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October 26, 1960 - Image 4

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1960-10-26

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"What Happens When They Run Out Of Foreigners?"
CITY, 'U' MESH GOALS:
Research Park to A ttr act Indusry

By J. M. ROBERTS
Associated Press News Analyst
O MANY LEAKS have occurred about the surveys of American pres-
tige abroad that the United States will now be required to publish
them just to keep people from thinking they are worse than they are.
JUdging from unofficial reports, the last' one doesn't make very
good propaganda. A general idea in the free world that the United
States is militarily inferior to Soviet Russia is dangerous whether it
is correct or not.,
It causes other nations to start reflecting on the value of their
alliances, and if it persists into some time of great crisis, could produce
defections.
THERE WAS LITTLE doubt that American political prestige had
dropped in the weeks immediately after U-2. There has been a gen-

eral feeling, however, that it had
gone up again since the conven-
ing of the United Nations General
Assembly.
One thing people would like
to know is whether the previous
surveys show ups and downs,
and whether the foreign concept
of American military power has
shown any tendency to go up and
down along with political prestige.
* * * ,
THEY WOULD ALSO like to
know more of the basis for the
reports. There is, for instance,
general agreement that Russia is
ahead of the United States in
rocket development for space
probes because her rockets have
greater thrust. But from a strict-
ly military standpoint, relative
strength is not enhanced by range
beyond what is needed.
Did the surveyors ask merely
about the United States, or was,
there a tabulation, too, of the.
effectiveness of her mutual aid
program, whereby billions 'of dol-.
lars of her own military produc-
tion has been allotted for use in
an emergency by .other nations?
If there is doubt among the free
world nations as to the U.S. de-
fense posture, is there a factor
in it involving doubt of their own
intentions?
THERE ARE considerations in-
volved in the publication of such,
surveys which go far beyond any,
immediate effect on the presiden-
tial campaign. Relations.with oth-
er countries are involved. The at-,
titude of the American people
toward their allies is involved. All
the facts, not part of them, are
involved..

IN SWITZERLAND :
Study Aid
To Students
THE STUDENT federation of the
University of Neuchatel {Switz-
erland) has just completed a study
after three- years' preparation on
the necessity of a genuine demo-
cratization of the university sys-
tem.
The investigation was primarily
concerned with the problem of
scholarships which has been seen
as a payment of the state "a fonds
perdus (to lost ends)."
The students offered the follow-
ing suggestions:
. 1) The economic situation of
the parents of every student should
automatically be reviewed at the
conclusion of obligatory school at-
tendance.
2) An investigation should tien
be initiated concerning the further
educational and professional in-
terests of high school students.
3) THE PARENTS and inter-
ested high school students should
be informed by an examining
board as to whether their situa-
.tion merits the granting of a
scholarship.
4) The amount of the scholar-
ship shall be determined accord-
ing to a calculating procedure
which would allow leeway for spe-
cial cases.
-The Student Mirror

In clarifying some of the present confusion
it may help to separate two problems that are
related but need to be distinguished from each
other. One is the doctrinal problem of the atti-
tude that the Roman Catholic hierarchy has
taken on the subject of the political state and
political action. The other is the question of
what kind of President a particular Catholic
called John F. Kennedy would make, and what
are the stakes involved for America in the
struggle over the Catholic issue.
ON THE FIRST QUESTION it is important
to understand that there are controversies
inside the Catholic church. 'here is a tradi-
tional view that the church dogma is the final
arbiter on all questions of conscience, including
political decisions. But there is also a dissenting
view inside the Church, that religion and poli-
tics belong in different compartments, and nei-
ther should dominate the other.
s The spokesmen for the latter and more lib-
eral view have in the past been Cardinal Gib-
bons and Archbishop Ireland. Today its leader
is the Rev. John Courtenay Murray. Their view
has come to be known as the "American inter-
pretation" or the "American doctrine." It fits
best into the whole American tradition and
into the needs of a democratic state in the sev-
enth decade of the 20th century. Buit it still
hasp bitter opponents inside the Catholic
chbreh, especially among the conservatives who
fear that a "secular" state may go too far to
the Left.
All of this is interesting on the level of the-
ology, but it is useless to argue it as an abstract
question in the present campaign. We are not
faced with abstraction but with a very concrete
person, Sen. John Kennedy, and with his very
concrete views on the separation of church and
state. Kennedy clearly belongs to the Catholic
wing which believes that a Senator or President
must follow what he believes best for the na-
tion, whether or not it jibes with church dogma.
In fact, there are many Catholics who are
shocked by what they call his "secularism," just
as there are many others who are shocked by
his liberalism and who will vote for Nixon as
the safer candidate.
Editorial Staff
THOMAS HAYDEN, Editor
NAN MARKEL .JEAN SPENCER
City Editor Editorial Director
JUITrH P0NER ... .,...... Personnel Director
~THOMAS KABAKER .... .... Magazine Editor
THOMAS WITECKI ............ Sports Editor
rr &T1IImv.kf .'.::.L : e nn.4"""i"" rt..

A CURRENT COLUMN by Claire Booth Luce,
in McCall's, seems to take the view that a
candidate's religion should be a factor in decid-
ing one's vote. Since Mrs. Luce is herself com-
mitted to vote for Nixon, one must assume that
she did not as a Catholic find Kennedy's Cath-
olicism to weigh very heavily in her own deci-
sion. I am myself unpersuaded that I should
let it count heavily, or even substantially, in my
own. Obviously a man's religion is one of the
facts about him, like his education, his health,
his career, his family origins, his locale of birth
and residence. What Mrs. Luce fails to advise
her readers on is whether it should be a deci-
sive consideration. That is the nub of the big-
otry problem.
I find it unthinkable that any man who might
otherwise roughly agree with Kennedy's posi-
tions and program, and like him as a person,
would vote against him because he is a Catho-
lic. It happens that I have fought against the
Catholic position on birth control, on public'
education, on censorship, for as far back as I
can remember. I have fought clerical states like
Franco's and Salazar's and I have fought Cath-
olic bigotry in those states. If I recognized in
Kennedy any of the lineaments of what I have
been fighting against, I should not hesitate to
oppose him as I would oppose anyone who
wanted to bring clericalism to my country,'
whether that clericalism were Catholic or Ang-
lican, Lutheran or Jewish.
But there is nothing of this in Kennedy,
either in his education or his thinking, his
public statements or his private conversation.
Here is the product of a three-religion Amperica.
I should be deeply ashamed of myself if I al-
lowed any specific differences I have had with
the Catholic hierarchy on concrete issues affect
my attitude toward a man who is in no sense
a creature of that hirerarchy, but very much
his own man.
This is my answer not only to the more ig-
norant bigots, who are caught in the trap of
their own bigotry, but also to the more intelli-
gent Protestants and Jews who honestly fear
the specter of anti-clericalism in America.
There are enough real problems and dangers
which my countiy faces today, without seek-
ing out unreal ghosts which have nothing to
do with the candidates.
SHOULD HAVE preferred this issue to be
fought out at a less dangerous time than in
1960, when we face the prospect both of a Com-
munist dynamism and of possible nuclear war.
But the nomination of Kennedy and the at-
tacks on him as a Catholic compel Americans
to confront the issue not at some future time
but here and now. What is at stake in the
struggle is the massive question of whether
Americans mean what they say when they,
speak of an open society, with equal access
for all ethnic and religious groups to po-
litical office as well as to schools and jobs
and worship, or whether this is mere lip-service
to fancy phrases. If the idea of equal access re-
ceives a setback in 1960 for Kennedy as a
C'*fl alin 4t ... a. n a. cahsr nra er, ...ar n Ih

* * *

THE PARK CORPORATION,
whose officers are the same as
those of the Chamber of Com-
merce, will subdivide the land
into three-acre plots and sell
them, wholly or in sections, to
business firms. The corporation
will make no profit, but will use
the money from the sale of plots
to buy the park land over a period
of six and a half years.
The businesses-it is estiniated
the park could accomcodate '70
or more-will all be of the light
industrial or research variety.
Even before the campaign to get
industries has begun, many firms
have expressed definite interest.
"Already six industries have
come to us with inquiries," Charles
A Hoffman, president of both the
Chamber of Commerce and the
park corporation, pointed out.t'
The latest, he said, is the
Herman Miller Furniture Co.
which moved its research and
statistical divisions here earlier
this month from Grand Rapids
and Zeeland. The firm moved into
temporary facilities, with the hopes
of transferring as soon as pos-
sible to the research park.
"IF THE CITY HAD had plans
for something like the research
park four years ago, I"feel sure
we would have a photo equipment
plant here," Hoffman declared.
"They strongly considered Ann
Arbor, but couldn't find any suit-
able land and located in Findlay.'
O.-with $5,000,000 worth of
buildings alone."
It was just after this episode
that the Chamber of Commerce
first conceived the idea of a re-
search park, according to Hoff-
man. Now with plans well under-
way, the park corporation is pre-
paring a brochure. It will send
some 1,000 copies to industries
during the next two to three years,
300 or 400 copies set to go out
as soon as the brochure is ready.
"The chief advantage of the
research park to the city will be
job ,'opportunities, which are lack-
ing here and in the whole state,"
Hoffman stated. "Of course, the
University research units have
been very much interested and see'
advranteOo +n +he tTnivr+ +nn.'

industry - education cooperation,
vastly increased research facili-
ties -and close-at-hand job op-
portunities for University gradu-
ates can hardly be overestimated.
"Although the University has
taken no active part t4 the project,
it is certainly interested in seeing
such a research park established,"
Ralph A. Sawyer, Vice-President
for Research and a member of
the Chamber of Commerce board
of directors, pointed out.
"I think it would be a good thing
to have and am encouraged by the
general interest in it," he added.
THE UNIVERSITY'S continu-
support of research by industries
is illustrated, he said by its sale
of land on the North Campus to
Parke, Davis & Co. research
laboratories and Bendix Aviation
Corp, systems division.
Neither of these two firms is
in any way connected with the
University, but they occupy part of
an area "earmarked for operations
which are highly compatible to
University interests," Robert E.
Burroughs, director of the Uni-
versity Research Institute, ex-
plained.
The institute is working with
the Chamber of Commerce and
the state Industrial Development
Department to improve the in-
dustrial climate of Michigan, and
Ann Arbor in particular. "Indus-
tries which come here benefit
from a cultural community, pos-
sible programs combining work
and study, and closeness to stu-
dents they may recruit," Bur-
roughs said.
THE INSTITUTE of Science
and Technology also encourages
industry to locate in Ann Arbor,
although it receives no direct
support from any private indus-
tries, according to Prof. Joseph
A. Boyd of the electrical engineer-
ing department, director of the
institute.
"With the new research park,
we will continue to cooperate with
the city in helping to get in-
dustries by turning out trained
scientists," he said. "There are
two great advantages to an in-
dustry being near the University:
it is close to a source of both
knowledge and manpower."
Although the research park has
not prompted the institute to plan
for expanded operations, Boyd
surmised many of the scientists
and technicians the project will
bring to the city will take advan-
tage of the opportunities to do
graduate work at the University,
thus increasing the graduate en-
rollment.
The last apparent barrier to
the research park becoming a
reality was cleared Oct. 14 when
the Pittsfield Township Board
agreed to release 386 acres of land
for annexation to Ann Arbor. The
City Council had already annexed
the land, subject to township ap-
proval. The township board had
rejected a petition to release the
acreage Sept. 23, but scheduled
another vote after an exchange
of barrages with the Chamber of
Commerce and conferences with
city officials.
s * , *,

To the Editor:
TWO girls were kicked out of
Cambridge Hall and forced
to move into the dormitory sys-'
tem as a disciplinary measure by
the Dean of Women.
We, the two girls involved, wish
to press our case before the stu-
dent government since we believe
that both the Dean's decision and
her procedure in examining us can
be questioned.
The facts of the case are the
following:
1) Connie Mahoriske was 40
minutes late one night and her
roommates did not report her. At
that time no definite hour had
been set when her roommates were
required to report her for their
own safety. Since her roommates
did not report her, they were held
jointly responsible for lateness.
PLEASE NOTE THAT LATENESS
uS NOT GROUNDS FOR DISMIS-
SAL FROM CAMBRIDGE HALL.
2) Several nights later, Connie
Mahonske returned early on a
1:30 per night and found her
roommate and her roommate's
date putting on their coats -and
preparing to leave. A few minutes
later (approximately 12:30) the
Honor Resident appeared at the
door and said, "I just want to
REMIND you that men must be'
out at 12:25 even though it's a
1:30 permission night."
Two days later both girls were
called before the Dean of Women
and forced to move within 24
hours into the dormitory system.
NOT ONLYbDO WEhbelieve the
decision to be harsh, but the
procedure was also improper.
Upon being summoned to the
Dean's office, we were greeted
with the question-"How can you
two deliberately jeopardize 70 oth-
er girls (the success of Cambridge
Hall) ? What do you have to say
for yourselves?" Janet Wilkinson
immediately explained that Con-
nie Mahonske had just entered
several minutes before, and that
she and her date had immediately
left after being REMINDED by
the Honor- Resident. The Dean
then turned to Connie Mahonske
and asked-"How could you pos-
sibly have men in the apartment
48 hours after you had been late?"
It was evident the decision had
already been made before we en-
tered, and that nothing we could
say would influence her decision.
Later both girls were given
grants by the Dean to cover the
added expense and a form letter
was sent to their parents. The let-
ter, however, was not specific in
the charges and the factors relat-
inat tn the cae- sn in the Pnd the

you would want the case handled.
if you had been in our places?
* * *
FURTHER, IN ORDER to ap-
peal a case that has been decid-
ed by the Dean of Women, one'
must appeal to Dean Bacon to put
it before Women's Panel, which is
composed of Women's Judic
chairman Judy Gardhouse, Dean
Bacon and the chairman of Wonm-
en's Senate.
This process of appeal sounds
somewhat like a vicious circle. It's
like telling the person who judged
the case that you don't think it
was handled properly and that
the decision was harsh and that
she must certainly agree she act-
ed hastily,
Of course Dean Bacon is not
going to repeal her own decision.
How does Judy Gardhouse know
that the two girls DELIBERATE-
LY violated University regulation
number two? Has she investigated
the case herself or has it been
summarized for her by Dean Ba-
con?
It seems to me that the student
should have the opportunity to ap-
peal to a party who is not di-
rectly concerned with the deci-
sion. Appeal to the very person
who originally judged the case is
a mockery and does not make for
unbiased justice.
--Connie Mahonske, '61
--Janet Wilkinson, '6IM
Nix On Demonstration
To the Editor:
WITH the expected appearance
of the Republican nominee
for President in Ann Arbor on
Thursday morning, the University
Young Democratic Club and Stu-
dents for Kennedy urge that the
Vice-President be courteously re-
deived.
We hope that the energetic, yet,
somewhat inappropriate, anti-
Kennedy demonstrations that ap-
peared within the reception ac-
corded Senator Kennedy upon his
arrival here will not be repeated
in reverse this Thursday. We
would remind any Democratic
partisans inclined to such a dern-
,onstration that activity of this
sort can only aid the Senator's
opponent in playing an underdog
role.
POLITICALLY inclined activists
of both parties might better serve
the purposes of their candidates
by channeling their e n e r g y
through one of the political clubs
on campus. Our two groups alone
will need over 200 people to work
during the final weekend before
the election and on election day
itself,

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR:
Students To Appeal Decision

Now the land is procured, de-
velopment can begin in earnest
on the research park which will,.
by bringing together research by
education and industry, most as-
suredly bolster the city's position
as "Ann Arbor-Research Center
of the Midwest."

N ew Vigor . ..
To the Editor:
NOTE with satisfaction the
lively interest aroused among
our students by Senator Kenne-
4y's and Representative Bowles'
remarks on this campus concern-
ing the possibility of establishing
an international civil service of '
the United Nations. Hopefully,
this spontaneous positive reaction
is a sign of an emerging new
approach to the most vital prob-
lems of our age in the minds of
young people who no longer wish
to be considered to belong to a
"silent generation."
-Anatol Rapoport
DAILY
OFFICIAL
BULLETIN
*The Daily Official Bulletin is an
official publication of The Univer-
sity of Michigan for which The
Michigan Daily assumes no editorial
responsibility. Notices should b
sent in TYPEWRITTEN form to
Room 3519 Administration Building,
before 2 p.m. two days preceding
publication.
WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 26
General Notices
International Student and Family Ex-
change: Open Wednesday night, '730-
9, p.m. and Thursday morning, 5:30-11
a.m. every week at the Madelon Pound
R~ouse, 1024 Hill Street (basement). 'Top-
coats and sweaters for men and women:
Infants' equipment and clothing and
children's clothing. These are available
for all foreign students and families
needing the above items.
The General Electric Foundation an-
nounces ten Geduate Fellowships of-
fered for the academic year 1961-62 to
General Electric employees and their
children. These are offered in the fields
of Engineering, The Sciences, The So-
cial Sciences, Hu manities, Business Ad-
ministration, Graduate Law and Indus-
trial Management. Candidates for these
fellowships must submi~t scores of the
Aptitude Test of the Graduate Record
Examination taken on November 19,
unless previous scores are available. Ar-
rangements for this test must be made
by November 4.
Stipends will range from $l.750 to
$2,500 depending on marital and de-
pendency status. Tuition and regular
fees will also be paid by the Founda-
tion. Deadline for applying is Jan. 6,
1961. Applications are available at the
Fellowship Office, Room 110, Graduate
School.
Undergraduates: The possibilities for
undergraduates spending their Junior
Year in Spain will be discussed at a
meeting of interested Students on
Thurs., Oct. 27 at 7 p.m. in.2050 Frieze
Bldg.
Doctoral Candidates who expect to
receive degrees in February, 1981, must
have at least three bound copies (the
original in a "spring binder) of their
dissertation in the office of the Grad-

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