THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Wednesday, July 29, 1970
Wednesday, July 29, 1970
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
My Lai cases referred toxArm y
By The Aeatt Fess
Charges against seven officers of fail-
ing to obey a lawful regulation in con-
nection with the alleged My Lai massa-
cre will be referred to the Army's equiv-
alent of a grand jury, the Army said
yesterday at Pt. Meade, Md.
At the same time, Army officials at Ft.
McPhearson, Ga., completed a series of
hearings to find out whether Capt. Ernest
Medina will be tried in connection with
the deaths at the Vietnamese hamlet.
The charges against Maj. Gen. Samuel
W. Koster, former West Point comman-
dant, and the six others stem from in-
quiry in t o the alleged massacre by a
board headed by Gen. William R. Peers.
The others whose cases were referred
yesterday with Koster's to what the Ar-
my calls an Article 32 investigation were
Col. Oran K. Henderson, Lt. Col. David
C. Gavin. Lt. Co l. William D. Guinn,
Maj. Charles C. Calhoun, Maj. Frederick
W. Watke and Capt. Daniel H. Johnson.
Dismissal of court-martial charges
against Col. Robert B. Luper and Capt.
Kenneth W. Boatman, also charged as a
result of the Peers inquiry, w e r e an-
The Article 32 hearing to which the
seven were referred is provided for under
the U.S. Code of Military Justice and
must be held to determine whether there
Is sufficient evidence to wsrrrant trial by
court-martial. In effect it is much the
same as a grand jury Investigation in
civilian legal proceedings.
No date was set for the start of the In-
vestigation. The announcements were
made by Lt. Gen. Jonathan 0. Seamann,
commanding general of the 1st Army.
The Peers board announced its find-
ings in March after a 14-week probe of
whether the Army adequately investigat-
ed or tried to cover up the alleged mass
killing of South Vietnamese civilians by
Americans in March 1968.
Originally, some 14 officers w e r e
charged in the inquiry with military vio-
lations ranging from dereliction of duty
to false swearnz.
All seven are charged with failure to
obey a lawful regulation in performance
of duties. Henderson,'Gavin and Guinn
are charged with false swearing. Hen-
derson is charged with making a false
official statement and dereliction in the
performance of duties. Calhoun also is
charged with failure to report possible
Meanwhile, t h e Army completed an
Article 32 investigation into the charges
against Capt. Medina, who the Army has
held responsible for 102 killings at My
Tonkin bill repeal
ends war's legality
WASHINGTON WP) -Nicholas Katzenbach,
former high-ranking Johnson administration of-
ficial, said yesterday repeal of the Tonkin Gulf
resolution would remove constitutional, authority
for U.S. inyolvement in Indochina.
The Senate, with approval of the Nixon ad-
ministration, has passed two measures repealing
the 1964 resolution but the House has not yet
acted. The administration says it doesn't need
Katzenback told a House Foreign Affairs sub-
committee that without the' authority granted
by the Tonkin Gulf resolution President Nixon
would not have constitutional grounds for
launching new attacks outside Vietnam in order
to protect U.S. troop withdrawals or to bomb
enemy supply lines in Laos or Cambodia.
"It seems to me jis only choice would- be to
get out," said the former attorney general and
undersecretary of state.
Katzenbach said he is baffled by the admin-
istration's willingness to go- along with repeal.
The administration has taken the position that
the broad grant of power to the President as
commander in chief and his duty to protect
American troops is sufficient to carry on its
policies in Vietnam.
"I really can't -believe the administration
is saying it would have had the power to do
everything that has been done out there since
1964 without congressional approval," he said.
Katzenbach conceded that Congress would
probably go along with new attacks and bomb-
ing supply lines if Nixon decided they were need-
ed to protect U.S. troops.
"The President can do whatever he wants
to in this area if he can get away with it polit-
ically," he said.
But by repealing the Tonkin Gulf resolution
and then going along with such actions, he
added, Congress would be expanding the powers
of the President beyond the furthest any presi-
dent has yet claimed.
Katzenbach said he felt resolutions such as
Tonkin Gulf were appropriate measures for Con-
gress to enact if it wants to play a role in settin-
war policy. But he suggested future resolutions
be much more tightly drawn and have an ex-
HOME FOR RUNAWAYS
Ozone sets open
By JONATHAN MVItLER
Ozone House, the community
youth center, and other agencies
are holding an open house Aug.
2 at 8 p.m. to introduce mem-
bers of the Ann Arbor Com-
munity to the concept of a youth
The open house will be a joint
undertaking of the three organ-
izations which use the build-
ing in which Marshalls book-
store was housed, the other two
being Network and Drug Help
Network, which works in close
alliance with Ozone H o u s e.
serves as a general information
and referral center for the Ann
Drug Help is concerned with
helping people with drug prob-
Drug Help is run by profes-
sionals and semi-professionals
and has a 24 hour crisis service,
a two person team which goes
to the scene of drug crisis to
help people having problems
with such drugs as LSD.
Ozone was started to help
runaways, to counsel them on
their problems, before another
running away. It is hoped that
eventually runaways who have
the agreement of their parents
will be able to stay at Ozone
while they work out their prob-
lems and hopefully resolve them.
To be able to function in such
a fashion Ozone is an "over-
ground" operation in the sense
that it operates legally, being
established as a non-profit cor-
poration. The organizers sayr
that there is no friction between
the police and Ozone although
there are still problems of com-
munications between established
social work agencies in the city
and the center.
The major problem, according
to Lynn Caraeff, one of the vol-
Litter doesn't throv
itself away; litter
doesn't just happen.
People cause it-and
only people can prevent,
it "People" means you.
Keep America Beautiful.
or the public good
unteers working at Ozone, is
money. The operating budget
for next year is $40.000. Money
will be sought from foundations,
governmental agencies and pri-
The main goal of providing
a house for ruaways and a youth
center cannot be met unless the
money is forthcoming, as the
present premises will have to be
vacated on September 1, leaving
Ozone House on the streets.
Ozone intends its open house
on Aug. 2 to be "a really beauti-
ful thing," said Caraeff.
"We want people to bring
food. We want them to bring in-
struments. We want them to
bring everything and let them
start taking over this place and
make it into what they want,"
Miss Caraeff also appealed for
furniture, record players, pool
tables, paint and anything else
that could be useful.
The present organization of
the house is based on a staff of
student volunteers, both high
school and university. The di-
rection of the house is in the
hands of a steering committee
of six students. Behind the
steering committee stands an
advisory board of professionals
in the field of social problems
and interested members of the
community, such as parents.
The Michigan Daily, edited and man-
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