Tuesday, May 21, 1966
THE MICHIGAN DAILY
Tu s a , Ma,1.98,H I HI A A L
Appointment of new premier
meets reluctant Ky acceptance
SAIGON OP) - Vice President
Nguyen Cao Ky went along re-
$ luctantly yesterday with the ap-
pointment as premier of Tran Van
Huong, who supports the nego-
tiations in Paris. Meanwhile,
South Vietnam's militant Bud-
dhist minority enthusiastically en-
The two developments raised
* hopes that Huong, a former pre-
mier who enjoys U.S. backing, can
put together a cabinet of various
political shades to give the gov-
ernment a facade of national
The only deterrent to these
hopes was a report from sources
Sclose to Ky that he still_ has
strong reservations about Huong.
Ky is opposed the U.S.-North
Vietnamese talks going on in
Ky tried to block President
Nguyen Van Thieu's appointment
of Huong. The outgoing premier,
Nguyen Van toc, is a Ky associ-
ate and also opposes any nego-
tiation with the Communists.
Thieu forced Lob's resignation
Ky has the backing of many of
South Vietnam's military leaders,
who still hold most of the ef-
fective political power. They want
no part of any attempt to end the
war by negotiation and compro-
But a spokesman for Ky said
the vice president agreed that the
appointment of a new premier is
up to the president.
The followers of Thich Tri
Quang, leader of a small but mili-
tant Buddhist group now under
"protective custody," declared
their support for Huong.
In a statement, the acting lead-
er, Thich Phap Tri, said Huong's
appointment "will add prestige
and force to the nationalist cause
. by steering the nation out of
the present storm."
Phap Tri said the premier-des-
ignate "will have the dignity and
quality to conduct peace negotia-
Tri Quang outraged many
Vietnamese military leaders-and
some Americans-earlier this year
by urging an end to the war by
negotiations with the Viet Cong's
National Liberation Front.
Tri Quang was arrested during
the Tet offensive by the national
police force of Gen. Nguy Ngoc
Loan on the ground that the Viet
Cong planned to use him. TheI
Loc government earlier this month
rejected demands for his release.
There have been reports that
Huong hasgiven the Buddhists
private assurances Tri Quang will
be released when the new govern-
ment takes office.
Widespread reports also say
Huong intends to remove Loan,
who is closely linked to the vice
Thieu, however, went out of his
way Saturday to deny rumors that
Huong intended to carry out a
widespread purge of top military
In the background of Huong's
current negotiations with polit-
ical leaders was the personal ri-
valry between Thieu and Ky.
American officials kept a close
watch on Ky's activities.
Leader predicts ' nonviolent, militant"
(IefllonstrAtiois to lbegin within week
WASHINGTON (M - The leader of the Poor People's
Campaign said yesterday that massive but nonviolent dem-
onstrations will begin within a few days.
The Rev. Ralph David Abernathy, successor to the slain
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., told newsmen that demonstra-
tions "more militant and miore massive than have ever taken
place in the history of this nation," will be held.
Abernathy, president of the Southern Christian Leader-
ship Conference, sponsor of the campaign to press for more
government help for poor people, made his predictions at
a news conference following a speech to cheering cam-
paigners. He told campers in "Resurrection City, U.S.A." that
"We're gonna raise hell." But?
PARIS ()-The U.S. delegation
clung last night to a hunch that
a break is coming in the snagged
preliminary talks on peace in
U.S. spokesman William J. Jor-
den did not elaborate in detail on
the mission to London by Daniel
Davidson, chief Ambassador Aver-
ell Harriman's aide, but said this
task would be simply to bring the
British up to date on what was in
The. Americans sent a mission
to London to brief the Foreign
Office in advance of a trip to
Moscow tomorrow by British For-
eign Secretary Michael Stewart.
Up to the present, the discus-
sions-in recess from Saturday
until Wednesday-have, in the
view of both sides, produced no
progress at all.
Stewart'shMoscow trip is con-
nected with Vietnam. It is be-
lieved to be a major topic for
his prospective talks with Soviet
The Soviet Union, with Britain,
is cochairman of the 1954 Con-
vention which divided Vietnam,
and the cochairmen would share
responsibility in any widening of
the current discussions, now lim-
ited to the Americans and North
The American delegation has.
not, Jorden said, found any evi-
dence of "significant change" in
the North Vietnamese position
since the talks opened. Basically,
that position is that the Amer-
icans must, without expecting any
concession in return, end all
bombing and acts of war against
The bombing now, by presiden-
tial order, is limited to the pan-
handle south of the 20th Parallel,
but now the United States wants
to know if Hanoi will scale down
the war in any way if all Amer-
ican attacks are stopped.
That is a big snag, the one
which has prevented the meeting
from registering any progress, and
broadcasts from Hanoi suggest it
is still unwilling to budge an inch
on that issue. It will talk, Hanoi
says, on other issues when the
Americans bow on the bombing
Open air hair cuts available only at 'Resurrection City'.
POMPIDOU AND CIRCUMSTANCE:
French politcs volatile
Associated Press News Analysis
PARIS (P) - France's volatile
political temperament is showing.
Only a week ago Premier Geor-
ges Pompidou looked like a man
riveted to his job. His political
stature and popularity were near
a peak. Now he is being spoken
of privately as a has-been.
There is a parallel - and aj
contrast - with the May 13, 1958.
events which started in Algeria
Salisbury quiet under,
SALISBURY, Md. (P) - While
National Guardsmen patrolled the
quiet streets of Salisbury yester-
day, Gov. Spiro T. Agnew ordered
another all-night curfew to ward
off a renewal of violence.
The city of 18,000 has exper-
ienced two nights of disorder
touched off by the fatal shooting
Saturday of a Negro burglary sus-
pect by a white policeman.
Guard troops carried unloaded
rifles and gas grenades. Their
bayonets were not fixed. They
were instructed not to load the
rifles except under order of an
Agnew announced shortly be-
fore noon that a precautionary
12-hour curfew beginning at 7
p.m. would be in effect again last
night in Salisbury and a five-mile
He said the 1,200 Guardsmen
and State Police would remain inf
the city to be used as deemed
necessary by Maj. Gen. George
M. Gelston, the state adjutantI
The town was relatively quiet
when Agnew sent the Guard in
Sunday, but Atty. Gen. Francis
B. Burch claimed the action was
taken because of "a very credible
report that Negro militants
planned to move into the down-
town area with firebombs."
State Police were moved in
Saturday night when violence
first erupted and local police were
unable to maintain control.
The disturbance in a city pre-
viously untouched by racial dis-
orders broke out after the shoot-
ing of Daniel Kenneth Henry, 22,
a deaf mute burglary suspect.
State's Atty. Alfred T. Truitt
Jr. said Henry was shot by Jerry
C. Mason, a detective on the po-
lice force, after a struggle outside
Truitt said Mason shouted at
Henry to stop when the man ran
off and fired when Henry failed,
to heed the warning.
Mason was charged with man-
slaughter Sunday and released on i
and engulfed all France in a revo-
That revolt from the right re-
duced the government of Premier
Pierre Pflimlin to helplessness and
led to the downfall of the Fourth
Republic and the return of
Charles de Gaulle.
This time the uprising is from
the left. Students started it with
strikes and occupation of univer-
sities, and worker movements
spontaneously copied the stu-
As the industrial strikes spread,
the government seems powerless;
to do anything about them. Or-I
dering police to try to chase the
workers out of the plants wouldF
lead to bloody fighting and
French public opinion rejects such
a show of force.
Pompidou faces a censure vote
in the National Assembly tomor-;
row. One of the leftist leaders of
his razor thin working majority
in the assembly has announced he
will vote against the government.
Even if Pompidou can survive
the censure vote, it is hard to see
how he can get the country back
on an even keel.
Leftists are standing by wait-
ing for a chance to form a gov-
ernment. And a surprising' name
-Pierre Mendes-France-is most
often mentioned as the choice for
the next premier.
The possibility of other sharp
shifts in the political weather
cannot be ruled out. It is still
possible Pompidou might survive.
But the quickest way to restore
order and get France back on the
move might be a call to Mendes-
France. At this stage of develop-
ment it is hard to see how a left-
ist government headed by Men-
des-France could live in peace
with the determined policies of
De Gaulle, but French politicians
have a way of making everything
Mendes-France made his im-
pact on France when he was
called in as premier in May 1954,
with a promise to end the Indo-
chinese war. He led the negotia-
tions at Geneva which resulted in
splitting the peninsula into North
Vietnam and South Vietnam.
He was thrown out after seven
months and 17 days in office
when members of his own party
became distrustful of his inten-
tions toward Algeria.
When De Gaulle came to power1
in 1958 he extended the olive
branch to Mendes-France, but the
former premier refused to ac-
knowledge it. He voted aaginst De
Gaulle's return; he campaigned
against De Gaulle's constitution;
he fought Gaullist initiatives at
He paid for it by being unseat-
ed as a deputy in 1958, and didn't
make it back to the active politi-
cal scene until last year, when he
moved to Grenoble to set up a
new base. He is now a deputy.,
Mendes-France is a leftist, but
is not a member of any party. He
is allied with the small Unified
Socialist party, which nestles be-"
tween the old line Socialists and
he said it will be done non-,
"I don't mean we're going to
burn the city down ... We're just
going to get it right,"Abernathy
told his mostly Negro audience at
their 'encampment' of plywood
huts near the Lincoln Memorial
"We're not going to have any
violence whatever because this is
what the forces of evil want us
to do," he said.-"I want to ask you
to remain nonviolent."
He said if any of the demon-
strators have weapons, they
should "get rid of 'em."
"We don't need them," he said.
"We're a soul force."
He didn't go into numbers. One
campaign leader predicted last
week that 1 million people would
take part. But other leaders said
that was a mistake.
Abernathy refused to say what
kind of demonstrations will be
held, maintaining that he
wouldn't be mubh of a strategist
if he gave away his plans in ad-
Abernathy, the Rev. Andrew
Young and other campaign lead-
ers went into a private meeting
that campaign spokesmen said
was to map out the kind and
manner of the demonstrations.
Meanwhile, hundreds more
campaigners poured into the
makeshift camp. A spokesman
said the camp population grew
from 1,500 Sunday night to about
WASHINGTON (P) - The Stu-
preme Court expanded the right'to
be tried by jury yesterday and
also opened busy shopping centers
to mass picketing.
Returning from a 13-day recess
with two and one-half pounds of
rulings, the court held 7 to 2 that
states must grant the right to be
tried by jury set forth in the Bill
"Because we believe that trial
by jury in criminal 'cases is fun-
damental to the American system
of justice," the court said, "we
hold that the 14th Amendment
guarantees a right of jury trial
in all criminal cases which-were
they to be tried in a federal court
-would come within the sixth
Additionally, the court decided
7 to 2 in another case that de-
fendants facing "serious" criminal
contempt charges have the right
to be tried by a jury rather than
by a judge, whose "temperament"
might get in the way of an un-
Both decisions upset previous
positions by the court.
Yesterday's rulings also includ-
ed the rejection of an appeal by
Stokely Carmichael and other
Black Power militants seeking to
strike down Tennessee disorderly
conduct and antiriot laws.
The appeal claimed the laws
inhibit free speech, and can be'
used to unconstitutionally regulate
peabeful picketing, speechmaking
The suit grew out of arrests and
other action by Nashville police
during violence in the Negro sec-
tion of the city last April. It was
dismissed by a three-judge federal
court in Nashville last October.
In other important rulings the
--Held 6 to 3 that illegitimate
children are entitled to equal
treatment by the law and that
Louisiana, therefore, cannot block
damage suits filed for them.
-Rejected a plea that Girard
College, a school for orphan boys
in Philadelphia, be allowed to keep
-Approved a.congressional dis-
tricting plan for Indiana, adopted
in February by a federal court
in Indianapolis, that appears to
hurt Democrats politically.
-By an 8-1 vote rejected an
appeal by University of Wisconsin
antinapalm demonstrators who
claimed their arrest on disorderly
conduct charges was an attempt
to stifle free speech.
M VOICE -SDS
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