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November 04, 1961 - Image 1

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The Michigan Daily, 1961-11-04

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United Nations

Votes

U Thant Appointmen

Seventy-One Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXII, No. 42 ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 4, 1961 SEVEN CENTS SIX PAGES

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TEMPORARY ACTION:
Ban Controversial
Discussions at Flint
By GAIL EVANS
A moratorium prohibiting Flint Junior College's student. govern-
ment and newspaper from dealing with any controversial political or
social questions for at least three or four weeks was announced yester-
day by Searle Charles, dean of the college.
Charles said the situation has become emotional and that a cool-
ing off period is needed before the publications and student activities

Trial Ends
In Bus Case
By The Associated Press
ANNISTON, Ala.-The federal
court trial of seven men charged
in the burning of a Greyhound,
bus carrying Freedom Riders end-
ed in a mistrial yesterday.
The seven were charged with
interfering with interstate trans-
portation and with conspiracy in
the bus-burning outside of Anni-
ston last May 14. The incident
was the first major act of violence
to strike a group of Freedom Rid-
ers traveling through the South
testing segregation of bus station
facilities.
The bus was destroyed by
flames, though all those aboard
escaped without serious injurly.
The jury, deliberated for more
than nine hours before foreman
Cecil Morgan told United States
District Judge H. Hobart Grooms
that he thought the jury would
never agree on a verdict.
Assistant United States Attor-
ney R. Macy Taylor said a date
will be set for retrial.
The seven face a possible 20
years imprisonment and $10,000
fine if convicted on the interfer-
ence charges and a possible five
years imprisonment and a $10,000
fine if convicted on conspiracy
charges.
No witnesses were called by the
defense which argued that there
was no legal evidence against the
defendants. The government call-
ed witnesses who placed all the
defendants at the scene of the bus-
burning.
Deplore Plan
To Cut Funds
WASHINGTON (P)-Leaders in
a drive to help control cancer by
drugs reported yesterday "tremen-
dbus" advances in knowledge in
this field and strongly deplored
a Kennedy Administration plan to
slice $60 million from medical re-
search funds.
Dr. Isidor S. Ravdin of the Uni-
versity of Pennsylvania said that
if the cut goes through, clinicians
may not be able to use 23 promis-
ing new drugs -

boards can formulate a policy on
the scope of issues open.to student.
discussion. This period could last
two or three months, he added.
The moratorium came just four
days after Charles "suggested"
that the newspaper and the stu-
dent government not discuss any
controversial questions.
Back NSA Stand
The problem originated after
Flint JC approved the United
States National Student Associa-
tion's resolution asking for the
abolition of the House Committee
on Un-American Activities.
As a result of the moratorium,
Gary Scott, newspaper staff and.
student government member said
that , the studen~t government
passed a Motion yesterday stating:
"We, the student government,
will be glad to help in any way
we can in establishing policies for
the student government and the
publications.
Ask Lift of Ban
"But we feel in view of the free-
dom of expression granted to us in
the constitution, we cannot uphold
the moratorium. We ask that it be
lifted so that we can cooperate on
common grounds as adults."'
Scott added that students object
to the moratorium because it vio-
lates the student's right to be con-
cerned with important issues. He
asserted that it .is not that stu-
dents necessarily disagree with the
principle, but with the fact that
the moratorium has been imposed
before a policy has been reached.
An editorial favoring the abo-
lition of the controversial HUAC-
originally intended for publication
in yesterday's student newspaper,
the "Clamor," was not printed.
Display. Blank Space
Instead, a blank space appeared
on the editorial page.
Charles feels that until "the
emotion is removed fromthe issue"
students should use restraint in
discussions and actions about it..
For the same reason, the dean
postponed folk singer Peggy See-
ger's scheduled Nov. 17 appearance
at the college, Fred Comer, vice-
president of the student govern-
ment said.
Peace Corps Sets
Project for Bolivia
LA PAZ, Bolivia () - Peace
Corps Director Sargent Shriver
told reporters yesterday his orga-
nization may send volunteers to
help Bolivia prepare for settle-
ment of the tropical valley of Beni.

TOUCHDOWN TWINS-Wolverine halfbacks Dave Raimey (19)
and Bennie McRae (43) will see plenty of action this afternoon
against the Duke Blue Devils. Raimey currently leads the Wol-
verines in touchdowns scored with five; McRae is tied for second
with Bill Tunnicliff. Both have scored three touchdowns.
HIGH COSTS:
igs Outlines Areas'
Hurting State's 'Imagel
By MARK BLUCHER
"The image of our state is not what it might be," the president
of the state Chamber of Commerce said last night and then proceed-
ed to outline problems that must be solved in order to improve this
image and, thereby, improve Michigan's economic situation.
Chief among these problems are the high cost of labor and the
high cost of taxes, Robert'Briggs told a combined meeting of the

Challenge
Atlantic
Leaders
Hope for Repeat
Of 31-6 Victory
Over Southerners
By MIKE BURNS
Sports Editor
Hoping for their second come-
back of the season, the Michigan
Wolverines take on the Atlantic
Coast Conference leader, the Blue
Devils, 'at 1:30 p.m. today at the
Michigan Stadium.
Loser of a 23-20 heartbreaker
to Minnesota last week, the Wol-
verines will be hoping to bounce
back .against the southern school
which has lost two of its last
three outings. Nevertheless, the 4-
2 record compiled by- the Blue
Devils is not to be taken lightly
by Michigan.
Last Year's Defeat
Last year, the Durham, N.C..
squad traveled north with a 2-0
record and met complete disaster
as Dave Raimey led the Wolver-
ines to a 316 rout, with two touch-
downs. Duke went on to an 8-3
record, the conference crown and
a Cotton Bowl victory over Arkan-
sas, 7-6.
Normally, the Wolverines would
not be too concerned about the
Blue Devils. Their easy victory over
the highly-touted Southerners
last season and a weight advan-
tage for the 'M' linemen might
lead to a false sense of overcon-
fidence.
But Michigan faces two prob-
lems: injuries and morale. In the
first department, tackle Jon
Schopf, 230-lb. mainstay of the
Wolverine interior line, suffered a
slight shoulder separation against
Minnesota and wil be unavailable
for Coach Bump Elliott's squad.
See WOLVERINES, Page 6
U.S. Borrows
Swiss Francs
To Aid Dollar
WASHINGTON ()-The Treas-
ury disclosed yesterday it has
borrowed $43.6 million in Swiss
francs from the Swiss National
Bank in a move to strengthen the
dollar's international position.
The borrowing was the first of
its kind since 1918, and was car-
ried out last month without- any
announcement at the time. The
transaction was revealed yester-
day in a statistical table publish-
ed as part of the daily United
States Treasury statement.
In essence, the borrowing was
the result of cooperative Ameri-
can-Swiss efforts earlier this year
to strengthen the dollar in re-
lation to the Swiss Franc. In the
process, the United States gov-
ernment incurred obligations to
supply Swiss Francs in exchange
for dollars at a later date.

UNITED NATIONS W - U
Thant of Burma was elected act-
ing secretary-general of the Unit-
ed Nations yesterday by unani-
mous vote of its 103 members.
The 52-year-old Buddhist dip-
lomat was chosen by secret ballot
of the General Assembly. He will
serve until April 10, 1963, end of
the five-year term of the late Dag
Hammarskjold, who was killed in
a plane crash in Africa Sept. 18.
The Assembly's action followed
a unanimous recommendation by
the Security Council, voted in se-
cret session less than 4 hours
*earlier.
Takes Oath
Taking the oath of office, U
Thant swore not to seek or accept
instructions in regard to the per-
formance of his duties "from any
government, or other authority
external to the United Nations."
In his acceptance speech soon
after, he promised to maintain an
attitude of objectivity in keeping
with the policy of nonalignment
of Burma, which he has repre-
sented here since 195.
He also said he would invite a
limited number of UN undersec-
retaries "to act as my principal
advisers on important questions"
-and they would include Ralph
J. Bunche of the United States
and Georgy- P. Arkadev of the
Soviet Union.
May Name Five
Speculation was that U Thant
would name five principal advisers
and two heads of -the secretary-
general's own office staff to his
advisory group. He was not ex-
pected to appoint the group until
some time later.
A United States delegation
source called reporters together to
stress that the United States did
not consider that U Thant had
set up a so-called troika to head
the United Nations.
There had been such reports,
the source said, based on the
theory that U Thant, Arkadev and
Bunche would amount to the neu-
tralist-Communist-Westerner set-
up the Soviet Union has sought
for permanent directorate of the
Secretariat.
Cites Misuse
Of Personnel
ByOfficers
WASHINGTON (M)-An Army
officer turned Congressman says
the taxpayers are footing a bill of
$180 million yearly to provide at
least 30,000 enlisted servants for
military brass often in violation
of law and directives.
Rep. Frank Kowalski (D-Conn)
made the complaints in a letter
last August to Comptroller Gen-
eral Joseph Campbell asking for
an investigation. The comptroller
is the official who watches over
government spending for Congress.
Yesterday Kowalski's office re-
leased the letter along with the
comptroller's report of a spot in-
quiry at Ft. McNair in Washing-
ton.,
The report showed 25 sergeants
officially listed as doing nothing
but house and yard chores for
senior military officers and one
State Department official living
on the post.
Unemployment
Reaches Year Low
WASHINGTON ()-Unemploy-
ment fell in October to below 4
million for the first time in a
year-because of seasonal factors
-but the Labor Department said
the idle total could climb to over

5 million again during the win-
ter.
The job figures normally make
a good showing in October and
there was no exception this year.
Employment rose by 786,000 to
67,824,000, a record for the month.

-AT Wirephoto
NEW SECRETARY-GENERAL-U . Thant (left) addresses the
United Nations General Assembly after being elected secretary-
general. Beside him is Mongi Slim, current Assembly president
and Andrew Cordier (right) assistant secretary-general.
STRESEMA.NN
Berlin Jeopardizes
U.S. Role as Power
By ANN MEYER
Aside from Berlin losing its political significance as a "bastion
of freedom" and showcase for the West, it has now placed the
United States' role as a world power in jeopardy, Wolfgang Strese-
mann, General Manager of the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra, said
yesterday.
Stresemann-whose father was chancellor and foreign minister
of the Weimar Republic-emphasized both Russia's determination
to control all of Berlin and the importance of -a strong and decisive

Men denhall Talk Analyzes
onfliet of Value Systems
By JIM KESON
After individual systems of values begin to break down, the gov-,
einment. steps in to try to enforce these values, Prof. George Menden-
hall of the Near Eastern Studies department said last night.
Prof.. Mendenhall cited the high percentage of totalitarian
states in contemporary and ancient societies as evidence of this. The
totalitarian system of government, however, is an epheremeral one,
he noted.
Speaking at a Near East Club meeting, Prof. Mendenhall dis-
cussed "The Role of Value Conflict in Near East Societies" and
"pointed out that the moral sys-
tem of the ancient Hebrews has
r . endured to our time, while the
civilization of the Babylonians
- .and Egyptians have disappeared.
{ r These governments were based
upon the deification of the state,
adopting a system of morals to
support the government.
The chief god in Egyptian civ-
4< ilization was incarnate in the king
of Egypt. "For this reason," he ex-

Oliver To Fill
Newly Created
Financial Post,
By SANDRA JOHNSON
Frederick E. Oliver, the Univer-
sity's assistant controller and chief
accountant, will head the newly
created Office for Financial Analy-
sis.
Such an office has been made
necessary because of increasing re-
quirements for financial data for
federal state government programs
and greater emphasis on cost
analysis and uniform accounts and
reports, Vice-President for Busi-
ness and Finance Wilbur K. Pier-
pont says.
The financial analysis office will
be a "specialized office, handling
matters over and above the routine
accounting procedures," Oliver ex-
plains.
Anmimportant aspect of the of-
fice's work will be providing data
which is wonted by the State
Council of College Presidents, so
that the University may better
work with the other eight state
colleges on their common prob-
lem of legislature appropriations,.
Oliver said.
Interest in Uniformity
The council has become inter-
ested in uniformity in accounting
procedures, budget requests and
financial methods.
The uniform procedures will be
implemented through the new
office.
Oliver said that although he will
not himself be working with the
state legislators, he might pre-
pare data and work out a presen-
tation that the president and vice-
presidents would use in explaining
the University's needs to them.
Additionally the office will deal
with the many federal requests
for data. For example, the Depart-
ment of Health, Education and
Welfare frequently sends out ques-
tionnaires that must be taken
care of, Oliver said.
The University, too, is interested

Joint Legislative Committee on
Economic Growth and the Eco-
nomic Advisory Board.
Bad publicity resulting from
court decisions on workmen's com-
pensation rates and unemploy-
ment compensation benefits have
also hurt the state, Briggs charg-
ed.
The overlying difficulty is "con-
vincing businessmen that the
chances of making a reasonable
profit are better in Michigan than
in other parts of the . United
States. The potential of a profit
is the thing that attracts indus-
tries."
Briggs was followed by Harold
Hall, Chamber of Commerce Exec-
utive Director, who said that the
state must "begin to orient its
thinking, in terms of legislation,
to the peculiar problems found in
Michigan."
Prof. Paul McCracken of the
business administration school
said that Michigan's rapid growth
during most of this century was
the result of "massive good for-
tune."
However,.he felt that ''we should
not count on such a jackpot spew-
ing its wealth and employment
opportunities on us a second
time."

Western stand to meet the test
position in Berlin is complicated
because Waltei Ulbricht's- Com-
munist regime in East Germany
is not the type of agent the Rus-
sians want to see in power, Strese-
mann said.
Would Set Power
As leader of East Germany, Ul-
bricht would have the power to
decide whether an act of war had
occurred and to commit Russia.
to her defense.
The Americans, Stresemann in-
sisted at the International Student
Association sponsored speech, must
demand that Berlin remain a free
and democratic city, that the
United States should have free
access to Berlin by air, and that
American troops be permitted to
remain in the city.
Forces Shift
The effect of the barricade has
not only forced the world powers
into shifting positions but also
has caused economic prosperity
within Berlin itself.
Stresemann described the West
Berliners' response as one of sur-
prise and depression. Just after
the wall was erected, there was a$
feeling that the West had been
taken by surprise by a Russian
move which was not calculated to
succede but was merely an at-
tempt to divide the city..
Thus these people cite the fact
that the East Berliners were not
given ammunition that particular
night.
Berlin also suffered the loss of
East Berlin students. However, the
enrolment was quickly filled by
foreign students and more West
Berliners.
The third effect of the wall's
construction was the loss of 80,000
East Berlin workers. This loss in
productivity is made up by the
over-time work of existing work-
ers and will be eliminated in the
future by importation of foreign
workers.

of brinksmanship. The Russian
Panel Gives
Law Reform
By PHILIP SUTIN
A procedure for exchanging in-
formation among the prosecutor,
the defense attorney and the publiic
defender's office may help improve
the adversary system of criminal
trials, a three-man panel suggested
last night.
Commenting on a CBS-TV doc-
umentary film, "A Real Case of
Murder," Judge Charles S. Des-
mond, chief justice of the New
York Court of Appeals, Miles See-
ley, '29L, a Chicago attorney, and
Prof. Edmond Devine of the law
school oted that the movie showed
some of the defects of the present
trial system.
Prof. Devine, a former prose-
cuting attorney of Washtenaw
County, said that some institution-
alized method of exchanging in-
formation between the prosecution
and the defense should be estab-
lished to avoid the type of with-
holding of information depicted in
the film.
Similar To Rules
"These rules can be similar to
discovery rules in civil cases. It is
a judicial process adaptable to
criminalprocedures," Seeley de-
clared.
"The film showed some disquiet-
ing things in the prosecutor's fail-
ure to provide the defense with
information of the victim's state-
ment.
"The prosecutor, as thehrepre-
sentative of the people,. has an
obligation to disclose information."
GA in.Informnation
In civil cases discovery rules are
used to gain from the opponent's
side information needed to ascer-
tain the facts. However, the lawyer
must know what type of informa-
tion he is seeking, Seeley added.
Meeting objections brought out
by moderator Prof. Sanford Ka-
dish, Seeley said that the right
protection against self incrimina-
tion would not be violated as
"there is more to a case than
facts."
He added that special procedures
could be set up to protect wit-
nesses against reprisals resulting
from the exchange of such infor-
mation.
Help Poor
A governmentally sponsored pub-
lic defenders office may help im-
poverished defendents gain jus-
tice under a system where it
takes money to obtain the talent
necessary to provide equal adver-
saries, Prof. Devine said.

STINGY PEOPLE, STRINGY HAIR:
IBucket Holders Face Countless woes

(EDITOR'S NOTE: Miss Berry, a Daily staff writer, spent yesterday
afternoon collecting money for the Fresh Air camp bucket drive and gives
impressions of her experiences for this publication.)
By MALINDA BERRY
"Wouldn't-you-like-to-contribute-to-the-Fresh-Air Camp?" has
been the hew and cry of new fraternity and sorority pledges for the
past two days.
They've been participating in the annual bucket drive to help
finance operations of the University-affiliated camp.
It's absolutely amazing how many people pass by that you know,
some of whom you haven't run into for years, while you are standing
feeling slightly more than a little silly holding a cold tin bucket.
Rain Ruins Spirits, Hair
Ann Arbor weather perennially makes with the damp stuff and
yesterday was clearly one of those drizzle and wind days. The weath-
er has particular import for people of my gender-wet, stringy hair.

Chrysler, UA
SinCnrc

I KT-W USEMPT"m

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