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November 01, 1961 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1961-11-01

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

Britain Seeks To Keep'
Extra Defense Forces,
Wants Special Powers

Re-Elected Soviet Head
Praises Reds' Influence
Communism Greatest 'Force of Our Time,'
Premier Tells Party Congress Delegates

Draft Plans
To Augment
Rhine Army
Government Steps
Receive Opposition
From Labor Party
LONDON (A)-Britain yesterday
sought emergency powers to keep
230,000 extra troops under arms
after the national draft ends this
year.
The government's move was
foreshadowed in Queen Elizabeth's
speech opening a new parliamen-
tary session. It aims at. allaying
allied anxieties over Britain's de-
clining military powers and at
swiftly reinforcing the underman-
ned Rhine army.'
"My armed forces will continue
to contribute (in cooperation
with my allies) to the prevention
of war," the monarch said.
The plans of the government
immediately ran into opposition
Labor Party criticism, when a few
hours later, the traditional de-
bate on. the royal address began
in the House of Commons. Depu-
ty Labor Leader George Brown
said the measures were "not par-
ticularly fair" to those service-
men caught in the military net.
Four main steps were announc-
ed to strengthen Britain's army:
1) Men performing their na-
tional service under the expiring
conscription system could be kept
at the colors an extra six months.
The War Office explained later
about 50,000 men could be af-
fected but far less are likely to be
chosen as thing stand now.This is
a. short-term measure designed to
enable the Rhine army to main-
tain its strength while the Berlin
crisis remains unsettled.
2) Former conscripts of part-
time service could be recalled for
six-month stints. The War Office
said this would make about 180,-
000 trained men available until
196.
3) The whole structure of the
army's reserve system will be re-
cast in a way that will enable
the government to call on a wider
range of specialists in times of
trouble.
.4) This reorganization will be
featured by the formation of a
special group to be known as "the
ever-readies."
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Days and Evenings

-AP Wirephoto
ARMY- ESCORT-Two American civilians in a U. S. Army
licensed car return to the Western sector of Berlin with three
'U. S. Army vehicles who escorted them into the Eastern sector
after they had been refused permission to enter by East German
police. Reports yesterday indicated that East-West tension in
Berlin was dropping off.
Hih asWetTension
.hApears Ended in Berlin
BERLIN M)-The dangerous period of high East-West tension
in Berlin appeared over last night, at least for the time being.
High American authorities in Berlin say there is always danger
of new Communist harassments of the Western powers in the city
in the next days, or the next weeks. On the other hand, the Russians
may have decided to let the Berlin crisis cool for a while.
United States and Russian tanks stand immobile on either side
of the inflamedI sector border, waiting.!
American 'authorities are inclined to believe any new harass-
ments will be of a minor nature. The United States Army is not

MOSCOW ()-Premier Nikita
S. Khrushchev, re-elected leader
of the most powerful Communist
party in the world, joined 5,000
cheering delegates yesterday in
asserting Communism is "the most
influential political force of our
time."
The assertion of Communist
strength was contained in a res-
olution adopted by the 22nd Con-
gress of the Soviet Communist
Party after Khrushchev had been
re-elected first secretary of the
party, a job which makes him top
Communist.
Tightens Leadership
The conference endorsed a
tightened party leadership under
Khrushchev and a 20-year-plan
designed to make the Soviet Un-
ion the world's leading economic
power. Khrushchev declared the
Congress had marked an impor-
tant step in establishing full Com-
munism in the Soviet Union.
"The present generation of So-
viet people will live under Com-
munism," declared the, resolution,
borrowing from the 50,000-word
economic plan. "Communism has
become the most influential poli-
tical force of our time. It is not
imperialism (capitalism) but so-
cialism (Communism) that deter-
mines today the principle direc-
tion of world development."
Wild applause marked the end
of the Congress that saw the one-
time unchallenged leader of world
Communism, Josef Stalin, reviled
as a murderer, his followers fur-
ther disgraced, the Albanian Com-
munist leadership assailed and the
Red Chinese openly defiant.
Calls for Expulsion
The final resolution also called
for expulsion from the party of
former 'Foreign Minister V. M.
Molotov, former Premier Georgi
Malenkov and former First Depu-
ty Premier Lazar Kaganovich,
three members of the antiparty
group bitterly assailed as Stalin-
ists almost daily since the Con-
gress opened Oct.. 17.
In tightening the reins of the
Party, the ruling Presidium of the
Central Committee was pared from
World News
Roundup
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-President John
F. Kennedy will campaign fr
the reelection of Mayor Robert
F. Wagner in New York City
Thursday afternoon, the White
House said yesterday, reversing
statements to the contrary last
week. The city election is next
Tuesday.
CAPE CANAVERAL - Minor
electrical problems in the final 10
seconds forced postponement yes-
terday of an attempt to launch
a satellite to test the global Unit-
ed States man-in-space tracking
network.
MUNICH-Albania's Radio Tir-
ana disparaged the so-called vic-
tims of Stalinism in a broadcast
monitored by Radi6 Free Europe
here yesterday.
COEDS:
It's Hairstyling
Galore!
No Appointment Needed
Custom-Styling
The Dascola Barbers
Near Michigan Theatre

14 to 11 members. The number
of alternate members also was cut,
from 7 to 5. The Party Secretar-
iat was enlarged from five to
nine members.
Khrus hchev
Ma Tighten
Party Power
By WILLIAM L. RYAN
Associated Press News Analyst
BERLIN (W)-The results of the
Communist Party Congress which
ended yesterday indicate that So-
viet Premier Nikita ,Khrushchev,
having won his battle with dissi-
dents, now will attempt to tight-
en his control of the Party.
The Presidium, supposed to be
the ruling body of the Party, has
been pared to 11 members, which
makes it resemble the old Stalin-
ist Politburo all over again.
But if there is to be any Stalin-
ism, the chances are that it will
be administered collectively. If
Khrushchev gets any ideas of ex-
ercising anything approaching the
enormous power wielded by the
old dictator, he probably will face
yet another battle.
Control Safeguard
Limiting the Presidium to 11
members may have been a move
to safeguard the Kremlin's central
control while Khrushchev goes
ahead in industry and agriculture
with measures designed to remove
bureaucratic roadblocks. These al-
ways have hampered the Soviet
economy.
Several staunch Khrushchev
supporters were dropped, indicat-
ing compromise at the top.
The Presidium is supposed on
paper to be elected by the Party,
Congress. Such matters actually
are decided well in advance of
congresses;'the rank and file dele-
gates simply approve what has
been decided for them.
Before Speech
Thus whateverbcompromises
were made came before, Khrush-
chev mounted the Congress ros-
trum to denounce Stalin's lieuten-
ants as bunglers and murderers.
There had to be a reason for
this, and the reason seems to be
that elements within the Party
still oppose Khrushchev both in
his domestic economic policies and
in his foreign policy. There are
likely people still in high places
whom Khrushchev would like to
push out of the way.
U DR.PAUL OSCHE

U.S. PROTESTS:
Russia RequestsFinish Tal
By The Associated Press V
"HG N ""Ut Norway and Denmark, members way in the Soviet note
States charged yesterday the So- of the North Atlantic Treaty Or- justified, as Norway's
viet Union is trying "to cover its ganizaton, and "certain Swedish ments with NATO were
own aggressive policies by false German militarists. ly defensive purposes.
accusations" in demanding Fin- Swedish Premier Tage Erland- Col. Arne Heimsjoe,
land join in a defense pact against er met with his cabinet in a commander along the
West Germany. special session, consulted opposi- froti
The State Department said the tion party leaders, and called a onter with Flnlanc
Soviet note delivered to Finland tin parledta north, said, however, "I
meeting of the Parliamentary
Monday was "repugnant" and isForeign Policy Committee. The meant as the first ste
again accused the Soviet Union of governments of Denmark and Nor- sian demands for milit
being the source of present world way were consulted through dip- in Finland it will creat
tension. lomatic channels. peeynwstainf
The Soviet note called on Fin- .Hold Specal Session fenen
land to join in thwarting what The Norwegian government al- Neutrality At St
the Soviets called a growing West so held a special session. A com- Observers in Oslo 4ai
German threat to use the Baltic munique said the attack on Nor- neutrality might be at si
Sea as .a jumping off place for pointed out that Swed
war. It also accused Sweden of reason for staying a
supplying West Germany with , Ro ket NATO was to help Fih
arms and said West German mill- out of the Soviet grip
tarists were gaining a foothold in cow now forced a comi
Sweden. D ata elease tary alliance upon Fi,
In the capitals of Northern Eu- basis for Swedish neutra
rope's Nordic countries hectic ac- CAPE CANAVERAL (A>) - Fig- disappear, they said.
tivity broke out over the note. ures released yesterday revealed The Soviet note sai
There were rears Russia might a near-perfect performance by the and Denmark were
ask the Finns to permit Soviet first Saturn Super-Booster, which bases for West Germa:
troops to enter their country in was launched last Friday. forces, and that Sweder
a new phase of the Berlin crisis The National Aeronautics and ing arms to the West G
and might apply pressure to get Space Administration reported my.
them to recognize East Germany. the 162-foot rocket reached peak The West German Fox
An icy calm in Helsinki, the altitude of 84.813 miles and top istry said it was compl
Finnish capital, greeted receipt of speed of 3,607 miles an hour be- that West German fort
the Soviet note requesting con- fore plunging into the Atlantic bases in Norway and
sultations. The Finnish cabinet Ocean 214.727 miles down range 8 though West German3
met but made no statement.'r minutes 3-6 seconds after launch- same right as other NA'
Plans Radio Speech ing. .to send forces there.
President Urho Kekkonen was
expected to make an important
radio and television speech next
Sunday, however, after his return
from a visit to the United States.
He sent Foreign Minister Ahtl11/e Noy. i7:30,.
Karialainen hometmetwtthW e . No .173 PM
government but changed none of
his on plas. Onstage of auditorium r
his own plans. O
The Soviet note also assailed Students interested in the arouD

Manufacturer,
Wages Protest
CHICAGO V)--A Chicago jew-
elry manufacturer declared Mon-
day that exclusive 'contracts held
by two competitors have restrict-
ed the fraternity jewelry market
of his firm by unfair practices.
Gerald Pollack, vice-president
of J. O. Pollack & Co., testified
at a Federal Trade Commission
hearing that the L. G. Balf our
Co., of Attleboro, Mass., and the
Burr, Patterson and Auld Co., of
Detroit, have confined his com-
pany's expansion efforts.

French Army
Set To Quell
Moslem Riots
ALGIERS to)-Massive security
forces were on the alert last night
and will remain ready 'to crush
any Moslem demonstrations mark-
ing today's seventh anniversary of
the Algerian rebellion.
Riot police and troops were
posted in and near such major
centers as Algiers, Oran and Con-
stantine. Authorities also beefed
up forces in sensitive smaller ci-
ties.
About 5,000 riot police rein-
forcements were on call in case
the 180,000 Algerians in the Paris
region attempted. demonstrations.
Authorities in parts of eastern,
central and southern France,
which also have large concentra-
tions of Algerian workers, were
prepared for trouble.
In Algeria and France, officials
issued or renewed bans against
demonstrations. In Constantine,
authorities went a step further
and forbade pedestrians and ve-
hicles to use central streets.
In Algiers, communiques broad-
cast by the official French radio
formally banned all demonstra-
tions, marches and displays of the
green -and white rebel flags. Army
loudspeaker trucks issued appeals
for calm, saying "the army will
keep order, no matter what it
costs."1
The army listed Algiers, Oran
and the east Algerian cities of
Bone, Constantine and Setif as
the most critical areas. Tension
appeared to be mounting in Al-
giers throughout the day in the
wake of three score plastic bomb-
explosions by the right-wing Eu-
ropean secret army organization
which wants to preserve French
rule in Algeria. The bombs killed
2 Moslems, wounded 20 and dam-
aged 45 Moslem- owned shops.
Rayburn Leaves
Hospital in Dallas
BONHAM, Tex. (AP) - House
Speaker Sam Rayburn, ill with
incurable cancer, was moved yes-
terday by ambulance from Dallas
to Risser Hospital in his home-
town of Bonham. Rayburn, 70,
has been under treatment in Dal-
las since Oct. 2.

*gambling on this and is taking
precautions, in case the incidents
are major.
If they are, authorities express
belief it may mean the Russians
have decided to try to settle the.
Berlin issue in their favor even at
the risk of a nuclear war.
The threat of such a war may,
however, have decreased.
Aithorities say that when Unit-
ed States and Soviet tanks came
face to face with each other last
weekend, the Russians were shown
that the West was determined to
resist with force any major inter-
ference with its rights in Berlin.
It is of major significance that
the Russians sent their own tanks
-rather than those of the East
German regime - to face United
States last week. s
This means the Russians have
accepted the responsibility for
crisis moves in the inflamed city
and is, in effect, a Russian back-
down from the previous position
that the East Germans were sov-
ereign.
Africans Set Fire
To Mission School
SALISBURY (A') - Police re-
ported yesterday that African
demonstrators burned a mission
school at Nkai in the Shangani
African reserve Sunday night. The
school is run by a London mis-
sionary Society.

DR. PA UL POSCH EL
U.S. CHESS MASTER
Simultaneous
Exhibition,

Wed.

Union

7:30 P.M. Rm. 3 L M N

}t She's smartly
dressed
for the office
for tael.

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