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October 08, 1963 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-10-08

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Sevwnly-Third Year
ere Opinions Are Ft" STUDENT PUsLIcATIONS BLDG., ANN AuiBoK., MIcH., PHONE No 2-3241
Truth Wiln Prevail"
itorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

Social Regulations and Civil Rights

It, OCTOBER 8, 1963


Structure Dooms Council
To Inherent Failure

RCH SEMESTER, Student Government
ouncil announces that it has a certain
Giber of unoccupied seats, and, invar-
ly, after a prescribed amount of an-
ig, politiking, mudslinging and ballot
ffing, these seats are filled.
Vhat goes on between elections, is less
ar cut. The average student, if he takes
time to follow the machinations of
dent government, comes to the con-
sion that it is weak, ineffective and
her absurd. He is for the most part,
UDENT Government Council was
never designed to be an effective
>ice of the students." It was the "pres-
'e group" character of the Student
gislature, which SGC was specifically
igned to eliminate.
'he SL was composed of persons elected
m among the members of the various
WOols. It was loud, diverse and militant.
the case which necessitated President
tcher's veto regarding a date it set
elimination of all fraternity and sor-
'y bias clauses, it demonstrated that
Militant student voice could prove em-
rassing to the administration.
c'hose involved in framing the new SGC
n saw the "pressure group" attitude of
as detrimental to an effective student
rernment. It was thought that a small
rent, hardworking group could get more
[IS PROPOSAL, however, ignored the
basic fact that the primary function
a "voice of student opinion" must,
cessarily be to rabble-rouse. The ad-
nistration, in general, is rather frugal
its allocation of power to students.
iling to receive any substantial amount
this power, the only legitimate role in
.ich a student government can operate
hat of a lobbyist.
go, structurally, the new Council began
something of a disadvantage. Further
ovisions on the new plan, however, in-
'ed its inaction.
O THE SL, the reorganization plan
added a group called the Committee on
ident Affairs. What this action accom-
shed, was not so much a fusion of the
o groups as a rectification; faculty
nmbers were excluded from SGC and
ident ex-officios were included.
Phis "compromise," whereby the stu-
at members of the CSA were given ex-
:icio seats with vote on the new body,
s perhaps the most damaging develop-
;kit in SGC's history.
[t is unclear precisely why the "ex-
icios" were added to the body. Some
ople argue that it was a move designed
gain regential approval for the new
in. The official position was that the
-officios would add prestige and ex-
rtise to the new group.
Further, the new Council seemed to be
e toy of fate in that the' only area in
;ich it had legal 'authority and a spe-
led task-fraternity-sorority bias-was
e area in which it could least be effec-
re. The bias issue was complex and
visive. It would be an area in which the
idents, no matter what their points of
reement, could not cooperate.
'HE EFFECT of all this was to create a
body without power and impelled by
organization to be ineffective. It is
asonable to assume, that by virtue of

the fact that they represent small, clan-
ish groups within the student body, that
fraternities would control "traditional"
institutions like the Union. Since the
question of fraternity bias was to be the
major area of concern for SGC, the in-
clusion' of these people on SGC was de-
structive of this end. Although "liberals"
have from time to time controlled a ma-
jority of the ex-officio seats, a combina-
tion of conservative ex-offices and elect-
ed members has always kept SGC from
dealing definitively with the fraternity
Student activists, or at least those that
have existed on the campus during the
last several years, have long decried the
amount of "student apathy" regarding
SGC. If student government only had
some support, they say, it could remake
its image, liberate the students, and be-
come the envy of all. This is shibboleth.
Student Government Council is pres-
ently designed, such that no matter what
"areas of authority" it manages to secure
for itself, it will be ineffectual, schis-
matized, and without import.
PRECISELY HOW powerless the new
body was, was amply demonstrated
by what was known as the "Sigma Kappa
Decision" in which a "liberal" Council
sought to implement its policies regard-
ing Sigma Kappa sorority. The Board in
Review, one of the mechanisms set up to
oversee the operation of the new body,
reversed SGC's decision. /During the elec-
tion which immediately followed the
Sigma Kappa decision, the students cast
the fewest number of ballots in recent
Lack of interest clearly poses important
problems for student government; how-
ever, it is not the most fruitful approach
to an analysis of Council.
IT IS NOW 1963. SGC is currently with
the same aspect of the same problem
that it faced at its beginning: i.e. the
elimination of written discrimination in
living units. Student government has not
dealt with these problems, because it
was impelled by its design to avoid them.
The presence of a "voice of student
opinion" which does not speak, is valu-
able only to members of the Administra-
tion; in the sense that the present set-up
allows the OSA to let inherent conflicts
in SGC accomplish its ends.
This lack of a meaningful framework
relegates SGC to the position of a student
Theapresent members of Council and
the =present slate of candidates, both
amply demonstrate this status. No elect-
ed member of student government oper-
ates from a real ideological base. The
liberals, perhaps realizing the futility of
it all, are not running candidates.
THE CAMPUS electorate is now faced
with the worst slate of candidates in
the last four years. Student government
has, during the last week or so, busied it-
self in parcelling out some of the small
amount of power it was delegated ten
years ago. The organization which was
designed to deal with Anti-Semitic bias,
is now dealing with a later social pheno-
mena and being equally ineffective. I
urge that student give expression to their
frustration by casting blank ballots in
tomorrow's elections.

To the Editor: ,
IN READING the editorial and
front page spread on the Direct'
Action Committee, I began to
wonder again whether the Negro
really wants to be a first class
citizen or not. Certainly, the Rightsj
of Citizenship as expressed in the
Bill of Rights of the American
Constitution are undeniable. How-
ever, there is a point which is
much too often missed in discuss-
ing civil liberties and rights.
As in all societies, whether right
or wrong, there are customs, mores1
and standards of conducts estab-
Ilished by the society for its bene-
fit as a whole. Many will want to
quarrel with certain of these "reg-
ulations." This is only right. Yet,
such "regulations" play an impor-
tant role in whether a person is
to be socially accepted or not, in-
dependent of his race, color, reli-
gion, creed, nationality or ances-
try. The problem is to separate
social "regulations" from civil li-
berties and rights. This is not al-
ways easy to do.
DISCRIMINATION is definitely
a problem. However, let me point
out emphatically that the Negro
is not the only minority which is
discriminated against in this coun-
try. Yet, one does not hear as
much about other minorities as
about the Negro. Why? The an-
swer is in the way the discrimin-
ated minority acts toward the dis-
Other minorities as a group have
shown to the Ameican society
that they are better Americans
and better citizens. The Negro as
a group has not actively worked to
prove that it is better Americans
and citizens. The fact that there
are individual Negroes who have
proven themselves is sufficient
evidence that it is not impossible.
It is true that the South is an ex-
ception, and is a very dire prob-
Yet, I feel that Negroes have
not acted with any greater mor-
ality or ethics than have those who
openly discriminate against them.
Gandhi gained Indian independ-
ence without violence. The Japa-
nese-Americans were thrown out
of their homes and placed in con-
centration camps called reloca-
tion centers. We had a choice: we
could have rioted, picketed, become
a militant rabble. Instead, we
chose to prove that we were bet-
ter Americans and more loyal to
the principles of democracy than
Even though in many areas of
this country we as well as many
other minorities, are still discrim-
inated against, gairking social ac-
ceptance is not achieved by mili-
tant means. I would not picket
and throw stones at a group of
people who would not accept me
because I am Japanese. Nor would
I become militant against a group
of girls who would not date me
because I was of a certain race.
Such a measure would be as ridic-
ulous as those proposed by DAC.
To me, those who discriminate are
anti-American; the miiltant are
no better.
I AM OPPOSED to the less than
moral tactics of the NAACP and
other organizations when they
send a Negro family of a low in-
come bracket into a high income
neighborhood to buy a house which
they could never afford, merely
to set up a fake discrimination
It is less than moral to demand
that Negroes be given a job for
the ,sake of having Negroes in
numbers in a business or office,
regardless of their ability to do
the job better than someone else.
IT IS MY HOPE that the Negro
as a group will rise up against
the rabble who are destroying the
good name of the Negro, as estab-
lished by many fine men and
women of their race. It is my
hope that Negroes as a group will
be better Americans and truer

ones than those who are their
enemies. Hopefully, the problems
of our society will be solved by
human beings, rather than by a
group of animals who throw stones
and cry war.
The Christian religion, which all
Americans are supposed to sup-
port, stands on the ideal of lov-

ing your enemy as you would love
your friend, and doing unto others
as you would have them do unto
-Edwin F. Sasaki, Grad
Lepofsky . . .
To the Editor:
her editorial of Oct. 2, pro-
perly deplores student apathy, she
does not come to grips with the
basic cause. While the leaders of
the older traditional student or-
ganizations are guilty of "main-
taining themselves as a ruling
clique," their guilt is greater for
not raising-and perhaps even
suppressing-the issues which are
and should be the legitimate con-
cerns of University students.
Contrary to the implicit as-
sumptions behind most of the
speeches of the present Student
Government Council candidates,
the majority of students on this
campus do not' appear to be suf-
ficiently concerned with women's
hours or parking regulations to
become eager participants in cam-
pus politics. Aside from the ques-
tion of student involvement in
campus vs. off-campus activities,
initially the candidates have not,
for the most part, even dealt with
issues that should be of vital
concern to every student on this
campus: the United States Na-
tional Student Association Co-op
Bookstore; the entire area of uni-
versity reform, ranging from cur-
ricula to student wages and stu-
dent housing; and the fair-hous-
ing controversy presently occur-
ring in Ann Arbor, which affects
many University students. Only a
vigorous debate, initiated by SGC
candidates, present Council mem-
bers and other leaders can dissi-
pate student apathy.
*'* *
which Miss Lepofsky is addressing
herself-The Daily, Interfraternity
Council, Inter-Quadrangle Coun-
cil, Panhellenic Association, etc.,
in general those that hold ex-
officio seats on SGC-and the
SGC members themselves, are
those who form the "ruling clique"
on campus. However, on another
level of activity which remains
very ambiguous, she discusses
VOICE and reaches the unfounded
conclusion that VOICE has failed
to train future leaders.
VOICE membership this semes-
ter exceeds that of any past se-

mester; many of the new mem-
bers are new on campus, ranging
from freshmen to graduate stu-
dents. The present leadership
(chairman and executive commit-
tee) is similarly composed both
of old and new students: several
of these people are new leaders
on campus, several have come
"through the ranks" and emerged
as leaders.
While Miss Lepofsky blames the
individual leaders of major stu-
dent organizations' for being sec-
retive elitists, she simultaneously
berates VOICE for not having pro-
duced one clearly visible leader;
she apparently does not appreciate
the fact that VOICE leadership
is being perpetuated precisely be-
cause it is vested in a group of
individuals who are at different
stages in their political and lead-
inaugurates a new policy of
answering letters from our
readers in editor's notes follow-
ing the letter. Not all letters
will be answered.
Staff writers-identified by
their initials below their reply-
will respond to letters in which
the correspondent has made a
factual error, asks a question or
if a letter in the judgement of
themsenior editors in some way
demands an answer.
ership ability development. (Nor
does she seem to realize that
VOICE's "strong, capable leader"
of last year chose to resign for
the explicit purpose of encourag-
ing new leaders to develop and
Members of VOICE
-Nancy Hollander, '65
-Nanci Hollander, '65
-Carol McEldowney, '64
-Bob Martin, Grad
-Barbara Steinberg, '66
-Barry Bleustone, '66
-Dick Short, '66
-Stan Nadel, '66
To the Editor:
wouldlike to second Judith
Lepofsky's editorial "Clique of
Campus Leaders Cause Student
Apathy." The truth of the editor-

ial becomes especially evident now
around election time when we do
hear something about the SGC
(and I presume that the SGC is
the biggest thing around here).
Before this time the only thing
we ever heard of SGC was its
telling the ,"frats" who they could
and who they could not pledge. It
seems that SGC is interested in
only one thing-the admission
policies of the "frats" and in-
terested at only one time-election
time. I as a simple freshman
would like to ask on behalf of a
majority of University students:
Exactly what is SGC? What pow-
ers does it have? What powers
does it not have? How does it
affect the student body,: if it af-
fects us at all? Maybe The Daily
could answer these in some article.
-Lee E. Hornberger, Jr., '67 r-
(EDITOR'S NOTE: In the fresh-
man edition of The Daily which
was mailed out in the summer to
all incoming freshmen, an ex-
planatory article on SGC appeared
which would answerGMr. Horn-
berger's questions.
However, to recapitulate:
SGC s'an 18-member body com-
posed of 11 elected members and
the highest student officers of the

Michigan Union, Michigan League,
Inter-Quadrangle Council, Assembly
Association, Interfraternity Council,
Panhellenic Association and The
Its powers are to recognize or
withdraw recognition from student;
organizations, calendar student-
sponsored activities on the campus,
represent University student opin-
ion to other agencies in the Univer-
sity and outside community and
serve as liaison with University
policy-making authorities.
However, the vice-president for
student affairs may veto any action
taken by SGC.
SGC can be said to affect the
student body directly in determin-
ing when and where their events
will take place.
in addition, it is currently mov-
ing towards having a great effect
on fraternities and sororities by
ironing out procedures to deter-
mine whether some of these groups
violate University regulations on
non-discrimination in membership
Another area in which SGC has a
high potential effect on students is
in its placement of student repre-
sentatives on faculty committees
which consider academic policies.
Some of SGC's other servicesare
an exam file in the UGLI, the Stu-
dent Book Exchange, the reading
and discussion seminars, and the
Human Relations Board, which
works to eliminate discrimination
in private housing in Ann Arbor.
SGC also oversees the Wolverine
Club and Cinema; Guild. --G.S.)


"Don't Think I Stand Idly By --I Keep
Asking Them Not To Do This"

a ' y
Tawdry Caretakers'

A Moving Gudonov
BREATHING DIFFICULTIES and pitch problems hindered the first
half of Jerome Hines' concert last evening in Hill Aud. The im-
balance between the voice and piano, which was slowly corrected
as the program progressed, contributed to the ineffectiveness of the
first selections. The program gained impetus, however, with the Bee-
thoven numbers "In questa tomba oscura" and "Der Floh" (The
Flea), the pattern of which offered comic relief and gained for him
the warmth of his audience.
"I due tarli," an aria by Richardo Zandonai displayed excellent
control of his head voice. The lack of this ability is a common short-.
coming of many fine singers. "Son 1o spirito" from "Mephistophele"
by Boito gave him a vehicle with which to display his disciplined
control of dramatic projections of the music.
HINES SANG his own setting of the "Twenty-third Psalm"
which proved to be hyper-emotional melodramatic, ineffectual use
of this text,
The highlight of the evening was the dramatic presentation,
with costume and makeup, of arias from Mozart's "Don Giovani" and
Moussorgsky's "Boris Godounov," the latter of which was sung in
Russian. His effective costume and makeup change on stage proved
to be an interesting, unusual experience for the audience. His clever
manipulation of a few stage props to achieve the desired mood was
highly effective.
The climax of the program was his world-reknowned interpreta-
tion of Boris in "Boris Godounov." Hines is the first American artist
to portray this role. He recently performed it with great acclaim in
Russia. The costumes were elegant and contributed greatly in setting
the mood. Hines so thoroughly empathized with the role of Boris, that
he could effect an highly convincing interpretation of the character.
Due to his great understanding of the score, his musicality was of the
highest degree.
* * *~
A WELCOME addition to Hines' presentations was two piano
selections by Emil Dannenberg, Hines' accompanist. In =the Fantasia
in C major by Haydn, he had excellent control of dynamic subtleties
and displayed virtuostic piano technique in an unostentatious manner.
He conveyed the humor which is so characteristic of the Haydn style.
-Steven M. Jones

DON'T MISS the newsreel at the
State Theater this week. What
with Saigon elections, the Vatican
Council and the Southern Cal-
Oklahoma game, it's hard to beat.
Following this great opening,
the program slides quietly dlown-
hill. Even with Sophia Loren the
previews are rather dull. The short,
another plug for physical fitness,
is even duller, and the cartoon
could give Nytol a run for its
money. And then there's the main
* * *
and Lisa-style, soap opera and
Ben Casey melodrama; add a dash
of public service "information";
spice with some bizarre mental
derangements; mix well and serve
up the cheapest, tawdriest movie
of the year: "The Caretakers."
This movie, another in a long
line of "psychological" films
(Psycho, David & Lisa, Freud,
Days of Wine and Roses), is com-
pounded of four basic ingredients.
Consider them in order of their
First there is that old soap opera
theme (so well disguised as "art"
'in David & Lisa) that love con-
quers all. Forget all that com7.
plicated psychological jibberish,
the answers are really very simple.

In David & Lisa the heroes joined
hands; in "The Caretakers" Edna
Speaks! And the Klennex sales
SECOND, there is the melodra-
matic sub-plot straight from Ben
Casey. Robert Stack, enlightened,
idealistic and fearless pitted
againstithe forcesa'of ignorance,
reaction and inhumanity, all mar-
velously embodied in that old
witch. Joan Crawford.
Third, "The Caretakers" does
its part to enlightenrthe commun-
ity to the truth about mental
illness. Stack: 'mental illness af-
flicts one person in ten"; "those
are human beings out there"; "80
per cent of the patients here can
be cured"; and' so on. These facts
are certainly true, but they don't
make for good cinema.
Finally, for the sake of the box
office, plenty of bizarre behavior
has been thrown in. SEE Lorna go
berserk in a theater! SEE Lorna
attack her husband! SEE Lorna
attack the nurse with a knife!
SEEthem all: the schizos, the
'psychos, the violent, the with-
drawn; they're all there!
Let us hope that the cycle of
psychological films is complete,
through, finished.
-Sam Walker



A New Greo
David Marcus, Editorial
T IS USELESS to debate whether or not
the University should grow. The Uni-
ersity does have a public responsibility
hat cannot be avoided. The real ques-
ions are how it should grow and what
an be done to alleviate the worst as-
ects of growth. This is the challenge of
kmerican higher education and particu-
arly the challenge of the University.
As the University grows it must evolve
, new view of itself. If we are fond of
oomparing ourselves to Harvard and
Tale, we must, at the same time, recog-
lize that we cannot follow their lead by
lot expanding greatly. The so-called
baby boom" places a responsibility
quarely on the University and other pub-
ic institutions. The University must take
he lead by creating a great University
in the largest scale ever.
PARTIALLY; THIS has been the objec-
tive of some of the planning cur-
ently underway. The residential college,
or example, provides one alternative to
literary college of 15,000.




simply regurgitating what a lecturer tells
ANOTHER AREA where the University
must take a good hard look is paper
work. If the University takes a careful
evaluation of what it really needs to
know, Tmuch of student and faculty paper
work could be eliminated.
Similarly, the IBM machines seem to
have caused as much confusion as they
have cured. The less dependence on the
impersonal machines, the better off the
University will be.
IN FACT, THE success of the super-uni-
versity depends on the factor of how
people feel. The crucial decision is not
the decision to expand or reorganize; it
is whether the University ultimately
chooses to orient itself around human
and educational values or whether it be-
comes more and more of an institution
in the worst sense of the word.
The results so far have not been very
optimistic: The University is buckling

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