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July 12, 1966 - Image 2

Resource type:
Michigan Daily, 1966-07-12

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Seventy-Sixth Year


I pmc ?

Where Opinions Are Free,
Truth Will Prevail


NEws PHONE: 764-0552

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the inidividual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.

: i

JESDAY, JULY 12, 1966


Q&;T(0M 0F MN6EF. bHY H

I. SOUGHT Oft m!E PPu't-
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LSD: Support Your
Local Travel Agent



600 UOS) 15&VS


time is vacation time. So, let's take a
trip-just a little jaunt away from it all,
away from the noise and pressures of the
city, away from the problems of the world
Let's take a trip and spend some time
on self-examination and introspection-
some time alone ...
Unfortunately, however, we may have
a bit of trouble getting wherever we're
going, particularly in Michigan. It's not
like in the good old days anymore when
you could walk to a nearby Walden Pond.
This, friends, is the 20th century, a cen-
tury of high speed travel-you know, the
jet age .. .This is the era of the mobile
society. People have spunk, real get up
and go.
Except in Michigan.
Airlines are on strike; Detroit manu-
factures unsafe automobiles; boats from
Frankfort to Manitowoc, Wis., run spor-
adically; motorcycles make too much
noise for most Ann Arborites, and as of
yesterday, the most progressive method of
transportation away from the hustle and
bustle was declared illegal by Gov. Rom-
Yesterday, Gov. Romney signed a bill
making the possession, sale, or use of LSD
a felony.
MICHIGAN HOPES that Northfield will
become the site of the Atomic Energy
Commission's $375 million nuclear accel-
erator; Michigan wants the University
here to be, among the top in the country;
Michigan wants to attract new industries,
and Michigan's governor wants to become
It seems to me that there's a rather
sad paradox currently existent in the
state. Michigan is trying desperately to
convey the image of being the paradise
for the new and experimental, a haven
for the leaders of progress, liberality, and
advancements of the future. And yet the
only means the state has found for cop-
ing with the adventure of the tomorrow
it seeks is to outlaw whatever seems
even slightly volatile in its early stages.
Editorial Staff
JLEONARD PRATT ......................... Co-Editor
CHARLOTTE WOLTER .................... Co-Editor
BUD WILKINSON ..................... Sports Editor
TYOON ....... .........Supplement Manager
NIORT EDITOR: Meredith Elker Michael Refer,
8htrley Rosick, Susan Schnepp, Martha Wolfgang.
Business Staff
SUSAN PERLSTADT .............. Business Manager
STEVEN ENSLEY .............. Circulation Manager
JEANNE ROSINSKI ............... Advertising Manager
RANDY RI8SMAN .............. Supplement Manager
Subscription rate: $4.50 semester by carrier ($5 by
mail); $8 two semesters by carrier ($9 by mail).
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
use of all news dispatches credited to it or otherwise
credited to the newspaper. All rights of re-publication
of all other matters here are also reserved.
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
Collegiate Press Service.
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich.
Published daily Tuesday through Saturday morning.

Granted, Gov. Romney is undoubtedly
trying to protect the general welfare of
the state's citizens. Yesterday he sim-
ilarly signed into law a bill concerning
safety inspection of cars now on Michi-
gan's highways, and for this he and the
Legislature are to be commended.
BUT THE WELFARE and the safety of
the citizenry does not depend to any
degree on whether or not the use of LSD
is legal. Outlawing LSD does not mean
that the homicide rate will decline in
Michigan, or that people will drive more
carefully on the state's highways, or that
fewer people will be stricken with mental
illness in the next 10 years, or even that
college students will be less explosive and
more studious.
Declaring LSD illegal only indicates
that Michigan is afraid of the unknown,
that Gov. Romney has already begun
campaigning for re-election in Novem-
ber and ultimate election to the White
House in 1968, and that Michigan's ac-
ceptance of the socially uncompromis-
ing has hit an all time low.
SO, RESIDENTS of the nation's great
vacationland, looks as though pros-
pects for travel in the state will remain
pretty slim this summer. However, I do
know of a good deal on a tricycle and
the kid down the street has a plastic
swimming pool that's over three feet deep
in places...
The Most
Exclusive Club
18, President Johnson forewarned any
would-be conqueror that "When and if
you attempt by force to subjugate peo-
ple, you will meet tne United States of
America. An essential basic part of our
policy ... is to serve notice on those who
live in this world with us that gangster-
ism and aggression and force are not to
be rewarded."
Evidently we can rest assured that no
aggression and force will be tolerated or
rewarded on this planet-except our own.
Drug Push
committed a colossal blunder by sign-
ing the Legislature's ban on the manufac-
ture, sale and use of LSD. Of course, the
ban will have little affect on the use of
the drug.
So the only real effect will probably be
to raise the market price of the stuff.
And with Michigan as dependent on static
sales taxes as it is, the last thing we
need is price inflation.





Research: Reforming the Impossile,


THE CURRENT attempt by the
House Subcommittee on Science
and Astronautics under the chair-
manship of Rep. Emilio J. Dad-
dario to revise the National
Science Foundation Act raises new
questions about the direction of
science policy in this country.
H.R. 14838 is the product of two
years of investigations, reports and
hearings. It seeks to update the
basic structure of NSF which was
created in 1950 to cover the gaps
in the patch-work of federal
science organizations.
The purpose of NSF, strength-
ened under executive order by
President Kennedy in 1962, is to
recommend policies for "the pro-
motion and support of basic re-
search and education in the
sciences." Daddario's bill proposes
minor reorganization of the staff
structure and inclusion of former-
ly neglected areas, such as the
social sciences.
HOWEVER, there are two more
important revisions of policy in-
cluded in the bill. First, there is a
provision for support of applied
research. This is an abrupt about-
face from past federal policy be-
cause the NSF, with an annual
budget of close to one-half billion
dollars, is the largest patron of
"pure" research.
Second, there is a provision
directing the National Science
Board to be responsible for the
policies of the foundation. This is
a reassertion of NSF's policy-
making functions which were

transferred to the Office of Science
and Technology in 1962.
An enlightening remark was
made in an interim report after
last fall's hearings: "The federal
science complex is at once broad
and intricate; it also shifts and
fluctuates rapidly. Data and situa-
tions which are now reliable may
not long remain so."
THE SPRAWLING federal com-
plex of science support is the
child of the Second Warld War. It
was force-fed to rapid maturity
by the high priority nuclear
physics research which yielded the
atomic bomb. Federal spending for
research, both basic and applied,
now stands at $15 billion annually.
The politics of the various agen-
cies and Congressional committees
largely decides who gets what por-
tion of the support. The current
Congressional dissatisfaction with
much of the basic research which
scientists would like to have fi-
nanced stems from an impatience
with research that does not have
immediate visible results. The
pork-barrel politics and executive
pressures can "make or break"
priority considerations.
THE CONCERN for defense re-
search led many agencies to give
priority to military requests. It
was only because of the outcry of
the atomic scientists and through
the maneuvering of Sen. Brian
McHahon that civilian control was
established over the new Atomic
Energy Commission.
As a result, defense research
spending has leveled off some-

what in recent years, although the
space effort has soared. The Ken-
nedy bid of May 25, 1961 to put
a man on the moon by the end
of the decade sent the National
Aeronautics and Space Admin-
istration (NASA) portion of the
budget soaring from 4 per cent
in 1958 to almost 45 per cent in
This lopsided emphasis on one
area of science at the expense of
others is indicative of haphazard
evaluation and planning for the
goals and methods of the nation's
science program. There is no cen-
tral agency, no cabinet-post Dept.
of Science and Technology to
exert central authority.
many cogent reasons for main-
taining this arrangement despite
the overlaps in effort and mis-
proportions that occur.
The federal influence grows
larger every day in nongovernment
areas and demands-"results."
There is a proliferation of agen-
cies and executive departments
that carry on research and edu-
cational functions. They have
their own systems of selection and
review of programs and are check-
ed by Congressional control of ap-
Beyond the federal government
the universities, private founda-
tions and industries contribute
support and influence the direc-
tion of science programs. But the
federal preoccupation with results
can often lead to sweeping largess
in an effort to get things done,
such as the Manhattan Project

and the space race. When the lay-
man is asked to foot the bill and
the Congressional representative
equates results with votes, those
experiments which are not "mis-
sion oriented" suffer most.
Project Ozma, for instance, was
designed to monitor the depths
of space for incoming radio signals
that might uncover intelligent life
elsewhere in the universe; it was
dropped after three months. In
1962, 68 high-energy physicists
outlined estimated projects for
the next fifteen years. They were
asking for about $5 billion for
what atomic scientist Ralph E.
Lapp calls "a purely intellectual
expedition into the unknown" that
would not match the outlay of
funds with "results."
ing out priorities in defense, space,
health, conservation and public
works was taken with the forma-
tion of the President's Science Ad-
visory Council (PSAC). This is an
elite, high-level advisory body to
the Chief Executive. Less than
a decade old, it has-not yet exerted
great influence because it lacks
operating power. The mechanism
for debate and consensus agree-
ments is present, however, and in
time it may become a real co-
ordinating power.
Strong federal direction of
science policy is most touchy in
the area of higher education.
What University of California
President Clark Kerr calls "the
federal grant universities," the
PSAC euphemistically refers to
as "centers of excellence" around

the country and the national goal
is to increase this to 30 or 40
schools by 1975.
THE CONFUSION becomes evi-
dent immediately. Should present
university facilities be expanded
or should new industrial-park re-
search centers be employed? Uni-
versities are often asked to do
research, such as secret defense
work, which is inappropriate to
their central functions. Will the
invasion of the ivy walls by grant
swingers result in a decline of the
teaching function? Will teaching
be relegated to second-class in-
stitutions not given a cut of the
And, what becomes of corporate
loyalty and freedom when the
federal government pays part of
the staff salary and administra-
tion and research recepients in-
termingle in a new court-style
THE PROBLEM of deciding
science policy appears unsolvable
and probably will remain so for
quite some time. A growing con-
cern for society's right to know
the intentions and purposes of the
research it supports will grow
with the development of a scien-
tifically literate voter public and
Congress-there is only one Ph.D.
scientist now serving in Congress,
Rep. Weston E. Vivian (D-Ann
Until rational planning and
thinking on the objectives and
purposes of scientific research be-
gins, the pattern will remain a
crazy quilt of divided efforts.

We Will Be Paying for Viet Nam--in



MUCH HAS BEEN said in the
last few weeks about the
United States' bombing attacks on
Hanoi and Haiphong. The decision
was debated for many months and
was made. The "rightness" of that
decision, the "might have beens"
are empty words now.
The question now is what re-
percussions have the bombings had
and what can we anticipate as a
IN THE WAY of "repercus-
sions," the United States has lost
the support of many of its great-
est allies. England has withdrawn
her support of the United States
effort in Viet Nam as she threat-
ened to do if Hanoi and Haiphong
were bombed. The Prime Minis-
ters of England and India are
making a joint visit to Moscow in
search of support for a peace
conference which would return
Viet Nam to the status quo estab-
lished by the Geneva Accords in
The Warsaw Pact nations have
pledged to aid North Viet Nam if
it asks for such aid.
Both Peking and Moscow have
"threatened" the U.S. by saying
that they cannot stand by while
the U.S. commits such unmitigated
China said, in a government
statement broadcast July 3 by
Hsinhua, the official press agency,
that "The Chinese government
and Premier Chou-En-lai have
solemnly stated many times that
the Chinese people mean what
they say, that China is prepared
and that once the war breaks out,
it will have no boundaries.
THIS IS an expected bit of

why this plan may not prove feas-
ible. There is also evidence that
there is more danger in this form
of attack than the Pentagon may
have bargained for. In other
words, the bombings may boom-
The bombings closed the port,
which is expected to severely cut
North Vietnamese supplies. How-
ever, now that the ports are clos-
ed, North Viet Nam will rely more
heavily on the Chinese aid trans-
ported on the Chinese roads lead-
ing into Viet Nam.
The Chinese have said in of-
ficial Peking broadcasts that
"China and Viet Nam are neigh-
bors as closely related as lips
and teeth and are most intimate
fraternal Socialist countries."
The United States intention was
to raise the cost of aggression but
the price may be paid in yen.
NOW, NORTH Viet Nam, by
its own proclamation, is a Com-
munity country. Nevertheless, Ho
Chi Minh communism is not set
in the same mold as the Maoist
tactics employed in China. North
Viet Nam is a country built and
run on the emotions of national-
ism. It was a fiercely proud coun-
try when it defeated the French
at Dienbienphu and remains one
today regardless of Pentagon re-
ports that their morale is weak-
Their military personnel, under
General Giap who fought the
French, are among the best in
the world, as U.S. troops have
discovered. Viet Cong troops are
able to live and fight on minimal
supplies. Their fighting ability on
the ground is virtually unequaled;
it is one of the main reasons the
U.S. took to the air.

encountered in either World War
II or the Korean War.
THE LEADERS who defeated
the French are the leaders today.
Their attitude is the same attitude
voiced by Ho Chi Minh when the
French were seeking a peaceful
settlement in 1949. At that time
no support was promised; Russia
was launching the Cold War and
China was involved in her own
civil war. Ho said that "we would
be cowards if we accepted this"
and walked back into the jungles
for seven more years of fighting.
North Viet Nam regards this
war as a "sacred cause"; they are
determined to liberate their fellow
countrymen in the South from
"U.S. imperialism" at any price.
The war began as a civil war and
North Viet Nam more or less still
regards it as such.
But, to win this war North Viet
Nam will have to rely on China

more than it wants for "their
hearts are in Moscow but their
stomachs are in China." North
Viet Nam has fought dearly for
her independence, is still fighting
for it, and does not want to en-
danger this prize through a close
alliance with China. Yet, she will
be forced to depend on the
Chinese roads to carry in her
much needed supplies. As casual-
ties mount she may have to ask
for the troops promised by the
Warsaw Pact nations.
THE U.S. HAS indeed raised
the cost of aggression but at what
price to herself? Are American
citizens willing to match the price
the Viet Cong are willing to pay?
The situation as it now stands
is not worth any price. It is too
close a parallel to the Korean War
in which the U.S. fruitlessly fought
only to reach the same settlement
established prior to the war; a

restoration of the status quo at
the 38th parallel. In that war too
Russia and China promised and
gave aid.
The aftermath of that war has
seen communist aid pouring into
North Korea while America pays
for the democracy of South Korea
and the military maintanence of
the status quo.
THIS SAME situation is likely
to repeat itself in Viet Nam. The
administration must realize this,
if it hasn't already. If they do
realize that we are likely to win
no more than what we started out
with. then it is foolish to con-
tinue fighting the war in an effort
to command a total victory. It
would be much wiser to answer the
alleged "peace feelers" from
Hanoi. We must resign ourselves
now to a return to the status quo
before we delude ourselves with
false hopes of victory.


Goldbricking: Campus Threat?

Collegiate Press Service
ascertain "What's In Among
College Students" has divulged a
surprising fact: the most popular
new activity among the hope of
the future is not sex, nor narcotics,
nor cramming themselves into
phone booths. Today's college stu-
dents are now channeling all their
free time and effort into academic
"The trend is away from ful-
filling responsibilities," says one
University of Michigan student,
"but goofing off is not enough.
You have to do it without getting

usually enjoy a degree of respect
unequaled by even cum laude
HOW THE TREND started is
not quite known. One theory
credits it to compulsory orienta-
tion programs for freshmen. Ac-
cording to this theory, anxious
young freshmen eager to purchase
college sweatshirts and explore
fraternity and sorority houses,
boycott orientation programs and
discover how easy it is to talk
their way out of it. They take
their new-found experience and
adapt it to skipping classes, miss-
ing tests and fabricating papers.
Another theory holds that gold-

the goldbrickers to fabricate term
papers. In courses where students
are asked to compile their own
survey material, this practice is
most common. However, fabricated
term papers have been known to
appear in courses such as litera-
ture, philosophy and even history.
Of course this practice is neces-
sarily more dangerous than cutting
classes or tests, but at schools
where the faculty 'is uninformed,
fabrication has prospered.
..No matter how academic gold-
bricking got started, indications
are that it's here to stay for quite
a few semesters. In the past, con-
scientious students were respected


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