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May 21, 1968 - Image 4

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Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1968-05-21

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Seventy-seven years of editorial freedom
Edited and managed by students of the University of Michigan
under authority of Board in Control of 'Student Publications

420 Maynard St., Ann Arbor, Mich.

News Phone: 764-0552

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A womaln's life

LUCY KENNEDY---
eTe affluent society:

Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily exp ress the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
---

TUESDAY, MAY 21, 1968

NIGHT EDITOR: DAVID MANN

The MSU tuition plan:
Graduating the 'U' to fairer fees

LAST SUMMER, when it became ap-
parent that the University needed
more money, the Regents turned solemn-
ly to the student body and, in addition
to large out-of-state tuition hikes, raised
annual in-state tuition from $348 to $420.
Last summer, when it became appar-
ent that Michigan State University
needed more money, the Trustees turned
to the sudent body and raised in-state
tuition. For some students, the increase
was from $358 to $354.
The reason was the inauguration of a
graduated tuition system at MSU. In-
state students at State pay between $354
and $501 depending on their parents'
incomes.
While the system has raised a great
deal of controversy (including attempts
at passing a state Constitutional amend-
ment banning the plan), it has on the
whole proved extremely successful. With
a few minor improvements, the system
could prove an excellent mechanism for
increasing revenues from student fees at
the University, without increasing tui-
tion for those least able to pay.
THE PRESENT system at MSU allows
students from families with incomes
less than $16,666 to apply for an auto-
matic reduction in their fee by provid-
ing the schools with their parents' W-2
income tax form.
The reductions may bring the stu-
dent's tuition as low as $354 if his fam-
ily earns less than $12,000 a year.
Since the scaled-down tuition does not
decrease the total revenue received by
the school, the effect is to provide an
increase in MSU's ability to grant schol-
arships which have greater value to the
recipient. Through normal procedures, a
student paying any of the various tuition
levels may still apply for and receive fi-
nancial aid.
For those students in need of further
financial aid, the system becomes es-
pecially advantageous. Since most of
these students are already paying the
minimum tuition, less money from the
university's endowment is needed to re-
duce their tuition to a level they can af-
ford. In this way, financial aid will be
available to. more students than ever
before.
THE UNIVERSITY has for several years
been known as a school for "rich,
white students" and the graduated tui-
tion system is one possible way of rid-
ding itself of this odious reputation, by
helping to change the actual percentage
makeup of the student body.
By making he student body racially
balanced, both black and white will bene-
fit from the contact with those of the
most widely diversified backgrounds.
The graduated tuition plan has been
labelled unfair by its opponents. If im-
properly administered, it can indeed be

unfair. Most of the problems, however,{
can be eliminated.
For example, it has been argued that
the gross income listed on the W-2 form
is not a fair gauge of the wealth of a
family without accounting for number
of dependents. Under MSU's system this
is accounted for by allowing any family
with two or more childIren at the uni-
versity to pay the minimum rate for
every child after the first. It does seem
that a straight deduction for each de-
pendent coupled with the MSU method
would be even fairer.
4 NOTHER objection to the plan is that
it does not account for students who
are self-supporting. Here the MSU plan
seems adequate: students earning over
$3000 a year can declare themselves in-
dependent of their parents. Since, after
deductions, this amount is about the
minimum needed to put oneself through
college, the student can fairly be con-
sidered self-supporting. The figure should
probably be lowered somewhat to allowj
for students who, even with their part-
time earnings, need sholarships to help
them through. $2500 would probably be a
better number.
The final objection to the graduated
tuition is that wealthy families with no
income are allowed to pay the minimum
fee. Here it can be said that the case
is probably rare, and the expense to the
University of investigating this possi-
bility would be prohibitive. At least it
can be said in this case that the system
is helping those who, perhaps, do not
deserve it, not injuring those who do.
What must be remembered about the
graduated tuition system is that its im-
portance does not lie in the fact that
tuition drops in the income range from
$16,666 to $12,000. The importance of the
system, instead, lies in the fact that it
allows the school to help more people in
the under $12,000 bracket - those who
would have been hit hardest by the tui-
tion hike -- by at least maintaining the
university's present level of loans and
scholarships.
AS THE University's tuition continues
to increase year after year, the edu-
cational community is more and more
composed of students from rich - hence
usually white -- families. We are con-
tributing to a society in which the poor
are not educated, and hence remain poor.
Since every tuition increase contributes
to this effect, tuition increases must
cease for those in lower income families.
Even this will not contribute to improv-
ing conditions within or without the aca-
demic community - other, positive steps
must be taken - but the University must
now begin at least a holding action by
initiating a graduated tuition sysem with
the coming fee increase.
-MARTIN HIRSCHMAN

"AAY T1HE FEST (RUSAtDER WIN,"

:'.t's.1 ...S... :TE VE WILDSTROM,,.-
Tenewlaw adorder

SINCE AMERICA'S annual ur-
ban traumas began in the sum-
mer of 1964, an increasing cry has
gone up in this country for "law
and order."
As pressure on governmental or-
ganizations to enforce law and
order has grown, it has become,
clear that the most vociferous
proponents of these two erstwhile
social virtues have little under-
standing of order and less of law.
Those who argue most loudly
for law and order are, for the
most part, the Haves in an in-
credibly rich society that still has
a shameful large number of Have-
nots. The order they perceive and
strive for is the status quo ante
in which the Have-nots remain
Have-nots.
To be sure, there are pious and
in some cases sincere appeals to
improve thecondition of the poor.
but no one wants their condition
improved to the point where it
might interfere with the third
corner of the American Trinity.
the Free Enterprise System.
THE LAW half of Law and
Order deals primarily with laws
designed to butress the funda-
mental social order,which is based
on property rights. When the
Supreme Court of the United
States rules that all men have
certain rights that cannot be
abrogated because a man is ac-
cused of a criminal offense, the
Court is accused of "coddling
criminals."aClearly, these chan-
pions of law are seeking law on
their own terms.
The fact that the property dam-
age caused during last July's riot
in Detroit caused a great deal
more consternation in the com-

munity and the nation than the
43 deaths is symptomatic of the
depth of the Law and Order dis-
ease (as one Detroit reporter who
participated in an investigation
which showed that most of the
deaths were a result of unneces-
sary use of official force put it,
"Most of them were Negroes no-
body cared very much about.").
The report that rioters had
caused more than $500 million
property damage (later shown to
be vastly inflated) horrified the
good burghers of Detroit far more
than the finding that indiscrimi-
nate National Guard fire had kill-
You can shoot any
number of people,
preferably blacks, but
by God, protect the
property.
ed a four-year-old girl, an inno-
cent motel guest and a fireman.
IN THE NEW equations of Law
and Order, a human life is worth
less than a side of beef, a box of
cornflakes or even a pair of shoe-
laces, which is what one of the
Detroit riot dead, a suspected
looter, had on him when his body
was searched. You can shoot any
number of people, preferably
blacks, but by God, protect the
property.
The cornerstone of the Amer-
ican legal system is "Equal justice
under law," something which has
never been a reality but which has
never been so near to utter rejec-

tion as it is today. The Declara-
tion of Independence stated that
the purpose of government was to
insure the rights of "life, liberty
and the pursuit of happiness," a
transformation of the ancient for-
mula 'life, liberty and prooerty."
It is unlikely that this transfor-
mation was accidental, and prop-
erty rights didn't enter the formal
American system until a decade
later with the Federalist Consti-
tution.
Things, today have reached a
point where the rig m of property
is paramount and, i} tre lives and
liberties of some mus' be, sacrified
in th- protection Gf prope1 ty, then
thf ,: is a necessary evil.
WHAT THE proponents of Law
and Order must realize is that
their program can. only promote
national chaos or disaster. A re-
pressive program against' those
who hold property as something
less than sacred, if it is not com-
pletely successful, will only pro-
mote the eventual revolution they
really dread. If repression is suc-
cessful, everyone will be able to
enjoy his property in a friendly
garrison state, where life, liberty'
and the pursuit of happiness fall
by the wayside.
There can be no law and order
in American society until there is
an elimination of the fundament-
al injustices of the social order.
And that means the Haves will
have to part with some of their
precious property and give it to
the Have-nots. They are faced
with the unpleasant choice be-
tween an evolutionary change in
which their complacent stations
may be shaken or a slide into rev-
olution or repression, in which
everyone inevitably must suffer.

AST WEEK I wrote an editorial condemning the Poor People's
March for relying on emotional appeal rather than concrete lobby-
ing programs. Somewhat upset by my criticism, the Ann Arbor
Quakers involved in organizing local Poor People's marchers invited
me to the final meeting of the marchers.
As the Quakers had hoped, I found that the marchers had more
concrete proposals than I expected. Although constantly crum-
bling, the organization they had for the Memorial Day march was, I
found, not of as much importance as the missionary zeal that kept
them working despite obstacles. If this zeal returns to Michigan with
the marchers it may be the real source of victory in the local war
against poverty.
MISSIONARY ZEAL has always meant to me the aura surrounding
my mother's ladies aid society. Well intentioned but pretty inefficient,
the best my mother's ladies aid society could ever come up with was
a new candelabra for the rectory.
With a parish of only 2000, there was little the ladies of Hampden
Mass., could do to win such quixotic goals as a million volume library
for a mission establishment in Kenya.
Yet as an outgrowth of earlier missionary societies, there was about
the ladies aid society something appealing and in its own strange way
effective.
THE LADIES did not speak the language of the people they were
trying to help and their plans frequently did not result in "the greatest
good for the greatest number." But there were some very important
areas where the missionary society accomplished at least something-
frequently areas where everyone else had given up.
The sweet ladies had a strength-coming perhaps from a con-
viction that they were doing the right thing-to survive outside set-
backs as well as their own blunders.
ANY ANALOGY between my mother's ladies aid society and the
Washtenaw County Poor People's Support Committee would be tenuous,
but both the organizers and the marchers have the. missionary zeal.
For one thing, the ladies organizing financial backing of the local
poor for a Washington march have the conviction that something must
be done no matter how small the return.
AND SMALL the returns undoubtedly will be. Food and lodging
for the marchers already in Washington has not been forthcoming
and many out-of-state poor have been forced to buy food at stiff Wash-
ington prices.
(There may be other inconveniences as well. One Ann Arbor
marcher, a heavy smoker, was worried about being put up by Quakers-
many of whom forbid smoking, drinking or strong language in the
home.)
Assuming the poor do get in some way settled on the Mall by
Memorial Day, reaction fromCapitol Hill will be tolerant but negligible.
Perhaps a few poverty programs will be Implemented but between tax
increase and a proposed $4 billion budget cut the money simply isn't
there for something really new like a negative income tax.
The 17 ADC mothers from Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti who went to
the Washington march will probably come home with little to show
for their trip but some sympathetic national publicity.
If, however, publicity of the plight of these women can educate
Michigan in the old missionary tradition, there may yet be benefits
from the Poor People's March.
AS THEY made plans for their sojourn, and as I thought back
on my last trip to Washington, I began to realize how little the me-
chanisms of our society work for the poor.
The last time I went to Washington I took about $100 in travel-
ler's checks from my account. I flew student stand-by both ways at a
cost of about $35. With a few, wash and wear clothes and a "basic
dress" I had all I needed for a 4-day weekend out of one piece of
lightweight luggage.
Cabs and hotel bills were my bigg st expense coming to about
another $35. I was in Washington for th United States Student Press
Association convention. Between meetings and the few free meals pro-
vided by USSPA (through 'the courtesy of Newsweek magazine), I
managed to squeeze in a trip around the mall for a quick glance at
the sights I'd had a pretty thorough tour of when I went to Washing-
ton with my parents earlier.
THE PERSON on relief suffers not only the broad sociological
sufferings - the loss of dignity, of purpose in life - he must also
endure a totally different and in many ways less comfortable life
style day to day.
Money, for one thing, is not for the person on relief or the woman
living on aid to dependent children checks the same medium of ex-
change it is to a salaried employee. Our society may not yet be de-
signed to work for affluence, but it simply doesn't apply in any regard
to the truly poor.
If you're an ADC mother you can't get traveller's checks from your
bank account to go to Washington. You're lucky if you can cash any
sort of check at all.
CASHIER'S CHECKS were drawn up from local contributions and
issued to the first group of women going to Washington. A lot of the
final meeting discussion revolved around how to transport the $100
or so necessary for each marcher for train fare and food. Cashier's
checks or postal orders would have been the logical answer but postal
orders would involve a trip across town to the Washington Post Office,
an impossible expense and complication for this group. (The last
group of ladies who tried to cross Washington on this errand got
lost.) Cashier's checks were unusable because the last groups of march-
ers which had been given cashier's checks had spent several hours
going from bank to bank trying to find someone willing to believe
that they legitimately had the large checks and cash them.

HAVE YOU been in Washington before, I asked several of the
ladies at the meeting. One had been there on a high school trip. All
of them, felt, howevei', that there would be no sightseeing. Like all
of my questions, my query about sightseeing seemed fairly incompre-
hensible to them.
It is incomprehensible to think of sight-seeing in Washington if
getting lost means spending someone else's money to get back to
Camp Resurrection.

4

A.

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A man for all 0 . 0

PAUL HARVEY, ABC News commenta-
tor heard regularly on the American
Entertainment Radio Network, will be
awarded an honorary degree of Doctor of
Laws by the Board of Trustees and fac-
ulty of Parsons College, Fairfield, Iowa,
during commencement ceremonies on
June 8.
This will be Mr. Harvey's eighth hon-
orary degree.
When advised of the honor, Mr. Har-
vey said, "It's frequent visits to college
campuses which keep my battery re-
charged. I'm immensely encouraged that
today's young people are asking so many
questions which I can't answer. Some-
body will have to. Tomorrow's politicians
will have to be better men than ours
were.
"Of course," the ABC newsman added,
"I am awed by this honor. I'll try hard
to measure up to it."
Mr. Harvey was awarded his first hon-
orary degree, a Doctor of Letters, from
Culver-Stockton College in Missouri in
Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor. Michigan
420 Maynard St.. Ann Arbor, Michigan, 48104.
Daily except Sunday and Monday during regular
summer session.

1952. Since then he has received honor-
ary degrees from St. Bonaventure Uni-
versity, New York (1953); John Brown
University, Arkansas (1959); Wayland
Baptist College, Texas (1960); Montana
School of Mines (1961); Union Univer-
sity, Tennessee (1962) and Trinity Col-
lege, Florida (1963).
A native of Tulsa, Oklahoma, he was
elected to the Oklahoma Hall of Fame
in 1955.
Among his other honors are "Com-
mentator of the Year" (1962) and "Com-
mentator" and "Man of the Year" (1963)
by New York's Radio-Television Daily. He
has also been awarded numerous Veter-
ans and American Legion citations and
Gold Medals from the Freedoms Foun-
dation at Valley Forge, Pa.
-ABC Newsletter
GREAT typographical errors of all timej
department:
BOSTON, MAY 16-A psychiatrist who
spent three months observing a Green
Beret team in action in Vietnam de-
scribed its members today as continual-
ly risking death in a struggle to gain and
maintain control of the group.

Letters.*'You can never win'

EDITOR'S NOTE: Prof. Gal-
ler was a member of the hatch-
er Commission on the Role of
Students in Decision-Making.
To the Editor:
JOW DOES one ever win when
dealing with students? I was
very gratified at our meeting with
the Regents to hear Mr. Fleming
say that it was his intention to
implement by fall as many feat-
ures as possible of the report of
the Commission on the Role of
the Students in Decision-Making.
The Regents supported this at-
titude, and it was obviouslyi their
intention to show their good faith
with the students by not delaying
implementation of the report.
The Daily had been screaming
about the long delay in accomp-
lishing anything in this area, and
one might have hoped that The
Daily would support such imme-
diate response from the Regents.
Suddenly we find the students
complaining bitterly that every-
thing is moving 'too fast. "The
students who ought to be deciding
on things are not in town." If Mr.
Fleming had made that statement
as his reason for postponing action
until fall, we would have had a
.au n vn , w ti a mi rllv

students and faculty to his staff
for this purpose for the summer,
but his was merely a suggestion.
and was not particularly endorsed
by anyone.
It was not my understanding
that a tripartite committee would
make the by-laws recommenda-
tiops; it was certainly Mr. Flem-
ing's prerogative to ask Mr. Cutler
to do it. Rather than be so nega-
tive that Mr. Cutler chose to ask
students and faculty "of his own
selection" for advice, wouldn't it
be better to look at the positive
side, that he sought advice?
It was not my understanding,
either, that Mr. Steude would be
excluded. Having been on the
Commission, he is an obvious per-
son to represent our views.
The provision for a fail-safe
mechanism in case the students
or faculty fail to ratify the Uni-
versity Couucil rules of conduct
was part of the .charge given by
the Regents to Mr. Fleming. (It
was not Mr. Cutler's idea to pro-
vide for this contingency,)
It was the Commission's hope
that the work of the University
Council would be done in such
good faith that this contingency
would not have to be invoked.

ultimate basis for all of this to
work, after all, isn't it?
--Prof. Bernard A. Galler,
Mathematics
Quick notices?
To the Editor:
THE NOTICE from the Under-
graduate Library arrived ten
days after the books were due.
Caught up in the midst of exams,
I had forgotten (like how many
other unfortunate students) to re-
turn two books by the specified
date.
I hurried to the library where
I was unsympatheticallyinform-
ed that my fine totaled $5.00,
which probably exceeded the value
of the books, one being a paper-
back and the other several years
old. When I asked why I could
not have been notified before ten
days had elapsed since the due
date, the girl behind the counter
replied, "You took the books out
and they're your responsibility.
We don't hav to let you know at
all."
The function of the Under-
graduate Libary is to be of service
to the students and faculty. If we
are to be charged the exorbitant
rate of $25 nr dn.v for every honk

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