You have made it-Come, let us dedicate our souls to the frat.
EDITED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHORITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PUBLICATIONS
STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
"When Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Prevail"
AT HILL AUD:
IN A SOMETHING-for-anyone concert, the Pittsburgh Symphony last
evening presented works by Gabrieli, Beethoven, Mozart, Hindemith
and Wagner in a forthright, competent manner.
Work4ng with what must be classified as a second-rate orchestra,
William Steinberg has nevertheless elicited in a comparatively short
period of time some rather fine statements from an ensemble hampered
chiefly by inexperience and a weak brass section.
The string section is their strength, the woodwinds adequate. It is
therefore to be expected that the high spots of the concert should occur
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
MARCH 1, 1960
NIGHT EDITOR: KENNETH McELDOWNEY
Challenge to Americans:
The Russians are Friendlier
WALKING around the camps of this huge,
cosmopolitan University is an Arab me-
chanical engineer who compares most of what
he sees and experiences here with what he
saw and experienced last year during the two
semesters he spent in Russia.
This is hardly surprising since there are so
many contrasts. But in the month he's been
here he's drawn a conclusion that should jolt
a few people: The Russians are friendlier.
Part of this results from an experience he
had shortly after arriving. He got lost. After
wandering about for a considerable time+ and
meeting with no help, homeone finally no-
ticed his confusion and came to the rescue.
Depending on one's point of view, it is either
amusing or pathetic to note that the rescuer
was, not a friendly, open-hearted American,
but a Brazilian student.
HERE are over 2,000 international students
representing most of the nations of the
world at Michigan. The University points to
this with pride, noting that the foreign con-
tingent here is one of the largest of any school
in the country.
But its very size creates a problem. Because
foreign students are not unusual here Ameri-
cans don't often go out of their way to become
acquainted with them.
In a small college an international student
by his very novelty attracts attention; and,
if for no other reason than curiosity, other
students usually want to get to know him.
BUT HERE, after the first few weeks of
school even campus newcomers pay as much
(or as little) attention to turbaned Sikhs and
women in saris as they do to crossing at cross-
walks. Before long, hearing seven different
languages spoken in the course of a two-block
walk down South State Street isn't even un-
usual enough to attract any notice.
International students also seem to form
something of a community within the Univer-
sity community. So many of them face simi-
lar problems that they naturally band togeth-
BECAUSE of these two circumstances there
is a lot of room for improvement in rela-
tions with international students. Most of the
responsibility for that improvement belongs
to the Americans.
One of those facts that everyone realizes but
no one thinks much about is that the foreign
students are, much more than the average
American on campus, their countries' future
leaders. What they think about the United
States will carry great weight back at home,
because they've been here and should know.
But too many of them don't get the chance to
Of course there are many American students
doing a good job of promoting friendship be-
tween American and foreign students, both in
campus organizations and on their own. And
probably as high a proportion of foreign stu-
dents participate in University activities as do
BUT THERE are also too many cases of for-
eign students who have spent years and
returned to their country without ever visiting
in an American home. At least a hundred for-
eign students who requested an American rom-
mate this year didn't get one, because not
enough American students wanted to go half-
way and take them as roommates.
Coexistence seems to be the by-word here as
well as on the international scene. Everyone
just leaves everyone else alone. Communica-
tion takes a little effort, and one which it ap-
pears not many are willing to make.
Capitalist countries are, as Khrushchev said,
"struggling for the souls of such countries as
India, Burma and Indonesia," plus those of
a lot of other countries he didn't mention, all
of whom have representatives on campus.
THIS IS NOT to suggest that the struggle
could be won in Ann Arbor, or that Presi-
dent Hatcher should proclaim a "Be Kind to
International Students" week. But it isn't ex-
aggeration to say that the "We don't care"
attiude so manifest here has a poential effect
bigger than at first seems evident.
The Arab student who missed the cordiality
he met in Russia can't just be written off as
representing one man's opinion. When you
multiply him times the number of foreign stu-
dents on campus who may feel the same way,
and multiply them times the number of people
they'll influence when they go home again, you
get into the realm of higher mathematics.
A part of the purpose for foreign aid is to
convey the idea that this country cares about
the future of other nations. It seems that
this purpose is largely cancelled out when, as
too often happens here, Americans greet for-
eign students with a large dose of grade-A
Individual effort is the key to improving the
contact between Americans and foreign stu-
dents, on the campus at least. And this is one
case where individuals can accomplish much
more than any organization.
If everyone lit just one little candle the Uni-
versity would probably go up in smoke. But
if everyone took an individual interest in even
one foreign student, all those involved would
be much richer for the experience. And it
might even, in a not so indirect way, keep the
world from disappearing in a cloud of smoke,
only this time not from a candle.
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
The Value of Fraternities
To the Editor:
LIKE REV. LUCHS, I too believe
in fraternities. However, his
concern over group living leaves
me a bit underwhelmed-to say
the least. I realize there is a grow-
ing tendency toward group think-
ing, but I hardly expected this seal
of approval from a minister.
Rev. Luchs seems to be con-
cerned with the difficulty of ad-
justing ourselves to our fellow
men. Perhaps he has forgotten the
importance of the individual and
his impact upon society. A casual
glance at history might enlighten
Rev. Luchs somewhat.
THE RUGGED individualists
who carved this might nation out
of the wilderness were not con-
cerned with "adjustment" and
"popularity." Does Rev. Luchs be-
lieve that the aristocrat Thomas
Jefferson "got along" with the
members of his group when he
fought for a truly representative
form of government that included
the common man?
I wonder if Douglas MacArthur
was worried about his popularity
when he openly denounced his
government's policy in a "police
action" called Korea.
But the point I really want to
make - and this concerns Rev.
Luchs directly-is this. If "ad-
justing ourselves to our fellow
men" is the key to success, then
how does one explain the great-
ness of Jesus Christ?
* * *
WERE TIE teachings of Christ
in harmony with the beliefs and
customs of his times? Did Christ
"adjust himself to his fellow men"
when he cast the moneychangers
from the temples and befriended
In my humble opinion, Rev.
Luchs, the foremost example of
individualism may be viewed in
the life of Jesus Christ.
-Mike Toomin, '62
'Only a Means .
To the Editor:
REV. E. LUCHS' recent article
is, I feel, indicative of a lim-
ited justification of fraternal soci-
Learning to live with people in
an "adaptive society" in its broad-
est sense means learning to live
and work with persons of con-
trasting ethics, opinions, and
faiths. It means, in truth, learning
to adopt oneself to different and
continually changing ideas with-
out losing the perspective of reli-
gious and/or intellectual funda-
AN ENVIRONMENT as socially
parochial as Rev. Luchs describes
does not encourage this adapabil-
ity in itself. The individual may,
and often does, overcome this
difficulty. But to assume that he
will is a negative attitude.
Fraternities by their nature as
a social organization can promote
adaptability in its broadest sense.
But it must be a means towards
that end and not assumed to be
the end itself.
Racist Policies .. .
To the Editor:
THOMAS TURNER'S editorial of
February 25 calls attention to
petitions circulating on American
campuses protesting South Africa's
racist policies and calling for a
world-wide economic boycott. Such
a boycott would be an act of
extreme desperation. Before we
LET US consider what boycott
means. It is a seige aimed at starv-
ing out the opposition. In South
Africa the non-white population
would starve first for they have
little economic or political power.
Violence would be certain, and
revolution a possibility. It would
be incredibly difficult to prevent
dangerous repercussions through
the rest of tense Africa.
Before signing a petition, I hope
that students will ponder the con-
sequences of what they are asking
--J. Whitney, Grad.
Dear Student Committee
YOUR ARTICLE, "Intellectual
Dishonesty," in Friday's Daily
is a praiseworthy step in the right
direction of a practical considera-
tion of the problem of honesty.
You have spoken, and rightly so,
for the University itself, in the
sense of I'universite c'est nous.
You have wisely pointed out the
practical considerations involved,
such as concern for the value of a
University degree. This is a fitting
issue for students as a group to
consider, and so is the clarifica-
tion of such points as "light-fin-
gered". writing and improper use
of exam files.
BUT ANY such group attempt
to discuss honesty must finally
acknowledge that it can have
nothing definitive to say, because
it is the personal aspect involved
which lies at the heart of the prob-
lem and quite beyond the scope of
any committee effort. Seen in this
light, honor is a mode of the
Individual student's approach to
the question, What am I in college
for? It's obvious that the practical
aspect then asserts itself as a
correlative to his desire to "get
something out of the course."
Putting forth a concept like
"registration as a contract" serves
as an act of clarfication, and as
such is a valid and useful contri-
bution for a committee to make.
But group statements aspiring to
handle the personal aspects of
honesty, such as "moral integrity
cannot be compromised" and "dis-
honesty is reprehensible" are
.-Sandra Suino, '60
To the Queen..
To the Editor:
R E: "A request by the Latin
American Student's Associa-
tion to crown a queen as part of
the "Carnival Latino Americano"
was denied by Student Govern-
It seems to me
That it remains to be seen
Just why we can't have a queen
Of 'Carnival Latino Americano'
Or of May, June, October, pickles,
Peanut butter, fertility, or
But it follows a trend
Which stifles fun
With an over-all ratio of
three to one;
And all cheerleaders are men.
And in engine school there are
no girls to miss,
And the Union frowns on them.
With such an emphasis
No wonder we have so much
trouble with the police.
Peter Sturgeon, '62
when dealing with Beethoven and
performance of the Prelude to "Die
Meistersinger" was marred by the
Inability of the brass section to,
deliver simply enough volume.
HISTORICALLY, Gabrieli was
one of the first composers inter-
ested in the possibilities of con-
trasting tonal color, and dynamics,
and of shifting polychoral tech-
nique from voice to orchestra. The
"Sonata 'pian e forte'" is an anti-
phonal work which originally con-
trasted two brass choirs, one of
which included a violin.
Steinberg wisely bolstered the
string complement (in this case,
violas), but the antiphonal effect
was lost through a too-narrow
separation of choirs, necessitated
by physical limitations of the au-
THE EVEN - NUMBERED sym-
phonies of Beethoven are all too
often hidden in the shadows of
the third, fifth, seventh and ninth,
which is a shame. They are equally
as pleasing in their own right, and
should be performed more often.
My only quibble with the Stein-
berg rendition is that he conducted
the second and third movements
as though in danger of missing a
train. The second movement es-
pecially was forced to sacrifice
much of its lyricism to an un-
fortunate choice of tempo.
Other than this, the Beethoven
Second Symphony received a fair
treatment. In both this and the
Mozart (the Overture to "Don
Giovanni") the string sections ex-
hibited a crisp, precise attack, and
the woodwinds suffered only occa-
sionally from weak projection.
ALL OF WHICH brings us to
Paul Hindemith's recent "Pitts-
burgh Symphony." It's an exciting
work, and certainly deserving of
more than one hearing. Although
Hindemith has often been accused
of an academic and formalized ap-
proach to composition, the "Sym-
phony" seemed profoundly lyrical
in spots, and its form did not seem
All that seemed absent, as a
matter of fact, was the song.
* * *
AFTER THE Hindemith, the
Prelude to "Die Meistersinger,"
which closed the concert, was dis-
If the brass section had de-
livered the mass of sound neces-
sary, it would have been an ex-
Nevertheless, Steinberg displayed
his flair for original interpreta-
tion and his ability to breath
fresh, melodic air into certain
standard works brought the con-
cert to a close on a satisfactory,
if not specatcular note.
Mozart. An otherwise compelling
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
Oficial publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which Te
Michigan Daily assumes no edi-
torial responsibility. Notices should
be sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Build-
ing, before 2 p.m. the day preceding
publication. Notices for Sunday
Daily due at 2:00 p.m. Friday.
TUESDAY, MARCH 1, 1960
VOL. LXX, NO. IlI
Science Research Club meeting:
Tues., March _2, at 7:30 p.m. in Rack-
ham Amphitheater. Papers: Louis J.
Cutrona, EE, "Multichannel Computing
by the Use of a Coherent Optical Sys-
tem." John E. Bardach Fisheries, "The
Bounty of the Mekong."
Tonight: Richard Wagner's pera,
"Das Rheingold," presented by the De-
partment of Speech and the School of
Music. Box office open 10 a.m. Perform-
ance 8:00 p.m.
International Student and Family x-
change have moved to new quarters at
the adelon Pound House (basement)
1024 Hill St., open Thursday mornings
each week, 9:30-11 a.m. Topcoats and
sweaters for men and women. Infants
equipment and clothing and children's
clothing. These are available for all
Foreign Students and Families needing
the above items.
Students who expect to receive Edu-
cation and Training Allowance under
Public Law 550 (Korean G.I. Bill) or
Public Law 634 (Orphan's Bil) must
turn in Dean's Monthly Certification
for February, signed by all instructors
to the Dean's Office before 5 p.m.
Thursday, March 3.
Agenda, Student Governnent Council,
March 2, 190, 7:30 p.m., Council Room,
3540 SAB, Constituents' Time 9:00.
Minutes of previous meeting.
Officer Reports: President, Letters;
Executive Vice-President, Interim Ac
tion, Housing Committee; Administra-
tive vice-President; Treasurer.
Special Business : Discriminatory
Membership Policies in Student Or-
Standing committees: Student Activi-
ties, Recognition: Political Issues Club,
Calendaring: PIC - SDA Conference,
Early Registration Pass; Education &
Student Welfare; National & Interna-
tional Affairs; National Student Asso-
Ad Hoc Cormittees: World Univer-
sity Service, University Lecture Com-
mittee, Rules & Credentials.
New Business: Audit with Credit--
Members' and Constituents' Time.
Posted for March 9: Personnel Direc-
tor, Appointments to Housing Com-
mittee, Required Program in Physical
Martha Cook Building - applications
for residence are due March 10, 1960.
Those who already have application
blanks are requested to bring them in
immediately. Those who desire to make
application may do so by calling NO
2-3225 between 8:00 a.m.-4:00 p.m. for
Lecture: Prof. Paul A. Weiss, The
Rockefeller Institute, New York, will
speak on "From Cell to Molecule," on
Tues., March 1 at 4 p. in the third
level amphitheater, Medical Science
Professor Jovan Djordjevi will lec-
ture on "The Constitutional System of
Yugoslavia" on March 2 at 4:15 i An-
gell Hall Auditorium C.
Professor Francis L. K. Hsu, Chair-
man of the Department of Anthropology
at Northwestern University in Evanston,
Illinois, will lecture in Auditorium A of
Angell Hall on "Cultural Differences
Between China and the United States"
on Wednesday, March 2.
Lecture: Herman Zanstra, visiting
Prof. of Astronomy, University of Am-
sterdam, will speak on "The Philosophi-
cal Foundations of Knowledge" on
Wed., March 2 at 4 p.m., Rm. 33, An-
M a t h e m a t i c s Colloquium: Prof.
Moshe Shimrat, Visiting Lecturer from
Here UniversityJerusle, il
speak on "Disconnection properties of
locally-connected spaces," Tues, March
1, 1960 at 4:10 p.m. in Rm. 3011 Angell
Hall. Refreshments: 3:30 p.m. in Rm.
3212 Angell Hall.
Space Astrophysics Colloquium: Dr.
W. Rense, Prof. of Physics, University
of Colorado, will speak on "Ultravio-
let Spectroscopy of the Sun" on Tues.,
March 1 at 4:15 p.m. in Rackham Am-
Seminar: "Unitarianisin," led by Dr.
Earle Zeigler, School of Education, U. of
M. Tuesday, March 1, 4:15 p.m., Lane
Ann Arbor YM-YWCA-Ann Arbor,
Michigan: Camp Birkett - Mr. Ditt-
man interviewing; Camp Takona-Miss
Budd interviewing,, Tues., March 1,
1960. from 1:30 to 3:00 p.m.
Rockin' R Ranch, Mr. P. H. McAeenan,
will interview for counselors on Thurs-
day, March 3rd and Friday a.m.
Sailing instructor needed at the Port
THuron Yacht ClubIh nc. Must have ex-
Letters to the Editor must be signed and limited to 300 words. The Daily
reserves the right to edit or withhold any letter.
NEW DELHI - Whatever foibles and frail-
ties Nehru may have you had better not
underestimate his brilliance in tactical diplo-
matic maneuver. His delayed note to China is
a case in point.
Consider his problem. He was committed to
refuse negotiations until China withdrew its
unflated claims. His dilemma was acute. If
he agreed to a summit with Chou after talking
with Khrushchev the opposition leaders would
accuse him of bowing to Khrushchev's pres-
sures and of climbing down from his stern
principled position. If he refused and sat tight
he would not only let Khrushchev down but
would freeze a border stalemate with the two
armies confronting each other dangerously
across the disputed boundaries.
H OW HE solved it deserves to be taught in
the schools for training diplomats. After
three hours of talks with Khrushchev he arose
in the Indian upper house and solemnly an-
nounced that there was no basis for negotiat-
ing at present with China. Everyone seemed
happy except Khrushchev who was reported
looking "glum" by the rain-and-sunshine cor-
respondents who judge political climate by
facial weather. There was talk of the failure of
the Khrushchev mission.
Fortunately I neither finished nor sent the
piece. Khrushchev left New Delhi for Calcutta
and was wished godspeed - or whatever the
worshippers of many gods wish a traveller who
worships none. But no sooner had Khrushchev
left India for Rangoon when Nehru coolly an-
neunced he had invited Chou En-lai to Delhi.
The rub lay in the timing. The invitation
was signed February Sixth, five days before
Khrushchev's arrival. It was given to India's
ambassador who was returning to his Peking
post several days later and delivered last Fri-
day. It was one of the best kept secrets of the
diplomatic war. Only a handful of insiders in-
cluding Khrushchev knew as Nehru stood up in
to the Chinese. This was a fresh meeting for
later in March, Indian-inspired, for a meeting
is now a symbol of settlement with China un-
In addition to his timing, Nehru's other con-
tribution to the art of diplomacy was his dis-
distinction between negotiating with Chou and
meeting with Chou. When he told parliament
that there was no basis for negotiation he was
saved by this distinction. He has several times
said he would "meet with anyone in the wide
His parliamentary opposition, led by Social-
ist Asoka Mehta, is understandably furious but
their fury is ineffectual. The sharpest editorial
attack is in the usually weighty Times of India
which asks how Nehru and Chou can meet
without negotiating and whether Nehru's fic-
tion is wholly honest. The India Express and
the Hindustan Times both join in the attack.
The leaders of the press and parliamentary op-
positions have the uneasy feeling that they
have been had.
PERHAPS their standards are too exacting
when applied to foreign policy. Doubtless
Nehru's distinction between negotiating with
Chou and meeting with him is a fiction, and a
transparent one. But India's dilemma is dan-
gerous and difficult. If Nehru can help resolve
it by verbal juggling and parliamentary sleight
of hand his opposition may regard him as too
crafty but history will judge him in more kind-
ly fashion, not by verbal forms but by the es-
sence of what he does.
THE DANGER Nehru runs is the danger of
meeting with Chou and having the meeting
fail. It is the danger of all summit diplomacy,
including the Paris meeting in May - the
danger of raising hopes which are dashed by
the sequel, and are followed by an even sharper
disillusionment. Nor can Nehru avoid the
charge that by meeting with Chou he will give
dignity and standing to the Chinese refusal to
H. CHANDLER DAVIS CASE:
America's Right of Dissent,
(EDITOR'S NOTE: The following
is an abbreviated version of an
article that appeared in The Provi-
dence Sunday Journal.)
DR. H. Chandler Davis, former
University of Michigan mathe-
matics instructor, is now behind
prison bars because of his unwill-
ingness to yield what he conceives
to be his constitutional rights to
government investigators. This
case poses deep questions - and
a large challenge - in a basic
area of American liberty. How
free are American citizens to hold
and debate unpopular ideas? Is
the cornerstone of American de-
mocracy in danger of being erod-
ed? If so, what can be done about
At the outset it must be ac-
knowledged that Dr. Davis stands
guilty, under present law and un-
der due process of the courts, of
defying the established rules and
institutions of this democratic so-
DR. DAVIS stands guilty of
contempt of the United States
Congress for refusing to discuss
before a congressional subcom-
mittee any aspects of his political
belief and affiliations.
To raise this issue is not to as-
sert in advance an unqualified
right of each and every private
citizen to subordinate the judge-
ment of society to his own con-
science. To make such an asser-
tion would be to advocate anar-
chy. But there is, it seems to us,
solid ground for bringing into
question the manner in which so-
First Amendment guarantees of
freedom of speech and assembly.
AGAIN and again, Dr. Davis
told congressmen investigating
him in 1954 that they had no
right to pry into his personal con-
victions and associations. Govern-
ment has no authority to inquire
into the political beliefes of the
electorate, he claimed, and to do
so amounts to nothing less than
the exertion of official pressure to
secure conformity of belief and
Standing against these claims
is the traditional justification of
government's right to investigate
and expose. Surely in this age of
international political manipula-
tion, it is a prover function of
government to inquire into the
extent of possible subversion or
of outright threats to security.
Surely, too, it is proper for gov-
ernment to expose and reveal its
findings and to show the public
what is going on. Surely too, it is
the right of government to protect
itself against those who would de-
The present case, then, demon-
strates anew the continuing and
inevitable conflict between the
individual's claim to freedom and
the state'sclaim to security - a
conflict which the growth of in-
ternational communism has made
all the more difficult. How can it
* * *
THE DEMOCRATIC method,
of course, is to submit such con-
flict to the courts, as has been
done in the present case, and the
that he foreswear his opinions?
Cannot a distinction be drawn
between passive advocacy of a
cause and active conspiratorial
activity on its behalf as a "clear
and present danger?" It should
be noted, in the present case, that
Dr. Davis is not charged with
criminal activity. If he is innocent
of statutory offense, whatever his
political belief, should he be
prosecuted for claiming immunity
from governmental probing of his
If these are some of the con-
siderations which seem to bear on
an adjudication of conflicts be-
tween personal political freedom
and governmental security, it
must be asked then whether the
courts have weighed such consid-
erations fairly in the present case.
And the answer, unhappily, is no.
* * *
IN THE CASE of Dr. Davis, the
Supreme Court withdrew entirely
from the fundamental questions
of personal liberty. On December
8, 1959, it simply declined alto-
gether to review Dr. Davis' con-
viction, by a lower court, of con-
tempt of Congress.
Whether Dr. Davis is a com-
munist or not is not known, sim-
ply because he has refused to dis-
cuss such matters. But whether
he is or not is really beside the
point. He has not been found
guilty of espionage or any other
criminal act. But he is guilty of
claiming constitutional immunity
for private opinion. Whether or
not his claim is valid is a ques-
tion on which the Supreme Court
majority has chosen to turn its