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January 20, 1965 - Image 1

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1965-01-20

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See Editorial Page



471 A6F
,,, atly

Snow flurries morning, afternoon;
moderate winds

Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom


Vietnamese Officer
Rejects Cabinet Seat
SAIGON (A) - Brig: Gen. Nguyen Cao Ky rejected a cabinet
appointment yesterday, preferring his command of the Vietnamese
air force to a seat on the Saigon political scene.
This represented a hitch in a reshuffle that a United States'
spokesman described Monday as "a positive and helpful step toward1
a stable government." 1
Ky was supposed to become Minister of Youth and Sports, a new }
post created specially for him.
His rejection of the appointment was viewed with special gravity
because the appointments were a subject of concern to the military1
council of Lt. Gen. Nguyen
Khanh, the ex-premier who com-
mands the Vietnamese armedr

Wage Set
For Youth
Department has set a $1.25 mini-
mum wage for youths working in
neighborhood Youth Corps pro-
jects under President Lyndon B.
Johnson's program to combat {
The decision, which figured in a
recent high-level Labor Depart-
ment dispute, was reached last
week. No announcement was made
at the time but Labor Department



Voting Drive

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No Objection
spokesmen confirmed the decision
Khanh presided over the meet- yesterday.
ings of the council at Cap St. Labor leaders had been con-
Jacques, 40 miles southeast of cerned that in the government's
Saigon, that decided who would effort to give work experience to
receive the cabinet posts.- Three untrained youths, the federal
of the nominees were reported to minimum wage of $1.25 an hour,
have had no objection, might be undercut.
Ky's acceptance would have Labor President ,
been tantamount to resignation AFL-CIO P r e s i d e n t George
from air force duties, in which he Meany had insisted that neighbor-.
has been a spectacular figure. He hood Youth Corps trainees get atI
was a leader of loyal forces that least that much while working.
thwarted a military uprising "If you are going to abolish pov-
against the Khanh administration erty, you can't do it by setting
here last Sept. 13. The rebels gave below-poverty wages," a spokes-.
up after he threatened to bomb man for Meany said yesterday.
their positions. When Secretary of Labor W.
Turning Down Willard Wirtz launched the neigh-
Ky went into conference with borhood Youth Corps program in
his aides at his Saigon airport November, he said the question of
headquarters after notifying Chief whether the minimum wage would
of StatePhan Khac Suu that he apply had not been worked out.
Sports Ministry. A few weeks later, Wirtz tried
Command of the air force gives to fire his undersecretary, John
him pivotal influence in the pow- F. Henning. One of the causes of
er maneuvers among South Viet the disputeereportedly was Hen-
Nam's military leaders. ning's insistence on the $1.25 min-
Ky told a reporter Monday imum wage for such projects.
night that two U.S. generals had Henning is a long-time trade
urged him to accept the cabinet union official regarded by Meany
post "and thereby avoid further and other top union leaders as
dissension" in the armed forces. organized labor's chief representa-,
But he remained undecided at
that tim e.- N .,,......:_ ...:.- -


-Associated Press


SOVIET LEADERS and heads of six east European satellite I
nations here open their summit conference in Warsaw. From left
to right are Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin, First Secretary Leonid
Brezhnev, a translator and Soviet Foreign Minister Andrei Gro-
Conmunist Leaders Meet-
Uni*ty Seen as Main Topic
WARSAW, Poland (A)-Rulers of the Soviet bloc opened summit
talks yesterday that could bring fresh moves for an understanding
with the West. The chance of a final split with Red China over-
shadowed the discussions.
Russia's new leaders, Leonid Brezhnev and Alexei Kosygin, spent*
about six and one-half hours with the top Communists of Poland,
East Germany, Bulgaria, Romania, Hungary and Czechoslovakia
-- duing- the opening session of the
rc h. h. i- pact's political advisory commit-
j'/ tee.

To Support
'Negro Votes
WASHINGTON (P)-Democrats
moved yesterday to make sure that
southern Negroes have their say
in choosing state delegations to the
party's 1968 national convention.
Handling a bit of serious busi-
ness amid the celebration of Pres-
ident Lyndon B. Johnson's inau-
guration, the Democratic National
Committee voted to create a spe-
cial committee that will oversee
the effort.
National Chairman John M.
Bailey chose former Pennsylvania
Gov. David L. Lawrence to head
the nine-member committee.
The action carried out instruc-
tions from the 1964 national con-
vention, beset by a racial dispute

- '

Kn Notifies
Asks 'for Aid
Negroes Refuse





'Chute Found
At Jet Crasi
WICHITA, Kan. ()-Brig. Ger
Murray A. Bywater said toda
a parachute was found on on
engine of the wreckage of a je
tanker which crashed in Wichita
Saturday killing 30 persons.
He said the chance was "ex
tremely remote" the chute con
tributed to the accident.
Gen. Bywater is in charge o
the Air Force's investigation o
the crash.
Engine experts confirmed tha.
the chute was attached to the
engine when the engine was pull-
ed out of a hole in the stree
after the crash. They did not say
how it was attached, or whether
it was a complete chute.
They said it was found in the
same hole with bodies of crewmer
and1 other parts of the aircraft.
Bywater, head of the acciden
investigation team, said he check-
ed with experts at the Oklahom
City Air Material Area about. the
parachute and said: b
"The fact that this parachute
is attached to the jet engine, it's
their (the experts) preliminary
opinion that chances of its con-
tributing to the accident is ex-
tremely remote."
Thirty people were killed when
the four-engine jet tanker, loaded
with jet fuel for a test mission
with another plane, dived into
a residential area of northeast
Wichita Saturday. The victims in-
cluded 23 residents of the area
and seven crewmen.
While most of the plane's
wreckage was kept here for a
study of the causes of the crash,
the four jet engines were shipped
to the Oklahoma City Air Ma-
terial Area to be studied by spe-
Later Statement
In a later statement, Bywater
noted that:
"No one can say yet whether or
not it was a contributing cause."
"It is too.early to draw a con-
clusion on how it got there. It is
a nylon cord. It is shredded in a
way but is not burned. Presum-
ably it is part of a personnel
Bywater said he had no report
that anything other than the cord
was found in the engine of the
plane that crashed into a residen-
tial area.
Aft Position
He said it was found "in the
aft position of the compressor
section of the engine. All we are
getting are unofficial reports. It
would be unwise to draw any con-
clusion until we can analyze what
cord it is, how it could get there
and determine whether it had a
bearing on the crash.
"At the moment we don't feel
it contributed to the crash."
He said he had no information
on the color of the cord, its size
or whether any part of it was in-

- - ff- 'v., V ~ .a -U.' U

Other Appointees
The other military appointees
are Maj. Gen. Nguyen Van Thieu,
second deputy premier; Maj. Gen,
Tran Van Minh, armed forces
minister; and Brig. Qhen. Linh
Quang Vien, minister of psycho-
logical warfare.
In Washington, the army ident-
ified two U.S. advisers missing
since a Viet Cong battalion dis-
persed Vietnamese home guard
units they were accompanying
this weekend 70 miles northeast
of Saigon.
They were 1st Lt. Thurston A.
Griffith Jr. of Albuquerque, N.M.,
and Capt. Richard S. Johnson of
Kettering, Ohio.
Government police clashed with
a Viet Cong terrorist squad 10
miles from the capital Monday
night, killing one and capturing
a large stock of explosives.
Sees Changes
WASHINGTON (0P)-Secretary
of Defense Robert S. McNamara
said revolutionary changes "have
been driven into the bedrock" of
the nation's military establish-
ment and will remain after him,
in a conference yesterday.
But while forecasting his re-
forms will endure under future
defense secretaries, McNamara
sounded as if he expected to stay
on his job for quite some time to
"I take one job at a time. The
President asked me to stay on,1
and I will as long as he needs me."
During McNamara's administra-
tion, he has:
-Cut off some expensive and
glamorous projects, like the B70
bomber and Skybolt missiles, be-
cause he felt they weren't worth
the outlay and were questionable
technically, and has
-Pressed' ahead with the con-
troversial TFX fighter plane con-
tract despite a congressional
probe questioning his judgment. '

tive in the federal government.
Henning won the fight when
Supreme Court Justice Arthur J.
Goldberg, former Secretary of
Labor, persuaded Wirtz to with-
draw his demand for Henning's
Acting for Johnson
Goldberg reportedly was acting
for Johnson in mediating the dis-
pute between the two top Labor
Department officials.
The decision to uphold the
minimum wage in these programs
reportedly was worked out be-
tween AFL-CIO representatives
and Labor Department officials.
It provides the $1.25 minimum
for all actual work in community
programs, although a Labor De-
partment spokesman said it would
not necessarily apply to hours
spent in guidance and counselling
The neighborhood Youth Corps,
being financed with 90 per cent
federal funds, is set up to give
work experience ,to uneducated,,
untrained youths, many of whom
have never worked before.
Some Labor Department offi-
cials reportedly had been concern-1
ed that setting a $1.25 minimum
wage might hamstring some of
the projects.


Continues to
Cling to .Life
LONDON (YP) - Sir Winston
Churchill slept through last night
clinging tenaciously to life after
a turn for the worse in the early
morning hours.
The street in front of his house
was cleared of crowds at the re-
quest of Lady Churchill as the
vigil ended its fifth day.
Lord Moran, Churchill's person-
al physician, spent 31 minutes with
the 90-year-old statesman last
night and reported no appreciable
change in his condition since
Members of the Churchill fam-
ily came and went. In the after-
noon Lady Churchill went out for
an hour's drive with her daughter,
Mrs. Christopher Soames. It was
only the second time she had
eft the house since Churchill was
Among the visitors was Lord
Avon, who as Sir Anthony Eden
succeeded Churchill as prime min-
ster in 1955. He cut short a holi-
day in the West Indies to see his
old chief. His wife, a niece of
Churchill's, came with him.
Moran's evening bulletin was
he eleventh since Churchill was
felled by a stroke last Friday.
The Tuesday evening bulletin
"Sir Winston slept through the
day and . there is no appreciable
hange in his condition since this
morning. There will be another
ulletin tomorrow morning."
A British medical spokesman
aid that the stroke that hit
Churchill Friday was taking the
normal course of a cerebral throm-
osis and added: "It could go on
or days or weeks."
British Prime Minister Harold
Wilson postponed a visit he was
o have made Thursday to West
Germany and Berlin. He said in
view of Churchill's condition it
would not be right for him to
eave the country now. .
A feeling of concern and sorrow
revailed when the House of Com-
nons convened after its long
_hristmas recess.
Special piayers were said there
or Churchill, who had been in the
hamber for 62 years.

Bloc unity and the German over Mississippi delegates and a
question apparently dominated the loyalty challenge involving dele-
meeting behind closed doors in gates from Alabama.
the Council of Ministers Hall. Aside from that item, the Na-
At a reception tonight, Polish tional Committee members spent
President Edward Ochab toasted their time extending congratula-
the sudess dwodthemeetgastd tions on Johnson's landslide vic-
the success of the meeting and ry ndisnngtth-cal
called for "further achievements tory and listening to this call
and flourishing of the socialist from Vice-President-elect Hubert
countries and their unity and close H. Humphrey:
cooperation." "Be the spokesmen for the great
The possibility of a complete H rsociety."
break with the Chinese Com- Humphrey Urge
m unists later this year was Humphrey urged committee'
ougtsbyWesterndiplomats members to wage a campaign
have a strong influence on the for Johnson's programs. "You've
policies being mapped on rela- won an ele'tion," he said, "now
tions with the West. These West- let's win the minds and the hearts
em sources presumed that the of the people for the program."
Communist conferees planned to In a written report to the com-
make a great show of bloc unity mittee, Bailey outlined a 50-state
while at the same time opening campaign to register more voters
the way to further relaxation of -by party-and get them to the
tension in Europe. polls.
The agenda was not made pub- "The year 1964 was a vintage'
lic. The only detail released to year for Democrats," he said. "Ac-
the press was that Polish Com- tion should be taken now while
munist leader Wladyslaw Gomulka the party is strong to remove un-;
had made a speech of welcome. necessary restrictions and extend
the franchise to more America-
To .voters."
New York |Mandate
The Lawrence committee's man-
* date deals with party loyalty as
Investigate e ag
In esig t well as the racial question. The
committee is to help state orga-
Party nizations meet the requirements
artyset by the national convention fort
its call to 1968 delegates.
NEW YORK (/)-A state sen- Lawrence proposed the resolu-
ate investigation commission mov- tion creating the special commit-
ed today to probe Mayor Robert tee, and an Alabama Democrat,
Wagner's charges that~ the Demo- Roy Mayhall, seconded the meas-
cratic State Chairman had offer- ure. It was approved without dis-
ed bribes to state legislators in a sent.
power struggle over legislative Mayhall, the Alabama stateE
leadership, chairman, was sitting as proxy for1
The intraparty struggle has kept committeeman Eugene B. Connorr
the legislature at a standstill for of Birmingham.
13 days, a stalemate made 'more Assurance
embarrassing to Democrats by the Under the resolution, the com-
fact that it's the first time in 30 mittee will help "assure that vot-
years they've been in power in ers in the states, regardless of race
both houses. color, creed or national origin, will1
The New York Mayor charged have the opportunity to partici-t
that State Chairman William H. pate fully in party affairs and to
McKeon had offered inflated ex- cast their election ballots for the
pense allowances and choice com- presidential and vice-presidential
mittee chairmanships in return nominees selected by said conven-f
for support of his candidate for tion and for electors pledged for-
senate speaker, mally and in good conscience toE
Wagner, regarded until the cur- the election of these presidential1
rent struggle as the state's de and vice-presidential nominees1
facto Democratic leader, has his under the Democratic label."
own candidates for Senate Speak- The contest over Mississippi's1
er and Assermbly Minority Leader. delegation arose when a predom-t
They've received fewer votes in inantly Negro delegation charged.
senate and assembly voting, al- the regular delegates were select-t
though neither side has polled the ed by a state party that excludedc
necessary number. Negroes.e

ISGC To Hear
Following up on last week's
'decision to concentrate its efforts
in student off-campus housing
and general student economic
welfare, S t u d e n t Government
Council tonight will consider spe-
cific action in these two areas.
SGC will hear briefings from
each of the various campus com-
mittees engaged in studies of the
off-campus housing situation to
determine exactly what steps
should be taken to secure an ad-
justment of area rent conditions.
Following the "information ses-
sion," Council will act on motions
concerned with the housing situ-
ation and with action to be taken
for the reduction of the admission
prices at the campus Butterfield
Brook, Miller
Douglas Brook, '65, president of
Student Government Council, and
Sherry Miller, '65, administrative
vice-president of SGC, will recom-
mend that SGC not affiliate with
the newly formed Associated Stu-
dent Governments.
Based on their impressions of
the first national meeting of ASG
held in November, Brook and Miss
Miller see one central problem
with ASG. "ASG is presently com-
posed mainly of smaller schools
and Southern schools whosehstu-
dent governments have a differ-
ent basic orientation," Brook said.
"The student governments of
these schools are involved with
sponsoring student projects, such
as Homecoming. SGC, however,
is a more policy oriented student
government," Brook explained.
Little Value
Thus, Brook added, ASG can
have little value to SGC at this
Brook emphasized that he
would like to recommend that SGC
affiliate with ASG. However, thej
events of the first national con-
vention, "Lead me to believe that,
ASG cannot provide sufficient
help to our student government,"
Brook said.
ASG hopes to solve the prob-
lems of student governmentsf
through the exchange of infor-
mation, through seminars and
through direct contact at annual
conventions, at regional confer-
ences and through the direct mail-E
ing of materials.1
Concerning the future of ASG,t
Brook sees two possible courses.
First, ASG could become just af
clearingdhouse for information
submitted by member schools.
Second, "it could become a group
a c t i v e in the support andf
strengthening of student govern-
ments on local campuses," Brook1
stated in his report.
Brook added that ASG could
aid local campuses by initiatingf
new policies and presenting pro-
grams. "I am inclined to think
that ASG will realize the secondt
alternative," Brook said.
Brook emphasized that this willt
depend on the leadership and the

To Comply with
Officials' Orders
SELMA, Ala. -A local sheriff
arrested 62 Negroes yesterday
when they sought to enter the
county courthouse yesterday to
seek registration as voters.
Four others, including a Negro
businesswoman, Mrs. A m e l i a
Boynton, were arrested earlier in
the day as Negroes led by Rev.
Martin Luther King continued
their new civil rights campaign.
King went immediately to Jus-
tice Department officials here with
a request for intervention In hope
of getting some Negroes registered
and to obtain a court order to
prevent Sheriff Jim Clark from
interfering further.
Meanwhile, at Tuscaloosa, six
restaurants lowered century-old
racial barriers and served Negroes
seeking a test of the Civil Rights
Negro comedian Dick Gregory
led one group.
The mass arrests in Selma came
when Negroes in two groups refus-
ed to line up in the courthouse
alley as Clark had ordered. They
remained on the sidewalk in-
stead and Clark took them into
custody on charges of unlawful
Other Applicants
Clark told the Negroes that oth-
er applicants, both white and Ne-
gro, had arrived at the' court-
house before the group led by
King had formed a line inside
the building. He said the Negroes
who arrived laterhwould have to
go to the end of the line and en-
ter from the alley.
Sheriff's deputies guarded the
front door and a side door of the
courthouse. Newsmen were re-
stricted by the sheriff from cross-
ing the street in front of the
Mrs. Boynton made an unsue-
cessful race for Congress in the
Democratic primary last May and
has taken an active part in the
civil rights movement. She was
arrested . when she appeared at
the courthouse to vouch for Ne-
groes seeking to register.
When Mrs. Boynton refused to
go into the alley to jointhosedIn
line, Clark seized her by the collar
and shoved her along the sidewalk.
Two deputies put her in a car and
took her to jail.
Several other integration lead-
ers were among those arrested.
Prof. James Gildersleeve, a fac-
ulty member at the Lutheran
Academy in Selma, exchanged
words with the sheriff and walked
around the corner, apparently
leaving the courthouse. When he
stopped by a side entrance, Clark
first walked and then ran to-
ward him. He grabbed Gildersleeve
and put him under arrest.
Also among those taken to jail
were Hosea Williams of Atlanta,
director of voter registration for
King's Southern Christian Lead-
ership Conference, and John Lew-
is, chairman of the Student Non-
Violent Coordinating Committee.
SNCC Staff
Three other SNCC staff mem-
bers were taken into custody ear-
lier and booked at the county jail
for "suspicion." They had gone to
the courthouse with one group of
Negroes who refused to go into
the alley but kept moving rather
than remain on the sidewalk.
King remained across the street
because he was not an applicant
for voter registration nor could
he serve as a voucher because he
is not registered in Dallas County.
A group of young Negroes as-
sembled across the street and sang
freedom songs. The city's public
safety director, Wilson Baker, or-
dered the singers to disperse,
Negroes who sought to go into
the courthouse through the front
door had agreed in advance that


Capital Prepares for Presidential Inauguration

By The Associated Press up into five sections to take care form in front of the Capitol build-
WASHINGTON - Dignitaries of more than 25,000 guests. ing, to match another already in
and Democrats - even some Re- The biggest affair will bring place in the pavilion in front of
publicans-treked through town in about half the crowd to the Na- the White House from which
festive mood last night through a tional Guard Armory, where a Johnson will review the parade.
swirl of events heralding today's wrecking crew. worked frantically Vice President-Elect Hubert H.
presidential inauguration of Lyn- yesterday to turn what was a the- Humphrey bustled around the city
don B. Johnson. atre for a gala variety show Mon- last night from a governor's re-
Johnson kept working on his day night into a dance hall for ception to the inaugural concert
dtaking in tnight.d andtota large reception in his
inaugural address before taigi Hnrd fPosadtuk honor at a Washington hotel.

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