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January 18, 1925 - Image 10

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1-18-1925

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reaari riiva aAi. ~aa .a a va ar . .r

{ t,:1 in 'n f!{ ro??Page Nine)
A7l7. an of makJing stucents re..l-
intellectual training and not athletic
distinction or a pleasant social life.
If a strong effort were made to repre-

methods of study, the use of the li- In many quarters uarge numbers
brary, etc. Of more value than these ; ,-en to have meant relaxed standards
is' a fres ,hman course in "Thinking=- wrTi sun ruaefo
-s~ n.lttl If, 'S rd T~-ins rand

mittee G of the American' A.
of University Professors for
ond semester. Professor Coc
in charge of the Columbia co
Introduction to Reflective

by Con- pnt of V <iew of intellectua l in1-
asiciation 'ter: st because it 'nean+ it the Ygeo:
r' the see- -w .utlents may loaf, whereas if' they
ss who is, were kept. on their toes their curio.,it v
)utrse, "An ; - ould remain keeni. chplrles ills
Thinking" iG yley offors the following e.'ivice:
course is 1"it we of the faculties shied scare of
with the I ur {r '1' icrns if te r imn.ly see to it


says: the purpose of the
to acquaint the student

sent the University to the outside
world as a place of serious, difficult
study and, if a standard of excellence
were demanded such as to allow no
doubt concerning the truth of the
representation, matters might improve.
The Michigan Alumnus might effec_
tively be used in this connection. A
truer sense of purpose can also be
fostered by directing tho attention of
students to the aim of university edn-
cation in courses which may properly
consider the matter, like ethics, soci-
ology and freshman rhetoric. Nor
should devices such as an initiatory
ceremony be scorned if they will help
to make s tuide~nts realize their ex-

ceptional opportunities and their duty
in respect to them.
Every new line of thought with
which the student is brought in con-
tact increases the chance of his intel-
lectual curiosity being aroused. Ex-
tra-curricular lectures are already
performing a worthy service in this
respect. Much more could be done,
however, in encouarging students to
form the habit of good reading. Fre-
quent reference in the class room to
stimulating books, the preparation of
suggested reading lists, and the call-
ing of students' attention to the Red
Star case in the Library and the books
which will be placed in the Pendleton
Room at the Union are a few of the
simplest methods. Faculty and alum-
ni cooneration in building up frater-
nity libraries would also be helpful,
'But the introduction of general exarni-
nations over broad fields of study, as
hereinafter discussed, would do more
to stimulate Independent readting ofa
worth while sort than anything else.
Round table discussions open to all
who are interested have a tracted
many students at North Dakiota. P.
seems probable that if timely sub-
jects like "The Dawes Plan," "Direct
Primaries," "Prohil {ition Enforcemenit'
and "The Labor Party in Enmgland"'
'were chosen and able men secured t(,

thinking process and to increase his that the student sees what he is driv-
interest and ability to consider criti- ing at; and why, and make him divle,
tally the foundation of his beliefs.I It and drive hard, lie will no longer de-
invites a consideration of the method- ' lude himself into the beiief that by!c
ology of thought and proof with actual extr~a-curriculunn activities h bestst
instances of thought in conflict. Two prepares hims.elf for life," Thoughi
solutions of a single problem from an e sseontially sound, tOils ('uns(el is
important field are given and in their easily misunderstood. it does not ira-'
presentation and criticism the reason pily simply longer, liardcr iessons. and
for the change or modification of be-' the fulfillmnent of more exte'rnal l'e
lief appear and the nature of hypothe- quirements, it. implies the awakening
ses and the steps in its verification of a serious interest in studies and
are developed." Typical. problems the assigning of tasks commllensu rate
taken up in the course are: the meth-' with this increased interest. The mere
ods of experimental science, evolution lengthening of lessons, multiplication
as a principle of explanation, li tort-E of theses, and the aclding of othert
cal investigations and its methods, the; such tasks will not help matter s.1
judgments of the law, reflective Students will develop a t aechnique. of
thought in the field of. ethics, judg- s Aisfyiri.,stch mechanical require-
ments of beauty, etc. Not the least '.menus in a superficial way quite quickl-
of the advantages of such a course is ly. SohxIarship -h;ich is achievedl by
that it so totally different from any- "driving" methods alone is net schol-,
thing the student has had in high ar.9hl'at all.
s rchool that it is apt to convince himtiA. recent plan ralcultatedl to allow
of the seriousness of college work. It* both the good siu gent and the bad to
it significant that Committee G re- procee d ii their respective pacesi-'
gards ;a course of this sort as even that of 'sectioning on the basis of abil-'
Imore important than a survey course Ity. In very large couIres that are
jin the nature of the world_ and man: divided into mrany sections :tieic'ary-
The personality of the teacher andl ing abilities of students are discovered
his methods of teaching are of prime as quickly as possib:le and the indi~-
importance to self-expression in schol- viduals separated accordingly into sec,-
'arship. The latter cannot be develop- tionoa. Fy this method the classes are'
ed artificially by the University and hitgLly' homeo erie us in respret. to
it must therefore be a matter of wise'' ability and nMay he kepnt es t n9 fOr
selection of Instructors-a question'I alt-'by proceeding at the preper rate.,
which h'ardly falls within the province; None' becorme bored and none discour-
s derations will be advanced. The Inadly placd in low r etioans may
twentieth century student is chiefly i int~o lh' h"'r i;'t: ey lpicre Ilie u selvo
irese ntig hc aea s .oty ' i! ertalnable, perhaps even evident, re- to this r lin ar i hat thec pooro

nimical to intellectual interest. It is are mnaking, " and in general see that ' "
likely to result in what Plato teinmed they areC bec(oning acquainted with
'ecyloaeicsmttrigand mse the subject as a whole. This systemu
enylpei mtern n nse-has everything to conaIiend it. for it
n~e_ )erinient." If our college {affords opporthunity for the intimate 0
aiL(efinite ends in view andi Contact between the muatuire and the
judgmnent. enough to know the best immature mind which is unfor tunaitely
means of' achieving t hen, the free so infreque~nt in large Anmerican uni-: ,
elective syste'ni would lbe satisfactory. jversities. It also adids greatly to the
But as nmat ls 1now stand some regu.. value of the general examination be-:
lation or guidlance is needed. icaus~e the latter may be miade much
Systems of "miajors and mninors" or ! wore exacting than wvhen the student';
"conecentration andl distribution" of ' is left to fill thre gapas in his knowl0edge
courses have been widlely employed toj andl unify the whlole field in his mind
insure a more or less thorough ac-; unaIssisted. However, sinc:e tutors addld
quaintance with one field of work and a large item xotf expense. a systemi like
at the same timie some knowledge of tliat' at California, in w.ihich the stu-
other fields. Amherst, Bowdoin, 'Bryn' dents merely have the privilege of
1\irawr, Carleton, Chicago, Harvard, I1- ,conisulting with their teachers froin
iinois, Johns Hopkins, Northwiiiesternl,1 time to time is used1Rflo-e. often. Even1
Willianis, Wiscon sin, and Yale areI in this (case tlr: general exaoninationli
amxong the institutions that have 1as) provedl a miarked sutccss, chieflyq
adopted such schemes. A more re-' ecase it makes the Stuident take in
cent innovation andl one which prom- interest, in a ml 1'esponsiIhil ity for his'
ises added advantages is the splitting ownI deverlopmencit. Vei'Iei's cr1itic ism
of the college course into two halves th ctthle (collegiate schrool has to dea'l
---onea period in which the student Vvithii0. large body oft:student., many,
gains a br'oad foundation of knowledge, o1' Whomi have little abiding interest
thle other a per'iod in which hie con- in thir acalenliic' w-ork, b~eyolnd the
cntrates most of h-is energies in one acadenunc credits necessary to be ac-
l) a'tieular field. California, Cornell, cum'ulaSted(lfor- honorable discharlge" '
B:rmuh afyte eadSa-is unfortunately only t~oo true: The Q
to: d, Minnesota, Princetoin, Reed and geneiral e atniinatlin offei's a par tial
I ibl are replresentative of this move cure by ' forcing *students to c hoose,
nienxt. The div\ision of the four years courses wisely,' to do work outside of
in thh', manner allows quite (different their' courses, and to unify thte ub-
±~i eo of Junijor and senior col- ,jest by'reading'and reflection.
ieyy stuadenzs. The former are' sup- (Continued Next Sunday)
(V80carefully, required to attend
,ill('ns, warned if they are frilling"
Kad~udplaced on probation for
d<>,ir iesix ,c elarahlip. The latter Ire
puat more onl their own responsiblityI
and tyre brought, into intimate v'ela- 'JIJcil '
ticlnfs with faculty mxembors in their°, !
chosen field, s is fitting for those ri'e-
dl ively maztureitellectually. They ,are 1
en',i fie to abisent the mselves from0 IMD
chIas 5:' if they see fit andl are 'usually
xlcetc :l to keep un 'their work with-
c(I' ,lil y prodldings in the form or
as r-,- or irobation. Ex-President O
\i{_=khejclhn and a. faculty committee at
1ill is ha~ve both gone so t~ar as to
.r'n'ne nd that the transition from E ening
an anKrto the Senior College
':ouY, be 11ni1rhed by some' sort of a
'vr ing hegist two years t own,
lle , in'ol exaniinat ion, revived 'in t
'scoln.ryat the Ujniversity of Cal-
"':'T . ti: ccn year"s ago iandsince
;~:iat. Reedl. Harvard, Bowdoin. 1
=i1{ i "' Mmva~rti ilolyoke is the
''Jl'ac c-mipaninient. of a systemi
''-eeriat ion in the la st two years.
'haec t "st (covers only the field of cont-
i t:t ieu tihe student, taking the or-
;? i rside 0of his cspecialty. Th1 aim is1fi
, compwelhimr to think of a field of I
mfoW!(d go, not in t erms of fragments ~ Lbry of~tt
te be learned, passed, and forgotten, O iet justofSte t
' ut, a., a vital unity to be mastered,
a's a whole and kept as a useful tool. YYMOMa1Iw VI }MnP~^x rb ~.,~
.At. H ar'vard <nd Reed tutors are eml)- --------- --
pflloyed to advise students about their
lreadig, to asc'ertain the progress te e d t eW n

Jolhn Says:
Try this for your Sunday


Dinn er.

Its just like mother

has at home.
Cream of Chicken Soup
Baked Chicken Pie
Bread and Butter

Is one of


fthe 1
* * * "II



If your house


of the Following

Vegetables :
Crcamed Sugar Peas
Boston Baked Beans
Butter Beets
Egg Noodles
Combination Salad
Floating Island Pudding
Coffee Tea Milk;.


Who have not yet
i-Hop Favors-

* * *

From us,




Special Vegetarian



You might, drap
Around, to


guide the meeting, ii number of mnen
and women would attend and be stimu-
lat(ed to origin;^1 thinkting. Another
?iitth o};1 f a nxwolienng ls?? ntei'17tuaciir-
losity would be to re vesal the P~n -r I
a student's knowledge by permitting
h~m to subject himself to difficult gen-
eral information tests. There is no
stnlant to learning like the con-
sciousness of one's ignorance.
Tim se) acond 'great need if we are t^
have self -expression in scholar ship i
tba.,t the intellectually curious student
shall be able to press forward t?
knowledge with a minimum of oh-

lation to himt. All sub.'ects shouldI tionS, havino' no h'~lg'l'.t tO'n;
!' erefore use as a point of departs re 1 Their, a' tre ey I-hr deI axe
the place where they impinge upon the sljirIng bth orta hn'a'
student's life. From thence he can and th he "tii 'iinW'o'e"' o
be led, an interested followed, to the bc0o i1500>,C,ili2'' iC!.atyh
ends of the earth and the beginninq- ing stamxped 5 Of ;?T ,' a oh<> II
of time. Moreover, a student feels Howiever, lican ~>vB' wmlc
that he is expressing his own la'llivid- I ' made a hru ,, ft se ';
uality to a much greater extent if he thiniks * tl, t'.11,r'SC 1 (1;a''~'
is given definite problems to solve-,j are dithr':'e-ul'1o 1i' n
Original work such as reports, theses u- -es all ski'c:to "t ':-" Hotor
and special investigations, give vaiu- {cCur es o(r- of cu'aan 3 1 a't(? Cn
able experience in self-reliane as of the same {lc;n.
well as Increasing intellectual interest. f In general, t"'wer le t un :; onl'moi-e
In bringing'the work home to the stu- di.- cussi£7n gi'Oii1l wil IinI e'arSo e
dent every appeal to the senses which student's sense ofl'seh'Cxpc) ln
will illustrate thre matter in hand will 'Tbough theoret i~ily theoist enerh
be expedient. 'Brander Matthews ';rmindi should lbe ogn~ the sub-
found that a dramatic museum con.- fectim atter o4'thefl'if, ' and thin,
taining models of stages, etc., which !be expressilg tsolf , iesntiy, per-
he established at Columbia created a hafps usually, th(' ati itue is olwof 0
greater interest in that form of ;art. p assive rceptiV! 7,11C T ins'iilif.V 01'
In connecting some Studiesr with, pres- in -titutiom . to p :),J reai.:J:,e£(SOCI

Roast Pork, Vjeal or
Pot Roast of Beef Dinners
for 40c
Go odeats

The corner of

4 °}
44 "

f * 0

C afeteria
699 .East William

Forest and South. U
.* O " !
And look at our
f -

ad the Want Ads

staies iniI
enters a co
learn only
his appetit(
to attack t
notonious r+
If the stud(
crences, t
meth,'ods of
tory' and
would notc

hils wady. 100 often a mrrail sent life, however, the manifest dan- teaching staff to ;i::'et tl'x'; .i>:
ourse with a keen d,-,Ire to ' ger that teachers will gieIsrCmnahlscin s me;: a'e'
to have the &dge taken off tion in technique rather than merely; stiumilink: block. A'N ie;
e by his ignorance of how; Indicating the practical application ofe without mierit.; s, Il ale'S e .Ali-
he problems or by the me-7 ideas has to be guarded against, dents in a coarse 1oet ; 01, he c }"
routine of the class room. Special courses in problems of pres- !fessor in1 a dli.cst'n .;Fltsn' ll 011all('.l
ent's preparation and pref-1 ent day civilization aregietofshovrhewktoouhy Toui
the teacher's abilities, the men in several institutions in order turn each of theca nice ra' leer .lOi
if administration and the; to increase their interest in intellec- oally with a i uiher of 01 he: st udents
arrangements were satisfac- tual matters. The initiatory coursesj in a discussion group, the i ; eso
properly coordinated, this! given at Amherst, Antioch, Columbia', being pt-ivilegsd to drop inla any
of the adventurous spirit Dartmouth, Leland Stanford, Missouri, time. If mren and womown of real
occur.l Rutgers and Williams as described in' ability aid fide personlality could be

{. ,
z {


___ _
. . s
1 ... _..._...,. .. _:__,..............,... . .,,., .,_...._. di


Unless ana until the E~ngneering
and Literary College establish a com:--'
mon freshman year, as was done at
Yale four years ago, student self-ey-
pression will sometimes be hc~mpere.'
by the failure of freshmen to ehoosn'
the type of work best suited to theme.
The number of misfits at the p:°esent
time Is considerable and any way by
which it can be reduced will be dis-
tinictly beneficial. Statements signed
by, a student's parents, his high'
solhool principal and a third party who
is a college graduate to the effect that
the freshman has consulted thema
about his course and that they ap-
pr..ve his choice might prove valuable.
Although it would seem as if the
secondary schools should teach situ-
dents how to study, many college
freshmen are handicapped by their 1g.

Committee G's report have this as one
of their aims. However, that Com-
mittee, feeling that the two courses?
Previously discussed-the Nature of
the World and Man and the course
in Thinking-are more important, rec-
ommend that a course in present day'
problems be given in the sophomore
year. Whether it would be advisable
to give as many' as three geneiral
courses of this nature is debatable.
At any rate the successful introduc-!
tion of the two fresh'man courses
should precede any attempts to set up
one in the sophomore year.
The desirability of bringing the
teacher and the learner into intinmate
relationship with one another has been
recognized since the days of the early
Greek philosopher's. Numbers and
lack of funds to provide a sufficient

chcSenl for Phis work thle result.'; in igit
bec exc!hic :i 1
A. studlent canl nof enwires; himiself
thoroughly in his work unles.s hii; sub-
jects1 are',o ('boson as to enablehi
-i" to en large its grasp in an ordier-
ly andI balanced manner. The selec-
tion of courses in a hit or miss fashion
w- ;hout much regard to previous or
subsequent work is therefore highly

Ernest Brothers'
Electric Shop
104 N. Fourth Ave.
Phone 281 4-M



The Mazmoia .zpetroeu~m
Building, Dallas, Te'xas
Drawn by
Hjugh Ferrs

T'he .JwHop
Is not far off.
M'ake arrangements
Now for having
Lyndon and
photograph your
House party group.
You 'ii want the
Pictures after
party. The
Phone 458





told' us th
of Favors ,
ily good
think SO' r
* 9 *

nlormnce on this point. Discourage- body of instructors, however, have
anent ensues, frequently a fatal blow rendered the realization of this cendi-
to intellectual curiosity. In order to tion in our colleges almost Impossible.
obviate this, many institutions-Har- Whatever can 1)e done to approximate
yard, BDrown, Antioch and other-give the ideal situation will be of assist-
one or more lectures to freshmen on ance in increasing self-expression.





~I tha



Only in the aristocracy of good
clothes rv-ill you find such su-
perior formal. evening wear-
either in our custom tailored or
ready-to-wear models.




nk you.

"tSheer Height"
THE American business building represents a distinct and national

I For Sale byI


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