THE MICHIGAN DAILY
WEDNESDAY, 20 JANUARY 1965
PAGE TWO THE MICHIGAN DAILY WEDNESDAY, 20 JANUARY 1965
NOW AND IN THE '30'S:
Assesses Berkeley's Effects
ECKERMAN ON EDUCATION:
Discusses Social Advantages
EDITOR'S NOTE: David Boroff,
associate professor of English at
New York University, is author of
the book, "Campus U.S.A.: Portrait '
of American Colleges in Action."
By DAVID BOROFF
The recent sit-in and demon-
strations at the University of
California, with their insurrec-
tionist overtones, have focused at-
tention on student movements.
Quiescence in the nineteen-fif-
ties has yielded to activism in the
sixties as the timidities and inhi-
bitions of the McCarthy era have
receded from memory.
How does campus activity today
compare with that of the past?
What proportion of students is in-
volved? What effect will the
Berkeley episode have on cam-
puses elsewhere? A glance at some
representative institutions enables
one to offer a few cautious and
highly tentative appraisals.
Striking divergencies a p p e a r
when one compares the sixties
with the thirties, that golden age
of student protest.
In line with the general shift
of the nation's center of gravity,
the core of student activity has
It is no accident that the most
dramatic student eruption of the
decade should have taken place
in California and that such Mid-
western schools as Oberlin and
Antioch have emerged as centers
of civil rights activity.
Three decades ago the locus of;
protest was in the East in prole-1
tarian schools like City College. I
Moreover, the militiamen of
dissent are no longer working-
class students but middle-class
young men and women in quest
of a cause--even, one is tempted
to add, in search of a working
class. They have found their cause
In the civil rights movement and
a simulacrum of the working classj
of the thirties in the Negro masses.
Among the activists, something
new has been added - graduate
students. The exploited coolies of
the academic hierarchy-at once
disaffected yet highly sophisticat-
ed-graduate students played a
key role in the Berkeley drama.
Add to their ranks, the colleg-
iate dropouts and those strange
underground men living at the
fringe of any academic commun-
ity, and you have a heady brew
of the possessed and the dispos-
Unlike the student movement of
the thirties, campus protest today
is essentially nonideological. That
is to say, the factionalism of the
thirties is absent, and various
groups have coalesced around cer-
tain issues, as at Berkeley, where
even Goldwaterites participated in
the Freedom of Speech Movement.
Despite the youthful contribu-
tion to the civil rights movement,
however, the suspicion persists in
some quarters that the insurgency
of the young cuts deeper than in
the thirties and is directed against
the notion of society itself.
Protest methods also provide
points of departure from the past.'
Although demonstrations were not
unknown to earlier generations of
students, and the sit-ins is a tra-
ditional weapon of labor, civil dis-
obedience on the student front is
Certainly, the notion of par-
alyzing a great university exceeded
the audacity of students in the
There is, of course, a poignant
irony about the anxiety adults are
now expressing about student po-
litical activity. Some say omin-
ously that Berkeley students are
emulating a Latin-American style
of political disruptiveness. How-
ever, for at least a decade now,
the elders of the academic com-
munity have been encouraging
students to commit themselves.
Middle-aged disquietude is in
excess of the facts. Though stu-
dent militancy seems to be grow-
ing, there is little of the virulence
elsewhere that manifested itself
Stanford, less than 100 milesI
from Berkeley, maintained its
composure in recent weeks. Money
was raised and petitions were
signed for the embattled students
at the University of California,
but there was no flareup over
And though Stanford sent a
fair share of students to Missis-
sippi last summer, there has been
Prof. Robert W. Parry of the
some speculation on campus that !chemistry department was elected
Northern involvement perhaps '1965 chairman of the American
does more harm than good. Chemical Society's Division of In-
The Harvard Attitude organic Chemistry.
Moral support without active Parry recently was named the
winner of the first American
involvement was reflected at Har- Chemical Society award for dis-'
vard where students express sym - tinguished service in the advance-
pathy with Mississippi activists ment of inorganic chemistry. He
but questioned the motives of will receive the award, which con-
and criticized the sanctf-sists of a certificate and $1,000,
moniousness of others. at the society's 149th national
It is difficult to say what the meeting in Detroit in April.
future holds. Student militancy is . t A
contagious, but there is still the' Two University graduate stu-
heavy weight of more than a dec- dents took part in panel discus-
ade of apathy to dislodge. More- sions at the Conference on Cana-
over, more students are focused dian-American Relations conduct-
on the conventional goals of job ed recently at the University of
or graduate school. Windsor, Ontario.
Still it would be a mistake to James McEvoy, a teaching
assume that what happened at assistant and student in the Eng-
Berkeley could not occur else- lish department, discussed "The
where. Administrators who have Myth of the Right in American
been taking their students for Politics." Curtis Wells of the po-
granted will be watching them litical science department spoke
with a new mixture of apprehen- on "Repercussions of United
sion and respect. More important States Elections."
yet, students will also be watching Prof. Lionel H. Laing of the po-
their administrators. litical science department is a
This, perhaps, is the most lmember of the advisory board of
wholesome aspect of the recent the Canadian-American Institute
imbroglio. At Berkeley, student which sponsored the seminar.
anger had been simmering for * * ,
DE KALB, Ill.-Americans may,
have been oversold on the in-1
dividual income and status value1
of college education without be-
coming fully aware of the advan-
tages to society in general, a Uni-I
versity researcher said yesterday
at a conference of the American
College Public Relations Associa-
Prof. William C. Eckerman, as-
sistant head of the field section
of the Survey Research Center,
said that "the all-important so-
cietal advantages of a well-educat-
ed populace have not been recog-
nized by the majority of our citi-
As a result, he said, Americans
may not be as ready as they
should be to assume the financial
burden which is sure to come with
rapidly increasing college enroll-
critical importance for the society
as a whole. Only five per cent of'
the population mentioned these
factors when asked about reasons
for sending a boy or girl to col-
Among the values of education
cited by Eckerman were: the
broadening of the individual and
development of such things as in-
dependence of judgment, critical
thinking, and creativity; the de-
velopment of a highly trained
work force that will raise the na-
tional standard of living; the eas-
ing of such serious social problems
as juvenile delinquency, crime,
and unemployment-prejudice; the
safeguarding of our rights and
institutions in a complex age and
the fostering of successful inter-
national economic competition
both with communist countries
and our allies.
"Highly educated, higher in-
come people are more aware of
and concerned with the less tang-
ible benefits to be derived from
a college education," he reported.
PROF. ROBERT PARRY
some time as a result of growing
depersonalization a n d bureau-
cratic indifference on that cam-
WEDNESDAY, JAN. 20
4 p.m. - Dr. Oleg E. Viazov,
Chief of Dept. of Experimental
During the next decade, the un-.Embryology at tne USSR Academy
dergraduate population will grow of Medical Science, Moscow, will
prodigiously. If attention can now speak on "Some Aspects of Ma-
be focused on undergraduate edu- ternal-Foetal Interrelationships in
cation and its shameful neglect, Growth Regulation of Foetal Or-
then recent student militancy will gans" at 1400 Chem. Bldg.
have served a most useful purpose. 4 p.m.-Dept. of Anatomy will
Copyright, 1965, The New York Times sponsor "Shoulder Joint Systems,"
Splits JUS Conference
SOFIA, Bulgaria -The Eighth The executive committee report,
Congress of the Internatiotial presented on the second day of the
Union of Students (IUS), the congress, affirmed support for
Communist - dominated interna- I peaceful coexistence, national lib-
tional student organization, was eration, the Test Ban Treaty, and
the sight of the first open in- the World Youth Forum-where,
dication of the Sino-Soviet con- interestingly enough, a similar
flict since Khrushchev fell from dispute flared last September be-
power in October. tween Soviet and Chinese dele-
The Congress, which took place gates.
in early December, was highlight-
ed by a struggle for, control be-nsrj
tween the pro-Soviet and pro- Mention of the Test Ban Treaty
Chinese delegates, while the less led representatives from Nigeria
committed delegations tried to and Japan to condemn the re-
bridge the conflict, cent Chinese nuclear explosion.
Principal points of disagree- The Chinese delegation said that
ment were whether or not criti- its country's explosions were an
,ism of "imperialism" was to in- inspiration to peace-loving people.
elude the phrase "imperialism When French National Union of
headed by the United States, Students (UNEF) decided to join
whether or not the Nuclear Test IUS, it was with the goal of unify-
Ban Treaty was to be supported, ing the two major international
and whether "peaceful coexist- student organizations on a basis
ence between states with different of "education before politics" andj
social systems" was the most im- also in the belief that the IUS was
portant international problem, as becoming less dependent on the
the Soviets argued, or "the Soviet Foreign Ministry.
struggle against U.S. imperialism,"
as the Chinese argued. In a confidence vote, the lack
Hard Lines of substantial strength for oppos-
The Chinese took hard lines ing Chinese within the organiza-
against "U.S. imperialism," the tion was again evident-as it had
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, and previously been in votes on reso-
peaceful coexistence. lutions. In the vote, the leader-
An ideological clash was evident ship of the IUS, which has been
the first day of the congress. Dur- strongly pro-Soviet, carried the
ing approval of the agenda, the majority of the participating or-
Chinese objected to the phrasing ganizations.
of the first point. They insisted
that the phrase 'against imperial-
ism, colonialism, and neo-colonial-
ism," which was part of the title
of the executive committee's re-
port on its work and develop- DIAL 8-6416
ments in the international student < ENDS TONIGHT
world since the last Congress, be
amplified by adding "headed by S
the .USA." Loren Mastrolanni
Sharp Debate -
a lecture by W. T. Dempster at Two Studies
2501 E. Med. Bldg. ! Eckerman discussed two studies,
'7:34 p.m-Brice Carnahan will conducted with the support of the
present the Ford Computer Lec- United States Office of Education
ture in Natural Science Aud. and the Office of Institutional
8 pNm.-Joh sbone's A uthIResearch of the Association of
, p.m.-John Osborne 's Luth- ,tt nvriisadLn rn
er," the PTP Play of the Month,I State Universities and Land Grant
will e prsentd inHillAud. Colleges.F
will be presented in Hill Aud. Ninety per cent of -the people
8:30 p.m.-Chamber Arts Seriesfaosednbystclegad
will present Andres Segovia, gui favor sending boys to college and
tarist, in Rackham Aud. This con- 77 per cent favor sending girls,
crtaissoldkamAd.Ths I-Eckerman reported. Virtually no
cert is sold out. American feels one can get along
THURSDAY, JAN. 21 without a high school education.
2:15 p.m.-The Mental Health But, he added, "the importance
Research Institute Seminar with attached to higher education by
Nicholas Rashevsky will discuss the vast majority of people is in
"Some Possible Quantitative As- terms of individual opportunities
pects of a Neurophysiological for high status occupations and
Model of Schizophrenias" in 10571 income. There is little or no rec-
MHRI. ognition of the more subtle ef-
3 p.m.-The Research Seminar fects on the individual nor the
in Hospital and Medical Systems ------
will present Millard F. Long,' de-
partment of economics, Vander- MIDWEST STUDENT
bilt University, discussing "Plan- TOUR with
ning Hospital Systems" at 69 Dr. Wm. Kleine-Ahlbrandt
Business Administration Bldg. f Hi
4:15 p.m.-Rev. Roland de Vaux, Professor of story
O.P., director of the French Bib- Purdue University
lical and Archaeological School in Sailing June 18--55 days
Jerusalem, will deliver the 1964-65 $1199 all-inclusive
Zwerdling Lecture in Old Testa- Send for free itinerary
ment Studies, "The Hebrew Patri- Box 514, W. Lafayette, Ind.
archs a-nd History - Abram The
Hebrew (Gen. 14:13)" in Aud. C. Name__
7 and 9 p.m. - Cinema Guild Address-
wrill present Satyajit Ray's "The;I
Music Room" in the Architecture
OSCAR PETERSON TRIO
January 23, 8:30 P.M. Tickets on Sale
Hill Auditorium 8:00-5:30 Daily
Tickets-$3.50, 3.00 & 2.50 Hill Auditorium
(Author of the Oscar-Winning "Tom Jones")
Staged by Scenery & Costumes Designed by Original Music by
MITCHELL ERICKSON JOCELYN HERBERT JOHN ADDISON
Produced on Broadway by the DAVID MERRICK FOUNDATION, Inc.
Wed., Jan. 20
The School of Engineering at
the Tuskegee Institute has an-
nounced the addition of three
persons to its computer center.
Thomas F. Platkowski, who
joined the engineering faculty
in Febuary 1964, has been ap-
pointed director of the computer
center. He received his Ph.D.
from the University. Tuskegee
has a cooperative assistance
program with the University.
f t IIg jM * pI*I
'RE 10 FET TALL!
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
__.s __ 1 ate. l._ _..t..v ..y.<. .]w«i n nwn it _
The Daily Official Bulletin is an eering. All interested students are in-
official publication of The Univer- vited to attend. Those students who
sity of Michigan, for which The expect to graduatae this year are also
Michigan Daily assumes no editor- urged to attend.
ial responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to Ge raj
Room 3654 Administration Bldg. be- General Notices
fore 2 p.m. of the day preceding Regents' Meeting: Feb. 19. Communi-
publication, and by 2 p.m. Friday cations for consideration at this meet-
for Saturday and Sunday. General ing must be in the President's hands
Notices may be published a maxi- not later than Feb. 5.
mum of two times on request; Day
Calendr items appear once only. Parking Notice-Restrictions on the
Studentorganization notices are not new Staff Paid Permit Parking Lits M-
accepted 128 and M-30 in the 1400 block of Wash-
WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 20 ington Heights will be effective Jan. 25.
________Restrictions on Staff Paid Permit Park-
ing Lot E-7 on Wilmot Street are ef-
Day Calendar fective immediately.
For the benefit of those who cannot
Department of Anatomy Seminar- find a seat in the UGLI, or would
W, T, Dempster, Department of An- (Continued on Page 5)
atomy, "Shoulder Joint System": 2501 -_--
E. Medical Building, 4:00 p.m.
Ford Computer Lecture-Brice Carna-
han, College of Engineering: Natural
Science Auditorium, 7:30 p.m.
Professional Theatre Program Play of "Delightfully Funny I
the Month-John Osborne's Luther: Hill9
Auditorium, 8:00 p.m. "ONE OF THE
Chamber Arts Series Concert-Andres BEST
Segovia, guitarist: Rackham Auditor- - .
ium, 8:30 p.m.
The Chinese proposal was de-
feated after a sharp debate. The'
Chinese then submitted an "emer-
gency motion" against alleged U.S.
aggression in the Congo. Argu-
ment over the motion centered on
the question of specifically naming
the United States and its Presi-
Research Club: There will be a meet-
ing for members of the Research Club
of the University of Michigan Wed.,
Jan. 20, 8 p.m., Rackham Amphitheatre.
Prof. Gordon Peterson will speak on:
"The Analysis and Synthesis of
Speech." Prof. Ross Lee Finney will
speak on "Analysis and the Creative
Process." The Council will meet at
7 p.m. in the East Council Room.
Zoology Seminar-Dr. Oleg E. Viazov
will speak on "Some Aspects of Ma-
ternal - 'oetal Interrelationships in
Growth Regulation of Foetal Organs,"
on Wednesday, Jan. 20, at 4 p.m. in
Room 1400 Chemistry Bldg. Dr. Vazov
is chief of the Department of Experi-
mental Embroyology of the U.S.S.R.
Academy of Medical Science in Moscow
and is at present a Visiting Investigator
in the Department of Zoology.
Engineers: "The Employers' View-
point" will be discussed by an experi-
Weds., Jan. 20, 4:00 p.m., 311 W. Engin-
De Si as
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