TUE IICIFIGA N DAIIM
"Ill-- ...... . ..... ''I I ommmomom
IN SOUTHEAST ASIA:
U.S. Has Difficulties in Laos
RUSSIAN MEETS CUBAN-Nikita Khrushchev left his seat on the floor of the UN General As-
sembly to embrace Fidel Castro as he entered yesterday's session.
HAVANA (A)-Every anti-Unit-
ed States word Fidel Castro utters
in New York is being manifested
in Havana into the bitterest anti-
American campaign in Cuban his-
Maj. Raul Castro, acting prime
minister in his brothet's absence,
led off the campaign early yes-
He declared Fidel and the Cub-
an delegation were being abused
in New York and that this could
lead to the expulsion of the Unit-
ed States from the Guantanamo
naval base in eastern Cuba.
Raul shouted to a hastily called
early morning mass rally of 50,-
000 persons in the square of the
"It's within our possibilities in
a determined moment to reclaim
that piece of our national terri-
It was the most direct threat
against the United States naval
base since the Castros took power.
UNITED NATIONS (A') - The
United Nations General Assembly
began its 15th regular session to-
day with the most spectacular
diplomatic gathering in its his-
Its newly elected president'
warned the delegates they face a
severe test of their ability to pre-
serve world civilization.
An atmosphere of tension per-
vaded the great hall as the West,
headed by the United States,
squared off for battle with the
Communist East. Soviet Premier
Nikita S. Khrushchev, brisk and
businesslike, was on hand to con-
duct the propaganda battle for
the Communist side.
As Khrushchev and the top
Communist chiefs of satellite
Eastern Europe looked on, the So-
viet Union quickly sustained its
first defeat of the session. The
delegates elected as president
Frederick A. Boland of Ireland.
The Soviet defeat came against
a backdrop of rising African re-
sistance to Communist aims in
Africa which resulted in a sting-
ing setback for Moscow Monday'
in the Assembly's special session
on the Congo. The Assembly over-
whelmingly supported Secretary-
General Dag Hammarskjold's ac-
tions in the Congo against a So-
The Assembly quickly increased
UN membership from 82 to 96 by
unanimously voting in 13 new Af-
rican states and the new Repub-
lic of Cyprus. The application of
the Mali Federation, now broken
up by dispute between its mem-
bers, the former French Sudan
and Senegal, was left in abeyance
pending a settlement.
Immediately after the vote for
president, Boland was called tol
the president's chair, to the ap-
plause of the delegates. Khrush-
chev conspicuously abstained from
the applause. Cuba's pro-Khrush-
chev premier, Fidel Castro, clap-
ped a few times apathetically.
To Rule Congo
TOKYO MP)-The United States
finds itself in an embarrassing
position in the mixed-up kingdom
All the elements of the cold
war-East, West and neutralism
--are at confused loggerheads in
the little Southeast Asian nation.
Last year United States Ambas-
sador Henry Cabot Lodge led the
fight for United Nations action to
confirm, as he put it, the aggres-
sion by the North Vietnamese
Communists against the then
pro-American government of Pre-
mier Phoui Sanamikone.
A UN fact-finding team and
Secretary-General Dag Hammar-
skjold himself found evidence of
intervention, but no aggression.
Today, the situation has been
dramatically reversed. A neutral-
ist government headed by Premier
Prince Souvanna Phouma is ac-
tively backed by the Communist-
oriented Pathet Lao, but is under
violent oral and sporadic military
attack from the most pro-Ameri-
can of Laos' leaders, Gen. Phoumi
In addition, the United States'
firmest friend in Southeast Asia,
pro-Western Thailand, has given
open support to Phoumi and his
Southern counter -revolutionary
The State Department has felt
it necessary to publicly warn these
allies-without singling them out
by name-against inflaming an
already dangerous situation.
France and Britain, the prin-
cipal United States partners in
the Southeast Asia Treaty Or-
ganization, are said to feel that
Souvanna Phouma is the only
man capable of bringing order
out of the deepening confusion.
They are pressuring the United
States to support him against
both the Pathet Lao and Phoumi.
Insists on Aid
Thailand insists on aid to No-
From his headquarters in the
&.uthern city of Savannakhet,
Nusavan has raised the old charge
that the North Vietnamese have
invaded Laos. The Pathet Lao has
countered that Thailand has given
help to Nosavan.
An American who has lived in
the area for many years and fol-
lows developments closely said in
Tokyo today that finding proof to
support either allegation would
be impossible. Thousands of per-
sons who speak Laotian and are
of the same Thai extraction as
the Laotians live on the borders
of North Viet Nam and Thailand.
Many have found their way into
the armies of Thailand and North
If they were to be loaned to
the forces of the opposing fac-
tions in Laos, no one would be
much the wiser.
Thailand fears that if Souvanna
Phouma carries out his neutrality
program, bringing the Pathet Lao
back to share power, it will be
left wide open to Communist in-
filtration. Some 50,000 Vietna-
mese refugees who openly admit
their allegiance to the Communist
north are scattered in major
towns along the Thai frontier
from Nonkhai, across from Vien-
tiane in the north, to Ubol in the
- 508 E. William
"Espresso Coffee House"
Open afternoons 3 P.M.
south. They are regarded as a
potential fifth column.
The United Nations once more
may have to use its good offices
to resolve the present crisis.
Friday, Sept. 23, 1960 and the first Friday
of each following month of the Fall Semester
314 E. Liberty
Presented by the
GRADUATE STUDENT COUNCIL
COMING OCTOBER 26
STUDENT ART PRINT
Thursday, Sept. 22 1-5 P.M.
Friday, Sept. 23 1-5 P.M.
Saturday, Sept. 24 9-12 P.M.
FACULTY and STAFF:
From Friday, Sept. 22
3rd Floor S.A.B.
Lady Chatterley's Lover
Thursday and Friday
(Avow 4'*IWOO a lTcmS-opt DOatf, T.Mass
Lour of Dob. is ", t4
GIL BERT & SULLIVAN
We begin our fall program
with a French rendering of D.
H. Lawrence's most provocative
novel. In viewing this interpre-
tation of a work which indicts
prevailing English and Ameri-
can attitudes towards love, we
must remember that France is
the great clearing house for the
visual arts (painting and post-
cards) and that it is the home
of Chevalier and Boyer. In fact,
most continental Europeans
tend to hold somewhat different
views toward male-female re-
lationships than do the British
and the Americans.
Their attitude is wonderfully
illustrated in the remark made
by a non-English speaking Ital-
ian printer who was preparing
Lady Chatterley's Lover for
publication. Having heard ru-
mors about the book from Flor-
entine newspapers, the printer
immediately asked Lawrence
what it described. Informed of
its contents, he replied, sur-
prised, "0! ma! but we do it
The movie version stars Dan-
ielle Darrieux as the frustrated
and withdrawn wife of the
crippled Lord Chatterley (Leo
Genn). It traces the reluctant
awakening and final rebirth of
Lady Chatterley as she is edu-
cated in love by her husband's
gamekeeper. Some of the mov-
ie's most lyric moments are
provided by this education and
the dawning realization of what.
total fulfillment can be.
One has the feeling through-
out the film, however, that it is
founded on an attitude of "0!
ma! but we do it every day."
Not even Leo Genn, speaking
French in his calm English
manner, is completely able to
suggest those conscious and:
unconscious, highly charged in- '
hibitions which make a frank
portrayal of love disturbing to"
American and British audi-
ences. Mellors, the gamekeeper,1
is curiously transformed into aj
would Brigitte be?)--and un-
derstatement is not a technique
frequently used in this movie.
At the moment of highest pas-
sion, we are treated to an in-
terlude of sex symbols which
need no glossary to be under-
Cinema Guild's selection for
Saturday and Sunday is one of
'the most popular comedies of
recent years. The Teahouse of
the August Moon, first a novel
by Vern Schneider, was success-
fully adapted to the stage by
John Patrick and won the Pu-
litzer Prize in 1954. It is enjoy-
able escapism, certainly noth-
ing that called for any award.
With disarming humor it
sketches the experiences of a
captain in the American army
of occupation on Okinawa, a
force at that time committed to
indoctrinating the Okinawans
with democracy. Glenn Ford is
the sincere young Captain
whose zeal for uplift is more
than bolstered by a bullying
superior, who wishes to have a
"model" village for official dis-
play. Somehow the captain's
purest (or most antiseptic)
ideas have a way of going astray
in the face of the Okinawans'
determination to do things their
own way. Marlon Brando had a
welcome opportunity to escape
tough - inarticulate - sensitive
roles in the part of Sakini, a,
genial saboteur, who cajoles the
captain into creating a distil-
lery and accepting a geisha girl
as a gift from the village. Cer-
tain that geisha girls are not
army issue nor part of an of-
ficer's gear, Ford is provided
with an occasion to display that
stuttering boyish confusion
which has become his comic
trademark. As these strange
doings begin to filter back to
headquarters, an army psychol-
ogist (Eddie Albert) is sent to
investigate. His evaluation of
the situation only adds to the
THE UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN BANDS
featuring PAUL DESMOND.
September 23rd... Hill Auditorium
ONCE MORE UNTO THE BREACH, DEAR
Today, if I am a lisye misty, who can blme me? For today I
begin my seventh year of writing eo&,ns-fr the makers of
Seven years! Can it be posibe? It seers only yesterday I
walked into the Marlboro offices, my knickers freshly pressed,
my cowlick wetted down, my oilcloth pencil box clutched in
my tiny hand. "Sirs," I said to the makers of Marlboro-as
handsome an aggregation of men as you will find in a month
of Sundays, as agreeable as the cigarettes they make-mild yet
hearty, robust yet gentle, flip-top yet soft pack-"Sirs," I
said to this assemblage of honest tobacconists, "I have come to
write a column for Marlboro Cigarettes in college newspapers
across the length and breadth of this great free land of America."
We shook hands then-silently, not trusting ourselves to
speak-and one of the makers whipped out a harmonica and we
sang sea chanties and bobbed for apples and played "Run,
Sheep, Run," and smoked good Marlboro Cigarettes until the
campfire had turned to embers.
"What will you write about in your column?" asked cm of
the makers whose name is Trueblood StrooghearL
"About the burning issues that occupy the lively minds of
college America," I replied. "About such vital questions as:
Should the Student Council have the power to levy taxes?
Should proctors be armed? Should coeds go out for football?"
"And will you say a kind word from time to time about
Marlboro Cigarettes," asked one of the makers whose name is
"Why, bless you, sirs," I replied, chuckling silverly, "there
is no other kind of word except a kind word to say about
Marlboro Cigarettes-the filter cigarette with the unfiltered
taste-that happy combination of delicious tobacco and ex-
clusive selectrate filter-that loyal companion in fair weather or
foul-that joy of the purest ray serene."
There was another round of handshakes then and the makers
squeezed my shoulders and I squeezed theirs and then we each
squeezed our own. And then I hied me to my typewriter and
began the first of seven years of columning for the makers of
And today as I find myself once more at my typewriter, once
more ready to begin a new series of columns, perhaps it would
be well to explain my writing methods. I use the term "writing
methods" advisedly because I am, above all things a methodical
writer. I do not wait for the muse; I work every single day of
the year, Sundays and holidays included. I set myself a daily
quota and I don't let anything prevent me from achieving it.
My quota, to be sure, is not terribly difficult to attain (it is,
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