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May 21, 1965 - Image 3

Resource type:
Text
Publication:
Michigan Daily, 1965-05-21

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FRIDAY, MAY 21,1965

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

rAGE THRIZZ

FRIDAY, MAY 21, 1965 THE MICHIGAN DAILY PAGE THREE

ADMINISTRATION PROTESTS:

Labels Treatment of Unions Harassing

Denies Supporting Junta

WASHINGTON (A') -AFL-CIO
President George Meany accused
the labor department yesterday of
using its investigation powers un-
der federal labor law for "witch
hunting and harassment" of labor
unions.

WASHINGTON (P)--The John-
son administration denied yester-
day that United States forces in
Santo Domingo are helping theE
Dominican junta to crush rebelj
opponents. .7
At the same time, authoritative
U.S. sources acknowledged frus-
tration in the effort to find a1
middle-of-the-road civilian lead-
ership for the country. One pros-
pective candidate, Col. Rafael
Fernandez Dominguez, from the
rebel side was reported killed in
action Wednesday.
Meanwhile criticism began com-
ing from congressional Republican
chiefs who generally have been'
supporting President Lyndon B.
Johnson's actions. Senate Minor-
ity Leader Everett M. Dirksen of
Illinois said the administration's
"uptake has been slow."
Reaction to News
Presidential Press Secretary
George E. Reedy led the admin-
WorldNews
Roundup
By The Associated Press
GENEVA-The African and As-
ian group of nations virtually seiz-
ed political control of the World
Health Organization yesterday
after a tense vote that forged a
change in the WHO organization.
With solid support from the
Communist bloc, they achieved, by
two votes, the necessary two-thirds
majority on a resolution enabling
WHO to expel, by simple major-
ity, any member nation it con-
siders guilty of racial discrimi-
nation. Voting was 65-29, with
10 abstentions .
The resolution was specifical-
ly aimed against the apartheid
policies of South Africa.
* * *
TOLEDO--A Teamsters 'Union
strike shut off all but a trickle of
milk to Toledo, which has more
than 300,000 population yesterday.
Emergency centers were set up
to supply milk to mothers and
others who could present a slip
from a doctor saying they needed
it. But a check showed few real
shortages yet.
* * *
MOSCOW-The Soviet Union,
in one of its harshest attacks on
President Lyndon B. Johnson, re-
Jected his bid to ease tensions
yesterday.
"No one should expect that it
is possible to interfere in the in-
ternal affairs of independent
states, provoke armed conflicts
here and there, commit acts of.
aggression against the socialist
countries and at the same time
talk about some kind of agreement
with the Soviet Union and about
'ending tensions'," a Soviet state-
ment said.

istration's response to news dis-
patches from Santo Domingo say-
ing U.S. Marines and paratroop-
ers have been actively helping the.
junta troops of Brig. Gen. Antonio
Imbert Barrera. Both the New
York Times and the New York
Herald Tribune carried such dis-
patches from Santo Domingo.
"The President's instructions to
the troops, when they were sent
in, were to observe neutrality,"
Reedy declared. State and Defense
Department spokesmen issued
similar statements.
At the Pentagon Asst. Secre-
tary of Defense Arthur Sylvester
said American forces from the
outset have been under orders to
"maintain an attitude of impar-
tiality between the junta and rebel
forces" and that American troops
have complied with this except
when firing in self-defense against
snipers.
To Support Neither
To the Organization of Ameri-
can States, U.S. Ambassador Ells-
worth Bunker said, "The U.S.
forces in the Dominican Republic
are not there to support either
side against the other."
The news reports saying U.S.
might was helping the junta hit
a sensitive nerve in the adminis-
tration here.
Johnson's special mission in
Santo Domingo, headed by Mc-
George Bundy, presidential advis-
er on national security affairs, was
reported to be searching for can-
didates in the Dominican ranks
who would be acceptable to both
sides in forming a moderate, civil-
ian government.
The Organization of American

States has also held another ses-
sion on the crisis, looking for a
mediator to whom the inter-
Amoina bni d nil acicr

1
7

amercan oa y coud .assign the
task of promoting an acceptable Meany said the AFL-CIO Execu-
interim government and bringing tive Council had appointed a sub-
an end to the bloodshed. committee headed by A. J. Hayes,
an ed tothe loodhedpresident of the International As-
The idea is to have such an sociation of Machinists, to discuss
interim regime take over until a the labor federation's complaints'
government could be chosen in with Secretary of Labor W. Wil-
free elections in 18 months. lard Wirtz.

The labor department said
there would be no comment on
Meany's statements.
Go Fishing
Meany told a news conference
that labor department investiga-
tors were using the Landrum-
Griffin Act to "attempt to go
fishing" in union elections and
financial affairs.
He said such investigations had
been launched involving 18 or 20
national unions and at least 100
local unions, and contended labor
department investigators were at-
tempting to go far beyond the
law.
In one case involving the In-
ternational Union of Operating
Engineers in Denver, he claimed
that the labor department threw
out the election of an entire slate
of local officials because of a
complaint against one candidate.
Lost Case
Meany said the labor depart-
ment lost a court decision in this
case, but still plans to appeal.
On financial matters, Meany
said labor department investiga-
tors were trying to "tell the unions
how to keep their books as well as
what accounting procedures to
use."

The Landrum-Griffin Act re-
quires reports from unions on fi-
nancial matters and union elec-
tions.
On another matter, Meany
praised David J. McDonald, presi-
dent of the United Steelworkers,
for conceding defeat and with-
drawing his protest of the elec-
tion in which he was defeated by
Steelworker Secretary-Treasurer
I. W. Abel.
"I think his decision is cer-
tainly in the interests of his un-
ion," Meany said. "It would not
have been in its interests to drag
this thing out through the labor
department and through the
courts."
McDonald announced yesterday
in Pittsburgh that he was with-
drawing his request that the Steel-
workers Executive Board overturn
Abel's election.
Excludes Steelworkers
Meany also said that his criti-
cism of the labor department did
not include the steelworkers elec-
tion case or the case of the Inter-
national Union of Electrical Work-
ers.
James B. Carey resigned as
president of the electrical workers
after the labor department report-
ed his announced victory over Paul

Jennings resulted from extensive
miscounting and false reporting
of the votes. Jennings was in-
stalled as president after Carey
quit.
In the steelworkers case, the
labor department sent in observers
to watch the tallying of votes
after both McDonald and Abel
complained of some voting ir-
regularities.
Indian Team
Climbs Everest
NEW DELHI OP) - An Indian
team yesterday reached the sum-
mit of Mt. Everest, the world's
highest mountain, the government
announced. A spokesman said the
two men who reached the peak
tied an Indian flag to a pole left
there by American climbers in
1963.
The peak was conquered first
in 1953 by a British Common-
wealth team with Sir Edmund
Hillary of New Zealand and Ne-
palese climber Tensing Norgay
reaching the summit. It has since
been scaled by Swiss and Ameri-
can teams.

does
it
again

GOP LEADERS OFFER HELP
House Minority Leader Gerald Ford of Michigan and Senate
Republican Leader Everett Dirksen of Illinois held a news con-
ference yesterday at the Capitol. Dirksen criticised some aspects
of President Lyndon B. Johnson's handling of the fDominican
crisis while Ford indicated that GOP leaders were willing and
anxious to make specific suggestions.

Nuclear Physicists Claim China
May Posses H-Bomb by 1970

ECUMENICAL CAMPUS STAFF
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SATURDAY, MAY 22-1:30 p.m.-PICNIC
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Return to campus at 6:30 p.m.
Supper 50c
SUNDAY, MAY 23-PROTESTANT DIALOGUE-7:00 p.m.
at Lutheran Student Center, Hill and Forest Streets
"CHRIST-CENTRAL TO FAITH OR THE MOST UNFORGETABLE
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MONDAY, MAY 24-OPEN HOUSE-8:00-11:00 p.m.
at Stoneburners' residence, 536 Elm
Above programs are sponsored by the following groups:
Baptist, Episcopal, Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian, United Church of Christ,
Disciples, and E.U.B.

By FRANK CAREY
WASHINGTON OP) - United
States officials said yesterday that
Communist China's latest nuclear
werpons test did not involve an
H-bomb type device.
It also termed "implausible"
any thought that the device ex-
ploded last Thursday was missile-
delivered.
But the government's first an-
nounced analysis of the character
of the test immediately prompted
unofficial, but knowledgeable,
speculation that the test will help
the Chinese Communists develop
an H-bomb in two to three years.
Non-Government Experts ,
This theory came from Ralph
Lapp, a nuclear physicist who
worked on the first American A-
bomb, but who is not now working
for the government.
"The fact that the Communist
Chinese used U235 as the explosive
again," Lapp said in an interview,
"disposes of notions, voiced by
some people, that the first test

was only a fluke, using an ex-
plosive 'pirated' in small quanti-
ties from fuel elements of atomic
reactors-or obtained from the
Russians."
Lapp's opinion was expressed
after the Atomic Energy Commis-
sion reported that the latest test
involved detonation of a fission
device employing uranium-235.
Confirmation
"The fact that they used U235
for the second test confirms that
they have a gaseous diffusion
plant (for producing U235) of
their own."
Soon after the first test last
fall, Lapp said he had information
from private contacts in the
Orient outside Communist China
that the Chinese had a gaseous
diffusion plant. A gaseous diffu-
sion plant is one wherein fission-
able U235 is separated from the

more plentiful Uranium-238.
There had been some specula-
ton that China's second test
might have involved their first
use of plutonium, but the AEC's
announcement ruled this out.
The AEC concluded that the
detonation involved a fission de-
vice-as distinguished from a fu-
sion or H-bomb type device-was
based on "a preliminary analyses
of airborne radioactivity" from
the recent blast, the spokesman
said. The same is true, he said,
for the conclusion that U235 was
the explosive, rather than Plu-
tonium.
As to whether Communist
China's second test represented an
advancement over the first de-
vice, the representative comment-
ed that "we can't say-but one
would normally expect improve-
ment with each test."

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