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May 26, 1961 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-05-26

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"We Don't Want No Troublemakers from
the United States",

Seventy-First Year

"Where Opinions Are Free
Truth Will Preval"

Kennedy's Challenge
is Answered
Associated Press News Analyst
PRESIDENT KENNEDY has called the nation, "born of revolution
and raised in freedom," to a war of attitudes as well as of money
and physical power. *
Gone is the Kennedy who spoke not so long ago of unwillingness
among the people to pay his estimated price of victory.
The people, he says now, have responded. "It is heartening to
know, as I journey abroad (to meet de Gaulle of France and Khrush-
chev of the Soviet Union), that our country is united in its commit-
ment to freedom-and ready to do its duty." Gone is the Kennedy who

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprikits.

Y MAY 26 1961


Lack of Commumcation
Strangles Innovation

W ITH the Student Government Council mo-
tion on The Daily, with the relationship
between the University and the Legislature,
with the Laotian civil war, with fraternity dis-
crimination-one basic problem seems appar-
ent. While the nature of the issue may vary
in each instance, all share the almost'unalter-
able stumbling block or poor communication.
The problem involves an atmosphere preclud-
ing the simple exchange of ideas, and an in-
ability to listen with an open mind which
possesses at least the potentiality of accepting
Thne University has become so large that an
inertia has become inherent to the point where
movement is prevented. Many members of the
University community appear to have en-
trenched themselves in a narrow gully-a gully
that allows for performance of simple mechan-
ical functions In a routine manner over a per-
iod of years, but permits no room for new
ideas or possible innovation.
Each individual seems to operate in his own
small sphere,constantly reinforced in what he
is doing by the comments of all, the others
who are equally as conditioned by the closed
system in which they function.
Suggestions, if ordered, are often merely
brushed aside with a comment that "you don't
understand all the complexities of the sys-
tem" or "you haven't worked closely enough
with the system to realize that your idea is
Certainly for students who are only here
for a few years the system operates as a near-
ly impassable barrier. While many of the sug-
gestions made by students are of questionable
value, many have merit. But, in most cases,
they are listened to with the same quizzical
look-the same skepticism.
THE LACK of effective communication isn't
solely between administration and students.
An example of the same phenomenon in an-
other context comes to mind-the conflict of
opinions on the present evaluation form on
dormitory and quadrangle residents. In the
Dean of Women's office it is believed that the
forms they use are both fair and complete.
But, they criticize the forms used by the Dean
of Men's office as containing questions that
can't be answered fairly.
The Dean of Men's office, of course, believes
that its forms are superior. Members of the
academic counseling staff; who receive portions
of these reports, assert that the information
they receive from the women's residence halls is
of little value, The forms don't ask for the in-
formation counselorsneed.
And so the three spheres continue to exist,
each going its own separate way, being, of little
value to the other. As one member of the Dean
of Women's office said, "I keep trying to make
an appointment with Dean Robertson of the
literary college to discss the forms, but we
never seem to be able to arrange a meeting
time." Whetheror not this statement is com-
pletely accurate, it is a sad commentary on
the University.
AT THE LEVEL of student-to-student rela-
tionships, further examples are to be found.
Much, if not all, of the recent problem be-
tween The Daily and SGC resulted from a lack
of communication. This unfortunate situation
was caused both by a lack of necessary effort
being expended to gain needed knowledge and
to a great tendency to view the entire issue
with a closed mind. Fortunately a joint SGC-
Daily meeting provided the necessary com-
munication and the problems were largely
ironed out.

But before the meeting, many Council mem-
bers were willing to pass an extremely vague
motion-a motion which was interpreted by
many both on and off campus as being an ef-
fort to censure The Daily. This was the view
despite the fact that the supporters of the mo-
tion stressed that their actions were merely in-
tended as constructive criticism and not a
The dispute over the intentions of the off i-
cers of the Michigan Union in attempting to
revise the MUG's atmosphere is largely a re-
sult of both those who support and those who
oppose the changes having little communica-
tion outside of articles and letters printed in
The Daily. No meeting has ever been held to
explain the reason for the changes. The issue
has still not been resolved. No one is completely
sure what the others are doing or why.
lem exists on a much larger scale. Many of
the state legislators still fail to realize the
needs of quality education. They fail to un-
derstand the need for a certain degree of con-
stitutional autonomy-the need for sufficient
funds-that it costs more to educate a graduate
student than a freshman-that out-of-state
students greatly enhance the quality of an aca-
demic institution. After listening to all argu-
ments in support of higher appropriations,
they allocated funds of such an insufficient
naturethat sharp cutbacks have been neces-
sary. Their minds were closed; the communica-
tion was not complete.
Abolition," the controversial film on the
student demonstrations against the House Com-
mittee on Un-American Activities in San Fran-
cisco, and they advocate sharp limitations on
constitutional rights. Some even suggest that
those who are in opposition to their opinions be
deported or killed. Such individuals are view-
ing the film and their own democracy in a
context of blinded bigotry. They become so
positive of the validity of their own beliefs th tX
they are unable to listen rationally to argu-
ments of others.
It's a problem that varies in degree and
effect, but which has existed over the centuries
and with no solution in sight. The situations in
Montgomery, Laos and The Congo seem almost
beyond a rational settlement.
BUT IT IS INDEED difficult to understand
'why such a predicament should exist on
this campus-at a University which prides it-
self on its quality as an intellectual leader. 'An
atmosphere of poor communication, of closed
minds, of inability to discuss change can only
lead to stagnation and a corresponding decrease
in quality. A university such asythis cannot af-
ford to stand still, to accept blipdly what has
been done in the past.
Criticism must be voiced and intelligently
received. Meetings such as the recent residence
halls conference and the Conference on the
University are good beginnings. But mass meet-
ings alone must not be relied upon to bolster
communication. There must be increased in-
teraction between individuals and groups on
this campus. Fresh ideas must be voiced often
and openly, and acted upon when unbiased
reason so dictates.
Fortunately there already exist the institu-
tional media for effective communication on
this campus. But often this machinery breaks
down and each time it does the University loses
an idea, a suggestion, a crucial possibility for
its improvement.
Associate City Editor

Before Paris and Vienna

for a time confused even his well-
wishers with his emphasis on
domestic planning in a world
where fires smouldered around the
edges and threatened to set the
whole structure ablaze.
.* ..
to his concept of the image which
America must present in the at-
tainment of her potential great-
ness, the President's message Wed-
nesday finally achieved a packag-
ing of those elements and those
measures required "for a great
positive adventure" into the search
for human freedom.
Money wove its way throughout
the message. Money for space,
money for military strength,
money-much more money-for
the security of the people against
possible bombing attacks. Money
for economic and educational de-
velopment not just of Americans,
but for the human race.
* -* *
whether the United States can
best spend her money on the dra-
matic space competition with
Soviet Russia, on military pre-
paredness of the non-Communist
world, or on irrigation and health
and economics, reply:
"The United States cannot
choose. She. must do everything."
That is what the President ask-
ed. Hie also said:
"We stand for Democratic revo-,
lution of- social progress. We stand
for diversity, honest disagreements
and mutual respect . . .
"We intend to go the last mile
in patience."
"Preserve the independence and
equality of nations and bring about
world peace under law "
"Practice democracy at home."
"Whatever mankind must'un-
dertake, free men must fully,
"Seek no conquests, no satellites,
no riches."
* * *
THIS is speaking not only of
money, not only of rockets, not
only of the presentation of an
economic and social image in an
appeal to the material senses of
men; but also of attitudes, and of
promise beyond materialism.
" IF THERE WERE in the world
today any large number of
people who desired their own hap-
piness more than they desired the
unhappiness of others, we could
have a paradise in a few years."
-Bertrand Russell

to the
Nazi Hate...
To the Editor:
RECENT EVENTS in the South
concerning the American Nazi
Party have brought shame to us
all. The very idea that this vermin-
infected hate mongrel still exists,
expecially in the United States, is
We students should be even
morehrepelled and more shamed
by theactions of the Nazis of
America, because, working as we
do alongside persons of all races,
creeds and nationalities, we can
realize the utter absurdity of the
Nazi's Big Lie.
But we do nothing to prevent
the spread of their gospel of hate.
In fact, we even permit them to
propagandize on our own campus.
** *
THIS MORNING, in Angell Hall,
a member of this ridiculous, but
terrifying, group placed a broad-
side of invective against the Jews
in one' of the University glass-
covered bulletin boards.
I removed it.
After class, I found another one
between the glass.
I removed it.
Still later, I found another one
so situated that I could' not re-
move it. I reported it to the
authorities, but, no doubt, untold
damage' to the morale of Univer-
sity Jews had already been done.


Cuba, Laos, Alabama, is of
course, a depressing prelude to the
President's trip abroad. But we
mustenot exaggerate. While the
reverses we have suffered have
hurt us with out allies and friends,
I do not think they will have any
substantial effect, one way or the
other, on the basic problems which
the President will be dealing with
both in Paris and in Vienna.
IN PARIS, the problem will be
how the Western Alliance is to be
managed. In Vienna, the problem
will be howrthe relations between
the two great constellations: are
to be controlled. The two men with
whom the President will be talk-
ing are realists who calculate thei;
policy primarily in terms of na-
tional power. There are almost no
American public men who are
realists in the same degree. At
least they do not talk out loud
about it. Gen. de Gaulle and Mr.
Khrushchev believe in their own
calculations of what the various
powers can do, and in their own
thinking they are very little im-
pressed by, indeed they have a
very high degree of immunity to,
public relations and "images" and
that sort of thing. Mr. Khrushchev
is of course, a great propagan-
dist. But his policy is based on a
cold calculation of power.
The language of the Paris and
Vienna talks will have to be the
language of power politics-which
deals with what nations will do in
relation to what they can do when
their truly vital interests are in-
There is, I realize, a certain
tactlessness in speaking of what
is common to the Paris and Vienna
meetings. Indeed, I was one of
those who thought that it would
be more tactful if the President
did not go straightfrom his meet-
ing with Gen. de Gaulle to a meet-
ing with Mr. Khrushchev. But now
that the arrangements have been
set-with the blessing, so I hear,
of Gen. de Gaulle himself-it is
useful to realize not only that the
President will be talking with two
realists, but that their realistic
calculations arise from the same
factual base.
This is the fact that American
military supremacy, which lasted
from 1945 until shortly after 1955,
has been replaced by a balance of
power. This is the central event
of our time, and it affects pro-
foundly and pervasively all inter-
national relations.
* * *
WHEN the President meets Gen.
de Gaulle, he will find a man who,
with the insight of genius, is
acutely aware of the change in
the world balance of power. This
awareness is the root of his dis-
belief in the validity of the NATO
structure and strategy. This is the
root of his lack of confidence,
which must not be ignored, in the
United States as the protector of
Europe and the leader of the
_nri rhi Innirofnf fi(pn. A

tical structure built upon the old
paramountcy is shaken. It is this
shaking which constitutes a large
part of the subject matteir of our-
President will meet a man who is
deeply conscious of, whose policy
is governed by, the new fact that
there is a balance of power. Un-
less I am mistaken, Mr. Khrush-
chev's confidence in Soviet power
is accompanied by a very healthy
respect for American power.
I do not share the views of those
who are afraid that out reverses
in Cuba and Laos have caused him
to underrate American power or
American determination. He knows
perfectly well that the United
States could take Havana in an
afternoon, and that what restrains
is not the fear of Soviet missiles
but a recognition of the political
disaster we would precipitate
throughout the hemisphere and
the free world.
As for Laos, he has had, of
course, the certainty that we could
not fight a Korean war in Indo-

China. We could not fight it be-
cause in 1960 we do not have as
we had in 1950 a monopoly of nu-
clear weapons which could in the
last resort bi decisive.
Soviet dogma-that all interna-
tional dealing must be tri-partite
and by unanimous consent-rests
ultimately on the same fact, that
there is a balance of power. When
there is a balance of power be-
tween two states, each state has
a veto. Nothing can be done unless
they agree.
Mr. Khrushchev carries this
principle to an extreme point.
Thus there might be agreement to
abide by the. judgment of a third
party. That, in'effect, is what we
want. Mr. Khrushchev is more
vehement and more irreconcilable
than 'his own principle requires.
In any event the controlling fact
in dealing with Mr. Khrushchev is
his insistence upon a full recog-
nition, with all its consequences
spelled out, of the new balance of
(c) 1961 New York Herald Tribune, Inc.


WE STUDENTS should do some-
thing against such extremist or-
ganizations. They are as bad, if
not worse, than the John Birchers
and Communists.
I propose a United Front Against
Extremist Organizations to be or-
ganized, on campus to battle, in
intelligent, rational persuasion,
the chauvinist ideologies of the far
political right and left. These
people, not currently regarded as
'serious threats, are potentially
serious threats to our way of life.
In the 1930's they laughed at a
funny little man named Hitler. Let
us not make the same mistake of
laughing. at his disciples.
Since they have the right to
speak their minds on these mat-
ters, so do we. Let those students
interested in combatting such ex-
tremists unite!
The Nazis broadside asked "Are
Jews people?" We know their an-
swer. Now let's give them ours!
-James Havel, '64


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":___ _ D...,6h" r:AILY O Fd v..iwn"a:{ .4 . r'":"FICIA L BU LLETIN 'r1' . ri. h~vGae S~r4rhf a
.4J .rJi~441:~l _____~,Lw.icdr ~ ram"5.} '. Ci'l"Y i i.rr" "
.,ix.* *'i*' r__

(Continued from Page 2)

Plight of the Arts

AT THE RECENT PANEL "Arts in the Six-
ties," sponsored by the Michigan Union's
Creative Arts Festival, approximately 15 people
showed up to hear editors of Generation and
Arbor magazines speak on the state of con-
temporary art.
One panelist commented that the meager size
of the audience was a strong indication of the
unfortunate state of the arts in the present
decade. And I am inclined to agree with him.
The Creative Arts Festival set its goal at as-
sembling a wide selection of cultural activities
and bringing them before University students.
Some of its speakers may have been considered
controversial, but none of its events were with-
out interest to those who cared to take the
time to attend.
There was no lack of publicity and yet-one
speaker who had originally been scheduled for
an appearance at Hill Auditorium had to be
changed to the Union ballroom because ticket
receipts did not warrant such a large audi-
torium; other less controversial events drew
only nominal crowds.
THE QUESTION ARISES whether the blame
rests entirely with an apathetic student
body or whether the Creative Arts Festival has
iit. .w . .

si mply not presented events which are of in-
terest and value.
Perhaps the scheduling of events come at a
poor time for students who are busy catching
up on their homework and term papers. Yet
one event, the faculty poetry reading hour had
an overflowing audience in spite $ of whatever
work remained at home.
Yet it seems clear that the Creative Arts
Festival cannot remain an integral part of
University activities unless it fulfills its pur-
pose of bringing cultural events that please
the students' taste, broaden their cultural
horizons and draw them to Hill Auditorium
for a dollar or to the Multipurpose Room for
University incorporated lectures and events
scheduled for the two-week period into the
Creative Arts Festival, other departments did
not. Had these non-participating departments
joined the project, they would have benefited
from the Festival's publicity while increasing
the scope and variety of Festival events.
Perhaps it would be more beneficial to the
Festival's success if it were to be held in the
fall rather than in the spring when so many
other cultural events take place. Events such
as the May Festival and the drama season

1. Expression, of support for his ac-
tion in regard to the demonstrations
against the freedomnriders and our
hope that he will take any further
steps necessary to guarantee that all
people may ride and use facilities re-
lated to such riding together anywhere
in the United States.
2., 3., 4. as in (B) above.
Events Friday
Kasimir Fajans Award and Lecture in
Chemistry: Bi-annual award for the
most outstanding doctoral dissertation
in chemistry. Presentation of award to
Donald McLaughlin. Lecture title: "En-
thalpy-Entropy Relations in Molecular
Addition Compounds." Fri., May 26 at
4 p.m. in 1300 Chemistry Bldg.
Mathematics Colloquium: Dr. Jussi
Vaisala, University of Helsinki and
Harvard University will speak on "Ex-
ternal' lengths and quasiconformal
mappings in 3-space," Fri., May 26, in
3011 Angell Hall at 3 p.m.
Refreshments in 3212 Angell Hall at'
2:30 p.m.
Doctoral Examination for Leonard
Gordon, History; thesis: "Formosa as
an International Prize in the Nine-
teenth Century," Fri., May 26, 3061
Haven Hall, at 3:00 p.m. Chairman, J.
W. Hall.
Doctoral Examination for Raymond
Harry Wheeler, Sociology; thesis: "The
Relationship between Negro Invasion
and Property Prices in Grand Rapids,
Michigan," Fri., May 26, 5609 Haven
Hall, at 3:00 p.m. Chairman, A. H.
Doctoral Examination for Alfons Jo-
zef Claus, Engineering Mechanics;
thesis: "Large-Amplitude Motion of a
Compressible Fluid in the Atmosphere,"
Sat., May 27, 244 W. Engineering Bldg.,
at 9:00 a.m. Chairman, C. S. Yih.
Doctoral Examination for Herbert Da-
vid Saltzstein, Social Psychology; thes-
is: "The Effect of Rejection from a
Group on Conformity to Its Influence
Attempts," Sat., May 27, 6625 Haven

gree Doctor of Musical Arts, Horace
H. Rackham School of Graduate Stud-
les.,Mr. Work will perform compositions
by Tartini, Brahms, Stravinsky, and
Schubert, accompanied by Gail Haver
and Edna Craycraft, pianists. Prof.
Robert Courte is chairman of.Mr.
Work's doctoral committee. Open to
the public without charge.
Overseas Teaching-The Turkish Min-
istry of Education is interested in con-
tacting American teachers to teach Eng-
lish, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and
Math in Turkish-English high schools
in Istanbul, Izmir, Eskisehir, Konya,
Samsun, and Eiyarbakir. Applicants
must have at least an A.B. and some
training for teaching. Experienced
teachers given preference. Husband and
wife may teach in the same school if
qualified. For additional information
contact the Bureau of Appointments,
Teaching Division, 3528 Admin. Bldg.,
NO 3-1511, Ext. 489.
Applications are available at the Bu-
reau of Appointments for Chinese
scholars who are doing post-graduate
work here and wish to teach in the
post-secondary colleges in Hong Kong.
For additional information and appli-
cation blanks contact the Bureau of
Appts., Education Division, 3528 Admin.
Bldg., NO 3-1511, Ext. 489.
FRI., MAY 26-
J. Strickland & Co., Metropolitan De-
troit Location-Single summer opening
to sell new product to retail stores.
Mr. MacCollom interviewing this after-
noon-interested only in students who
actually need this money to return to
school next fall. Good salary plus ex-
Camp Fairwood & Four-Way Lodge,
Ohio-Ward Peterson interviewing for
Mrs. M. F. Eder, Director. Openings for
men at Fairwood: Canoeing, Sailing,
Riflery, and Arts & Crafts Instructors
plus 2 cabin counselors. Openings at
Four-Way Lodge: Experienced secre-
tary-bookkeeper; Archery Instructor;
Campcraft, Tennis, & Water-skiing In-
structors. Interviewing to continue un-
til positions are filled.
For further information, visit the
Summer Placement Service, D-528 SAB.
Open each weekday afternoon from 1:00
to 5:00, and all day Friday.

Engrg.'& 2 yrs. Bus. Ad. No previous
sales exper. required. Salary & com-
Long Beach State College, Long
Beach, Calif.-Student Activities. To
work with student organizations in-
cluding special interest groups, service
clubs, & fraternities. To prepare re-
ports & studies as requested. Man with
MA & background in personnel pre-
Rohm & Haas Co., Philadelphia, Pa.
=-BS-MS in Chemistry for Research,
Manufacturing & Sales positions. BS-
MS in Chem. Engrg, for Manufacturing
& Technical Sales. BS-MS in Mechani-
cal Engrg. for Technical Sales of plas-
Please contact Bureau of Appts., 4021
Admin.,. Ext. 3371 for further informa-
P .art-Time
The following part-time jobs are
available. Applications for these jobs
can be made in the Non-Academic Per-
sonnel Office, Room 1020 Administration
Building, during the following hours:
Monday through Friday, 8:00 a.m. to
12:30 p.m.
Employers desirous of hiring part-
time or temporary employees should
contact Jack Lardie at NO 3-1511, ext.
Students desiring miscellaneous jobs
should consult the bulletin board in
Room 1020, daily.
3-Psychological subjects, for one 2
hour session, Friday 1-3 p.m., or
3-5 p.m., or Monday 2-3 p.m.
1-Inventory clerk, full-time from
May 28 thru June 1 or 2.
2-Experienced full-time day camp
2-Waiters, every day at noon, for one
1-Speech correction major, 1-2 morn-
ings or afternoons per week, thru
summer and fall.
4-Salesmen, commission basis, must
have car.
15-Psychological subjects, hours to be
2-Meal jobs.
1-Counter clerk, Monday, Wednes-
day, Friday 3-7 p.m., and Tuesday,
Thursday 4-6 p.m., Saturdays 2-6
p.m.,)must be in Ann Arbor at

Daily Policies.. .
To the Editor:
LATELY there has been a great
deal of controversy concern-
ing "irresponsible reporting" on
the part of the Daily. Perhaps this
could be cleared up by some ex-
planation, from The Daily itself,
of. its policies. Such an explanation
might restore The Daily's good
name, and certainly would advise
its readers just what to expect, at
least in the way of news report-
** *
asked; I would suggest these for a
start: Why was there so little fac-
tual coverage of Shepard's flight,
and instead, stories on the opin-
ions of various people? After all,
students on this campus had at
best rather uninformed views-
unless they had read some off-
campus newspaper. Why is there
no mention at all of any Ann
Arbor or ,campus event which is
not a campus activity? There was
some excitement in front of the
Law Quad yesterday; surely that
is of interest to students; perhaps
a very small column on such hap-
penings, on-campus events which
are not related to campus activi-
ties, could be initiated. Why were
members of activities honoraries
mentioned twice, once in a news
article and again in the Honors
Edition, while scholarship or re-
search honoraries, surely as im-
portant in a school supposedly
dedicated to scholarship, were
mentioned only in the Honors
Edition? Why was Toynbee's
speech reported inconspicuously on
the second page, while what the
reader assumes is a private inter-
view (he is never told) appears
with a picture on the front page?
Why was the emphasis on Roger
Seasonwein's words rather than
on those of Fulton Lewis III, in
the report of their debate? After
all, by this time everyone should
be aware of Mr. Seasonwein's views
nn +he matter- what we a venot


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