) THE MICHIGAN DAILY SATRDI
TERNATION AL STUDENTS: Scholars Think USSR
liday Celebrations Begin at League Wtsa Fe m
& Writers Lack Freedom
Two specialists in Soviet litera-
ture agree that the Soviet fight
for freedom will never end.
Prof. Deming B. Brown, of the
Slavic languages and literatures
department, and Prof. Ernest J.
Simmons, of the Slavic languages
and the Russian Institute at Co-
lumbia University, expressed this
opinion recently on "Background,"
on WUOM, the University radio
Prof. Brown said that this fight
for freedom will be a slow process.
"After World War II there was
a hope by Soviet writers that they
would have greater freedom,"
Prof. Simmons noted. "But in 1946
the Communist Party Central
Committee issued a decree, and
the most severe period of regimen-
Six qualifications necessary in
a vocational administrator for ef-
fectiveness in future development
of trade and industrial education
were listed by Prof. Ralph C. Wen-
rich, chairman of the University
vocational education and practi-
cal arts department, in a recent
Outlining these qualifications to
the American Vocational Associa-
tion Convention in Chicago, he
"1) He must be a leader. The
administrator of the future can-
not depend upon the authority
vested in him by virtue of the of-
ficial position he holds, but must
develop those skills and insights
necessary to work within the
"2) He must be a curriculum
specialist." Not only must the ad-
ministrator understand trade and
Job analysis which is used as a
tool in curriculum building, but
he must understand, be interested*
in, and sympathetic with other
phases of the school program.
"3) He must know his commu-
nity." The administrator should
not only have a close working re-
lationship with the trades and in-
dustries in the community, but
should know the whole commu-
nity, its power structure and pro-
cesses of decision-making.
"4) He must be interested in
developing a comprehensive pro-
He should also be concerned
with programs designed to re-
train or upgrade industrial work-
ers, includin gwomen. An interest
in the development of more ade-
quate industrial arts programs on
the elementary, secondary, and
adult levels is also necessary.
"5) He must cooperate with
those administrators giving lead-
ership to other phases of the
"6) He must be concerned with
the improvement of instruction."
To encourage and assist teachers
to improve their instruction, to
c o n d u c t studies and surveys
through which the program can
be evaluated and new needs deter-
mined - these are the kind of
functions which make the differ-
ence between a mediocre program
and a dynamic program."
Auditions for the mid-year com-
mencement's student speaker will
be held Monday.
Competition for this honor is
open to all mid-year graduates.
Each speech should be no long-
er than five minutes and must
be presented in its final form at
the audition. Members of the
Senior Board and Prof. Hugh Z.
Norton of the speech department
will judge the try-outs.
An audition appointment can
be made by calling Bruce Wilson,
'60 SM, NO 3-5806.
tation in Soviet literature fol-
"Even before Stalin's death
there was a rising tone of criti-
cism among both writers and crit-
ics," Simmons related.
"After Ilya Ehrenburg wrote a
strong denunciation of the Party's
attempt at controlling Soviet lit-
erature, it became clear that a
growing dissent was being mani-
fested by writers in the Soviet
"The Party sanctioned this de-
gree of protest because it was
thought to be a protest against
conditions under Stalin."
But it came too close for com-
fort, he continued, when it be-
came clear that it also was a pro-
test against present conditions.
Certain American writers who
criticize the United States way of
life - like Sinclair Lewis - are
condoned and popular in the So-
viet Union, Prof. Brown com-
But when a Soviet writer criti-
cizes similar situations in the So-
viet, Union, he is often considered
to be subversive.
"This criticism is always on a
secondary level," Simmons add-
ed, "never directed against per-
sons like Khrushchev."
Simmons conducted a survey
among a group of writers who for-
merly lived in the Soviet Union.
He discovered that they felt that
the highly intelligent Soviet read-
ers were not entirely convinced by
the Soviet theme in literature.
A propoganda mission is per-
formed by the Soviet novels, he
"The characters in these books
were the rags-to-riches type and
the collective farmer could read
about these heroes and find a wish
"The Soviet citizens could only
take so much of this propaganda,"
Prof. Brown maintained. "There
is plenty of evidence that themes,
such as man liking his tractor
more than his wife, soon pall."
Prof. Simmons in agreement
said that the Soviet readers would
soon tire of Romeo and Juliet
characters talking about crop ro-
tation during the balcony scene.
The "Background" series is re-
broadcast by the Worldwide Eng-
lish Service of the Voice of Amer-
CITY OF FUTURE-James Van Sweden (left), and Donald Fritz have constructed a plan for the
redevelopment of a.section of the downtown area of their home town of Grand Rapids. The model
shown above was prepared as part of a senior-year project in architecture. They have presented the
model of their Grand Rapids of the future to local architects.
NEW PLAN FOR GRAND RAPIDS:
Students Propose Urban Decay Solution
By SUE FARRELL
Two University architectural.
students have proposed a solution
to one aspect of their home town's
James Van Sweden, '60A&D and
Donald Fritz, '60A&D, both of
Grand Rapids, worked together on
their senior-year project and de-
signed what they call "the gate-
way to the heart of Grand Rap-
ids," the entrance to the core of
the retail selling and civic center.
"The whole downtown area has
d h generate d slowly over the
years," Fritz said. "It is a typical
urban renewal area."
"We decided to take one part of
this area on which to work be-
cause we felt we could realize the
lacks and needs of our home
town," he continued.
"The problems we had to face
included the old flour mills along
the river and an old canal, which
has since been filled in and used
for a parking lot," Fritz explained.
"Manufacturing has ruined the
landscape; it is an area we feel
should be used to advantage."
"Some serious thinking on the
problem is also needed because ex-
pre sways from Detroit and Chi-
cago. already being built, will en-
close the downtown area and
make it the focal point of the
city," Van Sweden added.
The model was constructed aft-
er exploring and taking pictures
of the area, looking at maps and
talking to interested people in
Between the expressway and
the river they planned a recep-
tion and information center, a
motel and a furniture exhibition
"Exhibitions for buyers have
been held in Grand Rapids less
often in the last few years be-
cause of competition from Chic.a-
go," Van Sweden explained. "We
wanted to revive interests in the
furniture industry as the symbol
of Grand Rapids."
The largest building on the op-
posite side of the river is a hotel.
Proposed buildings around it and
the Civic Auditorium would form
a new Civic Center.
"An additional reason we un-
dertook this project was that the
Grand Rapids League of Archi-
tects has been considering under-
taking some sort of redevelopment
project and are trying to stimu-
late public interest," Van Sweden
"We presented our model to
them and they were very pleased
with the scheme and considered
it well within the realm of possi-
bility," he added.
"We're now working on a fin-
ished model which will take ad-
vantage of the criticism we have
received," Van Sweden and Fritz
said, "most of which was suggest-
ed refinements in planting and
surface treatments and in details
of the buildings."
Exterior Space Important
"Exterior space in relation to
the interior of a building is be-
coming more important to the to-
tal scheme of an architectural
plan," they explained.
"Most cities are beginning to
think in terms of urban renewal
projects," Fritz said. "Some of
them are realistic, such as this
one, and some will never work.
"The state of things in Grand
Rapids is now only a series of
ideas," Van Sweden said. "They're
trying to sound out the ideas of
the public and get them excited
about such a project."
"But when people become ac-
customed to a city as it is, it's
difficult for them to accept the
idea of change," he concluded.
"Public relations is the most im-
portant part of such a project."
On the Jouje
AA _apphpps p a ~ pa s a a ..s ppmppgp.e
By SANDRA JOHNSON
The Kappa Delta sorority is
planning a Winter Party.
It is to be held from 2 p.m. to
5 p.m. tomorrow at a lodge out-
side of Ann Arbor.
This party is to be given by the
new initiate class for the seniors.
Entertainment will be provided by
the Trinidads, the Sigma Phi Ep-
silon singing group. Other enter-
tainment will come from informal
dancing, singing, eating, and
snowball fighting (if there is
The Theta Chi fraternity is
holding a tea in honor of their
house mother from 2 to 4 p.m.,
Alumni will be coming from a
250-mile area. This party is not
open to the public.
ThePhi Rho Sigma annual fall
formal will be held from 10 p.m.
to 1:30 a.m. today.
The special feature will be "The
Men of Note."
The Acacia fraternity will pre-
sent their -annual fall pledge for-
mal, Snow, Sky, and Stars, from
9 p.m. to 1 a.m. today.
Preceding the dance, dinner will
be served at the "Golden Apples."
Then everyone will return to
the Acacia fraternity house to
dance to the Ernie Davis Quintet.
Additional entertainment will be
provided by the Acacia Dixieland
Following the pledge formal,
there will be a serenade honoring
Rosemary Angel and John Ohl-
son, Acacia's newest sweethearts,
The Tau Epsilon Phi fraternity
will present their winter pledge
formal tonight. Following the din-
ner at 7 p.m. there will be danc-
ing to the Larry Kass Orchestra.
Entertainment will be provided
by the Tau Epsilon Phi Men's
Glee Club. Decorations will be on
a medieval theme.
"This summer there will be
3,000 jobs available in Europe for
United States university stu-
dents," Ramsey V. Harris, Euro-
pean director of the American
Student Information Service, an-
Each job will pay the standard
wage of the country in which they
are located, he continued. These
countries include England, France
Germany, Belgium, Holland, Lux-
embourg, Scandinavia, Austria
Although Germany and France
offer the majority of summer
openings, there are a few con-
struction positions available as
far away as Central Africa, he re-
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN.
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
toral responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily dlue at 2:00 pam. Friday.
SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1959
VOL. LXX, NO. 67
Midyear Graduation Exercises: Jan.
To be held at 2:00 p.m. in Hill Aud.
Exercises will conclude' about 4:00 p.m.
Reception for graduates and their
relatives and friends in Michigan
League Ballroom at 4:00 p.m. Please en-
ter League at west entrance.
Tickets: Three to each prospective
graduate, to be distributed from Mon.,
Jan. 4, to 1:00 p.m. sat., Jan. 16, at
Cashier's Office, first floor lobby of Ad-
Academic Costume: Can be rented at
Moe Sport Shop, 711 N. University Ave.,
Orders should be placed immediately.
Assembly for Graduates: At 1:00 p.m.
in Natural Science Aud. Marshall will
direct graduates to proper stations.
Graduation Announcements, Invita-
tions, etc.: Inquire at Office of Student
Programs: To be distribSuted at Hill
Doctoral degree candidates who
qualify for the Ph.D. degree or a simi-
lar graduate degree and who attend the
graduation exercises will be given a
hood by the University. Hoods given
during the ceremony are all Doctor of
Philosophy hoods. Those receiving a
doctor's degree father than the Ph.D.
may exchange the Ph.D. hood given
them during the ceremony for the ap-
propriate one immediately after the
ceremony. Such exchange may be made
in the Natural Science Aud. after the
The Regular fall meeting of the Uni-
versity Senate will be held on Mon.,
Dec. 14, at 4:15 p.m. in Rackham Lec-
Guest Cellist: Robert Martin will be
heard in a cello recital in, Aud. A, An-
gell Hall on Sun., Dec. 13, at 8:30 p.nI
He will be assisted by -David Efron,
pianist. Open to the general public.
Fourth Annual Carl V. Weller Lee-
ture, 'The Pathology of Ionizing Radia-
tion," Shields Warren, M.D., Prof. of
Pathology, Harvard University, 5:00
p.m., Rackham Amphitheater.
Lecture: Prof. Kenneth L. Pike will
speak on "'The Status of the Language
System(s) of the Bilingual" on Mon.,
Dec. 14 at 8 p.m., W. Conference Rm.,
Rackham Bldg. Everyone welcome.
Doctoral Examination for Herman
Merte, Jr., Mechanical Engrg.; thesis:
"A Study of Pool Boiling in an Accel-
erating System," Mon., Dec. 14, 146 W.
Engrg. Bldg., at 2:00 p.m. Chairman,
J. A. Clark.
Gerber Products Co., Fremont, Mich.,
is interested in employing a young col-
lege graduate with a degree in Law and
a fair Accounting background, with or
A Firm in the Detroit Area has an
excellent position for a college gradu-
ate with a BS degree in Analytical
Chemistry. February graduates pre-
ferred, or alumni.
New York State announces school
district lob opportuniltes: Clerks, Sten-
ographers, Machine operators, Business
Mgr., Accountants, and many others.
Applications accepted up to Dec 28,
with examinations held Jan. 30. Com-
plete list is on file at the Bureau.
State of Connecticut announces ex-
amination for Architect (Schools), with
closing date for applications on Dec. 18
Jan. 30 is the closing date for the fol-
lowing exams: Chief of Welfare Services
(Public Assistance), Welfare District
Director I and II, and Welfare Field
Supervisor, Supervisor of Staff Devel-
opment (Welfare), and Chief, Bureau
of Program Operations.
Thompson Products Div., Thompson
Ramo Wooldridge, Inc., Cleveland,
Ohio, has need of people with MS or
PhD in *Met., ChE., Physics, Chemistry
or EM. Citizenship preferred.
Argonne Nat'l Labs., Lemont, Ill., has
need of BS grads in Science and Engrg.
fields Brochures may be obtained from
4001 Admin. Bldg.
(Continued on Page 4)
TONIGHT at 7:00 and 9:00
TOMORROW at 8:00
"DEATH OF A SALESMAN"
, r'rrr rn itv/ AA AenDLr
From 1 o'clock
Brought Back at Request