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November 19, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-11-19

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L 1VA11 LA L1


Says USSR,
Leads U.S.
i Rocketry
Khrushchev Reveals
Packaged Superbomb
MOSCOW (P)-Soviet military
leaders claimed yesterday the So-
viet Union has rocket warheads
eqjuivaslent to 100 million tons of
TNT and the missiles to deliver
the stperbombs to any point on
the glebe.
They asserted that the Soviet
Union is superior to the United
States in capabilities for both
rocket attack and rocket defense
and that the backbone of the So-
viet fleet is missile-firing atomic
submarines. But it was admitted
for the! first time publicly that
there was a period when the So-
viet Un'ion was virtually defense-
less against air attack."
The 93oviet Union fired a nu-
clear dovice of greater than 50
megatoms strength Oct. 30. So-
viet Premier NQikita Khrushchev
has said the Russians have devel-
oped a A00-megaton bomb - the
equivalent of 100 million tons of
Claim Warhead
But this was the first time the
Soviet Union claimed to have
packaged the superbomb in a
rocket warhead capable of being
fired thousands of miles.
The claim was made by Col.
Gen. V. F. Tolubko in the official'
military newspaper, Red Staron,
the eve off Soviet "Artillery Day."
It apparently was in answer to
statements in the United States
that the so-called missile gap be-
tween the two powers no longer
exists and that the Soviet Union
has only aibout 30 to 50 intercon-
tinental ballistic missiles.
Such statements, wrote Tolub-
ko, are "vain self-delusion."
Assumptions Low
"We have much more powerful
nuclear warheads (up to 100 meg-
atons) and their number is con-
siderably greater than assumed by
American specialists.
"And we cain assure those across
the ocean who 'like to go in for
military adventures that our bal-
listic rockets have proved them-
selves so wonderfully that nobody
has any doubts in their ability to
lift and deliver any warhead to
any point on the globe."
In another .Red Star article, P.
N. Kuleshov, a colonel general of
artillery, wrote that "Moscow and
the majority of the big objectives
in the Soviet Union possess pow-
erful rocket and radar defenses
and a chain of airdromes for
fighter planes . . . we have suc-
cessfully solved the problems of
destroying various rockets' in
Test Failure
Causes Delay
of Moon Shot

of the heaviest concentrations of
missile and rocket launchings in
the space age, the United States
in the last four days has chalked
up several military and scientific
gains-but one of the major ex-
periments failed early yesterday.
The failure will de.lay an effort to
land an instrument package on the
During the recent period, ad-
vances were made toward a space
navigation system, a missile killer
rocket, spy satellites and a push-
button war weapon.,
The biggest disappointment came
yesterday after the failure of an
Atlas-Agena Rocket attempt to
propel a 675-pound Ranger 2
spacecraft more tha:n half a mil-
lion miles into space. The purpose
was to test techniques and equip-
ment for future lunar and inter-
planetary missions.
Among the successful tests a
Minuteman missile, the weapon
geared for the split-second de-
mands of pushbutton war, regis-
tered its first launching success
from an underground isilo.
By 1964, 600 Minutemen are to
be buried in unattended under-
ground pits, ready for instant fir-
ing from control centers miles
away, the Air Force said.
Successful military test launch-
ings were registered in the four
days by a Pershing artillery mis-
sile, a Mace tactical missile and a
Bomarc anti-aircraft rocket. The
Bomarc darted from Eglin Air
Force Base, Fla., and knocked
down a nilotless target plane.



World-Wide Ability

Rayburn Funeral

-AP Wirephoto
ATTEND SERVICES-President John F. Kennedy and Vice-
President Lyndon Johnson were among the dignitaries who
attended the funeral services for Sam Rayburn in Bonham,
Texas, yesterday. The long time speaker of the House was buried
in the family plot in a nearby cemetery. Former Presidents
Harry S. Truman and Dwight D. Eisenhower joined with
Supreme Court and Congress members and thousands of local
residents to pay tribute to the statesman.
KennedyhSet To Urge
Flexrible Berin Policy

WASHINGTON (P) - President
John F. Kennedy plans to urge
German Chancellor Konrad Ade-
nauer next week to approve a
flexible Western policy for negoti-
ations with Russia on a Berlin
United States offtials who re-
ported this United States policy
line yesterday were vague on pre-
Views Issue
BERLIN (P) -West Germany's
new foreign minister, Gerhard
Schroeder, cautioned yesterday
against approaching East - West
talks on Berlin with conditions
that approach ultimatums.
Schroeder pledged himself to
the slogan "the wall must go" but
he quickly added that his govern-
ment would not insist the wall be
pulled down before the start of
East-West talks.
"We must be careful not to set
up pre-conditions that are actually
ultimatums," he told a news con-
Adenauer declared Thursday the
Berlin wall must come down and
declared this point is not negoti-
able. Schroeder said there is no
change in this stand, but that it
is not a condition for negotiations.
Indications were that Adenauer,
Schroeder and Defense Minister
Franz Josef Strauss would press in
Washington for a 4ard line in
negotiations with the Soviet Union.
They are expected to argue es-
pecially against any approach to
diplomatic recognition of the East
German Communist regime.
Schroeder said that the exten-
sion of "technical contacts," in-
cluding trade,, between West Ger-
many and the East German Reds
would be discussed in Washington.
He said he is waiting for more
concrete American suggestions on
this question.

cise details. Evidently it aims at
readiness to make limited conces-
sions to the Soviets if they agree
to scale down their demands.
Adenauer will fly here today,
from Bonn, where he has been
rearranging the political base of
his government after losing some
strength in the Sept. 17 election.
Advisors Uncertain
President Kennedy and his ad-
visers are highly uncertain about
Adenauer's mood toward the talks,
which open tomorrow and may run
through Wednesday.
Most indications have been that
Adenauer, who now shares power
with an opposition party in a coa-
lition government, is in a no-
compromise attitude.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk
indicated at a news conference
yesterday that the President is
prepared to agree with Adenauer
that the West should demand re-
moval of the Communist wall in
Berlin. But United States officials
do not think the Soviets would
agree to its removal in the fore-
seeable future, and they said Ken-
nedy is not prepared to demand its
destruction now as an essential
part of a Berlin settlement.
Lunanaut Set
To Orbit Moon
MOSCOW (M)-Reports circu-
lated yesterday that the Russians
plan to send a man around the
moon nex't January. It is not
planned for him to land.
According to these reports, the
"Lunanaut" has completed his
training and is at the Soviet space
base at Baikunur in Kazakhstan
waiting for the blast-off signal.
The man will return to give
his first-hand observations of the
moon before the Russians land
an automatic astronomical ob-
servatory there, these reports say.
The Russians are said to have
built two of these observatories.

UN Moves
To Encircle
Kindu Rebels
United Nations took action yester-
day to stamp out movement to
extend to Luluabourg the Congo-
lese army mutiny in which 13
Italian airmen were killed and cut
to pieces at Kindu in Livu Prov-
The UN announced that Congo-
lese troops had been cleared out of
Luluabourg Airport in adjoining
Kasai Province to give the world
body "full freedom of action" in
its buildup of military forces for
encirclement and punishment of
the Kindu mutineers.
Reports said Congolese soldiers
surrounded the airport buildings
at Luluabourg within hours of the
news last Thursday of the murder
of the Italians and had prevented
UN flights from the town for the
last three days. The Luluabourg
airfield is important for the rein-
forcement of the UN garrison at
The sources said there was evi-
dence that the Luluabourg troops
had been in radio contact with the
mutinous Kindu force.
Antoine Gizenga, the Soviet-
supported leftist, is suspected of
having triggered the Kindu mutiny
last Saturday in a bid to stir up a
widespread mutiny against the
central government and build up
a new rebel movement. He was
reported now traveling in Kindu
province trying to win personal
UN headquarters said it still
had no reliable information on the
whereabouts of Gizenga, but be-
lieved he still was in or around
Lundula, who recently joined
forces with Mobutu, saw Gizenga
briefly in Kindu last Tuesday,
before the killing of the Italians
was known, and sought to settle
the mutiny. Lundula and the Con-
go Interior Minister, Christopher
'Gbenye, were chased out of town.
Tito Seeks
A greement
CAIRO () - President Marshal
Tito was reported yesterday seek-
ing to line up a united front1
against -big power pressures-es-
pecially any withdrawal of United1
States aid from his Yugoslavia-
in conferences here with Egypt's
President Abdul Nasser and India's
Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru.
The three unaligned leaders are1
expected to hold long talks today
on a range of world developments
since the conference of 25 neutral
and uncommitted nations was held
in Belgrade last September.
Washington officials have voiced
disappointment at Tito's failure
to denounce pro-Soviet policies on
many issues, especially his failure
to denounce strongly the Soviet
Union's resuming of nuclear tests
in his speech at the.Belgrade con-
President John F. Kennedy
ordered a review of United States
aid to Yugoslavia immediately af-
ter the conference, putting on ice
any new aid agreements for the
time being.
We are now
NO 2-5414

Speech Hits
President Alludes
To Birch Society
LOS ANGELES () - President
John F. Kennedy yesterday urged
Americans to shun "discordant
voices of extremism" and concen-
trate on strengthening the nation
against foreign-based' Communist
With an obvious attack on such
groups as the John Birch Society
and the militia-type minutemen,
Kennedy appealed:$
"Let our patriotism be reflected
in the creation of confidence rather
than crusades of suspicion."
The chief executive, in remarks
prepared for a Democratic rally
at Hollywood Palladium, said
fringe groups have emerged in
most critical periods to escape
their own responsibilities by find-
ing a simple slogan or a convenient
In this time of "heightened
peril," he said, "discordant voices
of extremism are heard once again
in the land."
He added: "Men who are un-
willing to face up to the danger
from without are convinced that
the real danger comes from with-
"They find treason in our finest
churches, in our highest court, and
even in the treatment of our
Kennedy's illustrations reflected
criticisms sounded by the John
Birch Society and ultra-conserva-
tives with similar theories on
what's best for the country in time
of stress, and also referred to the
furor aroused by the recent resig-
nation of MaJ. Gen. Edwin A.

United States has run into some
resistance in its plan to delay the
seating of Red China in the United
Nations once more by having the
General Assembly set up a special
committee to make a year's study
of the question.I
Diplomatic sources said the re-
sistance came from some countries
that recognize Red China but are
good friends of the United States.
Anticipate Motion
They said these countries feel
they cannot support the plan if it
is no more than a dodge to win
another postponement; they want
to be sure that the United States
will back the committee's recom-
mendationseven if it recommends
that Chinese Communists replace
Finland Sets
Soviet Talks
HELSINKI, Finland (M)-Under
mounting pressure from, Moscow
for joint military consultations,
Finland proposed yesterday a
meeting between Finnish President
Urho Kekkonen and Soviet Pre-
mier Khrushchev.
Finland's neutrality seemed at
stake after more than two weeks
of diplomatic prodding from its
Soviet neighbor to hold joint dis-
cussions about "the rising war
threat in the Baltic area."
The Soviet campaign is directed
at West Germany, accused of
mounting the war threat, and Fin-
land's Scandinavian friends and
neighbors, Denmark, Norway and
Sweden. All three are charged by
the Russians with aiding the West

UN Resists Red China Move

; - - - - -



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World News Roundup



By The Associated Press
proposed yesterday that the nu-
clear powers sign an agreement to
keep atomic or hydrogen bombs
from countries that do not already
possess them.
In a resolution submitted to
the General Assembly's political.
committee, the Irish also would
have the United Nations ask all
countries not in the "Nuclear
Club" to agree to stay out.,
* * *
ANTARCTICA--American ex-
plorers unveiled plans yesterday
for a trek across the Antarctica
that may blaze a new trail to the
Russian-conquered Point of In-
accessibility - the geographical
center of this ice-capped conti-
Jack Long, traverse engineer of
the University of Wisconsin, said
the route across the Point of In-
accessibility is one of two under
* * *
WARSAW-Church-state rela-
tions in Communist Poland ap-

pear to have improved consider-
ably since last summer, when they
erupted into open wrangling.
Reports from Catholic and
Communist sources yesterday in-
dicate the Communist regime and
the Roman Catholic Church are
treading softly by mutual agree-
ment on a number of disputes.
MOSCOW-Pravda accused the
United States yesterday of perse-
cuting members of the United
States Communist Party, assert-
ing this was "a shameful self ex-
posure of vaunted 'American de-
The Communist Party news-
paper apparently referred to the
United States requirement that
party members register as agents
* * *
WASHINGTON - The first
United States liquid hydrogen
rocket engine-a powerful motor
that can be started and restarted
in space for use in lunar and in-
terplanetary space missions-has
passed its preliminary flight rat-
ing test.

raincoats and better hats.

Chinese Nationalists on all UN
The informants said they ex-
pected the United States or some-
body else would Introduce a reso-
lution anyhow to set up a study
They said they were almost cer-
tain there would be a proposal also
that the Assembly declare a two-
thirds vote to be necessary to
change China's UN representation.
The Soviet Union has intro-
duced a resolution to make such a
change and argues that this reso-
lution needs only a simple majority

to get through the 103-nation As-
sembly. The Assembly will begin
debating the Chinese question late
this month or early in December.
Prior Motion
The informants would not iden-
tify the countries that took issue
with the United States plan for a
study committee.
Britain, the Netherlands and
Pakistan recognize Red China but
joined last year in the Assembly's
vote for a United States resolu-
tion that provided for another
year's moratorium in debate over
the China seating question.


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