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March 01, 1960 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-03-01

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Chile Greets Ike Warmly;
Crowds Cheer Motorcade

Eisenhower
Grin Evokes
Wild Ovation
Promises Alessandri
U.S. Won't Intervene
SANTIAGO (M' - Chileans
turned on a rousing reception for
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
yesterday.
Pouring out in unexpected
numbers - estimates ranged from
500,000 to 700,000 -- the crowds
greeted his motorcade with shouts
of "Ee-key" and by throwing
flowers all over his car.
The thousands massed along
roped-off Alameda Bernardo
O'Higgins, the broad main thor-
oughfare named for Chile's Irish-
fathered independence leader,
raised full-throated cheers at
sight of the President's famous
grin.
One knot of dissent created an
incident at headquarters of the
Communist Central Workers Un-
ion, where a group yelled "Down
with the United States" as Eisen-
hower and Chilean President
Jorge Alessandri rode by.
During a formal call later at
the Presidential Palace, the Pres-
ident reiterated that the Ameri-
cas are determined "to oppose any
aggression from outside, no mat-
ter what form it may take."
The turnout was one of the
largest in Chilean history, how-
ever, and the explosion of cheers
more than made up for Santiago's
smaller numbers, as well as for
less lavish preparations to wel-
come the visitor.
Taking leave of Argentine Pres-
ident Arturo Frondizi, he declared
again for the principle of nonin-
tervention in affairs of sister
American republics. Declaring he
was impressed by the vastness
and natural wealth of Argentina,
he said the United States attaches
"the highest possible importance
to maintaining a friendly, un-
swerving partnership with you
and the other republics."

Marathon
Continues
In Senate
WASHINGTON (P)-Sen. Rich-
ard B. Russell (D-Ga.) pulled out
the rule book yesterday and won
a minor round as the Senate
moved slowly into marathon civil
rights sessions.
As captain of an 18-member
southern band of opponents, Rus-
sell literally waved the rules man-
ual at his colleagues. He was
making a parliamentary demand
aimed at easing the burden on the
Southerners' voices, likely to be-
come hoarse with filibustering.
Vice-President Richard M. Nix-
on, presiding at the time, held
Russell was right in his conten-
tention that Senate clerks must
read all civil rights amendments
offered to a pending unrelated
House-passed bill.
This amounted to a plain threat
by the Southerners to wheel out
some long amendments and let
the clerks use up time reading
them while the filibusterers got
their second wind.
Then Sen. John L. McClellan
(D-Ark.) moved into the parlia-
mentary fray. He demanded from
Nixon a ruling on whether he
could offer proposed amendments
without obtaining unanimous con-
sent. If he couldn't McClellan
stormed that he would make a
motion and force the Senate to
vote on his right to act.
Sen. Frank Carlson (R-Kan.),
who was presiding this time, held
that McClellan didn't need un-
animous consent.
Sen. Jacob K. Javits (R-N.Y.),
a civil rights advocate, popped up
to observe that any kind of
lengthy amendment could be of-
fered. He said someone might even
wrap up sections of the Bible and
submit them.

P

lwt]c440 gtt e

00

Second Front Page
March 1, 1960

I
Page 3

NEGRO VOTE RESTORED:
Louisiana Decision Reversec

I

WASHINGTON (') -- The Su-
preme Court yesterday upheld a
key part of the 1957 Civil Rights
Act.
It also ordered 1,377 Louisiana
Negroes restored to that state's
voting rolls. Both decisions were
unanimous.
In a split decision, the court
sustained the right of states to
discharge employes who refuse to
answer questions touching on se-
curity.
The court reversed a finding by
United States District Judge T.
Hoyt Davis at Macon, Ga., that
sections of the 1957 act aimed at
protecting voting rights of Ne-
groes were unconstitutional.
Then, based on its findings in
the Georgia case, the court held
that 1,377 Negro voters had been
illegally purged from the rolls in
Louisiana's Washington Parish.
The court ordered them restored.
First Test
In arguments before the high
tribunal on Feb. 23-24, Solicitor
General J. Lee Rankin said no

la..

white voters were removed from
the parishh "ollsalthough about
half of them had made errors'
similar to mistakes made by
Negroes.
Rankin related that on Nov. 30,
1958 there were 11.444 white per-
sons and 1,517 Negroes registered
in the parish. On June 30, 1959
the white total was 12,228 and
the Negro registration was down
to 236, he said.
This first Supreme Court test
of the vital voting provisions of
the Civil Rights Act resulted in a'
federal government victory-which
presumably will permit the Ne-
groes to vote in Louisiana's April
19 state election.
The decisions coincided with'
the opening of the Senate of a
drive to break a souther fililbuster
and pass a new civil rights law!
aimed at helping Negroes vote.
The ruling on the right of states;
to discharge employes who refuse
to answer questions dealing, with
security came in the case of two
employes of Los Angeles county.

They were discharged after refus-
ing to answer questions in appear-
ance to answer before the House
Committee on Un-American Ac-
tivities.
Warren Disqualified
Chief Justice Earl Warren dis-
qualified himself in this opinion
because of his California back-
ground. -The other justices split
4-4 bn the discharge of Thomas
W. Nelson, which had the effect of
upholding his dismissal. In the
case of Arthur Globe, the dis-
charge was sustained by a 5-3
vote.
Justice Tom C. Clark delivered
the majority opinion which held
in effect, that the California law
applied in the case was sound be-
cause it was based on a question
of insuborrdination by Globe.
In the only other opinion read
from the bench, the court ruled
6-3 that Parke, Davis & Co. fixed
prices for its drug products at
stores in Washington, D.C. and
Richmond, Va.

EE-KEY--Chile gave touring President Dwight D. Eisenhower a booming welcome yesterday as he
made the third stop on his current four-nation tour of Latin America. A small group of workers
created a brief anti-United States incident, but the crowds were almost universally friendly.
EITHER ... OR:
Russia Seeks West Berlin Agreement

<'?

NIKITA KHRUSHCHEV
.. .warns West

JAKARTA (M) -- Nikita S.
Khrushchev warned yesterday the
May summit meeting must bring
agreement on West Berlin's status
or he will sign a separate treaty
with Communist East Germany.
And in that event, the Soviet
Premier said, West Berlin-where
the Western Big Three have garri-
sons-would come under authority
of the East Germans "because
West Berlin stands on territory
belonging to the (Communist)
Democratic Republic."
But at a free-wheeling news
conference near the end of his
Indonesian visit, Khrushchev
vowed to work for "a successful
conclusion" at the Paris Summit
and declared:
"I do believe in the good inten-
tions of President Dwight D.
Eisenhower, Prime Minister Harold
Macmillan and President Charles
de Gaulle."
Khrushchev often has threatened
to sign a separate peace treaty
with East Germany. But this was
the first time he had tied the
threat to the Paris Summit meet-
ing.
The Premier made the remark
in answering a question about
reports that he will insist at the
Summit that the Western allies
leave Berlin regardless of any con-
cessions they may offer to Soviet
views on disarmament.
Khrushchev replied this was
really two questions because dis-
armament involved the question of
peace for the world while Berlin
was "a question of doing away
with the vestiges of World War .

a question whose solution has been
dragged out for 15 years."
"How much longer can we drag
this out? We will do our utmost
to remove the vestiges of World
War II and urge our former allies
to do the same.

Nehru Announces Meeting
On Chinese Border Dispute,

SEE: (in color) A Russian Dancing Bear on a tightrope.
Mural of the Moscow Subway.
Other unusual color slides of Russia-1959.
HEAR: Miss Ronnie Hamburger with color slides and
talk entitled "The Unusual in Russia-1959."
COME: To the Russian Circle
Time: Wednesday, March 2, 7:30 P.M.
Place: 3rd floor conference room, Michigan Union
BRIDGE LESSONS
STARTING TONIGHT
7-9 P.M. Tuesdays
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MICHIAN LEAGUE

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NEW DELHI (iP)-Prime Minis-
ter Jawaharlal Nehru announced
yesterday he agreed with Red
Chinese Premier Chou En-Lai on
an April date for their meeting
here to talk over their border
dispute.
Most members of Parliament
applauded the announcement and
a threatened storm from opposi-
tion benches failed to develop.
The Praja Socialists and rightist
Jan Sangh party had announced
they would raise objections to any
meeting before Red Chinese troops
quit border territory claimed by
India. But the government let
them know that any wrangling
now would make India appear in-
hospitable.
"I am sure," Nehru said, "that
when be (Chou) comes here he
will be received with the courtesy
and hospitality which India always
gives to distinguished visitors."
But shortly after the announce-
ment, Finance Minister Morarji
Desal told Parliament India will
spend about $60 million more for
defense in the new year "because
of the present threat to our bor-
ders."
Desal said at least 2.7 billion
rupees ($571 million) would be
spent for defense and he might
ask Parliament for more "if cir-
cumstances necessitate." Current
defense expenditunres are 2,437,000
rupees ($511 million).

The opposition may speak up
when debate opens in the budget.
An opening will be provided by the
increase in defense outlays because
of the trouble with Red China.
Total budget expenditures for
the new year were placed at 9.8
billion rupees ($2.1 billion) leaving
an expected deficit of 839 million
rupees ($175 million.)
Thus more than a third of the
new deficit could be blamed on
higher defense spending. To help
cover the gap, Desai proposed
eight new excise taxes.
Undergraduate
Men are
needed ...
to serve in an experiment
for 1 /2 hours. Pay $2.00.
Please call Mrs. Strong
NO 341511
Ext. 2651
or send postcard with
name, address, phone and
hours available to her at
6627 Haven Hall.

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