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September 10, 1963 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-09-10

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In Cuttrn
CIA To Pay
Diem Units
Despite Raid
MANILA - The Central Intel-
ligence Agency has decided to con-
tiue to pay the salaries of, the,
Special Forces police, which led
the raids on Buddhist pagodas in
Saigon, Viet Nam, earlier this
month, the New York Times re-
ported yesterday.
These troops, headed by Col. Le
Quang Tung, were trained and
equipped by the United States.
They have been maintained at a
reported cost of $3 million annual- CANDIDATE
ly which has been paid by the CIA luctantly ba
as a program of what reliable
Saigon sources have described as (R-Ariz) ben
"direct under-the-table" aid. day. Both bli
The American community and but neither s:
CIA personnel in Saigon were
highly critical of the decision. Ac- te
cording to these same sources, a O e
meeting had been called of the CIA
personnel in Saigon Monday to
discuss the issue and it was the
almost unanimous opinion of the
group that the aid should be drop-
Congress Complains Rockefelle

Warns of Risks

' Jesuit Criticises Censorship by Clhurclh



Nam Aid

ES?-New York Gov. Nelson Rockefeller (left) re-
eked off on a tax promise, and Sen. Barry Goldwater
moaned the Cuban situation and the left wing yester-
amed the troubles on the Kennedy administration-
aid whether he will try to unseat the President in 1964.
ntial GOP Nominees
le Political Issues

r on Taxes ...

In Washington, rising criticism
on the part of Congress has been
directed at the CIA due to news
reports that it has been paying the
Special Forces' salaries. President
John F. Kennedy declined yester-
day/ to say what role the CIA is
playing in Viet Nam, but he de-
nied that the CIA tends to make
its own policy, independent of the
"We have had a number of
meetings in the past few days
about events in Viet Nam. (CIA
Director) John MeCone partici-
pated in every one; .and the CIA
coordinates its efforts with the
State Department and the Defense
Department," he said.
U.S. Policy
Washington's decsion appar-
ently was based on the position
that the American policy to sup-
port the military effort in Viet
Nam and that the- Special Forces
are part of that effort.
In Saigon, South Vietnamese
forces battled schoolboys in the
captal and Communists in the field
yesterday. A victory over the Reds
was tempered by the new civilian
defiance of the Diem regime.
While Vietnamese forces were
putting down the civilian resist-
ance in the capital, a Vietnamese
armored unit in the Mekong Delta
scored what American advisers
called the most significant victory
in months against the Communist
Viet Cong guerrillas.

ALBANY, N. Y. (')Gov. Nelson
A. Rockefeller withdrew yesterday
his promise to hold the line on
state taxes through 1966 and blam-
ed the Kennedy administration
for making the withdrawal neces-
The Republican governor, a po-
tential Presidential candidate,
made the pledge during his suc-
cessful campaign for re-election
:ast year.
He told a news conference that
he no longer considered himself
bound by the pledge because the
national administration had fail-
ed to achieve the economic
growth rate on which he had based
No Hike Yet
Rockefeller said he did not anti-
cipate any new taxes in the next
state budget-the one he will send
to the New York legislature next
February - but could not make
promises beyond then.
"I've got to be realistic," he as-
The subject came up when a
reporter asked Rockefeller whether
he still stood by a statement he
made to a campaign audience at
Niagara Falls last October. At
that time Rockefeller had assert-
ed "categorically that there will
be no increase in taxes in the next
four years."~
Rockefeller also said he thought
his receptioi was good during a
weekend visit to Oregon, Il1.

Goldwater on Cuba . .
CLEVELAND (P) - Sen.. Barry
Goldwater (R-Ariz) said yester-
day that the United States should
give more support to freeing Cuba
from the Communists, but empha-
sized that Cubans should take back
the island and no American troops
should be involved.
The senator told a news confer-
ence that this country should train
Cuban exiles who want to be train-
ed. But first, he added, "we should
insist that the exiles form one
government instead of the several
they now have."
Goldwater said he would stack
his activities in behalf of civil
rights against anyone. This was in
answer to a question about a small
group of Negroes who picketed an
entrance to the hotel where he
Can't Vote for CR
He said he would not vote for
the proposed civil-rights bill now
before Congress because of the
public accommodations clause,
saying that this part of the meas-
ure would strip rights from all
people and then give those rights
to a particular group.
Goldwater told his luncheon au-
dience of more than 3000 that "the
true danger in American political
life today" comes from what he
called "the far left," not the right-
wing John Birchers.
"We have been hearing much too
much in this country. about the
far right and not nearly enough
about the far left," he said. "The
far left is in business in a big way
and a dangerous way. It has made
inroads into the government of the
United States via the Americans
for Democratic Action. And I
would remind you and all other
good Americans that the ADA has'
a basic contempt for out tradi-
tions of free enterprise and in-
dividual liberty."
Goldwater warned against what
he termed thedangerousviewsrex-
pressed by Young Democrats from
13 western states at a recent meet-'
ing in California.
"Perhaps the most significant'
and frightening development of
recent date," he said, was adoption
by the Young Democrats of reso-
lutions urging United States re-
sumption of diplomatic relations'
with Cuba, a non-aggression pact
between NATO and the Commu-
nist Warsaw Pact nations and
United States withdrawal of. its'
troops in South Viet Nam.
Goldwater told the news con-
ference that Cuba "certainly will
be one of the issues," but that the
entire foreign policy of the Ken-
nedy administration would "get a
going over."a

'Reds Could
Take Over
Whole Area'
Voices U.S. Concern
Over Buddhist Policy
WASHINGTON ()-A reduction
of United States financial aid to
South Viet Nam might bring about
collapse of that nation and open
the gates to a Communist take-
over in Southeast Asia, President
John F. Kennedy said last night.
The President said in a televi-
sion-radio interview that he sub-
scribes to the so-called "domino
theory" -concerning Viet Nam and
Southeast Asia.
"China is so large, looms so high
just beyond the frontiers, that if
South Viet Nam went, it would
not only give them an improved
geographic position for a guerrilla
assault on Malaya, but also would
give them the impression that the
wave of the future in Southeast
Asia was China and the Commu-
nists," Kennedy said.
Answers Congress
The President's views came as
an indirect answer to mounting
congressional sentimeit for a
sharp cutback in aid to the gov-
ernment of President Ngo Dinh
Still, Kennedy said, the Unit-
ed States is concerned about re-
pressions of Buddhists by the Diem
"We are using our influence to
persuade the government there to
take those steps which will win
back support. That takes some
time and we must be patient; we
must persist," Kennedy asserted.
Won't Do Everything
Kennedy noted that despite
United States influence in Viet
Nam "we can't expect these coun-
tries to do everything the way we
want to do them. We can't make
everyone in our image and there
are a good many people who don't
want to go in our image."
On other subjects:
Kennedy said the way to spur
the economy and balance the fed-
eral budget is to cut taxes. If
Congress doesn't vote a tax cut, he
said, next year "is going to be an
uncertain time."
Kennedy said also that he be-
lieves the North will continue to
support civil-rights legislation, and
the bills proposed by the adminis-
tration will not divide the country
politically into Negro and white
And, the President said, if the.
Senate were to reject the limited
nuclear test-ban treaty, the Unit-
ed States would be sounding an
uncertain trumpet around the
Pick Gronouski
As New Head
Of Post Office
WASHINGTON (P) -President
John F. Kennedy yesterday nom-
inated John Gronouski, a Wiscon-
sin Democrat trained in taxation
and public finance, to be Postmas-
ter General.
The appointment, which is sub-
ject to Senate confirmation, was
announced exactly one month af-
ter the cabinet post became va-
Gronouski received his master's
degree in economics and public
finance at the University of Wis-
consin in 1947. He taught econom-
ics and finance at the University
of Maine from 1948 until 1950
when he returned to the Univer-
sity of Wisconsin to study for his

doctor of philosophy degree in
taxation and public finance, which
he received in 1955.
He joined the Wisconsin tax
commission staff in 1959 after two
years of teaching at Wayne State
University, and in January 1960 he
became Wisconsin state taxation
While working toward his Ph.D.,
Gronouski spent nearly four years
on the research staff of the Fed-
eration of Tax Administrators at

A prominent Jesuit scholar has
appealed to the Vatican Council
to set up a charter of civil rights
for Roman Catholic writers and
The council's second session be-
gins Sept. 29 in Rome.
Writing In the Sept. 14 issue of
America, a weekly of which he is
an associate editor, the Rev. Rob-
ert A. Graham says many of the
Catholic church's "top - notch"
brains particularly in Europe, have
been severely censored by stric-
tures established over the years by
the Supreme Sacred Congregation
of the Holy Office.
The Holy Office is one of the
most powerful of the 12 congrega-
tions that comprise the Roman
Curia, the central administrative
arm of the Church.
Among its duties are to guard
doctrine, to judge cases of heresy,
to protect the sacraments and to
examine and condemn books and
publications dangerous to faith
and morals.
Criticism Cited
Father Graham cites what he
describes as "procedural practices"
of the Holy Office that have come
under special criticism. They are:
1) Books or articles are judged
without the author's being heard

in his own defense. Teachers are
ordered to be removed from their
posts without having any specific
charge made against them, and
without being given a chance to
defend themselves.
2) Notice of the condemnation
of a book is sometimes made pub-
lic before the author himself is in-
3) The reputation of authors is
not adequately safeguarded. Little
effort is made to differentiate be-
tween a writer with a distinguish-
ed record of service to the church
and one who is a declared enemy
of the faith. Accusations against
authors are not punished when
their falsehood is discovered.
4) Even if the Bishop whose im-
primatur has been granted to the
edition condemned or ordered to
be withdrawn from sale is not con-
sulted or informed.
5) Grounds for the condemna-
tion are not given, except perhaps
in an unofficial and allusive form,
without a shred of canonical force,
in L'Osservatore Romano.
6) In disputed areas, such as
modern philosophy, which require
specialized knowledge, the decision
is taken without consulting ex-
perts in the field as to the exact
meaning of the writing under ex-
According to Fr. Graham, the
crisis of today's Catholic intellec-
tuals is more than the personal
drama of a few individuals.



world News


a - R- N 2 o g - - - - - - - - - - - a a 5 1 a

;; :

By The Associated Press
KAMPALA, Uganda - Premier
Milton Obote announced last night
that Uganda on Oct. 9 will become
"a sovereign state not under the
queen's dominion." In London a
Commonwealth relations office
spokesman said Uganda will re-
main in the Commonwealth as a
republic. Sir Walter -Coutts, gov-
ernor-general representing Queen
Elizabeth II, will be replaced by a
president to be chosen from among
hereditary tribal rulers and con-
stitutional heads of non-monarch-
ical districts.j
Boggs (D-La), the House Demo-
cratic whip, said yesterday he
thinks Congress will pass Presi-
dent John F. Kennedy's $11.1 bil-
lion tax cut bill this year. Rep.
John W. Byrnes (R-Wis) said he
would "have to accept his judg-
ment that Democrats have the
votes" but added that Republicans
will not slacken their efforts to
attach a spending control section
to the bill.
* . *
TEL AVIV - An Israeli armyi I
spokesman yesterday reported anj,.
incident in the Korazim-Almabor
area-the same region near the
Syrian border where two Jewish
settlers were killed Aug. 19. "Heavy
machine gun fire opened up Sun-
day night from across the Jordan
River toward Israeli territory near
the Korazim, area. This morning,
signs of a mine buried in the same
area were found."
* e
NEW "ORK-Prices on the New
York Stock Exchange declined I
yesterday, as the Dow-Jones 30I
industrials fell 2.45, the 20 rails!
2.70, the 15 utilities 0.60 and the
65 stocks 1.68.

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"At issue," he writes, "is the
problem of finding a workable re-
lationship between true intellec-
tualism, on the one hand, and, on
the other, a Church which, in vir-
tue of its divine constitution and
mission, exercises the right to de-
termine without appeal what its
adherents may hold.
"It is evident," he continues,
"that the Catholic intellectual, as
a Catholic, does acknowledge the
high authority of the church the
validity of whose supernatural
teaching, as Pope Pius XII stressed
in one of his messages, does not
depend on purely human reason-
"He therefore has a right to ex-
pect certain guarantees of equi-
table and courteous treatment. It
is to be hoped that these guarar-
tees will be provided for at the
next session of the Council or in
the forthcoming revision of canon
Sees Chance for Charter
Fr. Graham holds out some hope
that a "charter for the intellectual
apostolate" may emerge from the
Vatican Council. Meanwhile, he
proposes temporary remedies.
First, he points out," it is de-
sirable to eliminate or reduce to a
minimum the practice of anony-
mous denunciations, on which the
Holy Office so often seems to rely."
This system, he notes, opens the
door to "calumnious charges by
incompetent persons. Such denun-


ciations only embitter and dis-
courage the parties accused," he
Secondly, he suggests that the
"embattled" intellectuals criticize
one another's writing with "vigor
and sharpness" instead of closing
ranks in a "self-defeating" defense
"By their comparative silence
concerning dangerous t r e n d s
among their colleagues, or their
slowness in denouncing publicly
the half-baked writings of ama-
teurs, they seem to give tacit con-
sent to them."


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