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April 09, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-04-09

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

Red Asks

South African Forces
Stop No-Work Campaign)

CROWNING OVATION:
DeGaulle Calls for End of Arms Race

I

AP Wirephoto
HALF TEST-French President Charles de Gaulle calls for nuclear
disarmament. He is shown with his wife, Prince Philip and Queen
Elizabeth.

BASEMENT
BOOK SALETOA
at
FOLLETT'S
State 'St. at North University

LONDON ()-President Charles
DeGaulle won the crowning ova-I
tion of his triumphant visit to
Britain yesterday with a call for
an end to the nuclear arms race.
France, he said, desires above
all that nuclear weapons be de-
stroyed and the "vehicles of
death" that carry them be placed1
under surveillance. And she be-'
lieves that East and West can
live in peace together.
DeGaulle's speech combined the
stuff of history with oratory per-
haps unmatched since Winston1
Churchill roused the free world
to action 20 years ago. Churchill,
85 and feeble now, was there to
honor his wartime ally yesterday.
Gets Honor Guard:
DeGaulle, tall and vigorous in
sober morning dress, staad before)
a silk covered throne on the gray1
stone steps that fill one end of
Westmnister Hall.
Scarlet-robed Beefeaters from
the Tower of London flanked him
as an honor guard. A fanfare
from trumpeters in medieval dress
introduced his speech.
The soldier - president spoke
with hardly a glance at his notes
for 30 minutes. By an oratorical
tour de force he contrived to end
just as the 900-year-old hall vi-
brated with the last stroke of
noon from the great bell of Big
Ben.
The audiene-members of both
houses of Britain's Parliament-
sat a moment in silence as though
stunned. Then they burst into a
roar of applause that lasted a full
four minutes.
De Gaulle's theme was that
Britain and France have a com-
mon destiny to work for peace. It
brought him to this statement of
French aims:
French Aims
"France believes that this peace
can be attained only if the gen-
eral fear of sudden annihilation
is first removed.
"This involves the limitation
and control of armaments by both
camps.
"She (France) wishes above all
that stocks of nuclear weapons
be destroyed, that installations
where they are made be used for
other purposes, that rockets and
aircraft capable of carrying them,
as well as the fixed or floating
bases from which these vehicles
of death can be launched, be plac-
ed under surveillance.
Happy To Stop Tests
"France would for her part be
very happy to give up the tests
and the capital expenditure she
has undertaken in order to pro-
vide herself with the means pos-
sessed by others, as soon as these
others cease to have them avail-
able."
He foresaw a lessening of en-
mity between the rival blocs of
West and East. France, he said,
hopes it will be achieved "in a
peaceful atmosphere, through ev-
olution conditioned on the one
hand by the aspiration of human
nature for liberty, and on the
other by the pursuit of progress
1 which demands efficiency."

Nation Calm
But Leaders
Call Soldiers
One Town Remains
Uncertain in Clean-up
JOHANNESBURG (/P) - Huge
military, police and civilian re-
serve forces mobilized by the
South AMrican government ap-
peared last night to have stifled
the no-work campaign of thous-
ands of rebellious Africans.
Only in the sealed off African
township of Nyanga, near Cape
Town, was the situation uncertain
and police said they had arrested
most of the "agitators, terrorists
and gangsters" there without re-
sistance yesterday.
From Cape Town, Durban and
Port Elizabeth came reports that
the situation was practically nor-
mal or more nearly so than at
any time in the past 11 days.
In Johannesburg there was no
incident to disturb the calm.
Workers st'reamed in and out of
the city without trouble,
Leaders Jailed
With all the principal African
leaders in Jail and police rounding
up lower echelons, it seemed that
the longest demonstration in re-
cent'years against the govern-
ment's apartheid (segregation)
policy may be ended.
But the government continued
to call up its forces. The Wit-
wartersand Rifles Infantry Regi-
ment has just been mobilized and
stationed at the airport near Ger-
miston, east of Johannesburg, pre-
sumably for movement wherever
needed.
Last night, the South African
Broadcasting Corp. interrupted a
play to read out a long list of
names of reservists who were
ordered to report for duty im-
mediately.
Troops Cleanup
Troops and police staged clean-
up raids for arms and agitators
today in the settlements of Ny-
anga Township, stronghold of the
African no-work movement.
Nearly 200 men and women
were arrested and sacks of weap-
ons-including guns, clubs, crow-
bars, knives and meat axes-were
confiscated in Nyanga East and
Nyanga West outside Cape Town,
an Atlantic port 900 miles south-
west of Johannesburg.
A ring of infantrymen with fix-
ed bayonets sealed off the settle-
ments, the scene of bloody clashes
Monday when troops and police
struck with clubs, guns and whips
in an effort to get the Negroes
back on their jobs. Scores were
wounded then.
Saw No Resistance
Col. I, P. Terblanche, deputy
commissioner of Cape Town Police
said there was no resistance yes-
terday. In a drizzling rain, troops
patrolled the streets while mili-
tary and police squads conducted
a house-to-house search. Trucks
screened with wire mesh carried
the prisoners to cells at a Cape
Town police station.
Terblanche declared the clean-
up was undertaken solely in the
interest of Nyanga's law-abiding
1gegroes.

R d Asks
New Start
In Talks
By The Associated Press
The Soviet Union proposed in
Geneva yesterday to wipe the slate
clean and take the 10-nation dis-
armament conference back to its
starting point.
Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister
Valerian A. Zorin claimed such a
procedure offered the only escape
from the dead end street in which
the conference finds itself after
almost four weeks of work.
He called on delegates to abond-'
on their cross purposes debate on
the rival Soviet and Western dis-
armament plans and negotiate in-
stead on the basis of the UN
Assembly resolution of last Nov. 20.
That resolution, which referred
the two plans to this conference,
was unanimously approved in the
UN. But there is one obvious snag
in using it as a negotiating plat-
form. The North Atlantic powers
and the Communist bloc countries
disagree on the document's mean-
ing.
, Have Little Purpose
"As long as that disagreement
exists Zorin's proposal would ap-
pear to have little purpose., It is
like shifting a prize fight from
one .arena to another with the
same two boxers matched against
each other."
In the new ring Zorin could con-
t'nue repeating his charge that
the five Western powers have re-
fused to commit themselves to
"general and complete disarma-
ment." The United States, Brit-
ain, France, Italy and Canada
deny the validity of that accusa-
tion.
Zorin spoke for more than an
hour in the conference room yes-
terday. He put a final seal on
Soviet rejection of the Western
disarmament plan which largely
evolved from proposals originally
put forward by British Foreign
Secretary Selwyn Lloyd.
He said the Western plan did
not provide a disarmament system
at all and added: "To take this
plan as a basis for the negotia-
tions of general and complete dis-
armament would mean to doom
the negotiations in advance to
failure."
Avoid Slamming Door
The Western powers avoided
slamming the door on Zorin's pro-
posal. US Ambassador Frederick
M. Eaton said in a statement to
newsmen the United States "re-
mains flexible and ready to dis-
cuss concrete measures of dis-
armament with the Soviets" but
will insist that disarmament meas-
ures march hand in hand with
effective controls. Other members
of the western camp expressed a
similar view.

SENATE ACTS:
Moves Toward Rights Bi
WASHINGTON (MP)-The Sen-
ate brought its Civil Rights Bill,
almost to the point of passage ...."
yesterday, shutting off all further
amendments.
An indefinite amount of speech-
making remained, however, both r'-
by the outnumbered Southern
opponents of the bill and by its
supporters.
Late this afternoon there came <<
a time when no one had an
amendment to offer, and the Sen-
ate proceeded with the third read-
ing of the bill.
This meant no more amend-
ments could be offered.f
One amendment got through
yesterday, after the Senate re-
jected 73-18 a proposal to kill the
whole voting section of the bill.
The amendment, adopted 80-11,
was designed to settle fears that
in helping Southern Negroes to
vote, the bill might descriminate
against white voters.
Sen. Lyndon B. Johnson of
Texas, the Senate Democratic
leader, gave assurance there would
be no roll calls last night. He call-
ed for a long session today, how- SENATE LEADERS -- Lyndon Johnson (D-Tex.) and Ever
ever, and one tomorrow if neces- Dirksen (R-Illinois) are shepherding the rights bill through
sary, in an effort to pass the bill. Senate.
Johnson said he knew many
senators opposed to the bill, and
some of those who favored it, still
had speeches they wanted to
make,
Sen. Hugh Scott (R-Pa) want-
ed to know whether cloture-the School of Education
arbitrary cutting off of debate-
was being considered.
Johnson said he didn't think henOrientati n M e t
needed to discuss the situation
beyond tomorrow.

Provisions
Major provisions of the Civil
Rights Bill now awaiting a
final Senate vote would:
1) Make it a federal crime
to use threats or force to im-
pede the enforcement of any
federal court orders, including
those issued in school integra-
tion disputes.
2) Make it a federal crime
to cross state lines in flight
from prosecution or punish-
ment for bombing any building
or structure.
3) Require state and local
election officials to preserve
for 22 months all election rec-
ords, and to make the docu-
ments available to the Attorney
General for examination on his
written demand.
4) Allow federal courts and
federal voting referees to reg-
ister Negroes to vote in areas
where the court finds a pattern
of discrimination has denied
the applicants the right to
have their names entered on
the rolls of elegible voters.

I

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Just in Time for the Easter Parade
Famous phoenix has a beautiful. array
of seamless and texture tones.

/

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Black
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with
'White

Friday, April 8, 1960

Page 3

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