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May 26, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-05-26

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.


THE MICHIGAN DAILY

'AGE

(ennedy

Asks for

.Money

for

Space, Foreign Aid

President Requests Speedup

1

Cites Need

In Manned Space Program

By DUEL TRAPNELL
President John F. Kennedy yes-
terday asked Congress to approve
measures that he said would speed
up the space program, put an
American on the moon in this dec-
ade and make our ground forces
more ready and adaptable to the
problems of the space age.
He also told Congress that, in
order to have forces ready to meet
any outbreak of trouble in the
world, the Marines should have
12,000 more men and army reserve
forces should be put on ready-to-
go footing.
The moon trip is a very realistic
goal, Prof. Wilbur C. Nelson, chair-
man of the aeronautical and as-
tronautical engineering depart-
ment, said. He added that "it is
better to either accelerate the
program or scratch it."
More for 'U'
Robert Burroughs, director of
Research Administration, said he
thought "an increase in the
amount of money the government
spends in space and related fields
would mean more money for re-
search at the University."
The President asked a $679 mil-

lion increase in the space pro-
gram budget, and he requested the
members of Congress and the na-
tion's citizens to accept a very
firm commitment to heavy costs
lasting for many years.
Prof. Nelson said that industry
can certainly put the money to
good use if it is granted. He called
the move "very constructive" and
said the President would not have
made such a move if the economy
did not allow it.
Sees No Weakness
"From an engineering view-
point, we see no weaknesses in the
administration's program," he
said, and he predicted quite a
rapid acceleration if the addition-
al money is approved.
But Burroughs called it unfor-
tunate that "the government's ex-
penditures for basic research are
being dictated by competitive
pressures. As long as we are try-
ing to catch up with someone, the
best we can do is second place."
Kennedy, in his speech, termed
the manned lunar probe the most
exciting and impressive of the
space projects for the next ten
years, but "none will be so diffi-
cult or expensive to accomplish."

JOHN F. KENNEDY
... more money needed
Hike Pushes
To .Deficit
WASHINGTON (AP) - President
John F. Kennedy's requests for
new space, defense, aid, and job-
creating' programs would throw
the already unbalanced Federal
budget $724 million farther into
the red."
They would push Federal spend-
ing up to a peacetime record det-
cit to $3.5 billion.
That means greater deficit
spending and treasury borrowing
than was anticipated for fiscal
1962, but Kennedy assured Con-
gress and the nation there need
not be a tax increase.

i

mOSIC SHOD

417 E. Liberty
NO 2-0675

For Manned
Moon Flight
No New Tax Asked
In Congress Speech
WASHINGTON (P) - President
John F. Kennedy asked Americans
yesterday to shoulder new multi-
billion dollar burdens to conquer
space and prevent Communism
from capturing the emerging na-
tions.
In an extraordinary State of
the Union Message, delivered in
person to an applauding Congress,
Kennedy said the nation must
aim to land a man on the moon
this decade. He said it must speed
work on the Rover nuclear rocket
which some day may help explore
"the very ends of the solar sys-
tem."
In addition he called for:
1) A step-up in foreign aid.
2) A tripling of funds for nu-
clear fallout shelters and other
protective measures.
Strengthen Forces
3) Revamping and strengthen-
ing of military forces, especially
their ability to fight brush-type
battles or guerrilla warfare.
4) More money for propaganda
broadcasts.
5) A new drive for disarma-
ment.
6) A new program to retain
Americans left jobless by automa-
tion.
The price of all this .he set at
$1.5 billion in the coming fiscal
year; many more billions later.
For example, he said the speeded-
up space drive will cost an addi-
tional $7 to $9. billion over the
next five years and will go on for
many years. But he said, in an
impromptu addition to his pre-
pared text, that this effort "may
hold the key to our future on
earth."
Kennedy asked no new taxes.
In fact, hetook the position that
his "very urgent requests" could
be met "without a budget deficit
if our economy moves ahead"
Extra-Ordinary
The occasion was extraordinary
in that it was the second state
of the union message of the year;
usually there is only one.
Economic aid abroad proposals
included a $250 million increase,
bringing the total for the fiscal
year beginning July 1 to $2.65 bil-
lion. If we do not extend aid, he
said, "the bankruptcy of unstable
governments and unfulfilled hopes
will surely lead to a series of to-
talitarian receiverships."
Kennedy asked a $285 million
increase over previous requests of
$1.6 billion for military aid abroad.
"We cannot merely state our op-
position to totalitarian advance
without paying the price of help-
ing those under the greatest pres-
sure," he said.
Fallout Shelters
For civil defense he asked a
tripling of funds for fallout shel-
ters, warning measures, stockpiles
of food, medicines. The secretary
of defense is being given command
of civil defense.

UN Official
Quits Congo
Assignment
NEW DELHI () - Rajeshwar
Dayal of India, long a controver-
sial figure in the Congo, has re-
signed as chief of the United Na-
tions operation in that divided
African nation.
Announcing the resignation yes-
terday, Prime Minister Nehru said
India had dropped itainsistence
that Dayal stay on because "some
important changes have taken
place in the Congo." He declined
to elaborate.
Since January, President Joseph
Kasavubu of the Congo Leopold-
ville regime has been demanding
the recall of the Indian Intellec-
tual who replaced Ralph Bunche
of the United States in the Congo
post in August lest year.
Kasavubu accused India of fa-
voring the rebel regime of An-
toine Gizenga in Stanleyville and
asserted Dayal carried out such
a policy under the disguise of UN
impartiality. When first confront-
ed with this accusation, Dayal
snapped:
"That is a greater slander
against my government than
against me."
Congolese leaders have been
holding a unity conference even
though they have been unable to
persuade the rebel Gizenga to take
part.
General Fails,
Korean Rebels
Hold Control
SEOUL RP) - Gen. Carter B.
Magruder failed again yesterday
to win back control over South
Korean forces that strayed from
his United Nations command and
powered last week's military coup.
An informed source said the rul-
ing generals see the necessity of
making peace with the United
States General but a group of
"Young Turks," are opposed.
An emerging force in the mili-
tary government, the Young Turks
demand that the 7,000 troops used
in the coup stay in this capital as
a precautionary measure.
As supreme Allied Commander,
Magruder opposed the coup and
supported the ousted civilian gov-
ernment headed by Premier John
M. Chang. Now he insists on con-
trol over all "Korean troops and
the right to pass on Korean Army
appointees. Korean troops have
been under the UN command
since the Korean War.
E
A4 66

WASHINGTON (M)--The Senate
last night passed President John
F. Kennedy's $2.55-billion pro-
gram of grants for public grade
and high schools over a three-
year period.
This is the fourth federal aid
to education bill to pass the Sen-
ate since 1948. Its backers believe
it has a good chance to become
law this year.
Thehmeasure goes to the House
which may start debate on the
legislation in about 10 days.

Similar Version
The House Education and La-
bor Committee Wednesday ap-
proved a measure quite similar to
the Senate version. Nevertheless,
the fight in that body is expect-
ed to be much closer than in the
Senate.
The bill authorizes $850 million
a year in federal grants to the
states for the three years start-
ing July 1. The money could be
used for teachers' salaries, school
building construction, or general
Group Forms Bill
On Latin America
WASHINGTON (A)-Senate and
House conferees reached agree-
ment yesterday on a compromise
version of $500 million Latin
American Economic and Social
Development Appropriations Bill.
The Senate conferees agreed to
drop a Senate provision fixing a
ceiling of 8 per cent on the in-
terest rate that may be charged
the borrower of funds under the
measure.
COLLEGE MEN
EARN $2000
THIS SUMMER
Largest company of its kind has
several interesting job opportuni-
ties for personable college men in
following areas:

GENEVA (P) -- The man who
fathered the 14-nation conference
on Laos said yesterday it now has
only one chance in a thousand of
succeeding.
This somber forecast came from
Prince Norodom Sihanouk, Cam-
bodia's chief of state, as he pre-
pared to leave Geneva for medical
treatment in the south of France.
He told reporters he "might return
in about two or three weeks, de-
pending on the wishes of the doc-
tors."
The stocky prinice said he still

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PUBLIC EDUCATION:
Senate Passes Aid Bill

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515 E. William
NO 8-6335
NO 8-7017

operating expenses such as bus ment by the states. But a prov
transportation, textbooks, cleri- sion of the bill does require ti
cal service, and libraries, states to keep their current Lev
No Requirement of school effort, or forfeit part 4
There is no matching require- the United States money.
Laos Conference Founder
Forecasts Failure of Talks

U

I

BICYCLE
STORAGE

hoped for settlement of the L
tian problem, but added that
was difficult to see how the pr
ent deadlocked conference co
establish Laos as a peaceful, n
tral nation until the rival Laot
factions themselves come
gether.

;I

I

AL

I

World News%
Roundup
By The Associated Press
NEW YORK -- The General
Motors Corp. won yesterday the
right to have the government's
antitrust suit against the giant
company transfered to Chicago.
The 'Federal government has
charged General Motors with
monopolizing trade and commerce
in the manufacture and sale of
diesel locomotives.
CAPE CANAVERAL -- A Polaris
missile was destroyed by the range
safety officer today seconds after
it was launched from a ship about
seven miles offshore.
The solid-fuel weapon failed to
'pitch over to the southeast as in-
tended and the safety officer at
Cape Canaveral pushed the de-
struct button.
EDWARDS AIR FORCE. BASE-
A top test pilot pushed the X15
to a winged plane record of 3,370
miles an hour yesterday-nearly
a mile a second. Only space men
Yuri Gagarin and Alan Shepard
have traveled faster.
.WASHINGTON - The govern-
ment cracked down yesterday on,
two long-feuding unions of air-
plane crewmen, telling them ,o
combine into one union and let
the airlines cut the size of jet
crews.
WASHINGTON - The govern-
ment said yesterday living costs
remained unchanged at record
levels in April, "marking a further
extension of the over-all stability"
shown since last October.
* * *
Yesterday Sweden's Princess
Birgitta married Barvarian prince
Johann George of Hohenzollern
in a short civil ceremony at the
royal palace in Stockholm.
Jordan's King Hussein married
Englishcommoner MissToni Gar-
diner in a private Moslem cere-
mony, and it was announced that
Britain's Princess Margaret is ex-
pecting her first child in the fall.
Congregational Disciples
E&R Campus Ministry
- 524 Thompson
Friday NOON Luncheon
Discussion as usual
Guild House, 524 Thompson
BIG FAREWELL!

1.
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4.
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school of your choice.
2. Several $1000 cash scho!-
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3. To win one of several
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Several summer European
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FOR DETAILS WIRE OR
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College Personnel Manager
2206 David Broderick Tower
Detroit 26, Michigan

campus BIKE & -TOY
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1I

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discontinued

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