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January 18, 1925 - Image 9

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The Michigan Daily, 1-18-1925

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Feature
Section

- - -j

_ _Ad _ __

j~Iatjt

Feature
Section

VOL. XXXV. No. 86

ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SUNDAY, JANUARY 1,, 1925

EIGHT PAGES

ALU IN

V41A*N
ER

B.

UNIVERSITY

More Than $9,000,000 In Buildings, Lands, Trust Funds, Scholarships and Awards Have Been Rec

leived

From

Graduates Of Michigan L
$13,000,000 In Itself

largest Gift When Completed Will Total More Than
- "Intellectual Interest" Present In Alumni

By Thomas P. Henry, Jr.
%hildings, trust funds, and lands to the. extent of
more than $9,000,000 in value have been donated
by alumni of the University to their Alma Mater,
aided to no small measure by friends of the institu-
tion who have had sons or daughters attending or
graduated from her halls of learning.
It is maintained by J. C. Christiansen, purchasing
agent of the University, who has had intimate know-
ledge of the gifts received, that Michigan alumni
have in all probability contributed more than the
alumni of any other tax-supported university in the
United States. He estimates that in the past two
or three decades, graduates have matched dollar for
dollar the grants for building funds made by the
state itself, exclusive, of course, of the hospital.
"The alumni," says T. Hawley Tapping, '16L,
field secretary of the alumni association "have done
the 'plus' things for the University. The state has
been able to give us good buildings, buildings suit-
able for scholastic attainments. The state has given
us a good library, a good law department, but the
gifts an aumnus has given us in the Clements
library the best history department anywhere in the
country. The new Lawyers' club makes our law
school above that of any other university. The state
gives us good, ordinary buildings, that is all they
can do, it is the alumni who add to the normal fac:-
lities the 'plus' things which have been necessary
for Michigan to take the place in education that she
has."
Mr. Tapping points out in addition that at Michi-
gan there has been no precedent, no tradition to
prompt the graduates, while schools like Harvard
and Amherst have existed only because of gifts of
alumni. In the case of Michigan, a tax-supported
institution, there has really been no necessity; it
has been the job of the state to furnish buildings and
equipment. Whatever the alumni have done, has
been prompted by the feelings of the graduates
themselves.
The very ground that the present campus is built
upon is a gift from the townspeople of Ann Arbor,
dating from the founding of the University. It was
due in part to this grant of land that the University
was located here, in a spot that was at that time
nearly on the edge of civilization, far on the out-
skirts of a small town that was itself a long ride
from the most populous city of Michigan, Detroit.
In commenting upon this establishment of this
University in Ann Arbor Wilfred B. Shaw, '04, gen-
eral secretary of the Alumni association in his book,
"The University of Michigan," says: "There were
several candidates among the towns of the State for
the honor of having the University. Detroit; Monroe,

berry dormitory to the S. C. A., it later being trans-
fered to the University.
The first of the more than $2,500,000 in trust
funds that have been given the University was donat-
in in 1876 by Walter Crane, in the form of a per-
manent trust fund of 22 lots in Detroit. Since that
time 372 funds have been given.
Among the numerous funds, perhaps the best
known has been the Levi L. Barbour fellowship for
Oriental girls. At the present time this represents a
gift of $380,813.80 to the University. It was a dona-
tion by Regent Barbour in land contracts and it is
expected that the ultimate value of the gift will
reach the half million mark. This donation was
made In 1917 and is permanent.
Another of the large funds which have been
donated the University has come from Regent Bar-
hour also. The Levi Barbour special fund totals
$65,000 in addition to the above. A second great
donor to the University Trust fund, has been Octavia
Bates 'of Baltimore, a lady who has never seen the
University to which she has donated so much. Her
chief contribution has been the Bates Professorship
in the diseases of women and children. On July 1,
1924, at which time all the above figures were quot-
ed, the fund amounted to $133,304.65. Another fund
from the hand of this same donor has been the Bates
General Library fund, amounting to $30,066.42. Her
first donation was given in 1898 and the library gift
in 1914.
Cornelius Donovan, '72E, was the donor of a
permanent fund in 1922 which now amounts to $113,-
327.84. He was a native of Ann Arbor, later going
to New Orleans, where he was chief engineer in the
building of the jetties at the mouth of the Mississippi
river.
Fourth in size among the donations that have
been made in Trust funds is the Hudson Professor-
ship in history, a permanent fund established in 1915.
This fund, amounting to $75,000, was established
here by Prof. Richard Hudson, a former professor
in the history department.
The Frances E. Riggs foundation was donated in
1924 by a Detroit woman who is interested in the
promotion of education. It is also a permanent en-
dowment amounting to $53,170.00. Among the seven
remaining donations of more than $25.000 the most
important perhaps are: The, Charles L. Freer, hon.
'04, fund for research and publication, amounting to
$60,875 and given in 1920 in the form of a permanent
donation; James B. Angell fund of $44,414.85 which
was donated in 1905; the Williams Professorship, es-
tablished by several alumni for the first teaching
professor at the University and now amounting to
$34,859.56; Women's Professorship of $33,693.83
donated in 1899 as a permanent fund; Seth Harri-
son scholarship of $31,113.15, established permanent-
ly in 1895; and the Edward E. Hinsdale scholarship
of $27,661.49.
(Continued on Page Eleven)

and Marshall were menti ouad, iidt an i 'er f' 4.)
acres of land by the Ann Arbor land conpaniy, pre-
viously offered unsucces fully a a site for the State
capitol, proved the most at ract ive1 Ii , an dl lle is-
lature voted in favor of Ain Ar!bjor. Tlw tow.n .as
then 14 years old and 1boasts 'd*s 21.000ink anaii 0ii.
"Two tracts of land were coinusnhered by the hocrt
of Regents for the UTniver sity; the choice falling upn
the wrong one. The prei,,nt cai,,s wmu v as oh osen
rather than the coimalndingti lc(ation c' the hils
ovrerlooking the Huron ri -er.I ' m afny yar the
present campus renmained what it ws (crig inally, a
bit of farm land, vwhere what wa, rw; on the 1n
occupied portions and ere fan; illes of the 1our. p-o-
fessors who lived on the caompus gathered px'ac(acs
from the old farm orchard."
The first gifts came to the Lniversity in the form
of funds to aid the librar'y in the purC(a:e of books.
while the first buildiug to be donated to th:e newly
formed University wasO he Det'Oit Lhserva ory, a
small structure and one poory e luli ptled as com-
pared with the pressnlt O at:ry With itsma!Y
additions over the first. FifteEci thssani dollars of
the original cast of $22,000 was dona ted by the people
of Detroit. Since that tiime more than $5,00 in im-
provement of both bilding ;ad is raments have
been added, paid in part 1by the peplie of Ann Arbor
and in part by the state.

he gom E x cse

For over a century no total eclipse has been re-
corded in the localities which are in the path of
totality of the eclipse which will take place Saturday,
January 24, and according to astronomers, several
more centuries will pass before the phenomenon re-
curs in this district. The public is therefore ad-
vJsed'to take full advantages of the occasion. The
complete path of totality will extend from a point
west of Duluth through the northern part of Michi-
gan, on through Hamilton, Ont., Buffalo, Poughkeep-
sic, New Haven, and will end at a point north of the
British isles.
The path of the eclipse will be approximately one
hundred 'miles broad, and outside of this path it will
be visible only as a partial eclipse. Local observers
will obtain their best view of the occurrence at 9:02
o'clock in the morning according to word given out
at the University observatory. The eclipse will be
visible after sunrise, and will continue until 10:15
o'clock.
The path of complete totality in Michigan and
from which it may best be seen, will be approximate-
ly 50 miles north of Bay City, which lies close to the
edge. Grayling and Tawas are the two cities of the
state lying within a few miles of the totality line.
Every one located within this path will be able to se-
cure a glimpse of the solar spectacle for a period
varying from .5 to 1.8 minutes, and will be in dark-
ness during totality. The longest period of visibility
of the full totality will take place at New Haven,
when it will occupy a space of two minutes. Ob-
servors outside of the path will obtain but a fleet-
ing view.
Astronomers generally have asked individual ob-
servors to carefully examine the coming eclipse,
and have enumerated the chief points of interest.
Shadow bands, which appear a few moments before
and after totality, should be watched, and the di-
rection of their movement. Astronomers are not
a . .--t- rn ofln hnds.'lthowuh thev

glass. The early pha sc s can alIso be seen with the
simple aid of an old negaitivEor'0 smoxed glass , but
these should be discarded at totality, which can best
be seen with the naked eye. A telescope is not nec-
essary.
During the brief period of complete eclipse, stars
will be visible in the sky, probably for a period of
from 20 to 30 seconds. A corona, one of the most
interesting spectacles of the entire process, will un-
doubtedly be visible at the inst ant of totality, al-
though its form is donitfiul. The corona is composed
of long streamers sent ouz y th1 1>tl lonir ell mt
the dark spot, of thele nmoon, and may (-,1tfnlId t hree
m ilion miles or Imee i:Om the e(1e of th sn.
Sun sots affect the cor; ". or the ttii is a:m ' 0
regular in shape :ihyg a ma xi m of th- s n
spots, but reasons fr e interaction are n ex-
plained.
The corona can nat 1 : e n so long a ; a e>'i ge
of sunlight remains, and is iest visible from the
vicinity of the totality )at. Amote urs particularly
interested in this man;leti : ion :e ad vised b as-
tronomers to observe fireiim neat i totaity ia'.
"A solar eclipse 'occ 'ii' only wh1 n the si n, mnoon,
and the earth are in h e samo lan', m jne n'
each other, the moon beg lni be right (istn'e:
from the earth to cover ' on(ire sK of t a,1
the moon's cone-like ow(I l m; tie pha of
totality on the ea-11th. (mtil I oC i laOw bhe~
eclipse is Martial,"' s y b ' vonhi SIy lap, "de-
c easing in size aor ,:1n, 1t dlastcI' t'reom ti5 'h ib
of totality.
"A tot111li soh,;e(ii !uS' a.eauci. loll
v o do Ino ia'(f an celi?e at evr W IyI'. I, ; tii
IImooni is not :ilways il l thle sia pli'if' with lie sun
and earth at tlhat ie '. u on 'It a eget ifb loon';;
greatoee distnCE 05 Ii 1ro Wte;; rCit, : dir line with i
Sh' son and e rthr . i, Wi: u1. ' ts i, than 3I t ot
ihe sun, and whMen o lbe * n's isk 1 lu I lalof
sunlight is left shinimir around it. it is 8n anlar

Leadiin:; any sineiO gift to the U 'rsity is the
donation by William W. Cook, 'S21L., prominent New
York attorney, of thte new Lawyer:;' club on State
strcet . The present unit of the bnilding cost more
thaii $1 ,2000E )0, exclusive of lid. In addit:on, if
lilins ar,' ca'rried out, a strU'lctulr, whiicii will occupy
tlh w1hole block will he ere td, more than $13,0}},-
000 being represented in the gift. This wviW un-
o'?btddfly be the lorgest single gi 'l.that ha.; ever
been given tny university.
Mr. (CobO is a mnmber of the famous Union League
mid XI Vys' chlub and is aso author of Tmny
mh-'1to ain'I 511)1(7;oOks u ')n didelelit suhj 2ets of law.
Cli*et'e among these are "Cook on Corporat;os"' and
"I lower ai Responsibility of the American Par."
Ile is also author of several pamphlets on the rail-
road problem and is an advocate of regional railroad
cosolidations controlled by a federal railroad board,
Another huge gilft for which, this same benefactor
>.: responsible has beeniiMartha Cook building, given
in memory of the mother of the family by her chil-
dren ThIs is probably,' says Air. Shaw, 'the most
smin ptuons and complete college dormitory in Ani-
erica, costing something over $500,000..'
Tf,( three other women's dormitories on the cam-
pus are also gifts of graduates of the University.
Helen I Tandy Newberry, wife of John S. Newberry,
'47, has a memorIal in the Newberry residence on
Stae street, given by her children to the University.
The total cost was $100,000. Alunina " house was
also furnished by alumnae of the University at a
('ost of $16,000.
Regent Levi L~. Parbcur, '651,, of Detroit, has peen
especially liberal in his grants to the University.
He is the donor of the $125,000 Betsy Barbour house,
in addition to being the founder of a large scholar-
ship fund for Oriental girls. Furthermore Regent
Larbour contributed $25,000 of the $40,000 necessary
'or the construction of Barbour gymnasium for
women.
Ranking perhaps second to the Cool: gift is Reg-
ent W. L. Clements grant of the library bearing his
name. This structure cost more than $1,500,000, in-
cluding the books and valuable papers which are
kept there. It is this buildin g and its contents that
make the University history department outrank that
of any other college in this count!ry.
William Lawrence Clements wa iLrst named
Itegont of the University in 1909 and has served con-
uinuously since that time. lie is also a member of
the American Antiquarian socicty and the Amer'in
-istory association.
Prominent among the larger buildings which have
been added to the campus through gifts of alumni
and others are Hill auditorium, the Michigan Union,
and Alumni Memorial hall. The first named was the
result of a ldoaition of $200,000 by Iege'nt Arthm
11il, '05E, of Saginaw, madl' pos sible by a aoequ est
loft upon his death in 1b0(l.
Alumieni hall and the UmTnion were madea ossible by
~maol gifts fromn many alnl ;niumm, I1',000 aidi r;g in the
ere(Clon of the In ion alone. T'he former bunldil ;
wa erected at the cost of $195,, o000of wich $145, 0
was contributed by the Aluni association. The
midon cost $1,200,000 in all.
11) conmienting upon 1wthe n on and i"ts:4 Ound~a-
I 01 rAti. ShaO' I, in Un1(-,ity of Micign."l
"Of <i t l studelnt r(?Ig;' izati'n> the A; ('ihI gani U n ion
hats aecoip1ishied the most towarid promotilgt- th best
intrests of the student body since its estab)lishmilent
il 1904 as a general ori'anization. The new eclub
1ols), practically completetd in the first molths of
1920, is naturally the obviou:s embodiment of the
Union which st rikes the (lbser'er on iri'st acquai-

Other small donations have been made by alum-
ni, bringing the total donation in buildings and in
lands to well over $6,500,000. Among those dona-
ticns not mentioned here-to-fore have been the
Nichols Arboretum on Geddes avenue, the South
African Observatory and the Lamont telescope, a
gift of Robert P. Lamont, '91E, Ferry field, the gift
of Dexter M. Ferry of Detroit, and Palmer field. In
addition the new Women's League building and the
Couzen's Nurses' home will soon be completed.
The Nurses' home is now nearing completion.
The Women's League building will be erected as soon
as the alumnae of the University raise the funds
necessary. Total cost will be more than $1,000,000,
a good percentage of which has already been raised
in the nation-wide campaign.
In addition the Palmer ward in the old hospital is
an endowment made possible by the bequest of $15,-
000 by Mrs. A. B. Palmer. The Ferry field donation
included the land and the gateway. The cfty of Ann
Arbor also gave the land upon which the homeo-
pathic hospital is located.
Two other campus buildings, while not the prop-
erty of the University, have been given by alumni
and friends. These are the Y. M. C. A. and Y. W.
C. A. buildings, namely Lane hall and Newberry hall.
The latter was given to the S. C. A. by the New-
berry's, who also originally gave the Helen New-

It seems paradoxical to say that we must stimu-
late and even build up an intellectual curiosity
among cniversity students. Yet so many other mo-
tives bring men and women to college that such is
the case. An inspiring teacher is perhaps the surest
guarantee of an eager and interested student. The
college will therefore do well to adopt any measures
which will provide it with instructors who radiate
enthusiasm both for their subjects and for learning
in general. A student who sees that his instructor is
proud of the knowledge he possesses and senses the
latter's eagerness to share it with others cannot
lut feel that the older man holds a secret worth
knowing.
One of the most recent innovations in collegiate
education is the survey course for freshmen which
gives a bird's-eye view, as it were, of a large field of
l';owledge. The aim is to give students enough
intellectual food in palatable guise to whet their ap-
petites for more. The "Introduction to Contempor-
ary Civilization" at Columbia, first given in 1919-20
is the best known course of this type. It has been
duplicated at Rutgers. However, the same idea has
been adopted in different forms and under different
names by several other institutions. Amherst has
been giving a general course in "Social and Eco-
nomac Institutions" for nine years; all freshmen at
Dartmouth take two initiatory courses, one entitled
"Evolution" and the other "Problems of Citizenship";
Leland Stanford and Missouri also have courses
similar to the latter; Princeton gives one called
"Historical Introduction to Politics and Economics";
and Yale, one in the evolution of social institutions.
The aim, content and value of most of these courses
ir. presented in a careful report on "Initiatory

i

constitute living and non-living things,' the earth
in its astronomical relations, the evolution of plants
and animals, and the physical, intellectual and social
evolution of man-alone affords the perspective
which is indispensible for the proper organization of
acquired knowledge for the 'full development of the
desire to receive and to contribute advancement to
knowledge. Such a perspective constitutes the ideal
point of departure for the entire intellectual enter-
prise of the undergraduate." The Committee goes on
to make recommendations concerning the conduct
of the course, the more important of which are: that
it be given -in the first semester and that as many
hours as possible be devoted to it; that a common
text or syllabus be used; that one lecture to three
or four quizzes is the proper proportion; and that
men from several departments give the lectures.
Meeting the objection that such a course tends to be
superficial, the Committee says: "It will be in-
tellectually superficial if the instructor gives the
impression that his swift survey conveys all that is
worth knowing about each portion of the field; it
will not be intellectually superficial if the instructor
makes it clear that he is touching the surface of
each portion of the field and suggests somethingof
the significance of the material, within each field,
which the course cannot examine. Such treatment
instead of giving a 'false sense of omniscience' would
give a due sense of intellectual humility; and in-
stead of 'taking the edge off the adventure of learn-
ing' would whet the eagerness for such adventure."
There seems to be no reason why a course of this
nature, if deemed worth while elsewhere, would not
prove beneficial at Michigan. Perhaps the chief
difficulty would be in finding room for it in the pro-
gram of the average freshman. The demands of his-

r. Angell's Report

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