THE MICHIGAN DAILYSA
lakent Cites Causes
)f Turkiish. Change
By GERALD STORCH
The director of the Turkish In-
formation Center for the United
States Thursday examined the
causes and benefits of the 18-
monh old period of transition in,
Ihsan Atakent explained to a
meeting of the Turkish Students
Club that the 1960 revolution oc-
curred because "human rights had
been cast aside for economic de-
The ruling Democratic Party,
which was organized in 1946, had
won the elections in 1950 and 1954
by liberal promises of economic
However, the usurpations of
the Adnan Menderes regime fi-
nally compelled military and stu-
dent elements to utilize their
"right of revolution" to insure the
ISA To Host
The International Student As-
sociation will sponsor a program
at 7:30 p.m. tomorrow in Aud. A.
Following a showing of "Red
China Outlaw," edited by Lowell
Thomas, Col. W. Bruce Pierne will
discuss the admission of Commu-
nist China to the United Nations.
Col. Pierne is a member. of the
board of advisors of the Commit-
tee of One Million Against the
Admission of Red China to the
United Nations. He has just re-
turned from a trip to Formosa.
liberties of the people and to pre-
vent a civil war, Atakent said.
During the military-ruled tran-
sitional period since the over-
throw, the regime has produced
"significant developments in every
field"-political prisoners were re-
leased, newspapers un-banned
and wide-sweeping literacy cam-
In addition, Menderes and two
of his cohorts were executed "to
affirm justice to the 28 million
people he had harmed."
Atakent also cited a commit-
tee .of jurists and professors, who
revised unfair laws and drafted a
constitution which was approved
last June in a national election.
Then, the return to a civilian
democracy was set by parliamen-
tary elections last week. The re-
sults of the election--a stalemate
among four parties, none of which
achieved a majority-only proved
that the election was "truly free
Although it is true that there
was a check by the junta on the
content of campaign speeches,
Atakent. said this was justified by
the greater need for national se-
After it was obvious that a
standoff among the four parties
had come about, the military rul-
ers had a "friendly chat" with the
leaders of the parties and con-
vinced them to endorse the head
of the junta.
This coalition will be successful,
he said, because the four parties
differ only on the amount of em-
phasis to place on state control,
over the economic structure.
By HARRY PERLSTADT
Arch G. Gerlach, chief of the
Library of Congress's Map Divi-
sion and former visiting profes-
sor at the University, yesterday
explained how maps may be used
for propaganda purposes.
Proper relationships of the map
segments call for the use of sym-
bols, "and this allows the cartog-
rapher to draw a map with a pur-
pose-what could be called a
propaganda map," Gerlach said.
Cartographers can create tech-
nically accurate maps and yet
emphasize or overlook certain
facts, he said. As an example,
Gerlach drew a simulated map of
Latvia and then drew figures rep-
resenting the Russian population
of the country. Each little figure
which Gerlach drew represented
5,000 Russians. He filled up Latvia
with 13 such figures.
Latvia then appears to be filled
with figures representing 65,000
Russians, but the total popula-
tion of Latvia is over 3,000,000.
Gerlach pointed out that all
maps to some extent are incom-
plete. Roads on maps if taken to
scale would end up five miles
wide. But people tend to overlook
The use of cartoons in maps
also aids in the psychological im-
plications For example, boundar-
ies made to resemble barbed wire
fences or chains drawn around a
country convey the idea of encir-
clement and captivity.
Gerlach said that the use of
colors was also important. Red
conveys the idea of aggressive-
ness. Yellow is cowardly, black is
ominous and various shades of
grey and brown are non-commit-
tal. Also light colors usually im-
ply low density or concentration
while dark colors mean heavy den-
"For the past decade, politicians,
businessmen and other groups
have have been selling ideas to
people in the form of maps," he
said. "We now have political maps,
marketing maps, sales maps and
many others which carry more of
a psychological impact than an
ordinary map would. "People tend
to believe what they see on a map,
In addition the projection of
maps often distort national area.
The mercator projection depicts
Greenland as larger than the
United States even though its ac-
tual area is much less than that
of the United States.
Group To Hold
Turkish Students Club will hold
a "Turkish Ball" from 10 p.m. to
1 a.m. tonight at the Veterans of
Foreign Wars Hall.
'CLASH OF CULTURES':
Wethey Interprets El Greco's Paintings
By ALAN MAGID
Prof. Harold E. Wethey of art
history department depicted El
Greco's paintings as the product
of a 'clash of culture,' at a Span-
ish Club lecture Thursday night.
El Greco gained his originality
from the Byzantine culture in
which he was raised, Prof. Weth-
ey said. El Greco was born in
Crete and soon moved to Greece.
After studying in Greece, he
moved to Italy in 1560. The ten
years he spent in Venice affected
his painting most drastically.
Prof. Wethey said "The Dis-
robing of Christ" shows very clear-
ly the Venetian influence in El
Greco's work, although certain
people claim that such details as
the armor in this picture is Cretian
or Grecian, it clearly is Roman.
This same type is very evident
in the works of Titian and Mich-
aelangelo -in the sixteenth cen-
tury. "'The Disrobing' shows the
influence of early medieval paint-
ers, but most certainly El Greco's
technique is Venetian."
El Greco's early work is char-
gcterized by its striking realism
which is the effect of his study
under Titian. El Greco made wide
use of deep perspective in his ear-
The typically Renaissance love
of objects from antiquity is seen
in stately Roman buildings, the
use of classical figures from myth-
ology, and the representation of
Roman sculpture in his works. All
Band To Focus
After marching in jet forma-
tion to mid-field during halftime
of today's Duke-Michigan football
game, the University Marching
band will take spectators on a
musical tour of Mediterranean
With numbers such as "It's a
Big Wide Wonderful World" and
formations as a Turkish "bubble
bubble" water pipe, the show will
musically re-create the University
Symphony band's trip through
Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey,
Cyprus and Greece last year.
The tour will begin when the
band marches down the field in
the formation of a camel. The
band will change into the pipe,
which will be "lighted."
In concert formation, the band
will next play an excerpt from,
the "Pines of Home" by Res-
pighi, a number played by the
Symphony Band in a Roman am-
phitheatre in Jordan.
A percussion feature, "Serenade
to a Sand Dune," will follow, after
which the band will make an im-
aginary visit to an entertainment
spot in a tent in the desert.
PROF.;HAROLD E. WETHEY
El Greco art
this is purely Venetian, Prof.
For a period in Rome the paint-
er showed interest in subjects
from daily life. He explored the
uses of light in these paintings.
In 1577 El Greco moved to
Spain, and.it was here that his
genius blossomed. The Italy he
had left was possessed of many
great masters of the day whose
influence was too strong for El
Greco's personal style to over-
come, Prof. Wethey said.
Fortunately for the world, con-
ditions were quite the opposite in
Spain. The Renaissance leaders
were dead, and an open opportun-
ity existed for El Greco to de-
velop his talent to the fullest,
Prof. Wethey explained.
During the period from 1520 to
1600 in Spain, a counter-Renais-
sance movement was extant. It
was opposed to the unemotional
classicism that had characterized
the previous age.
In Toledo the painter's art be-
gan to ripen Into the style by
which the world knows him best.
It was here, he developed the
brilliancy of, color which is the
best of his Venetian tradition.
Highpoint of Style
Prof. Wethey called El Greco's
"Burial of the Count of Orgaz,"
"his greatest work." In this paint-
ing the master's clear differentia-
Group To Present
Professors Kenneth E. Boulding
and Alexander Eckstein, both of
the economics department, will
discuss "Economic Considerations
in the Nuclear Age" at 2:30 p.m.
tomorrow in the Multi-Purpose
rm. of the Undergraduate Library.
Challenge will sponsor the pro-
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KARL. BOEHM CONDUCTING
MASONIC AUDITORIUM, DETROIT
Friday, Nov. 10, 8:20 P.M.
STRAUSS-Don Juan MENDELSSOHN-Violin Concerto, E minor
MICHEL SCHWALBE, Soloist
BRAHMS-Symphony No. 2
$1.65, $2.20, $3.30, $4.40. At Dntn. Grinnell's and Masonic Temple
Mail Orders to Masonic Auditorium, 500 Temple
Encl. Self-Addressed, Stamped Env.
D AL.NO 8-6416
Shows Today at
Week Days Starting
Monday at 7:30 Only
DAILY OFFICIAL BULLETIN
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The Daily Official Bulletin Is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should be
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3564 Administration Building
before 2' p.m., two days preceding
SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4,
University Players Playbill 1961/62
season subscriptions are still available
by mail order. For those who still have
their ticket stubs from the first pro-
duction, the price on the stub will be
subtracted from the price of the sea-
son ticket. Productions include: G. B.
Shaw's "Arms and the Man," Wed.-Sat.,
Nov. 8-11; William Shakespeare's "Hen-
ry IV, Part One," Wed.-Mon., Dec. 6-
11 (matinee performance Sun., Nov. 10),
Barton Wimble's "Faces of Malte" (Pre-
miere production), Wed.-Sat., Jan. 10-
13; Graham Greene's "The Living
Room," Wed.-Sat., Mar. 21-24; An Op-
era, to be announced, Thurs.-Mon.,
Apr. 26-May 1 (except Sun.); and
Shakespeare's "Henry IV, Part Two,
Mon.-Sat., May 7-12. All performances
8:00 p.m., except Sunday matinee of
"Henry IV, Part One" at 3:00 p.m.
Season tickets $7.00 or 5.00 plus 25c
for each Fri. or Sat, performance tick-
et for each play except "Faces of
Address mail orders to University
Players, Lydia Mendelssohn Theatre.
Checks payable to University Players.
Enclose self-addressed, stamped en-
Tickets for individual productions
also available, but season orders filled
first. "Faces of Malte," any perform-
ance, $1.00. Opera, Thurs. or Mon., $1.75
or 1.25, Fri. or Sat., $2.00 or 1.50. All
others, $1.50 or 1.00 for week-night per-
formances, $1.75 or 1.25 for Fri. or Sat.
For assistance in sending mail orders,
call 663-31511, ext. 3383. Box office
opens Mon. Nov. 6 at' Lydia Mendel-
ssohn Theatre, from 10:00 a.m. to 5:00
p.m. Mon. and Tues., Nov. 6 and 7, and
10:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m. during the run
of the play "Arms and the Man" Wed.
through Sat., Nov. 8-11.
Wind Instruments Recital: School of
Music students of wind instruments
will present a recital Sun., Nov. 5, 4:15
p.m., in Lane Hall Aud. Soloists will
be Jeannette Hoffman, flute; Janice
Piaseczny, oboe; Kenneth Oyer, bass
clarinet; Sandra Hosmer, clarinet; Noel
Papsdorf, French horn; Patricia Reed,
saxophone; Donald Tison, trumpet. Carl
Dephouse, John Hallen, Brent Herhold,
and Lanny Robbins will perform as a
tube quartet. Open to the public with-
(Continued on Page 4)
1 103 S. Univ. NO 2-6362
Vote in the S.G.C.
election Nov. 7 & -8
To pick up Your GLEE CLUB Tickets
For Tonight's Performance?