THURSDAY, MAY 24,1962
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
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THURSDAY, MAY 24,1962 TIlE MICHIGAN DAILY PAflhI' TI~JI~VU'
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THREE TIMES 'ROUND:
Carpenter To Try
By The Associated Press
CAPE CANAVERAL-Lt. Cmdr. Malcolm Scott Carpenter, tenta-
tively scheduled to make a four and three-quarter hours triple orbit
around the earth today, may become the first man to orbit upside down
for any length of time.
His flight plan for the journey calls for him to try inverted flight
for about 20 minutes-possibly near the end of his second orbit. The
" idea is to get a better look at the
earth and the weather pattern
over the southern United States.
Because of weightlessness Car-
penter should not feel that he is
upside down. Instead, experts said,
he will have the impression that
the earth is above him.
He will look for "interesting
weather" and will take pictures
from this angle, officials of the
National Aeronautics and Space
He may remain in inverted posi-
tion until shortly before he reaches
the African west coast on his third
orbit. Then he will "squirt" his
small control jets and get back
into normal, flight.
Carpenter willtry also to:
1) Study the mysterious. gegen-
Sscheinphenomenon - the tail of
particles that moves with the
earth in orbit about the sun. One
theory suggests that these are dust
particles in a trough or wake be-
hind the earth.
2) Find and analyze two misty
natural satellites of the earth.
They ,are called lunar clouds -
there is one on each side of the
earth - and they are believed
composed of dust particles.
3) Navigate - on the dark side
of the earth - by stars at angles
up to 40 degrees on each side of
the capsule, and also use Jupiter,
Saturn, Mars and the moon as ref-
4) Observe and photograph, be-
tween Fiji and Hawaii, the two
constant, year-around weather
belts that have long been reported
by airplane pilots and recently
have shown up clearly in pictures!
taken by Tiros weather satellites.
With Jouhaud Case
By HARVEY HUDSON
Associated Press Staff Writer
PARIS-A French special mili-
tary tribunal last night convicted
former Gen. Raoul Salan of trea-
son and sentenced him to life im-
The court found there were ex-
tenuating circumstances that mov-
ed the judges to spare him from
the death penalty.
The tribunal sentenced Salan,
once the nation's most decorated
officer, for his role in the short-
lived generals' putsch in Algiers
last year and for his leadership of
the Secret Army Organization.
The special nine-man tribunal
began trying Salan last week. The
verdict came after almost three
hours of deliberation.
The tribunal gave a death sen-
tence to former Gen. Edmond Jou-
haud on similar charges April 13.
fJouhaud, now in a death row cell,
at likewise convicted of partici-
pation in the putsch and of help-
ing lead the Secret Army.
The court's finding of extenuat-
ing circumstances to spare Salan
from execution came somewhat
as a surprise in view of the tri-
bunal's decision in the Jouhaud
Since Salan was the recognized
chief of the Secret Army, and
Jouhaud was, in effect, a Salan
subordinate, the verdict could be
taken as a recommendation of
clemency for Jouhaud.
WASHINGTON OP)-A bill that
would cut off federal funds for
schools that fail to desegregate
was approved yesterday by the
House Education and Labor Com-
In another measure voted out
for House action the committee
scrapped most of President John
F. Kennedy's proposals for im-
proving the quality of United
Rep. Adam Clayton Powell (D-
N.Y.), chairman of the committee,
said the voice vote was unanimous
for the bill bearing on segregation.
Powell said he will not even try
to get that measure to the floor
through the House Rules Commit-
tee, where Southern opposition
would be formidable, but will bring
it up under a procedure that re-
quires a two-thirds vote for pas-
The bill, an outgrowth of hear-
ings on the progress of school in-
tegration since the 1954 Supreme
Court ruling, would amend the
present program under which fed-
eral grants are made to schools in
areas of federal activity.
About $320 million is now spent
annually on such programs
throughout the nation. The money
goes to help pay teachers' salaries,
build schools and pay operating
All Due Speed
The bill, introduced by Rep.
Charles S. Joelson (D-N.J.), would
deny payment to any school that
could not give the Office of Edu-
cation assurance that it is either
already desegregated or is making
progress toward desegregation
with "all deliberate speed."
The only surviving part of the
teacher bill would authorize $75
a week grants to teachers who at-
tend short-term institutes in ad-
Dropped from the bill were pro-
visions for teacher fellowships for
up to a year of study and grants to
the states for projects aimed at.
improving teaching practices in
GEN. nAOUL SALAN
. . . life in jail
WASHINGTON (P) - The pub-
lic Health Service reported yes-
terday that increased amounts of
radioactive iodine 'appeared last
week in pasteurized milk samples
from several states - mostly in
It was stressed that there is no
reason for undue concern if it
turns out that the increases were
of a temporary nature, as the ex-
perts believe is the case.
But, Dr. Lester Machta, chief of
the meteorological research proj-
ects branch of the weather bureau,
said, "We would obviously con-
clude this rise came from our own
current nuclear tests in the air
in the Pacific."
know about. He also declined to
answer when asked about his list
of assets and his interest in Agri-
But he promised the judge that
he would file a detailed statement
of his assets and operations by
June 15 and would be available for
In a report to the court receiv-
er, Harry Moore said preliminary
and unverified tabulation showed
that Estes' assets totaled $20,793,-
154 and his liabilities $38,387,935.
Meanwhile, at Franklin, Tex.,
the Robertson County grand jury
-probing the gunshot death of
agriculture agent Henry Marshall
- subpoenaed William E lli o t t,
chief of the Agriculture Depart-
ment's investigative division at
The grand jury may get a report
today from a medical team which
examined Marshall's exhumed
body Tuesday to determine wheth-
er Marshall committed suicide or
WASHINGTON (A)-The House
Foreign Affairs Committee voted
a 20 per cent cut yesterday in
President John F. Kennedy's four-
year plan to finance the Alliance
for Progress in Latin America.
This action followed Senate
Foreign Relations Committee ap-
proval Tuesday of foreign aid au-
thority totalling $4.662 billion,
more than $216 million below the
The Latin America aid reduc-
tion sponsored by Rep. Clement
J. Zablocki (D-Wis.), was support-
ed by a majority of the members
present, indicating that further
modifications could be made be-
fore the over-all foreign measure
Chairman Thomas E. Morgan
(D-Pa.), of the House group said'
that yesterday's action would set a
$600 million annual ceiling on Al-
liance for Progress aid over the
The foreign aid measure, origin-
ally scheduled for approval three
weeks ago, remains deadlocked in
the House committee.
WASHINGTON () -- President
John F. Kennedy invoked emer-
gency powers yesterday authoriz-
ing the admission of refugees from
Communist China, and disclosed
that several thousand now in or
near Hong Kong have been cleared
The Justice Department said the
"flow would start in about two
Officials disclosed that Kennedy
met with Raymond F. Farrell, As-
sociate Commissioner of Immigra-
tion and Naturalization, to put the
machinery in motion.
Then later, at his news confer-
ence, the President said "several
thousand refugees in Hong Kong
and surrounding areas" have been
cleared for admission.
Many of them, it was learned,
are relatives or members of Chi-
nese families already in the United
The President, in response to
questions, attributed the flood of
hungry Chinese descending on
Hong Kong to both a food crisis
within China and a breakdown in
the economy in some areas.
Emergency powers will be used
to waive immigration laws which
prescribe the normal annual ad-
mission quota of 105 persons of
Chinese descent. The Attorney
General can admit them under
"parole" when it ,is deemed in the
BERLIN (P) - Soviet forces
held up a west-bound United
States Army convoy nearly six
hours yesterday after letting this
divided city's tensions ease off ,for
The convoy was finally allowed
to go on its way after a stiff pro-
FEstes Takes 'Fifth'
At Federal Hearing
Texas Financier Refuses To Talk,
Promises To File Detailed Account
EL PASO (A') - Billie Sol Estes, whose persuasive eloquence built a
multi-million dollar empire in fertilizer, cotton and grain storage, re-
fused to testify yesterday when faced by his creditors.
The 37-year-old financier invoked the Fifth Amendment six times
at a federal receivership hearing into his operations. Estes is under
indictment for fraud.
Estes declined to give his occupation, location of his offices, and
to state whether he turned over all books and accounts to the receiver
or had assets the receiver did not
MALCOLM SCOTT CARPENTER
to go aloft
Trip ing Cost
WASHINGTON (o)-The House
voted yesterday a recora budget
for space exploration and heard
a prediction that the burgeoning
cost of the program eventually
may include the life of an astro-
It sent to the Senate a bill to
authorize the National Aeronautics
and Space Administration to
spend $3.67 billion dollars during
the fiscal year starting July 1.
. . let's negotiate
UNITED NATIONS VP) - Act-
ing Secretary-General U Thant
appealed to Indonesia and the
Netherlands last night to resume
negotiations for a peaceful settle-
ment of the West New Guinea
crisis through the offices of United
States Ambassador E 11 s w o r t h
Thant sent the appeal to Presi-
dent Sukarno of Indonesia and
Prime Minister Jan E. de Quay of
the Netherlands after adprivate 40
minute meeting with Bunker at
United Nations headquarters.
Earlier in the day Thant had
turned down an appeal from de-
Quay that he urge Indonesia to re-
frain from any aggressive action
in West New Guinea, where Dutch
forces have been trying to cope
with an invasion of Indonesian
Thant said to do so would im-
ply he is taking sides in the con-
Bunker has not made public his
proposals to the Dutch and the
Indonesians. Published reports
have said, however, that he has
suggested that the United Nations
supervise the Pacific territory over
a two-year period during which
the Dutch would leave and' the
Indonesians would take over.
This would provide time for re-
solving the question of a plebiscite
under which the area's Papuan
population would be given the
right to choose their own political
ittate Action on I ax iievisionj
or ld Nems Roundup
By The Associated Press
PARIS-The conservative Independent Party declared open war
on President Charles de Gaulle last night, the New York Times re-
ported yesterday. Following the resignations last week of five Popular
Republican ministers, it demanded the resignation of its four ministers
in the government, but it seems doubtful that the ministers will re-
sign, due to loose discipline within the party.
WASHINGTON-Higher standards and tougher examinations
for entering the securities business were urged yesterday by the Na-
tional Association of Securities Dealers, which lists'4,850 member firms.
* * * *
HERSHEY-Rep. William W. Scranton (R-Pa.), said yesterday
there are Chinese Nationalist troops in northern Thailand which he
said could give Communists an excuse to move into that nation now
defended by United States forces. Meanwhile, the Defense Department
announced that the army battle group in Thailand does not now have
ammunition for its weapons, but a tremendous amount can be put
into the hands of the troops immediately if needed.
SAIGON-Fifty-five guerillas were killed in South Viet Nam
yesterday by loyalist troops aided by United States helicopters.
* * * *
NEW YORK - A strong attempt at a rally got nowhere Wednes-
day and the stock market was pounded down to its second severe loss
in as many days. Dow-Jones average for 65 stocks was down 3.47; 15
utilities, down 2.10; 20 RRs, down 1.96; and 30 Inds., down 9.82 from
WASHINGTON ('}) - The first
step was taken in Congress yes-
terday to wipe out the 10 per cent
passenger tax on bus and railroad
tickets and to cut the levy on air'
fares to five per cent beginning
The House Ways and Means'
Committee approved tacking the'
provision on a bill to continue'
some $2.8 billion in other taxes-
mostly imposed in World War II
and the Korean War - which
would expire or be cut July 1
unless Congressoacts.hThen the
committee approved the bill by
This measure which Congress
has passed each year to continue
the taxes was introduced only to-
day. House action on it was set
tentatively for the week of June 4.
The bill as drafted by the com-
mittee would continue at present
rates the existing taxes on alco-
holic beverages, cigarettes, gener-
al telephone service, automobiles
and their parts and accessories. It
also would continue the present
corporate income tax rate.
Job Cut Talks
WASHINGTON UP)- The gov-
ernment succeeded yesterday in
getting the railroads and unions
representing 200,000 operating em-
ployees to resume stalled negotia-
tions on recommended job cuts.
Chairman Leverett Edwards of
the National Mediation Board an-
nounced that bargaining sessions
which had, been broken off last
week will be resumed tomorrow
The carriers had. quit the nego-
tiations, claiming the unions were
failing to come to grips with a
Presidential railroad commission's
recommendations calling for grad-
ual elimination of about 40,000
locomotive firemen's jobs.
The committee's action on the
passenger fare tax is in line with
President John F. Kennedy's rec-
ommendations to improve the
competitive position of intercity
railroad and bus transportation
and to clear the way for what he
calls "an "equitable system of user
charges for aviation."
Kennedy, however, had asked
that the railroad and bus taxes be
repealed effective July 1 and that
halving the tax on airline tickets
be postponed until next Jan. 1.
The committee's move to con-
tinue the surface transportation
tax six months longer was under-
stood to be an effort to hold down
the loss to the treasury, since the
committee did not act immediately
on Kennedy's recommendations
for compensating taxes.
Action on the compensation tax
proposals was put off probably un-
til next year. But the treasury
was reported willing to go along
with the compromise.
The treasury estimates that the
tax loss would amount to $195 mil-
lion a year - $105 million on air-
line tickets and $90 million on bus
and train tickets. The loss in the
next fiscal year, starting July ,1
however, is estimated at $62.6
OF YOUR HAIR
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