Abbot pointed out that not only do
the courses benefit the students, but
they provide annual educational op-
portunities to the school children and
adults of the state, the value of which
has been estimated at $935,338.

33 Countries Now
Accept Sanctions
GENEVA, Oct. 26.-(P) -Argen-
tina, Sweden and New Zealand in-
formed the League of Nations today
they were applying an arms embargo
against Italy,bringing to 33 the
number of countries enforcing this
sanction.
New Zealand also followed the ex-
ample of the Union of South Africa
in accepting all the League's proposed
sanctions against Italy.
Thirteen countries now are apply-
ing the financial sanction. Four
countries-the Union of South Af-
rica, Australia, Liberia and New Zea-
land - have accepted the economic
boycott.
Ii . l

WATER
SOFTEN ER
SALT
For All Makes
of Water
Softeners
Dial 2-1713
H ERTLER
BROS.
210 SOUTH ASHLEY

I
-Associated Press Photo.
A gullied hillside draining into the Norris dam reservoir in Tennessee
had just been worked over by CCC boys when the top picture was taken.
Rock and brush check dams were placed to retard erosion. Thei bottom
picture shows the same area 18 months later, covered with black locust
trees that keep silt from the lake and turn waste land into forest.
Notice the identical trees on the horizon.
* *' * * *, *
TVA Reclaims 100,000 Acres
Of Denuded And Eroded Land

I-

Prof. Wood Leaves For
Convention In Georgia
Prof. Arthur E. Wood of the so-
ciology department left yesterday for
Atlanta, Ga., to attend the annual
convention of the American Prison
Association which will meet from Oc-
tober 27 to 31. On Tuesday Professor
Wood will speak on "Training for
Parole Officers."
The American Prison Association
is cofnposed of prison officials, war-
dens, parole officers, and university
criminologists.

PROMPT
QUICK SERVICE
plus
Careful, Efficient Work-
is the offer we make to you
and we ask you to give us
a chance to prove it.
We call for and deliver
COLLEGE
Shoe Sho p

KNOXVILLE, Tenn., Oct. 26. - (A')
- Nearly 100,000 acres of forest and
farm lands - denuded and eroded by
years of rainfall - have been re-
claimed in the Tennessee River basin
since 1933 through the Tennessee val-
ley authority's soil erosion and refor-
estation program.
It has been accomplished by an
army of more than 5,000 CCC boys
and scores of farmers banded into
soil conservation associations.
* Under the program, the TVA plans
to return all submarginal lands to the
vast Tennessee River watershed to
some beneficial use.
In the two years CCC boys, working
under the direction of the TVA for-
estry division and the United States
forestry service, have planted 8,300,-
000 trees, mostly in the Noris dam
basin in east Tennessee. In addition
they have built more than 86,000
check dams across gullies and spread
more than 8,000,000 square yards of
brush matting.
Seedlings, mostly black locust, pine
and hybrid poplar, are being pro-
duced in TVA nurseries at Muscle
Shoals, Ala., and at Clinton, Tenn.,
in the Norris area. The Muscle Shoals
nursery of 20 acres will have an ulti-
mate production of 20,000,000 seed-
lings annually, while the Clinton nur-
sery of 26 acres will have an annual
capacity of 30,000,000 trees annually.
These quickgrowingntrees are
planted on eroded hill and moun-
Otto's First State
Paper Is Prepared
VIENNA, Oct. 26 - (') - A con-
fidential adviser to monarchists here
has revealed that Dr. Otto von Haps-
burg, supremely confident he will be
emperor of Austria ere long, has pre-
pared an outline of the first state
paper he intends to issue as chief of
state.
Baron Hans Zessner, professor of
administrative and constitutional law
at Vienna University and one of
the Hapsburg's "policy makers," said
that some of the paragraphs of such
a statement have been framed.
It will be a manifesto, Baron Zess-
ner said, intended to reassure the
Little Entente nations which have
been proclaiming that "restoration of
a Hapsburg means war."
"The new emperor of Austria has
neither a desire for conquest, nor a
wish to suppress other nations. We
shall respect the rights of our neigh-
bors and their cultural and national
developments. We have no desire tof
Germanize the Danube."

tain sides after a grass crop has been
grown to afford protection. They will
be interspersed with more valuable
species of black walnut, various oaks
and yellow poplar, eventually con-
verting the areas to a mixed hard-
wood stand.
Nursery Near Norris
TVA also has a large tree crop
nursery near its "model town" of Nor-
ris, Tenn. There such trees as mul-
berries, persimmons, black walnuts,
wild cherries, pawpaws, pecans and
hickory nuts are being produced for
planting on submarginal lands with
the idea that these crops can be
turned into money for land owners.
A soil conservation program on
the, more level lands in Tennessee,
Alabama and Georgia also is being
carried on by TVA. More than 50,-
000 acres of land already have been
terraced. There are 85 county soil
conservation associations in the val-
ley. Terracing outfits, consisting of
tractors and graders, are owned by
the associations ,and farmers pay
them for terracing work on their
lands.
Manufacturer Fertilizer
In the uplands of Virginia soil ero-
sion is being controlled by legume
crops, TVA furnishing farmers a
super-phosphate fertilizer which it
manufacturers at Muscle Shoals.
The basic idea of the entire pro-
gram has been to keep the best lands
in cultivation, keep a permanent sod
on areas too steep for cultivation but
still required for pasture land, and
restore the forest cover on submar-
ginal lands and those too steep for
cultivation or pasturage.
Cave Dwellers Are
Found In Hungary
MOZOEKOEVESD, Hungary, Oct.
26 -(3) - Modern cave dwellers,
forced out of their homes by poverty,
can be found near the villages of
Ostoros, Kistallya, Noszavaj and Tib-
olddaroc, not far from here, where
more than 4,000 persons are living
in caves.
Economic depression, severely hit-
ting this wine growing district, is
held responsible. The lack of a
wine market forces the cave dwellers
to drink wine as a substitute for
food, as most of these people are
employed in vineyards and receive
the greater part of their wages in
wine.
The newspaper Magyarsag printed
a report from the Mezoekoevesd dis-
trict physician saying that the chil-
dren of Tibolddaro have wine for
breakfast because their parents are
too poor to buy food.

I-

iopian chieftain who was made ruler
of Tigre Province in Northern Eth-
iopia, which the Italians control.

426 Thompson

6898

426 Thompson 6898

~ (
.

IT IS SENSIBLE
TO ECONOMIZE -
It is well known by col-
lege students that the cost
of eating is their biggest
single item.
With this in mind, the
LUNCHEON NOOK offers
you a $4.00 Meal Ticket
which includes a week's
board of twenty meals.
WEBER & STEVE'S QUALITY
MEATS ARE USED.
Luncheon Nook
722 Monroe, near State
PLEASE COME IN
and see us about your
radio repair before you
waste time and money
trying to fix it in some
haphazard way.

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