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October 17, 1964 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1964-10-17

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SATURDAY, OCTOBER 17, 19G4

'I'RE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAI:F. TR'R'. ;i

THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAf~V '3'UUVU - ~ £i ~

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PanelFails To End NewspaperStrike

China May Seek Leadership
Of 'Third World' A-Nations

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F our Vote
Control New
Parliam ent -r
Observers Predict
New Election in Year
By HAROLD WOLMAN_
The Labor Party is in power in
Britain for the first time in 13:
years, but the big question is:
l'or how long?
The narrow margin of Labor's
victory-giving them a bare ma-
jority of only four votes in the
630-member House of Commons-
1has le4 observers to predict that.
a new election will be held with- IN WHA
in a year.aInoA
Such a small majority is thought and noth
to be unworkable in Commons for from thei
any extended period of time, even Alexei Ad
with the strict party discipline of the go
which characterizes the British kov, right
Parliament. In 1950, the Labor The sourc
Party was returned with a clear bad tactic
nmajority of only six seats (al-
though it held 19 more than the
Tories dhid),* and was forced to
hold another election after having
been in office little more than a
year. 7'

W ins Majority;

Fills

Cabinet

T INFORMED SOURCES said yesterday was an ouster
a resignation, two top Soviet journalists were dropped
r positions along with Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev.
.zhubei, left, Khrushchev's son-in-law, had been editor
vernment newspaper Izvestia (News) and Pavel Satyu-
, editor of the Communist Party organ Pravda (Truth).
ces said Khrushchev had been accused of nepotism and
es in Russia's long controversy with Red China.
ushchev Ousted
'Wk ~ 'm~

year.
Trogble for Labor
Prof. Gabriel Pearson of the
English department, a native Eng-
lishinan and close observer of
British politics, commented that
Labor would have trouble merely
keeping its slim majority present
in Commons at all times due to
absenteeism and illness.
He added that constant harrass-
merit and the threat of votes of
confidence which could bring the
government down are likely to be
forthcoming from the Tories.
At the same time, the election
has shown an. increase in the
strength of the Liberal Party,
which polled almost 10 per cent
of the vote an elected eight mem-
bers to Parliament. These eight
assume greater importance with
the small Labor majority, and it
is likely that the Liberals will have
to be consulted on policy issues.
'he new prime minister, liar-
old Wilson, is a man who Pearson
thinks sees himself as a British
counterpart of the late President
John F. Kennedy. Wilson's slo-
gans have put heavy emphasis on
getting Britain moving again,
Pearson added, and he is expect-
ed'to depend heavily on academic
figures outside government for
many of his ideas.
Intellectual
Wilson is an intellectual with-
out being an ideologue, but he
shows no evidence of any Marx-
ist tendencies, Pearson said. De-
spite his earlier flirtation with the
left wing of the Labor Party,
Pearson believes Wilson now rep-
resents the ideological dead cen-
ter of the party.
Pearson also called Wilson the
strongest leader the Labor Party
has ever had, at least in terms of
the control he possesses over the
party.
In thge realm of foreign policy,
Wilson will press for more dis-
cussion of disarmament proposals
and a continuation of the detente
in the cold war.
However, it is not likely that
there will be any radical depar-
tures in foreign policy, and, as
Pearson observed, "the Anglo-
American alliance will continue to
be the foundation of British for-
eign policy."

(Continued frorn Page 1)
mandism and unwillingness to take
into account the achievements of
science and practical experience."
It said the Communist Party
opposed all these things and de-
manded "collective leadership" -
exactly what Khrushchev insisted
upon when he ruled Russia first
in partnership with former Pre-
mier Georgi Malenkov and later
with Nikolai Bulganin.
The editorial also charged him
with "disregard for the practical
experiences of the masses." The
reference to the masses was taken
as an indication that the party's
grass-roots soundings showed dis-
content with many of Khrush-
chev's policies.
Suslov: Old Stalinist
The charges against Khrush-
chev which led to his ouster were
presented to the party meeting
by Mikhail Suslov, an old Stalin-
ist who has been the Kremlin's
chief spokesman in its bitter dis-
pute with China.
Suslove presided at the 1957
meeting at which Khrushchev
drummed out of the party a group
of opponents, including former
Premiers Vyacheslav Molotov and
Malenkov.
The sources said Suslov accus-
ed Khrushchev of developing a
"cult of personality." This was the
term Khrushchev used against
Stalin to summarize charges of
crimes by the late ruler.
The charge of nepotism was fol-
lowed by the dismissal of Adzhu-
bei, informed quarters said.' The
editor of the party newspaper
Pravda, Pavel Satyukov, is due
for dismissal when he returns from
a trip to Paris, these informants
added, and state radio-television
boss Mikhail Kharlamov has been
dropped.
Three personal aides and advis-
ers of Khrushchev are also being
transferred to other jobs.
There was surprise in diplomat-
ic circles that Suslov presented
the charge of mishandling rela-
tions with China and other Com-

y Failures'
munist parties, considering his
own role. But a number of indi-
cations pointed to this having been
the issue that finally decided a
majority of the central committee
against Khrushchev. Many Soviet
leaders had been reported worried
that Moscow had lost its unques-
tioned leadership of the world
Communist movement.
Agricultural Failures
Another charge was agricultural
failures. Khrushchev had made ag-
riculture his special field since
before becoming first secretary in
September, 1953.
Furthermore, Pentagon experts
noted yesterday that indications
of military disagreement have been
appearing in Russian publications
for some time.
The main differences between
the Soviet marshals and Khrush-
chev reportedly involved the mili-
tary budget and strategy.
Khrushchev had proclaimed a
fiscal goal of more bread and few-
er guns for the Russian people,
while stressing missiles and other
nuclear weaponry where the mar-
shals felt conventional weapons
and forces were in danger of be-
ing slighted.
harder Line
Also, the senior Soviet officer
corps is believed to favor a harder
line toward the West, like that
espoused by the Chinese.
Generally, the Soviet military
group is believed to be traditional-
1ist in outlook. Khrushchev, as pre-
mier, was an innovator.
The Red Army also apparent-
ly has been concerned about the
rise of religious influences with the
young.
Informants said Khrushchev,
rushing back to Moscow Tuesday
from a Black Sea vacation, was
called to a meeting of the presid-
ium of the party's central commit-
tee that night, where he was
voted out of office. When the par-
ty's full committee met the next
day-with Suslov prosecutor and
Khrushchev defendant-the proc-
ess was evidently completed.

Fear MarginF
M1'ay M'ake
Rule ShaKe
Walker To Assume 1
Foreign Secretary <
Post; Home Resigns
LONDON (AP)-Labor Party lead-1
er Harold Wilson became Britain's
prime minister yesterday by vir-
tue of a Laborite election victory{
so narrow that it jeopardizes his
chances for a stable administra-E
tion.
Wilson's party scraped no more
than a four-seat majority in the
House of Commons in a photo fin-1
ish which ended 13 years of Con-
servative rule. When final returns
are in sometime today, Labor willk
have a 317 to 313 lead over itst
combined Conservatives and Lib-t
eral opposition.
Queen Elizabeth II yesterday ac-x
cepted the resignation of Prime
Minister Sir Alec Douglas-Homet
and appointed Wilson to forma
new cabinet from the ranks of the
Laborites. Home will remain in1
Commons,. however, as leader ofr
the opposition.
Doubts immediately developedt
whether Wilson, with his extreme-
ly thin edge, could long keep con-
trol of the newly elected House.
Walker as Foreign Secretary s
Nevertheless, Wilson quickly be-x
gan filling places in his cabinet.
For the key post of foreign secre-E
tary, he named Patrick Gordon
Walker, a party stalwart whof
failed to win election to Com-
mons. Walker is expected to runt
again in a special election in a
safe Labor district from which ank
obliging incumbent, newly elected,
would be asked to resign.
As expected, Wilson namedI
deputy party leader George
Brown, once Wilson's rival for
power, as first secretary of state"
and minister for economic affairs.
Brown, in the second-ranking cab-
inet post, will be acting prime
minister when Wilson is away.
James Callaghan, another rival
to succeed the late Labor Party
leader Hugh Gaitskell last year,
becanr.° chancellor of the ex-
chequer (treasury). Denis Healey
an advocate of an East-West dis-
engagement in Europe, became de- 1
fense minister.
Party Whip,
Lord Gardiner was put in
charge of the judiciary as lordE
chancellor. Herbert Bowden be-r
came lord president of the council,
which makes him leader of the
House of Commons, and Edward
Short became party whip, whichE
places on him the responsibility of
keeping Labor's narrow majority,
in line.
Another 20 cabinet members are
expected to be appointed within arY
few days.
In a three-minute television
talk from his new office at 10
Downing St., Wilson tried to dis-I
pel any fears his Labor govern-
ment might be tumbled from pow-
er because of its thin margin.
"I want to make it quite clear
that this will not affect our abil-<
ity to govern," he said. "There<
are serious problems to be dealt1
with, and we intend to deal with
them."t

Union Local
Rejects Plan
To Arbitrate
By The Associated Press
DETROIT - The 95-day-old
newspaper strike again reached
an impasse yesterday as Local 10
of the Plate and Paper Handlers
Union rejected the recommenda-
tions of a three-man panel nam-
ed by Gov. George Romney to
end the strike.
The plan, which involved an
agreement by both sides to sub-
mit the strike to mutually bind-
ing arbitration, had been accept-
ed by the newspaper publishers.
According to a publishers' as-
sociation spokesman, the local
also rejected "a new contract
proposal" by the strikebound
papers, the Detroit News and the
Detroit Free Press.
The commission was composed
of Prof. Russell Smith of the Law
School, Episcopal Bishop Richard
Emrich and Wayne State Univer-
sity President Clarence E. Hill-
berry. It recommended that:
-Each side reconsider its posi-
tion and report any significant
changes by Oct. 19;
-A neutral person be appoint-
ed to arbitrate if no agreement
is reached by Oct. 26, and
-This arbitration become bind-
ing if no agreement is reached
by Nov. 1. .
The rejection came as six men,
identifying themselves as mem-..
bers of a strike-idled Teamsters
union local, demonstrated in front
of the News and Free Press in an
attempt to start a "back-to-work
movement." '
A spokesman for the group said
the six were members of team-
sters. Local 372, made up of tr"k
drivers employed at the two
papers. But he stressed the men
were acting without the endorse-;
ment "of the local.
He praised the recommenda-
tions of the Governor's commis-
sion as "an excellent one" and
urged both sides in the dispute to
follow it.
But the publishers' spokesman
said, following a meeting with the,
plate handlers, that "union repre-
sentatives would not agree to the
arbitration of unsettled issues and
.offered no solution other than to
continue the strike."
Both striking unions rejected
the idea of binding arbitration
last month when it was suggested
by the Detroit Newspaper Guild.
Neither paper has published
since July 13, when the plate
handlers and pressmans Local 13
walked off the job after rejecting
a contract offer.
World tNews
Roundup
By The Associated Press
VATICAN CITY-The Ecumen-
ical Council made further changes
yesterday in Roman Catholic wor-
ship to help bring priest and par-
ishioner closer together at mass.
Changes will be made in church
construction and in the text of the
mass. Spoken prayers will be des-
ignated by the National Episcopal
Conference and scriptural read-
ings will be included in evening
devotions..,
SANTA MONICA. Calif. -
World-famed composer and lyric-
ist Cole Porter died yesterday at
a Santa Monica hospital, where
he underwent kidney surgery last
Oct. 13. He was 71 years old.
Porter was the author of song
hits such as "Night and Day,

stage musicals including "Kiss Me
Kate," and did music and lyrics
for such films as "High Society."
It was he who first broke away,
successfully, from the restrictions
of Tin-Pan Alley traditions that
a popular song had to have a 16-
bar verse and a 32-bar chorus.
Some of his pieces almost doubled
this.

By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press Special Correspondent
Red China, after traveling a
long, rocky road to a nuclear test
explosion, now can be expected
to mount a diplomatic drive to be-
come the nuclear club spokesman
for a "third world."
Peking's feat-no matter how
long it will take to acquire stock-
piles and delivery systems - is
gloomy news for the West and
the Soviet Union.
Not only is the development
likely to increase tension between
Moscow and the Red Chinese, but
it also can step up the potential
of the Peking regime for trouble-
making.
Already, with the explosion of
a nuclear device, Red China is in
an enhanced position to pursue
one of its major policy aims -
creation of an "intermediate zone"
-a third world-which it envi-
sions as a bloc which regards the
Soviet Union and the United
States both with hostility.
Target Area
The main direction of this drive
is in Asia, Africa and Latin Amer-
ica, the so-called underdeveloped
world, where Red Chinese diplo-
macy already is extremely active
-and in some cases highly suc-
cessful.
In the non-white world, the im-
pact of the feat will be heavy.
It is probable that what the'
Chinese did was accomplished
without significant Soviet help.
China's do-it-yourself drive to-
ward the nuclear club's door be-'
gan in earnest in 1958. Since then
the drive has brought increasing.
estrangement from Moscow, a wid-
ening rift in the world Commu-'
nist movement and a quiet purge
inside Red China involving both
the party and the army.'
History'
As long ago as 1950, shortly.
after the revolution enveloped the
China mainland, Peking's nuclear
aspirations became a problem for
Moscow. Though Josef Stalin -
for anti-Soviet propoganda pur-'
poses-now is given a place of
honor by Peking in the Red Pan-
theon, the Soviet dictator seemed'
leery of Chinese ambitions and
suspicious of such potential power
on the Soviet border.
Stalin signed a mutual aid
agreement with Peking in 1950.'
It appeared to fall far short of'
what Mao Tze-tung wanted in the
military field. Such aid seemed'
limited to technical training and
material. It was increased some-.,
what after Red China intervened
in the Korean War, but the Chi-
nese bought Soviet equipment on
long-term credit and went deeply
into debt until 1957.
Unfair
The Chinese in 1957 openly
complained that it was unfair of
the Russians to saddle China with
the burdensome cost of the Ko-
rean War.
One section of the 1950 treaty
was believed to have dealt with
joint development of uranium in
Sinkiang Province, but this was
reversed after Stalin died and the
Chinese took full control of the
operation. However, Plutonium-
239 instead of Uranium-235 may
have been used in China's test.
In the post-Stalin era, Moscow
agreed to cooperate on peaceful
uses of nuclear energy. The Chi-
nese sent scientists to the Dubna

Nuclear Research Center. But Pe-
king pressed constantly for help
on nuclear weapons technology,
incessantly urging the Russians to
recognize the Chinese need. They
sent a military delegation to Mos-
cow in 1957 to seek such help.
No Progress
The mission, headed by the then
Defense Minister Peng Teh-huai,
$1 Million
From State
(Continued from Page 1)
years from 1:20 to 1:23;
-The dormitory system, bolster-
ed this fall by the opening of two
new halls with a total of 2500
rooms, has been forced to place
over 1200 students in triple rooms
which are actually doubles, and
- The increasing enrollment
pressure, "particularly affecting
MSU and the University here,"
has left "a serious size problem"
which the state must recognize.
Legislature Flooded
The Legislature is being flooded
with record requests from all 10
state-supported universities. The
"big three" schools are setting the
trend.
While MSU is at the $50 million
mark, the University seeks to shoot
from its current $44 million to &,
$55 million appropriation level.
Wayne State University is asking
an unprecedented $35 million, an
$8 million increase over this year.
Taking these requests, the gov-
ernor's office and Legislature will
arrive at the final appropriations.
this spring.
There are usually heavy slashes
recorded in Lansing, but Huff
warned "nwe must seek to educate
this Legislature that we cannot
downgrade our product; that we,
cannot downgrade education."
Re-districting will seat almost a,
completely new batch of legisla-
tors this fall, and Huff pledged
a statewide campaign to spell out
educational needs to them.
The first leg of that campaign
takes place next week when the
Coordinating Council for Public
Higher Education, which Huff
chairs, meets to map out plans
for informing legislators of edu-,
cation needs.

evidently made no progress and
signs of a Soviet-Chinese split be-
came more apparent.
Peng, refusing to give up, tried
again and again. He is believed to
have clashed with Mao over the
truculent attitude toward Moscow
which Peng probably felt hurt any
chances of help toward the nu-
clear club.
Peng disappeared into oblivion,
accused of being "anti-party."
Other high-ranking military men
were relieved of their posts. The
housecleaning reached high into
party and government ranks, be-
ginning in 1958, and about six
party vice-chairmen and some
government people were quietly
removed. Today, a new and even
deeper purge is believed in prog-
ress to weed out remaining ele-
ments suspected of pro-Moscow
leanings.
Own A-Device
In 1958, anti-Russian Marshal
Chen Yi, then foreign minister,
predicted publicly that China
would build her own nuclear weap-
on But China still was far away
from the goal, and Mao called the
atomic bomb a "paper tiger," pro-
pounding the theory that man-
power would be the deciding fac-
tor in world politics. China had
plenty of that.
There seemed to be a clash be-
tween the hierarchy and elements
of the Chinese military who con-
tended that Russian help would
significantly s p e e d Chines e
achievement of its own weapon.
But the party leadership became
more enraged than ever with Mos-
cow when then-Premier Nikita S,
Khrushchev suggested that Asia
be made a nuclear-free zone. The
Chinese in 1960 served notice they
would ignore any disarmament
agreement reached by the Soviet
Union and the West.
Russia Pulls Out
The split deepened. The Rus-
sians withdrew all their military
advisers and technicians. Chen
Yi defiantly reasserted the doc-
trine of "reliance on one's own re-
sources," and Peking boasted that
it was making strides toward over-
coming difficulties raised by "mod-
ern revisionists'" refusal to lend
technical information.
Inj August, 1962, Chen Yi an-
nounced publicly that China was
devoting "tremendous" resources
to development of a nuclear bomb
which he said China wanted "for
the sole reason that the capital-
ists consider us underdeveloped
and defenseless as long as we lack
the ultimate weapon."

.FOO9TBALL
TICKETS RESALE
9 a.m.-12 noon
every home game
Main Desk Student Union
Bring in tickets you want sold early

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Miss .! sh ifts

The University of Michigan
YOUNG DEMOCRATIC CLUB
announces:
SENATOR
PHILIP HART
D-Mich.
MONDAY, OCT. 19, 1964

_ _17-_
HOMECOMING '64 PRESENTS
'Ii The Miitchell Trio I

Mike Kobluk

Chad Mitchell

Joe Frazier

from day to date in
soft wool crepe...
looking neat and
pretty for any
number of occasions
...our long-sleeved
shift with dropped
cowl neckline,
bowed for accent.
Pink, powder blue
+ or brown. 5 to
13 sizes.
:..
< : 22.98
<}

BLOCK SALES
8:30 A.M.
Monday, Oct. 19
AT HILL AUDITORIUM

lil[

............ s::. :.

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