Soviets To Study U.S. Music
By W. G. ROGERS
Associated Press Arts Editor
NEW YORK - A new Russian
"five" have come to this country
to study the musical scene.-
A generation ago, a quintet of
composers including Rimsky-Kor-
sakov and Moussorgsky was dis-
tinguished in large part for its
preoccupation with nationalist
Today's five - Dmitri Shosta-
kovich, Dmitri Kabelevsky, Tikhon
Klrennikov, Fikret Amirov and
Constantin Danevich - are no
different. They are all sternly
conscious'of their place in the So-
viet world, careful to write music
for the masses rather than the
bourgeois intelligentsia, and pro-
ducing works which, regardless of
political restrictions on their cre-
ative powers, have won wide hear-
ings and high praise in the West.
The five arrived in the United
States two weeks ago for a month's
tour under auspices of the State
Department's , cultural exchange
program. The schedule included
' visits to Washington, New York,
Boston, Philadelphia, Louisville,
Los Angeles and San Francisco.
Best known visitor here is Shos-
takovich. Holder of the Stalin
Prize, possessor of an honorary
degree from Oxford, he has com-
posed 11 symphonies, several op-
eras and a lot of short pieces, be-
sides music for many films. Amer-
ican orchestras program him fre-
Fifteen years ago, when the
common war effort united the Al-
lies, he was one of the most
sought-after composers in this
country: and conductors backed
generously by their trustees paid
lavish sums for playing Shosta-
E Not Docile
He has not been a docile Com-
munist composer. After his youth-
ful popularity, he ran into trouble
for works condemned as formal-
ist, that is, too remote from Soviet
life and musical experience, aping
the experimental West instead of
Shostakovich's o p e r a "Lady
Macbeth" and a ballet entitled
"The Limpid Stream," were at-
tacked officially. He withdrew a
fourth symphony about which he
had doubts, or feared the state
would have. With his fifth, he in-
augurated a sort of second period,
and returned to favor in the
His "Ninth Symphony," too, was
criticized, but he seems a "safe"
Soviet composer today, and indeed
tries to be. Though he may have
a hidden hankering for the con-
demned "deliberate dissonances"
which started his troubles, he be-
lieves professedly in the Soviet
theory that music is fundamental-
ly a community activity, that it
should bolster its society rather
than disrupt it, in short, that it
has a "political basis."
Kabalevsky, a year or two old-
er than Shostakovich, and also a
native of Leningrad, is a pianist,
conductor, teacher, editor and
composer. Secretary of the Union
of Soviet Composers, and member
of the Soviet Peace Committee, he
has chosen topics theoretically of
interest to a revolutionary people:
"Armored Train," for instance.
Dreary or Sparkling at Night?
By STANLEY MEISLER
Associated Press Staff Writer
WASHINGTON-About 100 years
ago, Lord Lyons, bewhiskered,
youngish ambassador from Britain,
sent home a description of the city
"A terrible place for young men,"
he said. "Nothing whatever in the
shape of amusement for them."
No one doubts the accuracy of
Lord Lyons' picture. Washington
was Just an overgrown village
But could the present ambassa-
dor cable home the same descrip-
tion now? Is the nation's capital
still a hub by day and a dud by
WASHINGTON UP) - For the
second time in less than two3
weeks, the United States bluntly
told Cuba's Castro regime yester-
day it was spreading inaccurate
and misleading charges against
the United States government.
The State Department added
that a brochure published by the
Cuban Ministry of State had be-
come an offensive addition to a
campaign of hostility in Cuba.
The Cuban Ministry yesterday.
distributed copies of a pamphlet
indicating the United States was
responsible for the death of two
persons and injury of 45 in an1
outbreak of violence in Havana
last Oct. 21.
The State Department said eye-
witness reports indicate that
many, if not all, of the casualties
were victims of the Cuban armed
forces' own gunfire, or of bombs
thrown from automobiles by ter-
Press dispatches have said there
was no evidence of bombing or
strafing from the air.
Diplomatic sources said United
States-Cuban relations appeared
at their lowest since Fidel Castro
ousted Dictator Fulgencio Batista
last Jan. 1.
On Oct. 27 the State Depart-
ment made public a memorandum
handed Cuban officials by United
States Ambassador Philip Bonsal.
It followed a logn speech in
which Prime Minister Castro
charged that the United States
did nothing to stop bombing of a
Of Non-Military Zone
NEW DELHI n) - Red China's
Chou En-La proposed yesterday
to settle the angry border dispute
with India at a personal meeting
with Prime Minister Nehru. In-
dian sources said Chou's dramatic
new approach is unacceptable.
Refusing to give ground on
claims to 40,000 square miles of
Himalayan soil India regards as
its own, the Chinese Premier sug-
gested both sides pull back their
forces 123/2 miles in the disputed
"The entire approach is repug-
nant to India's stand on its inter-
nationally recognized border," said
an authoritative Indian source.
Nehru himself mentioned Chou's
note in a report to the working
committee of his Congress Party
but expressed no opinion. a com-
mittee member reported. Nehru
has declared he is willing to nego-
tiate but has never said anything
about sitting down with Chou to
talk things over.
Chou's note was handed to
Nehru Sunday, then broadcast
yesterday by Peiping Radio be-
fore its contents were made known
here. If he suggested a site for the
meeting there was no public men-
.tion of it.
The Red Chinese premier, in
urging prompt action on his plan.
said, "Clashes which both sides do
not want to see may occur in the
"The Chinese Government pro-
poses that, in order to discuss
further the boundary question and
other questions in the relations
between the two countries, the
prime ministers of the two coun-
tries hold talks in the immediate
future," Chou's note said.
"The peoples of our two coun-
tries desire that we act promptly.
I think we should meet their de-
sire and not let those who seek
every chance to disrupt by all
means the great friendship be-
tween China and India attain
their sinister objective."
Chou suggested that "the armed
forces of China and India each
withdraw 20 kilometers (12/z
miles) at once from the so-called
MacMahon line in the east and
from the line up to which each
side e::ercises actual control in the
Like most questions in this fed-
eral town, these provoke more
than one answer. Arguments usu-
ally follow two contrasting lines:
(1) Washington is one of the
world's dreariest capitals after
dark. A few hours after midnight
the only one you are likely tb meet
on the silent, black streets is a
milkman or a mugger.
(2) Washington is one of the
world's great cultural, cosmopoli-
tan centers. Great music, theater,
jazz, night clubs, foreign restau-
rants, parties. There's enough
amusement here for anyone.
Where does the truth lie? Well,
it is true that city laws tend to
drive everyone home late at night.
Tight Liquor Laws
No drinks may be served past1
midnight on Saturday, and 0 a.m.
on other nights. Even before then,
regulations cramp the informal
spirit of bars and cabarets.
No one may perch on a bar stool
and down whisky, for only beer is
'served along the bar. If you sit at
a table and order liquor, you
can't walk around with it; no one
may stand with a drink in his
Washington also seems to have
an entrenched hostility toward
novel, atmospheric or imaginative
Just a few months ago, the Al-
coholic Beverage Control Board
forced the owner of a cafe to
remove an exhibition of paintings
from his walls. The business of
REMODELING-Modernization has touched everything in Wash-
ington, even the Capitol Building. Whether Washington's night
life has changed or not, its central structure Is altering its aspect
from that of 100 years ago.
the cafe is to sell food and liquor,I vowing to close the place in case of
Selected Group Dresses
silks - rayons - wools - blends - all kinds
many originally to 29.95
Sizes 5-15, 8-42, 1212-241/2
m mm mm mm mm mm mmmm mm m - - m U mmm mmem 00
At our Campus Toggery Shop
SKIRTS-wools - blends - some in
plaids - tweeds and solids -
many orig. to 14.95.
Sizes 8 to 20 Talls 10 to 18.
mm m mmmm m mmmm mmmm m m m m m m mmmm m mmm m mmm m
the board decided, not culture.
Cafe Has Problems
A group of beatniks ran into
difficulty over plans to open an
all-night coffee shop for poetry
readings and glimpses of shaggy
bears. Protests over the proposed
Coffee 'n Confusion Club came
from neighbors, police and an irate
fortune teller, who announced "I
don't like beatniks" then fixed four
pistol shots into the shop's plate
Finding nothing in the law
against beatniks, the Board of
Licenses allowed the shop to open.
But policemen patrolled in front,
But in spite of this, it is true
that Washington often is host to
some of the country's most excit-
ing cultural events.
Foreign Troupes Visit
Foreign troupes, like the Bol-
shoi Ballet, arrive, even for just
one night, to pay their respects to
the capital of a great nation. The
Moiseyev Dancers, the Old Vic
Theater, the Japanese' Imperial
Household Dancers, the African
Ballet all appeared in Washington
during the past year.
Washington does not offer any'
neighborhood devoted to fine res-
taurants. By incessant peeking,
questioning and nibbling, however,
any gourmet can collect an im-
pressive list of eating places fea-
turing French, German, Spanish,
Syrian and American cuisines.
Washington, taking advantage of
extroadinarily low prices for pack.,
aged liquor, seems to have more
home parties than any other city
of comparable size.
Group of SWEATERS
Wools - orlons - odds and ends
Broken size ranges
l4e 3id4Zian D iZI
Second Front Page
Elizabeth Dillon Shops
530 So. Forest Ave. Just off So. Univ.
Corner opposite Campus Theatre
and 1111 So. Univ. (1 1/ blocks from main store)
November 10, 1959
Phone NO 2-4786
for Classified Advertising
you plan to buy a
expression of culture"
a style show showing
foreign fashions and
Yes, it's easy to open your Special Checking
Account at Ann Arbor Bank.
No minimum balance is required.
A book of 20 checks costs only $2.00 and
there are no additional fees.
And a checking account is convenient, too.
Never the problem of cashing out-of-town
checks, or getting stranded without enough
_ _ ,.. _ . _ _ . . 1111