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February 16, 1963 - Image 2

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1963-02-16

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THE MICHIGAN DAILY

SA DA*k, ':

THE MICHIGAN BAHaV SA ITIRDAV

McConnell Wins Award DAVENPORT, HALE:

Establish Training Program
By STEVEN HALLER
program provides post-doctoral search, Prof. Cohen said. He not-
raining program in animal and pre-doctoral training in this ed that the very fact that re-
,nd maintenance for veter- new field as well as an opportun- searchers may happen to utilize
is has been set up at the ity for advanced students of vet- live animals for their investiga-
sity "as an effort to meet erinary medicine to spend some tions does not mean that the re-!
eds of the rapidly growing time in supervised research and to searchers have the necessary back-
feld of laboratory .'animal decide whether or not they wishi ground in animal husbandry, of
ne," according to Prof. Ben- to pursue such a career further. whichdlaboratory animal medicine
J. Cohen of the Medical The need for such a program is a new and special aspect.
is a fairly recent development in Need Animals
. Cohen explained that the the broader area of biological re- It is generally accepted without
question in the scientific com -
munity today that the use of
animals for experimental research
is necessary for scientific progress,
Prof. Cohen pointed out.
't f However, not all institutions
have yet achieved the kinds of
professional standards which.
present knowledge permits for the
care and maintenance of labora-
tory animals. "The objective of
.4 our training program is to obtain
Sithesestandards," Prof. Cohen ex-
3-.... . . . . . . . . . . . plained.
Prof. Cohen added that the
average student of veterinary
medicine has little opportunity to
r'become familiar with the types
- .of animals used in laboratory re-
search, such as mice and chimpan-
zees, although he may have been
well-trained as far as common
domestic animals are concerned.
f, rGrowing Field
Although the field of laboratory
-Daily-Kenneth Winter medicine is only about 15 years
NSORED RESEARCH-This graph illustrates the increase in old, it is growing by leaps and
volume of sponsored research which has been undertaken by bounds, as more and more medi-
University in the last two decades. By 1970 this figure is ex- cal schools come to realize the im-
ed to jump to nearly $140 million. portance of a sound background
in the proper care of live labora-
tory animals, Prof. Cohen added.
rfo rh Currently a large number of vet-
Lfen iU1u es o R esedre erifiarians come to the University
to learn how facilities for animal
intinuepToIn eseat jJ' "creandmaintenanceshould be
The basic research facility for
()students in the field of laboratory
(continued from Page 1)
surpass defense department con- animal medicine is the University
Listration and the Atomic tracts and grants. The latter have animal care unit, directed by Prof.
rComission snd erving asremained at the same level while Cohen.
re ponsosof Uersity NSF, NIH and NASA contracts The services provided by the
large sponsors of University and grants have increased con- animal care unit are many and
easing federal contracts and siderably in the last three years. varied. They range from main-
have boosted University re- "These are large figures and tenance of standards of day-to-
. In 1960-61, the govern- they place the University in the day care of the laboratory animals
spent $23 million; this year very top rank of American uni- to professional counsel and guid-
r predicts it will spend $30 versities in the amount of research ance "when such services are re-
which is heing dnne fnr the fd- quested by any researcher."

A a AM 9"11r"q ! i

For Flatworm Research

OSA KeepsAir of Transition

Al

Prof. James V. McConnell of
the psychology department has re-
ceived a Research Career Award
from the National Institute of
Health.
The award is intended to en-
able the University to provide his
salary for five years for full-time
research and research training.
One of the top honors in the
fields of health-related sciences,
the award was made on the basis
of a nationwide competition.
P r o f. McConnell is widely
known for his research on flat-
worms which made significant
contributions to the basic study
of learning and memory. In addi-
tion, the research points to pos-
sibilities that may eventually open
a new way of facilitating the
learning process in man.
Startling Things
Prof. McConnell's work with the
lowly Dugesia, a planarian worm,
has uncovered, a m o n g other
startling things, the fact that
learning and memory are trans-
ferable from one such flatworm to
another via cannibalistic inges-
tion. Evidence showed that learn-
ing causes some chemical change
in cells throughout the worm's
body.
Picking up this clue, Prof. Mc-
Connell and his associates are now
studying the biochemistry of
learning in flatworms in an effort
to pin-point and determine the
Lost ID'S
The Office of Registration
and Records has been desig-
nated as the official depository
for lost identification cards,
according to Associate Director
Merlin W. Miller.
Any student who loses his ID
card should inquire at Window
A of the Office of Registration
and Records in the Adminis-
tration Bldg. from 8:30 a.m. to
4:30 p.m., exclusive of the 12:00
to 1:04 lunch hour.
A charge of $10 is assessed to
replace a lost ID card and its
accompanying certificate.

(EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the
fourth of a five-part series of pro-
files on the several officials in the
Office of Student Affairs.)
By RONALD WILTON
and THOMAS HUNTER
Until a new director of housing
is appointed, the Office of Student
Affairs will retain an air of tran-
sition.
At present the housing office is
under the direction of John Hale
and Mrs. Elizabeth P. Davenport.
Hale, former director of men's
residence halls, serves in approxi-
mately the same capacity under
the new structure. Mrs. Davenport,
former acting dean of women,
works with women's housing and
will get a new post once a new
director is appointed.
Hale noted recently that he gen-
erally favors the new OSA set up
and believes that it will facilitate
the handling of University hous-
ing problems as well as bring pol-
icy-making closer in line with the
interests of the student.
Individual Student
"The OSA is much more stu-
dent-oriented, in that it will be
able to take on more of a concern
for the individual student," he
commented.
He pointed out that the long,
step-by-step process of centraliza-
tion has taken place by putting

the bulk of record-keeping and
paperwork under a single super-
visor. He cited immediate changes
involving uniform room applica-
tions and a single descriptive book-
let on housing.
The elimination of male and
female branches under the OSA
not only makes it easier from the
students' point of view, but it also
gives the administrator "fuller
perspective" in carrying out his
duties. "Often the problem of the
students are different but it is
much better dealing with them as
students," he said.
Different Problems
Mrs. Davenport agreed that "we
want to deal with students as stu-
dents, but there are different
problems. Women think about
their housing differently from
men."
She explained the University's

position as trying hard to offer
the student a choice of housing
while being committed to a phil-
osophy of growth. "We are try-
ing to work out procedures for
implementing the philosophy. We
are all learning as we go along."
While most of her job is work-
ing out policies and procedures for
women's housing with her staff she
also does some counselling. "We
are working harder now than be-
fore because we are attempting to
fill out new roles." She also meets
with directors of the women's res-
idence halls and members of the
housing staff and attends to cor-
respondence, and reports.
Although she was unable to pre-
dict what her new job mnight be
when a new housing director is
appointed, she added she would
prefer something where "I would
not lose all contact with students."

JAMES V. McCONNELL
... studies in memory

a -7

chemical change. Prof. McCon-
nell notes that present experi-
ments seem to indicate that trans-
fer of memory might take place
specifically through ingestion of
a certain body chemical, ribonuc-
leic acid (RNA), by a cannibal
worm.
"But this is still an assump-
tion," Prof. McConnell explains.
He adds that many questions re-
main to be answered, such as "is
it really RNA? If so, what kind of
RNA is it?-and 6000 other
questions."
Practical Possibilities
At this stage, the practical ap-
plication of such discoveries can
only be hinted at. But the increas-
ing knowledge of the biochemistry
of learning may someday lead to
a chemical substance which would
help man learn more readily.
At the moment, however, Prof.
McConnell's research is sending
him back to school to gain a
greater knowledge of organic
chemistry.
Prof. McConnell's research is
sponsored by the National Insti-
tute of Mental Health and the
Atomic Energy Commission, as
well as by his most recent award.

s yc

CINEMA GUILD poejenu

AOA To Send'
Hayes Abroad
Dr. John T. Hayes of the Medi-
cal Center will be a guest of the
British Orthopedic Association in
April and May.
Hayes was one of four ortho-
pedic surgeons in the United
States selected by the American
Orthopedic Association to view
British procedures and techniques.
He will deliver several reports on
American methods.
.

Saturday and Sunday at 7 and 9
AN EXCEPTIONAL MOTION PICTURE
Luis Bunnel's
"VI RI DIANA"
Starring SILVIA PINAL,
FERNANDO RAY and FRANCISCO RABAL
Banned in France and Spain-Grand Prize, Cannes
An extraordinary study of personal and social decay
*F
ARCHITECTURE AUDITORIUM
50 cents

:.

CHILDREN WITH PALSY:
Study Shows Guidance Need

An afflicted child's psychologi-
cal adjustment to cerebral palsy
has a vital but often overlooked
effect on his rehabilitation, re-
search by Gail Homer, '64, has
revealed.
Miss Homer found that the psy-
chological adjustment is closely
linked up with the child's con-
ception of himself and his defense
mechanisms which, in turn, are
directly related to his response to
rehabilitation.
The practical significance of the
study is that it makes more evi-
dent the necessity of psychological
research and guidance for handi-
capped children. Such guidance
"is an important prerequisite for
Ruhlann To View
Chinese Theatre
The Alliance Francais will pre-
sent the first in a series of
luncheon lectures Saturday, Feb.
16 at 12:30 p.m. in the dining
room of the Michigan Union Uni-
versity Club. Professor Robert
Ruhlmann, visiting lecturer in
Chinese, will discuss "Le Theatre
Chinois," and show slides.

successful rehabilitation," Miss
Homer explained. f
To demonstrate the integral re-
lationship between defense me-
chanisms, self-concept, and ad-
justment to disability, Miss Homer
gave the children a series of
scientific tests which were later
combined with information on
each child in reports by personnel
involved in the therapy.
The complex technical designs
and procedures of the experiment,
when put together and analyzed
in detail, revealed a notice-
able difference between the ad-
justed children and the less ad-
justed ones in their defense reac-
tion.
The children in the former
group tended to cope with their
disability through achievement in
therapy or outside interests, while
those in the latter group tended to
live in a fantasy world, refusing to
associate their affliction with
themselves. Such tendencies were
confirmed in scientific terms by
the tests used in Miss Homer's
experiment.
For example, the less adjusted
tended to distort or ignore the
meanings of words, such as
"walk," that are considered to

produce anxiety in a cerebral
palsy child.
The children's case histories
alone point up the necessity of
psychological research and appli-
cation, Miss Homer notes.
They show that "the highest
achievers are not those with the
best physical potential, or those
participating in the most ad-
vanced therapeutic method, but
rather those who have acquired
adequate d e f e n s e mechanisms
and, generally, those who have
acquired a purpose in life."
Miss Homer conducted her re-
search as part of a psychology
course,

IMP14P

* STARTING TODAY *

DIAL
2-6264

Shows at 1-2:45-4:50
6:50 and 9:00
Feature 20 Mins. Later
~ He didn't
know it, but
he was giving
his wife his I~ l
business!

a

'

NX.

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