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March 01, 1963 - Image 2

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-03-01

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Dixon Discusses Public Health Practices


James Dixon, president of An-
tich College, identified some of
the impediments of idealized prac-
tice in public health at the an-
nual Delta Omega lecture recently.
Public health is in the liberal
tradition of American history,
Dixon said. Its effort has been to
achieve social results through spe-
cific methods while working in
the public domain. These tra-
ditions include the ability of man
to better himself indefinitely and
the implementation of such im-
provement through deliberately
adopted legislative techniques for
change, he added.
* A liberal view holds intellectual
progress as its base and support.
It substitutes for myth and anim-
ism a definite knowledge of fact
subsisiting with the foundations
of social behavior, Dixon asserted.
Dixon next developed the anal-
ogy between public health and the
liberal collegs in order to stress
towards what goals public health
should be progressing, The goals
Michigan is not a leader but is
way up front in state radiation
regulation, Prof. Charles S. Si-
mons of the medical school radiol-
ogy department 'and member of
the State Health Commission's ad-
visory committee on radiation reg-
ulations said recently at a meet-
ing of the student chapter of the
American Nuclear Society.
"There are certain users of X-
rays who are not familiar with the
source installations," he continued.
"The Atomic Energy'Commission
has no jurisdiction over the use of
X-rays or radium.
One reason for setting up the
present regulations was that the
health commission wanted to see
who operates radiation sources
and whether they know how to use
In addition the commission
wanted to govern the use of sourc-
es. However, the state regulations
are not concerned with nuclear
reactors, Prof. Simon noted..
The state regulations follow
closely the National Bureau of
Standards publications on this
subject. One reason for this sim-
ilarity is that Michigan wants to
avoid friction. Also, the publica-
tions have been carefully develop-'
ed over a number of years. But
since the NBS publications are not
binding on individuals, the regula-
tions were legislated.
Minor revisions will probably be
adopted soon for the five-year-old
regulations now in operation. One
prospective revision to the exist-
ing regulations is that anyone who
sells radiation source equipment
must inform the purchaser of the
state regulations, Prof. Simons
Wilkinson To Talk;
Show HUAC Film
Frank Wilkinson, Executive Di-
rector of the National Association
to Abolish the House Committee
on Un-American Activities, will
speak at 7:30 tonight in room 3RS
of the Union. He will show a re-
cently completed documentary
film about HUAC. The program is
co-sponsored by Voice and the
Socialist Party.

... public health

of any social institution are to
insure the growth of knowledge
and the capability of the mind to
use it to identify moral respon-
sibility with the individual and to
insure the nation of political and
social action, he noted.
Antioch, Bard, Reed and Sarah
Lawrence Colleges have served the
American liberal tradition well,
said Dixon, adding that they rec-
ognize that man, not knowledge,
is central in the universe. Know-
ledge is the tool of man, and ad-
vancement is made through free-
dom without restraint and through
responsibility, he said. Aimlessness
has no place in the lives of men
according to this philosophy.
The ;production of great know-
ledge has brought about grat
specialization. Although a liberal
education is founded on knowledge
and fact, the pressure and de-
Delta Board
To Continue
(Continued from Page 1)
sound approach to the educational
problems } of the Saginaw Valley
and of the state." He added, "By
joining the strength of the two
institutions in this way, we will
advance higher education in the
Valley -by at least five years."
The joint proposal makes clear
that Delta will continue to be a
locally supported and locally di-
rected two-year college financed
from local tax funds. The Univer-
sity branch would in no way re-
duce the legal authority of the
Delta Board, according to the re-
The University branch would be
supported by state tax funds and
possibly some private funds for
separate private colleges within
the public institution.
The University and Delta would
cooperate on two levels under the
new plan. First, there would be a
joint board of governors and sec-
ond, there would be an inter-
change of faculty.
The governing board of the
branch would consist of 10 mem-
bers, holding delegated powers
from the Regents. "It is the in-
tention that broad powers of local
autonomy will be delegated to the
Board of Governors, administra-
tive officers and faculty of the
University of Michigan at Delta,"
the report maintains.
Three of the board members
would be chosen by the Regents,
three by the Delta board and the
six members so selected would
agree on the other three members.
The chief administrator of the
branch and chairman of the
board, to be chosen by the Re-
gents upon the recommendation
of the University President and
the branch faculty, and board,
would be the last board member,
ex-officio without vote.
One of the advantages of the
joint program would be that the
existance of a degree-granting
university in conjunction with the
community college would help to
attract high quality faculty to
the tri-county area. Faculty would
probably be able to teach in both
institutions on a cooperative basis
Minor Offerings
The branch campus would offer
courses in biological sciences,
chemistry, English, mathematics,
physics, political science and psy-
chology, with minor offerings in
modern languages, philosophy, his-
tory and sociology, starting in
September. There would also be
a nursing school.
The first objective would be to
establish a liberal arts college,

then engineering and education
and business administration. The
potential of the branch as a re-
search center is also being con-

mands on most students tend to
crowd out general education, he
said. At these liberal institutions,
an attempt is made to thwart the
pressures of specialization, includ-
ing emphasis on techniques of the
use of knowledge and incorporate
a generalized education. Dixon
added that a student is given a
problem of the times and sees
what all fields have to say about
this problem.
Individual Fixation
Dixon said that the moral re-
ponsibility must be fixed with the
individual. College age, he added,
is a crucial period in such ideo-
logical development. To encourage
such self-development, it is neces-
sary to limit the forces which
govern conduct by fear and threat.
Thus the liberal college has a
maximum of self-government, he
It is also necessary to recognize
the hero' and peer in educational
growth, Dixon added. In such in-
stitutions attempts of "the mind,
the spirit and the world" are made
with the underlying feeling that
man himself directs his private
and public destiny, he noted.
"A student must feel himself
an active agent in the solution of
world problems. We have gone to
great pains to define academic
freedom, freedom of speech and
of dissent to their fullest. No lib-
eral college can afford the fore-
closure of freedom of dissent, but
dissent cannot be restricted with-
out knowledge, he said.
Same Things Apply
To return to public health as a
social institution the same things
apply, according to Dixon. Pro-
gress along liberal conditions with
an interaction between knowledge
and action is necessary. In a pro-
fessional situation, the ethics in-
volved differ from pure scholastic
ones. The ethics of scholars are
maintained by academic freedom
and the right to seek the truth
for oneself.
A policy of academic freedom
and the right to dissent is needed
in the public domain, Dixon said.
He noted that the efforts of the
government to monitor the dis-
tribution of truth are a threat to
Public health, according to
Dixon, has failed to develop the
expectations of a national social
policy because of conservatism in
the professions and because there

has never been a liberal govern-
ment with a liberal populace. Al-
though the medical profession has
improved through knowledge and
developed a strong ethic, they have
regarded government as evil.
Thus, he said, they have limited
the "range of the possible." By not
working with government, they
have raised the question of wheth-
er social public health is a phan-
tasy, he noted.
Power Passes
The power in our country is
passing from the government to
the scholar, Dixon continued. Edu-
cation and action must be united
so that public health can put its
ethic into action. We have need
of a community of scholars to act
for the public, he added.
Scholars must learn how to
apply- their knowledge in the
world, Dixon said, adding that
colleges must make institutional
commitments to action if their
ethic is to work.
Finally, said Dixon, in this
struggle forsan ethic for this age,
schools cannot retreat to safe po-
sitions. Actions toward the im-
provement of public conditions
through knowledge is necessary.
Knowledge and action will make
attainable the "art of the pos-
'U Expands
Student Plan
At Sheffield
The education school's study
abroad program at Sheffield,
England, has been expanded to
allow 30 students to participate,
15 students for each of the two
se'mesters, according to Prof.
Claude A. Eggertsen, director of
the program.
The program aims to enable
students to engage in full-time
study of professional education in
another country. Under this plan
it is possible to become acquaint-
ed with school aims and practices
in England as well as earn credit
toward a secondary provisional
teaching .certificate.
Tuition at Sheffield is $100 for
the semester and room and board
runs $200 to $300.

A pp roves
New .Role
For Party
Student Government Council
granted permission Wednesday for
Voice political party to become a
local chapter of Students for Dem-
ocratic Society.
Council also granted ad hoc rec-
ognition to the Committee for a
Democratic Student Government.
Howard Abrams, '63, submitted
his resignation as chairman of the
United States Student Association
Committee, effective immediately.
He noted that his candidacy in the
March 15 election made it ap-
propriate that he resign at this
time. Abrams cited his active par-
ticipation in Regional United
States National Student Associa-
tion as another reason for his res-
ignation. He felt that it would be
better for the committee if an-
other person who could devote
more time to it became chairman.
Acting on the recoipmendations
of the Joint Judiciary Council In-
terviewing Committee, Council ap-
proved the following students for
positions on JJC: Howard Eglit
'64; John Markiewicz, '64; Suzanne
Sherwood, '65; Catherine Sipe, '64;
Harry Youtt, '64, and Patricia
Golden, '63.
In addition Council approved the
appointment of eight students to
SGC committees. Michael Maiden-
berg, '64, was approved as chair-
man of the Committee on the Uni-
versity. Patrick Murray, '66, was
also appointed to that committee.
Peter Eisinger, '64; Linda Cole, '65,
and Alan Jones, '66, were appoint-
ed to the USNSA Committee.
Gloria Marshall, '65BAd, and Beth
Bower, '65, were appointed to the
Committee on Student Activities
while Diane Lebedeff, '65, was ap-
pointed to the Committee on Stu-
dent Concerns.
Ayers Rej ects
British Report
On Sixth Ocean
A recent news report to the ef-
fect that the world may have six
oceans rather than five, accord-
ing to a group of British ocean-
ographers, has been dismissed as
"a matter of interpretation" by
Prof. John C. Ayers of the zoology
department and research ocean-
ographer with the Great Lakes
Research Division of the Insti-
tute of Science and Technology.
The British report claimed that
the sixth ocean, hitherto unrecog-
nized as such, consists of the
Arabian Sea, including the Red
Sea and the Persian Gulf, which
has generally been regarded as the
northwest sector of the Indian
This area will be intensely in-
vestigated by British workers dur-
ing the International Indian Ocean
Survey slated to get under way
this year. The principal aim of
such research, according to the
British report, is "to establish the
crust structure of the Arabian Sea
and to determine its relation to
the surrounding continental land
"The British have always con-
sidered that such a body of water
could be an ocean, while we Amer-
icans traditionally refer to the
area as an epeiric sea-that is to
say, it is a sea which stands on
the Continental Shelf," Prof. Ayers
"It all depends on one's view-
point," he said.

The class of '66 is participating
in an extensive survey on student
development, which will relate
University experiences to persist-
ence and change in students' in-
terests, values and life choices,
Gerald Gurin, program director
of the Institute of Social Research,
said recently.
"The project started in orien-
tation sessions this past summer
and fall, when entering freshmen
filled out a two-hour question-
naire," Gurin said. "We were .in-
terested in the values, interests
and ideas which the freshmen
brought to the University. Two or
three times a year now we inter-
view several hundred students
from this class to determine what
experiences at the University are
related to different ways of re-
solving such issues and life choic-
es as values, vocation and self-
Significant Courses
"We want to know what courses,
books, or teachers are experi-
ences," Gurin said. "We are inter-
ested in student groups and friend-
ship patterns and the effect on
students of meeting people with
interests and values different from
their own."
"The University or any environ-
ment can be divided according to
groups which focus. their atten-
tion on different aspects of life,"
Gurin explained. He said that this
project would try to discover to
what extent different groups fo-
cus on social, religious, political,
aesthetic, intellectual and other
Foley Terms
Federal Aid
Two parochial schools in Ann
Arbor save the government over
$600,000 a year, according to
Thomas J. Foley, president of the
Archdiocesan Council of Catholic
Addressing the University New-
man Club, the Catholic lay lead-
er noted recently that he was not
campaigning for or against fed-
eral aid to education. If federal
aid to education is passed, Foley
believes it would be wrong "to
exclude almost seven million
American children because their]
parents exercise a basic right to
send them to private schools.
"Like any discriminatory policy,
this would prove to be economic-
ally as well as morally and ethic-
ally unsound," he added.
Foley cited the rising cost of
education and the savings afford-
ed to public education by private
schoools. Fifteen per cent of all
school children in Michigan are
in parochial schools. It would have
cost the Michigan taxpayer an ad-
ditional $158,000,000 in 1961 if
these children had attended pub-
lic schools, he said. There are
about 1400 students attending the
two parochial schools in Ann Ar-
bor. Noting that the per capita
cost of education in Ann Arbor
is $468, Foley estimated that these
two schools save the community
"It must be remembered that
these private schools teach the
same secular subjects as the pub-
lic schools and that, in so doing,
they serve the same public pur-
pose," he said. He added that the
religious courses were a "plus f'c-

values." In this connection, Gurin
pointed out that it is not the in-
tent of the project to label the
different groups and ways of life
at the University as good or bad,
but to gain better understanding.
The project is a continuation of
the work done in the late thirties
at Bennington College by Prof.
Theodore M. Newcomb of the so-
cial psychology program, Gurin
said. "Bennington was a small,
isolated community. The school
was new and there was a tremen-
dous involvement in world affairs
on the part of the students. Be-
cause of these factors and the
close student-faculty relationships,

Bennington could be considered a
single environment for the stu-
He said that the University
study would differ because "Mich-
igan is not one environment but
many. What happens to the stu-
dent here depends on what as-
pects of this heterogeneous envir-
onment he becomes involved in."
He said that the entire project
would not be completed for six
years. The first information will
be out in two years on the char-
acteristics of incoming students
that relate to choices of different
groups and ways of life that these
students have made as sopho-

Survey on Development Relates
'U' Experiences and Changes

"..C. CINEMA GUILD peaent
TONIGHT at 7 and 9
The Finest TECHNICOLOR Ever Filmed
Michiko Kyo-Kano Hasegawa
SHORT: A Publisher Is Known
By The Company He Keeps
50 Cents
AT 9 P. M.
I The picture for the whole family
*.Come either at 7 or 9 p.m. and see
both preview and regular feature.
The regular show is run right after
the preview. Of course you want
to know name of preview-but we
are not permitted. We can darn
near divulge it by saying it is a Joe
Pasternak ptoduction in color, di-
rected by Vincemete Minnelli. And
maybe Glenn Ford & Shirley Jones
are in it.


Psychology Students Provide
Group Care at State Hospital

Students in psychology 510 have
been working at Northville State
Hospital with chronic, undifferen-
tiated schizophrenics as a part of
their course work.
"The students attempt to get
group occupational and recrea-
tional activities started with the
patients, who have no inter-per-
sonal relationships and exhibit
avoidant behavior patterns," Lau-
rence Braunstein, '63, teaching as-
sistant for the course, said recent-
The students work with about
360 patients who are distributed
in wards of some 80 in each.
"These wards have some of the
most regressed patients in the hos-
pital who are receiving custodial
care and are under sedation," he
Games and Discussion
The recreational therapy in-
cludes such things as volleyball,
singing groups, various games and
group discussions. The hospital is
very enthusiastic about the pro-
gram which began last spring,
Braunstein explained.
"In the beginning students just
worked with building K which has
160 males and only about 30 would
communicate. Now some 100 will
participate, and the program also
includes working with building ,J,
which has female patients."
Most students in the course are
enrolled in psychology 455 and
555. The majority of them are
psychology majors, but students
in special education, nursing and
medicine are also participating,
Braunstein noted.
"Although the program has been
going for three semesters, this is
the first year that it is offered for

credit. A student may receive one
or two credits, depending on the
amount of time he works. The
course also requires writing a re-
port from four to 20 pages in
The sponsor at Northville is Dr.
Z. P. Lach, a staff psychiatrist, and
Prof. Lingoes of the psychology
department directs the course
from the University.
"All the patients are under se-
dation,.and there have never been
any incidents of violence. It is a
valuable experience to work with
these people, especially for stu-
dents who plan to enter a field
like psycho-pathology," Braunstein
Lecture Continues
Psychology Series
Prof. Kenneth MacCorquodale of
the University of Minnesota will
speak on "Hypothetical Constructs
and Intervening Variables- Cas-
ually Revisted" at 4:15 p.m. today
in Aud. B. The program is part of
the psychology colloquim series.

.. .+.


DIAL 8-6416
Shows at 7-9 P.M.
-BoslIy Crowther,
New York Times


Nominated for 5 Academy Awards! "Best Actor" Jack Lemon, "Best Actress"
Lee Remick, "Best Song," "Best Art Direction," and "Best Costume Design."





Shows at
1, 3, 5, 7, 9 P.M. YI"''3
That preposterous pro fesi
is on the Loose Again !



Two of the most startling performances you have ever seen in the most shattering enter-
tainment experience you have ever known! - ~,m,-





I 7ii m ta TAW W, " - - .1 V. ** - A, - 'Ck I

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