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December 09, 1961 - Image 4

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-12-09

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C r £oigan &Dilii
Seventy-Second Year
"Where Opinions Are Free STUDENT PUBLICATIONS BLDG. * ANN ARBOR, MICH. * Phone NO 2-3241
Truth Will Prevail"
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Stilerman'Plan Promises
Better Panhel C ommunieations

"If You Had Any Initiative, You'd Go Out And
Inherit A Department Store"

Council Passes
Toothless Motion

POSITIVE APPROACH is at last being
made to an old problem of communication
in the sorority system. A new idea was initiated
by Sue Stillerman, president of Michigan's.
Panhellenic Association, this year, which should
improve understanding between National and
collegiate Panhel.
National Panhellenic draws its members from
the national sorority alumni organizations. so
there is no direct connection between National
Panhel and Collegiate Panhel on the various
campuses. National Panhel is composed of
numerous committees, one of which is the
College Planning Committee. On this com-
mittee is a woman called an area advisor, and
to her is assigned the momentous task of
communicating with all the collegiate Panhels
in her region-which, for this area, encom-
passes the states of both Michigan and Indiana.
This woman represents the only voice that
collegiate Panhel has in the National system,
so ste is very important. But, because of the
vastness of her responsibilities, the area advisor
cannot be familiar with each campus, so her
information is obtained from form letters
supplemented by an occasional visit. Naturally,
this indirect form of communication leads to
delay and confusion.
But this is not the only difficulty. It is only
after working many years in her National
sorority that an alumna can gain a position
on National Panhellenic Council. After this
many years, her vantage point has changed
and her views are no longer those of the
college-age sorority woman. Because of this,
the opinions of the representatives of N.P.C.
are not necessarily reflecting the views of the
college women they represent. And so a need
for a change ...
REALIZING the situation, Sue Stillerman
brought the communications question to the
Big Ten Panhellenic Conference in Wisconsin
last spring. Wouldn't it clarify communica-
tions, she asked, to have representatives from
each college at the National Panhel Confer-

ence? A lone area advisor, no matter how con-
scientious, cannot be as familiar with any
problem that might arise as the women that
are involved.
The Conference gave no support, however,
and when she delved into the past she dis-
covered that a similar idea failed at the
suggestion stage four years before. Finally,
Miss Stillerman wrote to her National Pan-
hellenic Council. "Perhaps," she suggested,
"objectivity does come with age, but maybe
collegiate representation could offer a new
kind of objectivity." Miss Stillerman received
an immediate though discouraging reply to
her letter. National Panhel felt that the col-
legiate women were underestimating the value
of their area advisors, and for a' while the
subject seemed hopelessly confused. But, before
Miss Stillerman could even mail an explana-
tory reply, a phone call announced a sudden
decision of the National Panhellenic Conferepce
which completely changed the situation.
THE MEETING of N.P.C. in Arizona passed
the following resolution: "Whereas col-
legiate respesentation at N.P.C. has been
considered for several years, and whereas the
need for such representation seems particularly
important at this time, be it resolved that
the College Planning Committee plans for
some collegiate representation during some
parts of the 1963 N.P.C. Conference on a trial
In this manner closer communications have
been established between National and Col-
legiate Panhellenic Associations-employing
actual collegiate members, not just over-taxing
an area advisor. This resolution is a great
step toward better understanding and coopera-
tion through closer communications between
national and local Panhel. Although it is per-
haps over-qualified, it is indeedan admirable
beginning. The task of collegiate Panhel now
is to establish this program on a permanent
basis and continue from there.

Legislative Hodge-Podge.

Daily Staff Writer
fuddling the issue, Student
Government Council last Wed-
nesday managed to pass a power-
less, toothless, senseless motion
establishing a "deadline" for "sub-
mission" of fraternity and sorority
membership statements.
Although the motion shows the
Council is facing up to the fact
that all statements are not in, it
does little to insure submission of
them in the future.
The "submission" is one In name
only. All the Council asks is that
houses to communicate with it,
either by submitting a statement
which may or may not comply
with the requirements, or by peti-
tioning for exemption.
failing to do this. As the motion
was originally introduced, if a
house did not at least communi-
cate with SGC it would have been
"subject to automatic suspension
of rushing privileges." Although
the motion comes nowhere close
to guaranteeing the submission of
"statements," this penalty was a
move in the right direction. Unless
the Council is willing to back up
their rulings with penalties, no
regulation they pass can be ef-
According to the present motion,
offending houses "may be subject
to disassociation by SGC as out-
lined in University Regulations
Concerning Student Organizations,
Disciplinary Action: Recognition
and Activities."
This is nothing new. Sororities
and fraternities have known this
action could be taken since the
passage of the original ruling on
the submission of statements. Of
course the Council "may" with-
draw recognition from any group
under its jurisdiction as a student
organization. This question is, will
* * *
BY APPROVING the motion,
the Council show's it is unwilling
to stand behind the "deadline." If
the attitude shown at the last
meeting prevails, the Council un-
doubtedly will continue to do no-
thing about a house which is un-
willing to submit its statement.
The Council has provided a
mechanism through which groups
may petition for exemption from
the requirement on the basis of.
"extenuating circumstances."
But even if this petition is
turned down, no action will be.
taken. All the house has to do is
petition. It doesn't matter if they
have just grounds for doing so,
or not.
* * *
quacy has been deferred to a
later time. "The adequacy of all
statements Shall be considered af-
ter a meeting is held between the
executive committee of SGC, rep-
resentatives and advisors of Inter-
fraternity Council and Pahelleme
Association and the entire Com-
mittee on Membership in Student
Organizations," the motion reads.
"From the results of this dis-
cussion the executive committee of
SGC will bring a motion to the
Council as soon as possible in or-
der to set up a procedure to in-
sure the adequacy of all state
Optimistically, any such motion
(if any when passed) will include
a penalty to insure that adequate
statements will eventually be se-
* . *
WHAT SHOULD this penalty

Debate at the Council meeting
showed the suspension of rushing
privileges would be an unequal
penalty. Sororities hold rush only
once a year. If a house missed the
spring rushing period, it would
be without about one-third of its
members for a year.
Fraternities hold formal rush
twice a year and can open in-
dividual rush at many other times.
Thus, as soon as such a penalty
were lifted, the house could hold
its own rush.
THE IMPACT of a fine is ques-
tionable. If the house cannot waive
bias reiulations set by the na-
tional, the alumni or national
would more than likely be willing
to foot the loss. Or the house could
secure a loan from the national
and write the fine off over a
period of time without any hard-
Recognition could be withdrawn.
The Council at this time does not
seem to favor doing this, and even
if it did, the Sigma Kappa case,
never resolved fully, suggests a
veto might be forth-coming from
the Vice-President for Student
leave the rule-of-thumb structure
it has created. By the motion
passed last week, SGC in essence
tells a sorority or fraternity:
"Submit any kind of statement
-we just want a piece of paper."
"Petition for exemption - it
doesn't matter if we don't accept
"We won't do anything."
to the
(Letters to the Editor should be
limited to 300 words, typewritten
and double spaced. The Daily re-
serves the right to edit or withhold
any letter. Only signed letters will
be printed.)
Tickets, Attendance...
To the Editor:
Burns, "Ring Out the Old," was
excellent. He mentioned one sub-
ject which needs to be exposed,
because in my opinion there is
one large cause of poor attendance
which needs careful study by thea
officials. This is the manner in
which the Ticket Dept. fills or-
ders for tickets.
For illustration, I graduated
fror, Mihigan in 1927 and my
wife in 1929, and for the past 30
years we have never received a
ticket within the 30 yard lines.
Usually our tickets are within 20
yards of the goal line. This year
our UCLA tickets were on the 10
yard line. Our MSU tickets were
in the end zone. The Purdue
tickets were at the 20 yard line.
A similar location for the rest
of my tickets. We have fared no
better 'when we ordered season
tickets, so we dropped that idea.
If this policy is standard I do
not believe that you can expect
attendance figures to change.
As an ex-athlete' I thoroughly
enjoy watching a well coached
team, and Michigan was this year.
Elliott is obviously a good coach.
If a continual flow of good ma-
terial is handed to him, and bar-
ring injuries to key presnnel, El-
liott will become a great coach.
He is deserving of our maximum
-Russell W. Conroy
Battle Creek

Trujillo'sGhost Survives

DEMOCRACY has hit a roadblock in the
Dominican Republic. The Balaguer regime,
proportedly committed to establishing a de-
mocracy in the country, has refused to accept
plans or take other measures to facilitate the
evolution from totalitarianism. Instead, this,
remnant government of the Trujillo regime
has acted as if it wished to keep its former
Thursday night, for the second time, the
Balaguer regime rejected a proposal by the
National Civic Union that would bring democ-
racy to the country. This plan, the goal of an
11-day general strike, would establish a seven-
man council to govern the republic and set up
new elections Dec. 1, 1962. The elected govern-
ment would assume power Jan. 26, 1963.
This plan is a good, realistic program for re-
turning the country to democracy. It sets spe-
cific steps and dates for the process, enhancing
the probability of its being carried out. In
many countries, vague promises for elections
have amounted to nothing and the new regime
has been as totalitarian as its predecessor. The
Dominicans only have to look at neighboring
Cuba to see the value of a specific time table.
It is much harder politically to upset such a
The NCU plan also attempts to heal splits
in the body politic that have developed since
the fall of Trujillo. The proposed council
would contain elements from both the Balaguer
regime and the diffuse opposition. Hopefully,
all groups could spend the year devising demo-
cratic institutions and evolving a peaceful
political climate.

UNFORTUNATELY, the Balaguer regime re-
jected the plan. This poses grave consid-
erations on American policy toward the Do-
minican Republic. Aside from the power of its
armed forces. the present regime is supported
by the prestige of the United States, as repre-
sented by warships still closely hovering just
outside the three-mile territorial limit.
It seems, as the confusion clears in the Do-
minican Republic, that American arms have in-
directly installed another military dictatorship.
This government looks good to many observers
when compared to the viciously authoritarian
Trujillo regime, but in reality is the same
thing in essence.
Aside from rejecting the NCU plan, the gov-
ernment has given other indications of mili-
tary dictatorship. Under the leadership of the
Echavarria brothers, the army and its inspired
mobs have killed and beaten demonstrators--
including women-and looted shops. The gen-
eral strike itself is an indication that the nor-
mal political channels have been closed.
Thus another United States intervention has
hurt the people of another South American
country. It is time the United States got out
of internal Latin American politics. For over
100 years American interference has resulted
in perpetuating the dictator system in these
countries. The record of intervention has long
been a blot on the U.S.'s professed democratic
ideals and has hindered the peoples of Latin
America in reaching these ideals that the Unit-
ed States so piously espouses.

Daily staff Writer
shouting subsides, the State
of Michigan will undoubtedly find
itself with much the same appor-
tionment it has now, and it won't
be surprising.
It little matters whether the
districting is for the Legislature
of the Congressional seats; the
fact remains that apportionment
is not simply a matter of carving
up the state into districts of equal
population, but also giving the
best possible representation to all
of the state's citizens.
Only the most naive person
would deny that wide political
differences exist in Michigan; the
outstate counties are as conser-
vative as Wayne County is liberal;
the two populations approximately
balance each other.
So the attempt should not be
to slice up the districts in a clever
way to give marginal seats to
one party or another, but rther
to see if all Michigan's people
can be represented more fairly-
they aren't now.
** *
LEGISLATIVE reapportionment
is probably the first hurdle. As
things stand, districts are rather
ridiculous. The Senate is appor-
tioned on the basis of area, with
a minimum population require-
ment. This situation is not with-
out precedent: 48 other states have
handled their State Senate this
way too. But the House utilizes
a bizarre animal known as "frac-
tional representation." It was
dreamed up some years back by
the Upper Peninsula to get a few
more representatives of the
sparsely populated UP.
Few understand how fractional
representation works. Basically it
goes like this-one or more coun-
ties not having sufficient popula-
tion for one representative can get
together with one or more other
counties who also haven't enough
people for one representative, and
together they can have two rep-
resentatives (though together they
all don't have enough people for
two representatvies).
Granted this is a ridiculous
system, but it was approved on a
statewide referendum. That was
10 years ago; today it is no longer
workable, for downstate areas like
Oakland County, Ingham County,
Washtenaw County, Berrien
County and Grand Traverse
County have gained in population
at the expense of the UP. How-
The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publicaton of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2 p.m., two days preceding
General Notices

ever, their

population gain is not,
in the House.
* * *

been offered. Some. like electing
both Houses on a population basis,
would solve nothing because the
plan goes too far. Others, like
electing one representative from
each county would not go far
Constitutional convention dele-
gate and University Prof. James
K. Pollock attempts to strike a
medium. Prof. Pollock suggests
that the House be elected strictly
on the basis of population, and that
the Senate be elected "in accord-
ance with population distribution,
geographic or regional areas, and
commercial interests."
This is the best philosophy in
the matter, but it won't find easy
sledding. If the con-con will, not
adopt it, for all intents and pur-
poses it will be dead, because
legislators have shown in the past
that they want no change.
* * *
THIS BRINGS US to the heart
of Michigan's apportionment prob-
lem - the Legislature. It is a
mockery among democratically
chosen bodies; the salaries are
precious little and their recipients,
hardly more. Prof. Pollock has
suggested legislators be paid $12.-
000 per year plus travelling ex-
penses, and that the' Legislature
operate on a full-time basis, with
semi-annual or quarterly sessions.
It clearly makes sense for the
Legislature to be selected and
operated in business-like manner.
But those Legislators whose ten-
ures it threatens will fight it, and
that's not hard to understand.
If the periodic apportionment of
Michigan's districts is to be ac-
complished with a minimum of
personality conflicts, precise and
definite provisions will have to
be written into the constitution.
* * *
CONGRESSIONAL redistricting
is another matter, however. The
same legislators who covet their
own seats are quite cold-blooded
about the Congressional map. The
question here is whether the re-
apportionment will be done but at
whose political pleasure (the State
Senate is responsible for this mat-
In spite of the manuevering,
several genuine problems do exist:
In several areas, population
blocs in close proximity are in-'
compatible . from an ideological
standpoint. The Legislature tends
to be somewhat unrelenting about
reshuffling present districts. Wide
population spreads exist between
Michigan's present districts. Pure-
ly arbitrary remapping would toss
two incumbents out of their seats.
Only one remapping plan yet
offered has done anything about
considering this problem.
There are presently some in-
equities like this. For instance,
the 7th district takes in Macomb
County and five other thumb
counties. Macomb is strongly
Democratic; the thumb counties
are very Republican; their popu-
lations are nearly equal. Yet with
their representative a liberal

be in the same district. The same
would be true for Mrs. Martha
Griffiths (D) in Detroit, whose
district should be part of the 18th
.Republican legislators want to
erase Mrs. Griffiths' seat; the
Democrats are after Rep. Knox'
seat; the result is an impasse. But
the fact is that both representa-
tives are able and qualified, and
both should be returned to Con-
gress. Yet the only way they might
do so is compromise between their
respective parties.
* * *
AND THIS brings us to the
Legislature itself, with its bizarre
apportionment which is now under
fire at the constitutional conven-
tion. These are the men charged
with the responsibility of remap-
ping the congressional seats. They
cannot get very excited about that
task, until they see what happens
to their own seats.
And this situation of uncertainty
will continue to be true as long as
specific steps are neglected in
writing a reapportionment process
into Michigan's constitution.
Presently, population sparsity
and density is another problem.
The 12th district, in the western
section of the UP is ridiculously
tiny-the smallest district in Con-
gress, with only 157,000 people.
Meanwhile the 18th district-Oak-
land County-is huge, due to its
population explosion. It boast,
690,000 people - and only one
* * *
THESE ARE all valid problems;
they deserve consideration and
compromise which won't come
quickly because Michigan has
never faced them before.
In times past, the Republicans
held overwhelming control of the
whole state. Their problems were
settled in private. Now the congres-
sional and legislative districting
has be'ome an issue between
Democrats and Republicans - and
neither is sure of the right course.
Hopefully Michigan will get a
good reapportionment - one that
considers all the various factors
mentioned. The experience of two
incumbent congressman, and the
value of the fullest possible ideo-
logical representation are far more
important than completely arbi-
trary population layout. The state
can only benefit fully if they are
PROBABLY congressional re-
apportionment will not be ac-
complished in time for the No-
vember elections, since the legis-
lators must do it and they are
nowhere near compromise. Legis-
lative reapportionment won't be
accomplished, because legislators
are loathe to tamper with their
own districts.
So this will be the result:
Michigan will find itself with an
odd entity for at least two years
-a congressman-at-large.
AS SEEN in the Gilbert and Sul-

City of Free Speech

WE LIKE TO THINK of New York as a city
of free speech and a guardian of all free-
doms. It is an example to sustain with pride,
before the nation and the world, as a home of
many peoples and the host-city to the United
Nations. But such a reputation as a protector
of liberties is not easily won or automatically
kept. There is no truce; the battle is incessant.
One small victory was won yesterday when
Supreme Court Justice Arthur Markewich up-
held the right of the Emergency Civil Liberties
Committee to hold its annual "Bill of Rights"
Dinner at the Commodore Hotel next week.
The hotel had sought to escape from an agree-
ment because "various social, fraternal and pa-
triotic organizations" had threatened business
retaliation if the hotel accommodated the fund-
raising activities of what it called "a vocal
Left-Wing group." The lawsuit involved breach
of contract rather than civil rights, but the
judge's comments from the bench broadened
the issue.

I E CITY COLLEGES, to which we should
be able to look for leadership in the free-
doms as a matter of principle, academic and
otherwise, have recently by narrow construc-
tion of law and administrative dictum made
themselves the captives of absurdity. The cir-
cumstances in each case differ; but with the
blessing of the college presidents and the
chancellor of the City University the campus
platforms have been refused to Benjamin Da-
vis, secretary of the Compmunist party; a meet-
ing sponsored by The National Review, con-
servative magazine, and finally to Malcolm X,
leader of the black-supremacy Muslim move-
These three cases have this in common: they
all appear to the public as suppression of speech
that may be controversial or unpopular, the
last thing a respected, institution of learning
ought to be excusing or lamely defending.
We have confidence that wiser counsel will
prevail, that the city colleges will reverse them-
selves and find they are not really breaking
.nv law in hnnini the Conntitutio n.The .u-.

Interesting Peoples
In P re-'Twist 'Paris'
INSCRUTABLE, AS ALWAYS, Paul Newman (as Ram Bowen, or
"The Ram" or "man") shuffles his way into the hearts and soles
of fans all over Paris. You may remember Newman as the boy who
can get out of bed in the morning with his hair perfectly combed,
and if so this film offers no disappointment. He does it twice.
EXpatriates, like all converts, are the most fervent supporters
of all, and Newman, along with 'Sidney Poitier, proves the rule once
again as the duo tangles with Joanne Woodward and Diahann Car-
roll, respectively. These American ladies have allowed themselves two
weeks to see Magic Paree but under the spell of instant love they
see only Newman and Poitier, who are supposed to be American jazz
musicians that love dated jazz and France with equal passion.
They do pantomimes to a Duke Ellington sound track in an
actually typical cave (my more cosmopolitan friends inform me that
it is really the Club St. Germain); luckily the movie was filmed before
the twist hit Paris. As an added attraction, one night Louis Armstrong
walks in the front door with a 20 piece band, and they all do a
pantomime to a Duke Ellington sound track.
TO PROVE that they are real musicians, Hollywood has placed
in the midst of the house band a real live dope-addict-electric-guitar-
player who somehow develops an incredible flamenco technique by the
end of the film.
Another interesting character turns out to be the owner of the
club, a nifty young French blonde who loves the Ram so much that
she condones his loving another woman. Truly has the silver screen

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