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December 12, 1959 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1959-12-12

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i

W."

Ike

Calls

for

Mobilization

War,

Against Famine,

4Nehru Talk
About China
Eisenhower Pledges
Aid for India's Cause
NEW DELHI (P) - President
Dwight D. Eisenhower yesterday
summoned the world to mobilize
its science and resources in build-
ing weapons "mightier than arms
and bombs"-Weapons for a noble
war against hunger.
Opening an American exhibit
showing -the wonders of modern
food production at the first world
agricultural fair here, the Presi-
dent declared the United States
and India are working together to
this country's ever-present danger,
famine.
A little la er Prime, Minister
Jawaharlal Nehru disclosed that
he and his American visitor had
discussed in broad terms another
of India's big worries-the border
dispute with Red China. He gave
no details, but at the fair cere-
mony declared India is "poised on
the edge of a sword, you might
say, with many perils, many dan-
gers" before her.
Still smiling
The. President still was the smil-
ing, waving center of crowds of
hundreds of thousands of adulat-
ing people. As Nehru expressed it,
Eisenhower had "found an echo in
the hearts of our millions."
A crowd of about 10,000 jammed
about the entrance as the Presi-
dent arrived, and 50,000 more
crowded about the yellow-draped
speakers' stand in an enclosure in-
side.
At the white marble and tile
American pavilion the President
declared its exhibits of farm ma-
chinery and techniques show that
"men now possess knowledge and
resources for a successful world-
wide war against hunger-the sort
of war that dignifies and exalts
human beings."
Abolish Hunger
In modern agriculture, he said,
the world has its most effective
instrument for abolishing the
"hunger that emaciates the bodies
of children, that scars the souls
of their parents, that strips the
passions of those who toil end-
lessly and earn only scraps."
Recalling that he had started a
program among surplus-producing
nations for "using food for peace,"
he said the United States and
India are working together along
this line.
"Whatever strengthens India,
my people are convinced, strength-
ens us," Eisenhower said.
He said the American exhibit is
not an attempt to depict American
k agriculture as necessarily superior
to any other. But he hoped Indians
could benefit through modifica-
tions and applications of American
methods.
Erected Largest Pavilion
The Soviet pavilion, next door,
is second largest at the fair. It too
displays heavy farm machinery,
along with rockets and sputniks.
Red China has erected the third-
largest pavilion.
Earlier, in accepting an honor-
ary law degree at Delhi University,
Eisenhower called for massive stu-
dent exchanges and the develop-
ment and acceptance of interna-
tional law as a sound basis for
peace.
He proposed that "while govern-
ments discuss the meeting of a few
at the summit, universities con-
sider the massive interchange of
mutual understanding on the
grand plateau of youth."

"More enduringly than from the
deliberations of high councils," he
said, "I believe mankind will profit
when young men and women of
all nations and in great numbers
study and learn together."
The American exhibition cost
two and one-half million dollars.
The pavilion is an artificial lake
* and 32 gold-colored domes. It
houses a display of machinery and
Illustrations of improved crop cul-
ture and livestock breeding.
Now Servi
Plain .. . . . .
Pepperoni . . . . .".
Mushroom " . ... .
Beef . . . . . . . . . .
San'n - - --

World Hunger
PROPAGANDA MOVE:
Bonin Claims at Lecture
Lenin Not a German Spy

By PATRICIA GOLDEN
"Lenin was not a German agent,
judging from the documents now
available," declared Prof. Georges
Bonnin, who is presently a fellow
of the National Security Policy
Seminar at Ohio State University.
Prof. Bonnin, lecturing Thurs-
day on "Lenin's Return to Rus-
sia in 1917," based his conclusion
on personal examination of the
captured German Foreign Minis-
try Archives.
From 1948 to 1959 he served as
senior member of the French staff
which edited the documents, first
in Berlin and then in England,
where they were removed in 1948.
"Accusing Lenin of being a Ger-
man agent was excellent propa-
ganda in 1917," Prof. Bonnin ob-
served. "Lenin knew of this possi-
bility, so he drew up a list of con-
ditions under which he would be
transported from Switzerland to
Germany. This is how the legend
of the sealed truck occurred.
Sealed Vehicle
Lenin himself insisted upon the
sealed vehicle, according to the
German documents. He also in-
sisted that his carriage be given
extra-territorial rights so that he
would have no contact with Ger-
many.
The incident was used for prop-
aganda by both sides. It was im-
mediately suggested that the Ger-
mans arranged for Lenin's return
to foment the revolution, which
would assist their war plans.
Those who advanced this argu-
ment said that the truck was
sealed to prevent counter-revolu-
tionists from getting at Lenin be-
fore he could reach the Russian
border and accomplish his mis-
sion.
The Germans retorted that they
had sealed the truck in the same
manner as one might seal a test
tube of dangerous bacilli: to pre-
vent contamination of the Ger-
man people through contact with
Lenin and his followers.
Concerns Money

tion of papers which Prfo. Bonnin
edited.
Selected Documents
He noted that Zeman selected
documents which dealt with sums
of money in his attempt to prove
Lenin's connection with Germany.
"In the introduction, which he
wrote later, Zeman backs down
on his stand. He admits that the
Bolsheviks might have received
money from Germany, but their
hearts remained pure they had
only one idea ,and that was to
provoke a socialist revolution in
Russia."
Prof. Bonnin, who has written
a book on Bismarck and is cur-
rently working on a biography of
Count Brockdorff Rantzun, also
considered the question of who
was responsible for Lenin's return.
He feels that it was definitely
the civilian government, not the
military command, which ar-
ranged for the passage through
Germany.

UN Fails
To Break
Deadlock
UNITED NATIONS, N.Y. (P) --
A new round of voting failed yes-
terday to break the deadlock be-
tween Turkey and Communist Po-
land over a seat in the United Na-
tions Security Council.
Diplomatic sources hinted, how-
ever, that compromise efforts were
making some progress and might
produce results before nightfall.
After two ballots . yesterday
morning, Canadian delegate Wal-
lace B. Nesbitt proposed suspen-
sion of the voting to permit pri-
vate talks. He expressed belief
such negotiations might produce
a solution.
On the first secret ballot of the
day - the 50th since the contest
began in the General Assembly in
October-Poland received 41 votes
and Turkey 37. The result was ex-
actly the same in the 51st ballot.
A two-thirds majority is required.
It was agreed the voting would
be resumed later in the day.
Informed sources said agree-
ment appeared to be near on a
compromise formula involving a
division of the two-year term be-
tween Poland and Turkey. Poland
previously had firmly refused to
accept such a solution.
The Assembly is driving for ad-
journment by tonight, however,
and pressure is mounting for a
settlement. Otherwise, the 11-na-
tion council would be unable to
function after Dec. 31, when Ja-
pan will vacate the disputed seat.

Drug Maker Claim
Overpricing in Sale

WASHINGTON MP)-- A small
drug maker said yesterday the big
pharmaceutical houses are goug-
ing the American people by at
least $750 million a year.
Seymour N. Blackman pictured
the prescription user as the cap-
tive of a big company monopoly-
the victim of overpricing with no
freedom of choice in selecting the
brand of medication he needs.1
Blackman, 39-year-old executive'
of two New Jersey firms, made
this attack on his big competitors
in testimony 'before the Senate!
Antitrust Subcommittee. The Sen-
ate group is trying to determine
whether drug prices are too high
at the wholesale level, and if Con-
gress should do something about it.
Public Is Overpaying
"I personally feel that the
American public is overpaying at
least three-quarters of a billion
annually for the medication which
they purchase on- prescription,"
Blackman said.
"The consumer buying drugs on
prescription . . . has no choice. He
must buy the medication and he
has no choice as to the brand. ..":
Blackman - executive secretary
of Premo Laboratories Inc. of

South.Hackensack and presider
of Omega Precision Medical in
struments Inc. of Passaic-charge
the big drug firms have won con
trol of medicine pricing by con
trollng patents on new wonde
remedies and other compounds.
Among other things, Blackma
contended advertising costs hav
become so huge "that small conm
panies cannot afford to make thel
way in the market place."
Propagandize Doctors
He said part of the reason fo
"ridiculously high" prescriptio
prices lay in what he said were bi
outlays by major drug houses 1
propagandize doctors.
"They (the physicians) are al
most brainwashed by the prepor
derance - of advertising that j
thrust upon them," Blackman tol
the investigators. He said the dru
makers "didn't sell the peopl
they sold the physician."
Previous witnesses, speaking fo
some of the major pharmaceutics
houses, have denied any monopol
or overpricing. And they have de
fended their promotional activitie
as necessary to acquaint doctor
with the latest advances in th
drug field.

gF4r £M 1ia si~

Second Front Page
December 12,1959

Martial Law Brings Peace
To End Strikers' Violence

Page 3

WORLD VISITOR-Indian citizens surround President Eisen-
hower at Delhi University where he received an honorary doc-
torate of law yesterday. In his accepance speech, Eisenhower
appealed for universal recognition of international law.
ARMY CADRE OFFICER:
Vietnamese Soldiers
Called well-Disciplined

1 111

By PHILIP SHERMAN
Though the Vietnamese army
itself has many "idiosyncracies,"
the Vietnamese soldier is a tough,
well-disciplined man, Capt. Earl
B. Pulver, USA, said Wednesday.
A member of the University's
Army ROTC cadre, Pulver was
recently a member of the Military
Advisory Assistance Group oper-
ating in Vietnam..
He said the dietary require-
ments of the native troops ap-
proach zero - fish and rice are
enough to allow them to survive
and work seemingly forever.
Pulver explained the army it-
self, however, has many practices
that would never be found in the
United States armed forces.
Jail Terms Frequent
A commander, for instance, may
send one of his officers to jail for
up to a month for various of-
fences, 'but when the term is
finished, the officer can return to
duty as if nothing had happened.
Pulver said he knew a colonel
who was sent to jail, while his
subordinates were given the im-
pression he was on a kind of de-
tached duty.
The long connection of Viet-
nam with France has given the
army other characteristics which
are unlike the American army.
Until recently, all military so-
cial events were stag affairs, Pul-
ver amplified, but now, apparently
because of American influence,
mixed events are being held.
Larger Staff Gap
Also, there is a far greater gap
between enlisted and officer per-
sonnel in Vietnam than here.
Besides the influence of France
on the army, Pulver said the gov-
ernment is conducting an inten-
sive anti-Communist campaign.
Vietnamese government person-
nel have to attend weekly lectures
on aspects of Communism, and
radio and other media are con-
tinually carrying an anti-Commu-
nist barrage of propaganda.
There is no agitation, however,
for marching north to reconquer
the lost provinces; the Southern-
ers are content to develop in their
own country.
Friendly to U.S.
Staunchly anti-Communist, the
Vietnamese are of course friendly
to the United States, Pulver said,
ing PIZZA

but they do not blindly accept all
the United States says. -
Though these relations are good,
they could be further improved,
he added.
Pulver said the "Ugly American"
was read, but it did not excite
great controversy.
But he pointed to areas where
relations could be improved with
mnaApir- aflfnr

ALBERT LEA, Minn. (P)-Bay-
onet-wielding national guardsmen
brought an enforced peace yester-.
day to this strike-divided town.
The guardsmen moved in when
Gov. Orville Freeman declared
martial law to halt two days of
violence' at the Wilson Packing
Co. plant, scene of a bitter six-
week old labor dispute.
The guard dispersed massed
pickets who had overturned and
stoned cars of non-union workers
in two days of violence. It shut
down production at the Wilson
plant, Albert Lea's biggest em-
ployer. It forbade assembly of
more than three persons near the
plant or more than 50 persons
anywhere in this prosperous,
Christmas-decorated little south-
ern Minnesota city.
The military took over com-
mand of all peace officers in Free-
born County, of which Albert Lea
is the county seat, and suspended
all court orders and actions per-
taining to the dispute.
The srtiking union, United
Packinghouse Workers Local No.
6, officially regretted the declara-
tion of martial law, but made no
move to challenge the troops'
authority.
First and only show of force by
U

the guard was to disperse, at bay-.
onet point, a group of several hun-
dred workmen assembled at the
mainplant gate early - Friday to
hurl taunts at non-union workers
who showed up for work, unaware
of the governhor's midnight move.
"It makes a beautiful picket
line, doesn't it?" said a union man
of the line of guardsmen.

We received a now shipment of
SKI SWEATERS & CARDIGANS
imported from Norway, Sweden, Italy, Denmark, Germany and
Austria.
Prices start at $10.95 for model "Bergense," a very fine ski
sweater from Norway.
e .KNIT and W r)EAR SHOP
220 So. Fourth Ave. (Next to Montgomery Ward) Phone NO 5-5644

DUAL FILTER DOES IT!s

more American e ori. A second part of the controver-
Sees Language Barrier sy, which at one time appeared
The Vietnamese language is settled, concerns money which the
quite difficult, but it would make German government might have
a big difference if some Americans paid to Lenin and his entourage.
would learn it. Most communica- "German money may have been
tion is now in French or through given to intermediaries who pre-
interpreters, tended to take it to Lenin," ad-
Vietnamese is similar to Chinese, mitted the professor, who was ed-
though it uses a Western-style ucated at the University of Paris
alphabet; the big hitch is that and St. Catherine's College at Ox-
words of the same spelling pro- ford.
nounced differently mean radically "However, there is no definite
different things, proof in the documents at hand
The American community in that Lenin received any money
Saigon, Vietnam's capital, avoid froni the Germans."
the charges of Americans' habit of At first it was thought that the
living in a closed community be- German government had financed
cause of the housing shortage, Lenin's return, but this possibility
Pulver continued. The MAAG rents is ruled out by the archives. One
houses which are scattered all over of Lenin's conditions was that he
the city and then sub-lets them pay for his own trip.
to officers. The theory that Lenin was a
The principal objective of paid German agent was revived in
MAAG, Capt. Pulver summarized,. 1958 with the publication of the
is to assist local armed forces to book, "Germany and the Revolu-
take their places in the Western tion in Russia, 1915-1918," by
alliance as full and competent Sbinek Zeman. The source ma-
allies. terial for this book was the collec-
new,... wonderful . ,
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