L . 1961
THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE
In Soviet Cuba Statement
UNITED NATIONS (MP - The
General Assembly finished its re-
cord, stop-and-go 15th annual sea-
sion yesterday after a post-
midnight plea for Cuban-American
peace and last-minute action to
save the Congo operation from
The. 99-nation assembly set
aside $100 million to run the UN
force and attendant civilian mis-
sion in the Congo for the first
10 months of 1961-$27 million
more than the regular UN budget
for the whole year.
Vote with Soviet
Latin American countries first
voted with the Soviet bloc to de-
feat a resolution for that purpose.
But later, after the proposal had
been changed to cut their share
of the cost, they helped put it
over on a 54-15 vote with 23 ab-
stentions. The United States has
promised to pay $47,510,000 of the
The action came five hours af-
ter the midnight expiration of
Secretary-General Dag Hammar-
skJold's latest 18-day authoriza-
tion for emergency spending to
keep the Congo operation alive-
and five hours after the appointed
closing hour of the session.
Adopt U.S. Plan
Earlier, the assembly, adopted
a United States-backed Latin-
American resolution that exhorted
all UN members "to take such
peaceful action as is open to them
to remove existing tension" be-
tween Cuba and the United States.
It gave a whopping 59-13 vote
to the seven-nation proposal, with
Cuba and the Soviet bloc almost
alone in opposition and 24 coun-
Block OAS Action
But, before that, it reversed its'
political committee and knocked
out a key provision that asked
UN members "which belong to the
Organization of American States
(OAS)" to help settle the trouble
between Cuba and the United
Cuban Foreign Minister Raul
Roa charged that the OAS was
a United States puppet and he
fought against the resolution even
though it said continuation of the
American-Cuban situation 'could
endanger world peace."
POINT OF VIEW-President John F. Kennedy and ex-President.
Dwight D. Eisenhower enjoy the scenery at Camp David, Mary-
land, after their conference on the Cuban crisis.
Discuss Cuban Situation
WASHINGTON (R)-The Unit-
ed States yesterday denonuced
Soviet Premier Nikita S. Khrush-
chev's latest message on Cuba as
"a distortion of the basic con-
cepts of the rights of man."
The American response was is-
sued by the State Department with
President John F. Kennedy's ap-
proval. With a warning of dan-
ger ahead, Khrushchev has blam-
ed the United States for this
week's wrecked invasion of Cuba
and called the attempts to topple
Fidel Castro "A crime which has
revolted the whole world."
'U.S. Prepared Invasion
"Now it has been established in-
controvertibly that it was the
United States that prepared the
intervention, financed, armed and
transported the mercenary bands
which invaded Cuba," Khrushchev
The American statement said
Kennedy would not be drawn into
an extended public debate with
Khrushchev. At the same time, the
statement outlined what it said
was the American concept of free-
"The people of the United States
believe that the right of self-de-
termination is fundamental and
should apply throughout the
Where Communism is in power,
the statement said, freedoms
cease to exist "and those who
would assert them are mercilessly
Castro To Speak
The government - controlled
radio said yesterday Prime Min-
ister Fidel Castro will appear on
nationwide television and radio
hookups to tell how his regime
smashed the rebel invasion.
The announcement by the Cub-
an radio VOZ came as officials
in Washington began a thorough
review of mistakes leading to the
failure of the invasion and the
United States and the Soviet Un-
ion exchanged statements on Cu-
Kennedy had already replied
April 18 to Khrushchev's first mes-
sage, which like yesterday's was
published in Moscow before it ever
got to the White House.
WASHINGTON (W) - Major
employer and union organizations
have received personal notice from
Secretary of Labor Arthur J.
Goldberg that he intends to en-
force labor-management corrup-
tion controls vigorously.
At the same time there were
indications the government may
soon disclose a major union em-
bezzlement case, along with some
civil actions against employers
and labor consultants for failure
to file required reports.
Goldberg, a labor union lawyer
until he was named"to President
John F. Kennedy's cabinet, said
yesterday he recently sent letters
to presidents of all international
unions and major management as-
sociations telling them of his en-
'Let there be no question that
we will deal with corruption
through vigorous enforcement of
the law," the letters said. "At the
same time, let me assure you the
law will be administered with
reason and fairness."
The secretary said that where
possible the Labor department will
seek voluntary compliance, short
of court action. In that connection
the department's labor-manage-
ment reports bureau says it has
obtained such compliance in some
To Add Rider
On House Bill
WASHINGTON 1/2 -Sen. Clin-
ton P. Anderson (D-NM) said yes-
terday he may offer his health
care for the aged plan as an
amendment to the House-passed
social security bill.
Anderson, a member of the
Senate Finance Committee which
will consider the social security
bill, said this course is under ac-
tive consideration but that no f in-
al decision has been reached.
President John F. Kennedy
made health care tied to social
security a major issue in his cam-'
paign last fall, and has urged
Congress to enact such a program;
this year. At his news conference
Friday, Kennedy said he still is
hopeful of a vote i nthe 1961 ses-1
Kennedy pointed out that it
would be possible for any senator1
to bring it up by offering an
WASHINGTON (R) - President
John F. Kennedy yesterday ap-
pointed Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor,,
former Army chief of staff, to
make a special survey of the mili-
tary's guerrilla warfare organiza-
Taylor immediately went on the
job as an advisor and researcher
and attended a meeting of the
National Security Council.
Expand Special Forces
Kennedy, at the outset of his
administration, emphasized inter-
WASHINGTON ()-Racial in-
tegration in government, spurred
by President John F. Kennedy in
recent weeks, has not yet touch-
ed the 195-man security force
which guards Kennedy and the
In response to an inquery, the
Secret Service said yesterday
there are no Negroes on the
White House police force, which
has 160 members, or on the 35-
man White House detail of the
However, a spokesman said
there are no barriers to the em-
ployment of Negroes in these
jobs. He said candidates are con-
sidered without regard to race.
"I would expect that it's just
a matter of time before Negroes
are assigned at the White House,"
Questioned further, he said the
service has made no special at-
tempt to hire a Negro for assign-
At Kennedy's direction, many of
the executive departments are
making special effort to recruit
Negroes for professional work.
The Treasury, which operates
the Secret Service, has issued two
press releases on its program,
which has resulted in fourhir-
ings, and Secretary of Labor Ar-
thur J. Goldberg this week posed
for photographs with two of his
department's Negro recruits.
The Secret Service has a very
few Negro agents (it declined to
say exactly how many) and none
is assigned to the White House.
Altogether there are about 300
agents, many of them scattered
across the country to track down
counterfeiters and investigate
those who threaten the President.
In addition to maintaining its
own plainclothes body guard at
the White House, the service has
jurisdiction over the White House
est in improving and expanding
the army's "special forces." These
forces specialize in the art of
waging war behind enemy lines
in cooperation with local popula-
The President already had au-
thorized the Army to double the
comparatively small special forces
organization, bringing it up to
about 3,000 men. At present, there
are three such units-in Germany,
Okinawa, and at Ft. Bragg, N. C.
Pierre Salinger, White House;
news secretary, said Kennedy de-
cided during the last few days!
that such a survey was needed and
only Friday asked Taylor to take
on the job.
Taylor, will function as a one-
man task force, but will have the
cooperation of all departments
and agencies concerned, Salinger
The various missions of a special
force include the incidental col-
lections of military intelligence.
Asks About CIA
Having in mind charges that
faulty intelligence figured in fail-
ure of the Cuban invasion, news-
men asked Salinger If Taylor's
survey would amount to an in-
vestigation of the Central Intel-
ligence Agency. Salinger said it
would not, that Taylor's study
would be "government-wide."
Kennedy has ordered a broad
review of the intelligence work on
the Cuban affair to find out what
caused the setback.
Taylor retired as Army chief
of staff in 1959, protesting that
the Eisenhower administration
was subordinating the Army's role
in defense planning.
Taylor To Evaluate System
it's STRAW RAT time!
CAMP DAVID, Md. W)-Formers
President Dwight D. Eisenhower
discussed the tense Cuban situa-
tion with President John F. Ken-
nedy yesterday and then side-
stepped a direct answer on
whether he endorsed Kennedy's
"I say I am all in favor of the
United States supporting the man
who has to carry the responsibildy
for our foreign affairs," Eisen-
hower replied when asked if he
approved Kennedy's blunt stand
on Communist-oriented Cuba.
Eisenhower's statement appeared
to be more in the nature of an
expression of unity behind the
President than direct approval of
Kennedy's outspoken position or
of the administration's role in
encouraging the ill-fated attempt
to invade Cuba.
Kennedy's apparent purpose in
arranging the meeting was to help
rally strong national support for
whatever further steps he thinks
this country must take in the
Kennedy previously had dis-
cussed the Cuban crisis with two
other Republican leaders-former
Vice-President Richard M. Nixon
and Sen. Barry Goldwater of
Arizona. The White House raid
he plans to see Gov. Nelson A.
Rockefeller of New York next
Nixon said last night he had as-
sured Kennedy of his support,
"even to the commitment of Amer-
ican armed forces." He said he
would back the President in such
a move if Kennedy considered it
necessary to "stop the buildup of
the Communist beachhead in Cu-
If Kennedy got any similar as-
surances from Eisenhower, the for-
mer president didn't tell newsmen
WASHINGTON MP)-The Unit-
ed States faces the next-to-im-
possible task of providing 7.3 mil-
lion new jobs this year if it hopes
to reduce unemployment to a rate
of 4 per cent, the nation's editors
were told yesterday.
"And 4 per, cent is not a de-
sired average, only an early goal.
Obviously we must do better than
that," Secretary of Labor Arthur
J. Goldberg said.
Goldberg and Secretary of Com-
merce Luther H. Hodges, address-
ing the annual meeting of the
American Society of Newspaper
Editors, both reported the econo-
my is emerging from recession.
But both laid heavy stress on the
hard core of unemployment they
g id it will leave behind.
Goldberg told the 600 editors it
has been -estimated that jobless-
ness, now 5.5 million, will aver-
age about 5 million or 7 per cent
of the working force even if the
budding recovery makes 1962 "a
boom year, breaking all records."
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LIBERTY at FIFTH
Open 8 A.M.
t09 R.M. Gail
Sunday Hours: 10 A.M. to 1:00 P.M.'--5 P.M. to 7:30 P.M,.
By The Associated Press nounced yesterday it had fired
CAPE CANAVERAL - Italian what it believes is the world's first
Air Force troops yesterday fired seven-stage rocket to propel an
a Jupiter missile 1,700 miles down artificial meteorite out and back
the Atlantic tracking range, through the Earth's atmosphere
The Defense Department, in an- at 25,000 m.p.h.
nouncing the success, confirmed * * *
for the first time that nuclear- WASHINGTON-Sentiment for
armed Jupiters are on launch pads a full-time, salaried party chair-
in Italy, man has developed in the execu-
The Jupiter launching was the tive committee of the Republican
first conducted by Italian rocket- National Committee.
men, who are training to help man
two 15-missile squadrons in their k <
* * *
WASHINGTON - The United t
States announced yesterday that
most nonaimmigrant foreigners
who stay in the United States
more than one year no longer .
will have to be fingerprinted.
The change became effective
with publication yesterday in the
Federal Register. The action had
been decided on in an April 5
agreement between the State and
* * *
WASHINGTON-The National NOVELTIES
Aeronautics and Space Agency an- E
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