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December 20, 1962 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-12-20

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

'AY, DECEMBER 20, 1962

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE THREE

Dominieans

Castro, Donovan
Head for Accord

. -

On Prisoner Deal
By The Associated Press
HAVANA-Cuban Prime Minister Fidel Castro yesterday lifted a
ban on sending food and clothing to 1,113 Cuban invasion prisoners,
buoying hopes that all will be freed soon, informed sources said.
Castro himself was said to share the negotiators' high hopes for
a quick exchange of the prisoners for United States food and medi-
cine. To release the Cuban exiles seized in the Bay of Pigs inva-
sion of 1961, Castro has demanded an indemnity of about $53
"million in drugs, food and equip-
k ment.

KENNEDY TRIP:
Goulart, U.S. Aides
Disagree on Brazil
By The Associated Press
RIO DE JANEIRO-Brazil President Joao Goulart was quoted
yesterday as saying he felt his private talk with Atty. Gen. Robert
F. Kennedy Monday removed "all the negative impressions he had
formed about Brazil "--but United States observers disagree.
"We talked a little about everything, always without hiding our
thinking or weighing our words. The Alliance for Progress, the Cuban
crisis, the situation of Latin Amer- p
ica were the themes debated, j * <
among others," Goulart said. I :

W. WILLARD WIRTZ
..proposal 'docked'

JAMES DONOVAN
... high hopes

OFFICIALS :
Legislature
Adopts Toug h
Ethics Code
BOSTON OP) - The Massachu-
setts legislature has adopted a new
and tougher code of ethics to gov-
ern the conduct of public officials,
elected or appointed.
The law requires officials to dis-
close whether they or their close
relatives hold any interest valued
at $10,000 or more in any business
either subject to public regula-
tion or doing business with the
state.
Rep. Martin H. Walsh (D) has
filed a bill for the coming session
which would add another chapter
to the code of ethics.
.His proposal "would apply to
newspaper publishers, officers,
columnists and other employes,
and would set up some of the same
fiscal standards as those applying
to people on the public payrolls.
Failure to comply would be sub-
ject to fines of $1000.
One of the toughest provisions
in the proposed code is a require-
ment that a newspaper post $50,-
000, in either cash or a bond, as a
guarantee of payment of a libel
settlement, before commenting ad-
versely or criticizing decisions or
motives of any appointed or elect-
ed public officials.
Detroit Keeps
History Text
DETROIT (AP)-Detroit schools
will retain, with modifications, a
history text that drew fire from P.
Negro parent and the local chap-
ter of the National Association for
the Advancement of Colored Peo-
ple.
Superintendent S a m u e l M.
Brownell told the board of educa-
tion Tuesday he has decided to
keep the text, has also ordered
supplements prepared for chap-
ters which have been criticized for
presenting an inadequate picture
of Negro development in the Unit-
ed States.

Submit List
Chief negotiator James Dono-
van disclosed that his four-mem-
ber team in negotiations Tuesday
night submitted a preliminary list
of medicines and drugs already
contributed to the American Red
Cross for Cuba. The negotiators
met with Castro and other high
government officials.
Donovan, the man who arranged
the release of U-2 pilot Francis
Powers from a Soviet prison, plans
to obtain a list of additional con-
tributions and return to Havana
today.
The Cuban government has been
officially silent on the negotiations
but informants said government
circles considered the exchange
was certain.
Claimed Private
Official statements in Washing-
ton maintain that the negotiation
committee is a private one, sup-
ported by private funds.
But the prisoners, if they are
released, will owe their freedom
in large measure to the United
States government.
It is doubtful that the private
committee could complete a deal
of such magnitude without the ac-
tive support of the Kennedy ad-
ministration.
Eye Kennedy
There have been some reports,
denied by the administration, that
Atty. Gen. Robert F. Kennedy has'
directed the government maneuv-
ering in support of the committee.
Some business sources in New
York said that Kennedy, em-
phasizing that he was acting as a:
private person, initiated some of{
the requests.
These sources said Kennedy ex-
plained that the matter had the
full support of the President but
that there were legal objections
to the government participating
directly.
Also, these sources added Ken-
nedy said there was fear that Cas-
tro would raise the ransom price1
if it were the government rather
than private parties supplying the1
material.1

Dock Strike
Talks Fail
NEW YORK (A') - Longshore-
men yesterday rejected Labor Sec-
retary W. Willard Wirtz's stop-gap
proposal to head off an Atlantic
and Gulf Coast dock strike this
weekend.
Wirtz urged them to reach a
one-year agreement with shipping
companies while a study of in-
dustry manpower problems was
under way.
Thomas W. Gleason, executive
vice-president of the Internation-
al Longshoremen's Association,
announced rejection of the pro-
posal. Gleason said a three-year
agreement was needed because it
would take more than a year "to
study all the ills labor and man-
agement face in this industry."
Meanwhile, longshoremen have
set the stage for a strike by vot-
ing overwhelmingly against their
employers' last contract offer.
Wirtz said these problems have
developed over many years and
"they are not susceptible to short
answers.'"
Employers have offered a wage
increase but have asked in re-
turn that the size of the work
gangs gradually be reduced, a
point bitterly opposed by the dock-
ers.
The last offer by employers and
the vote by the longshoremen were
required under provisions of a
Taft-Hartley law 80 day "cooling
off" period which expires Sunday.
President John F. Kennedy invok-
ed the law in a four-day dockers'
strike in October.
The NLRB will report the vote
to the Justice Department, which
is required by the law to apply in
the United States district court
to dissolve the 80 day injunction.

Nevertheless, grave concern
over the future of Brazil-stem-
ming both from its raging infla-
tion and increasing economic ties
with the Communist world - is
seeping through official Washing-
ton from President John F. Ken-
nedy on down.
Many Doubts
The question that is being rais-
ed with increasing frequency is
"what would one more bail-out of
the Brazilian economy accomplish
in the light of the many other
doubts that exist?"
The general consensus is that
the President's brother went to
Brazil not only to express the
United States administration's
point of view, but to get some defi-
nite answers about Brazilian in-
tentions from Goulart.
Expect Change
In the economic field. the im-
pression here is that the United
States is willing to wait, although
with some skepticism, for the fi-
nancial restructuring that has
been promised after the Jan. 6
plebiscite in Brazil.
The voting is expected to return
the nation to a presidential sys-
tem of government.
The political uncertainty centers
on the direction of Brazil's foreign
policy, which the Brazilians call
"independent," but which, viewed
from Washington, sometimes ap-
pears to be leaning toward a type
of neutralism.
Sees Brazil Naivete
United States officials have not-
ed with some alarm what they
feel is a misconception on the
part of the Goulart government
about the nature of the over-all
East-West struggle.
This was exemplified during the
recent Cuban crisis when Brazil
attempted to act as a "mediator"
between the United States and
Cuba, although the situation had
instead become a direct confron-
tation between the United States
and the Soviet Union.
A more recent event which
caused dismay in Washington was
the formation of a high level,
government-sponsored committee
in Brazil to seek expansion of
trade with the Soviet bloc.

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Dominicas
Riot; To Hold
Voting Toa
SANTO DOMINGO (')-Politi-
cal rioting broke out last night in
the heart of the Dominican Re-
public.
It apparently was set off by
backers of Cuba Premier Fidel Cas-
tro in an effort to disrupt today's
national elections.
Riot police in white helmets
moved into Independence Park
with heavy weapons and tear gas,
breaking up a battle of pistols and
rocks between rival political fac-
tions. Two persons were reported
injured and several rioters were
arrested.
Castro Plot?
Intellgience sources claimed the
small but noisy Castroite faction
has been plotting since October to
make a final attempt to block the
country's first free election in :18
years.
The fighting ostensibly was be-
tween elements of the Conserva-
tive National Civic Union and the
moderate-left Minor Revolution-
ary Vanguard Party.
In the campaign itself, major
interest centered in the tight race
for the presidency between Viriato
A. Fiallo of the National Civic
Union and Juan Bosch, leader of
the left-of-center revolutionary
party, which is allied with the
Vanguard Party.
BoschaFavored
Bosch was regarded as a slight
favorite but some of his supporters
feared the accusation by a Span-
ish Jesuit-later retracted-that
the Revolutionary Party leader-
ship was Communistic would hurt
him.
The deep hatreds developed dur-
ing the heated campaign are ex-
pected to make post-election unity
difficult

I

JOAO GOULART
.. some see problems
IN HOUSE:
Newton Sets
Election Bid
By The Associated Press
LANSING - Rep. Carroll C.
Newton (R-Delton) has announced
he willseek election as floor lead-
er of the House next month.

L

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20% off on all repairs
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I

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press
GENEVA-The United States and the Soviet Union clashed bit-
terly yesterday over the issues of nuclear testing and woyld disarma-
ment. Western diplomats said the debate in the three-hour session
made it plain that neither a test ban agreement nor any progress on
disarmament is in sight.

Delicious Hamburgers 15c
Hot Tasty French Fries 12c
Triple Thick Shakes.. 20c
2000 W. Stadium Blvd.

MOSCOW-The head of a Cuban trade
yesterday, and the news agency Tass reportedi
with Soviet negotiators on increas-
ed trade between the two nations
in 1963. *

delegation left Moscow
agreement was reached

Michael Lauds Symposium

By BARBARA LAZARUS
The International Arms Control
Symposium currently being held at
the University is valuable because
the sponsorship and the partici-
pants' academic affiliations legi-
timize the need for research on
arms control, disarmament and
related problems, Donald Michael,
a representative of the Peace Re-
search Institute, said yesterday.
"The quality of the speeches and
papers set a standard which will
protect over-worked participants
from having to become involved in
relatively inferior conferences in
the future," he explained;
At the present stage of interest
in peace problems, there is a great
portion of the potential research
community which is not aware of
what is being accomplished in this
field.
Knowledge Needed
"It is too early and dangerous
to become over-specialized in the
field of disarmament. It is ex-
tremely important that an aca-
demician knows what government
and industry are doing, the physi-
cist knows what the psychologist
is doing and vice versa," Michael
said.
Describing the Peace Research
Institute, Michael said it is a tax-
exempt organization located in
Washington whose job is to stim-
TO YOU

ulate research on problems of at-
taining and maintaining a peace-
ful world. It is especially concern-
ed with informing members of the
academic community about prob-
lems which need study.
"One example of a problem area
whose political, technological and
psychological prerequisites will re-
quire years of research is the es-
tablishing, operating and control-
ling of an itnernational police
force."
Agonize Stomach
There are many questions about
the opportunities for non-lethal
warfare, and problems on how to
develop and use such non-lethal
measures. One possible way might
be pacification by the inducement
of stomach cramps, Michael point-
ed out.
"Normally if someone is in a
situation where he doesn't trust
the person he is dealing with, he
doesn't continue the relationship.
In the case of working with coun-
tries such as Russia, and they with
us, both are forced to continue
the relationship, although neither
side has the means to deal with
such institutionalized 'paranoia'."
Michael said.
Presently there is not enough
study, money or awareness of
problems, and many of the ques-
tions which require study are not

politically comfortable for govern-
ment sponsorship. These areas
may even run counter to prevailing
government strategies, Michael ex-
plained.
Offers Material
"The Peace Research Institute
is doing all it can to get findings
derived from systematic study to
people or institutions who can use
them."
Unfortunately many people hav-
ing responsibility for policy plan-
ning and decision-making don't
know there is social and tech-
nological knowledge available to
help them in their decisions.
"Too many decisions are gov-
erned by their private opinion or
the prevailing folklore," Michael
added.
SOUTH AMERICA
next summer?
In Peace Corps type
projects requested by
COLUMBIA AND
BOLIVIA
must speak Spanish
phone Univ, ext. 2077 or
see Baldwin, room 2282,
S.A.B.

WASHINGTON-The National
Aeronautics and Space Agency
yesterday cancelled plans to launch
a new camera-equipped Ranger
rocket scheduled to take'close-in
television pictures of the moon be-
fore crashing into the lunar sur-
face.
WASHINGTON - Communities
were given the go-ahead yesterday
to use the Sabin oral vaccine
against polio-despite a "very
small risk" among adults, espe-
cially those over 30 years old.
* * *
NEW YORK-Peace talks failed
again yesterday to break the 12-
day strike deadlock that has closed
New York's nine major newspa-
pers.
NEW YORK - The New York
Stock Exchange rallied yesterday,
with final Dow-Jones averages
showing 30 industrials up 6.86,
railroads up 1.09, utilities up .30
and 65 stocks up 1.84.

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---____Closed Monday ---
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ST. ANDREWS CHURCH and the
EPISCOPAL STUDENT
FOUNDATION
306 North Division
Phone NO 2-4097
SUNDAY--
8:00 A.M. Holy Communion.
9:00 A.M. Holy Communion and Sermon
11:00 A.M. Morning Prayer and Sermon
7:00 P.M. Evening Prayer and commentary
CHRISTMAS EVE-
Midnight Holy Communion
CHRISTMAS DAY-
8:00 A.M. Holy Communion
10:00 A.M. Holy Communion
WEDNESDAY-
10:15 A.M. Holy Communion

THE CHURCH OF CHRIST
W. Stadium at Edgewood
John G. Malcin, Minister
SUNDAY
10:00 a.m. Bible School
11:00 a.m. Regular Worship
6:30 p.m. Evening Worship
WEDNESDAY
7:30 p.m. Bible Study
For transportation to any service coil 2.2756

FIRST METHODIST CHURCH
and WESLEY FOUNDATION
State and Huron Streets, Tel. NO 8-6881
Dr. Hoover Rupert, Minister
Rev. M. Jean Robe and
Rev. C. J. Stoneburner, Campus Ministers
SUNDAY, Dec. 23
9:00 and 11:15 a.m.-Morning Worship,
"Good news of God's Grace," Sermon by
Dr. Rupert. The service is broadcast over
W0IA.
Christmas Eve Candlelight Service at 11:00
p.m., Dec. 24th, with the Chancel Choir
and Dr. Rupert preaching.
SUNDAY, Dec. 30
9:00 and 11:15 a.m.-Morning Worship,
"The Good News: God is With Us,"
sermon by Dr. Rupert.
The Holy Communion. "When Face
to Face with Christ"
CONGREGATIONAL CHURCH
State and William
9:30 and 11 a.m.: Special Christmas Music

B A' r H

BETHLEHEM EVANGELICAL
REFORMED
United Church of Christ
423 South Fourth Ave.
Rev. Ernest Klaudt, Pastor
Rev. A. C. Bizer, Associate Pastor
9:30 and 10:45 a.m. Worship Service
9:30 and 10:45 a.m. Church School
7:00 p.m. Student Guild

FIRST CHURCH OF CHRIST,
SCIENTIST
1833 Washtenow Ave.

;ii

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