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May 01, 1962 - Image 3

Resource type:
The Michigan Daily, 1962-05-01

Disclaimer: Computer generated plain text may have errors. Read more about this.

TUESDAY, MAY 1, 1942




i tVfi:1 ,a "i Ri i

Administration Seeks


Keep Government

Out of Price-Setting

Court Refuses To Speed Up
State Apportionment Order
By The Associated Press
WASHINGTON-The Supreme Court refused to speed up its
order yesterday requiring the Michigan Supreme Court to re-examine
a claim that the state Senate is malapportioned.
Last Monday the high court announced its directive to the
Michigan court. Usually 25 days elapse before the action is put into
writing and sent to the lower court. The court was asked to speed

up its routine because the
primary elections are impen
Customary Date
August Scholle, who origin
the suit, said June 19 is "the
customary date" for filing n(
nation petitions for state s
torial candidates. A 25-day
would cut into this time co
erably, he added.
The Legislature may adjou
a week or two, he noted.
Scholle complained that
Senate districts were froze
such a way that his vote was w
only a fraction of a rural resid
vote. This situation was cre
by a 1952 amendment to the
constitution which was appr
by the voters in a referendum
In other action, the Supr
Court came within one vot
wiping out its 20-year-old
which gives state courts dis
Lion in whether to provide a]
yer for a criminal case defen
who can't hire his own.
The Court voted 7-0 to rev
the conviction in a specific
but only three of the seven jus
wanted to change the rule.
But the high tribunal, by a
margin, made it easier for a
son convicted of a crime to ap
as a pauper in Federal courts
get a hearing and court-appoi
lawyer free. This must be gra
when the appeal is "not cle
frivolous," the Court said.
A dissent by Justice Tom
Clark said this for all prac
purposes repeals a law enacte
Congress giving trial courts
dom to decide when an appe

state s
ding. Officials Take
oi, Precautions
wait erlin Wall
BERLIN (P)P - Both Communist
rn in and Western authorities in this
divided city are taking precautions
the to prevent trouble along the wall
n induring two rival May Day celebra-
iorth tions today.
eated In Red-ruled East Berlin, tanks
state and guns of the East German
oved Army will rumble through Marx-
n. Engels PIatz. The Communist
press has promised circus ele-
phants and horses as an added at-
reme traction.'
e of Little more than a mile away,
rule thousands of West Berliners will
sore- mass near the Reds' cement and
lan- wire barrier to hear speeches un-
der a huge signboard reading
verse "Freedom Knows No Walls."
case Similar demonstrations have
tices been held on May Day for years.
This time, though, there are dif-
1 5-2 ferences. The most important is
per- the wall, which the Communists
peal began building last August.
and There have been persistent ru-
nted mors, of a kind impossible to.
,nted check, that an unidentified group
early in the West plans to take some
kind of action against the wall.
n C. West Berlin police have laid
tical down about a mile of barbed wire
d by entanglement to hold the westein
free- crowd well back. Headquarters has
al is detailed 3,500 men to keep things
1.4r hand.

Tells Aims
For Stability
Of Economy
President Addresses
U.S. Businessmen
John F. Kennedy told the nation's
businessmen yesterday that his
Administration seeks to preserve
a stable economic climate that
will keep the government out of
"We have many burdens in
Washington-we do not want the
added burden of determining indi-
vidual prices for individual prod-
ucts," he said.
The President addressed the
50th Annual Meeting of the Unit-
ed States Chamber of Commerce
in Constitution Hall. It was Ken-
nedy's first appearance before a
business organization since his epic
battle with the steel industry,
which ended with the steelmakers
backing down on a move to raise
prices by $6 a ton.
Shares Concern
"This Administration, I assure
you, shares your concern about
the cost-profit squeeze on Ameri-
can business," Kennedy said. "We
want prosperity and in a free en-
terprise system there can be no
prosperity without profit."
The President said the nation's
defense and security commitments
abroad were at the heart of the
issue when the government sought
"to persuade the steel union to
accept a noninflationary wage
agreement--and to persuade the
steel companies to make every ef-
fort to maintain price stability.
"It costs the United States $3
billion a year to maintain our
troops and our defense establish-
ment and security commitments
abroad," he said. "If the balance
of trade is not sufficiently in our
favor to finance this burden, we
have two alternatives-i) to lose
gold, as we have been doing; 2) to
begin to withdraw our security
Avoid Inflation
"If we are to stem the gold out-
flow, which we must by one means
or another, eliminate the deficit in
our balance of payments, and con-
tinue as I believe we must to dis-
charge our far-flung international
obligations, we must avoid infla-
tion, and modernize American in-
dustry, he added.
He said he hoped the steel price
battle marked a turning point in
the relations between government
and business "in the sense that
both sides will have new emphasis
upon the obligation to understand
each other's problems and atti-
Emphasizing the government
wants to help business men main-
tain an adequate profit margin,
Kennedy said: "We want to main-
tain our national security

Middle East
Nations Ask
Rise in Aid
LONDON (I) - Three Middle
East nations yesterday called for
greater American and British aid
to build up their defenses and
economies against Communist
Secretary of State Dean Rusk
and British Foreign Secretary Lord
SHome tried to soothe the evidently
ruffled feelings of their Pakistani,
Iranian and Turkish friends at
a meeting of the Council of Minis-
ters of the Central Treaty Organ-
ization (CENTO).
The Ministers agreed broadly to
maintain their guard against the
possibilities of Communist threats
and thrusts despite some signs of
an East-West relaxation of ten-
sion. Rusk attended as an ob-
server since the United Statesis.
not a full member of the anti-
Communist alliance.
Closed Session
In a closed session the minis-
ters of Pakistan, Iran and Turkey
expressed their points in military
and economic terms, conference
sources said.
Pakistan's Defense Minister,Gen.
K. M. Sheikh, pressed for the ap-
pointment of an American four-
star general as commander of the
CENTO military planning staff, an
old Pakistan demand.
Backed by Iranians
He was backed by the Iranians
and the Turks. This is intended to
tie the Americans more closely to
The issue was not discussed in
the council meeting itself. Rusk
and Home took it up on the side-
lines with Sheikh and some sort
of compromise was reached. Its
nature was undisclosed. Sheikh,
however, was reported satisfied
presumably because he got at least
some of the assurances he had
been seeking.
The three regional members
during the session queried Rusk
and Home about economic aid.
They wanted to know how the
Americans and British arranged
their priorities in handling out
economic aid.
World News
By The Associated Press
MOSCOW - The Soviet Union
awarded a Lenin peace prize yes-
terday to Pablo Picasso, most of
whose paintings cannot be shown
here. Another went to President
Kwame Nkrumah of Ghana.
-X-15 pilot Joe Walker shot a1
record 48 miles into space yester-
day and came back boasting: "I
could take orbit with no strain at
* * *
WASHINGTON - The Chinese
Communists are said to be step-
ping up their military advisory
program in North Vietnam to
counter the continuing build-up in
South Vietnam.
* *A *
SEOUL-Gen. Park Chung Hee,
South Korean military ruler, urged
the Korean press yesterday to
"clean up its own house." He
warned that the, junta might be
compelled to intervene if this
failed to happen.
a. e
WASHINGTON - President
John F. Kennedy directed govern-
ment agencies last night to set
up codes of conduct on conflicts
of interest in the research and
development field.

* * C
States plans to shoot a flashing
beacon into orbit around the
earth early next month to help
make a more accurate map of the
NEW YORK-The Stock Market
slumped in heavy trading yester-
day for the xourth straight ses-
The Dow Jones average of 30
industrials fell 6.87 to 665.33, also
a low for the year.

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-AP Wirephoto
OPPOSING INDEPENDENCE-A man and a woman in Oran
walk past an armed guard who is standing in front of a poster
reading: "I am French." The sign was posted by members of the
Secret Army Organization which is opposing independence for
Oran Crowds Defy
ORAN (P) - Crowds of holiday strollers blithely ignored the
army's no-driving, no-assembly order on Oran's downtown streets
yesterday and soldiers made no attempt to enforce them.
Oran's European settlers poured out on the sun-drenched streets
by the thousand shortly after the army withdrew its heavy concen-
tration of troops. The streets circumscribe a jealously guarded Secret
Army area. The army moved into the streets Sunday with half-tracks
and barbed wire and unexpected-

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ly moved out yesterday.
Foot Patrols
A few scattered foot patrols
moved back later, accompanied by
a few half-tracks. But the soldiers
made no effort to enforce the lat-
est government regulations: no
driving on the streets, no parking,
no walking anywhere but on the
sidewalks, and no forming of
The rules were ignored although
officials said they would be en-
forced - even to the point of fir-
ing on violators.
The see-saw Oran troop move-
ment apparently was part of the
government's maneuver to wrest
control of the European quarter
from the Secret Army without
bloodshed. Officials said there had
been a change of plans, however,
about staying in the quarter in
Keep Area Clear
The Secret Army has ejected all
but a few unarm~ed traffic police-
men from the quarter and have
kept the area clear of Moslems
through a long campaign of ter-
rorist killings.
Meanwhile, 100 ,miles west of
Oran, three Moslem draftees in
the French army opened fire cn
their European bunkmates at an
isolated border post. Five were
killed, reliable sources reported.
The three Moslems then fled -
apparently deserting to the Mos-
lem rebel army with all the arms
they could carry.
'Negroes .Begin.
'Northern .Ride
NEW ORLEANS (R) - A group
of Negroes - 10 by one count and
a dozen by another - took a bus
North yesterday with their fares
paid by the pro-segregation Citi-
zens Council.
The Negroes - reportedly dis-
satisfied with New Orleans and
Southern segregation customs -
got aboard the bus which arrives
in New York at 7:30 a.m. tomor-
-OR CHOOSE World Cons itu ton
2310 No. 15th Ave., Phoenix 7, Ariz.

USSR Rejects
.Berlin Control
COLOGNE ) - Andrei S.
Smirnov, Soviet ambassador to
West Germany, said yesterday
Russia would not accept the idea
of an international body to control
land access routes to West Berlin.
Smirnov claimed there is no
need for such an authority because
control already is invested in Com-
munist East Germany.
"Setting up an international
authority for the autobahn (high-
way to West Berlin) would' be a
step backward for the sovereignty'
of the German Democratic Repub-
lic (East Germany)," he said.
He also reiterated the Soviet line
that- air lanes to Communist-en-
circled West Berlin should be un-
der East German control.
Smirnov said he saw some posi-
tive developments in recent Berlin
talks between United States See-
retary of State Dean Rusk and the
Soviet ambassador to Washington,
Anatoly S. Dobrynin.
The United States has proposed
creation of an international con-
trol body composed of five Com-
munist, five Western and three
neutral nation representatives to
assure access routes to Berlin. The
tentative plan would include rep-
resentatives of both East Germany
and East Berlin.
West German Chancellor Kon-
rad Adenauer had made it clear,
however, he would object to any
step giving diplomatic status to
East Germany. West German of-
ficials insist that, despite this dif-
ference, they are in agreement
with Washington on basic Berlin


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