u r irewatt aily
EDrrED AND MANAGED BY STUDENTS OF THE UNIVESITY OF MICHIGAN
UNDER AUTHOITY OF BOARD IN CONTROL OF STUDENT PuwCATIoNs
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ere Opinions Are F7"o% 420 MAVNARD ST, AwN A&Bor, MICH.
"Truth" Wilt Prevail
NEWS PHom: 764-0552
Editorials printed in The Michigan Daily express the individual opinions of staff writers
or the editors. This must be noted in all reprints.
Y. JUNE 11, 1965
NIGHT EDITOR: BRUCE WASSERSTEIN
Computers for Schooling:
Interesting-But Be Careful
UNIVERSITY OFFICIALS have already
implemented the trimester to help
solve problems created by the population
explosion. However, they have another
equally important problem to deal with
-the knowledge explosion.
The total amount of knowledge avail-
able to men in the U.S. is increasing at
an unbelievable rate, due primarily to
increased research and increased funds
Only last year Dean William Haber of
the literary college noted that great
changes for the University are inescap-
able because of this increasing quantity
of knowledge. He said that a PhD in
mathematics represents about six years
of intellectual capital. In physics the
period is about eight years and in engi-
neering the period is about 10 years.
This can give some indication of the
growth of knowledge as well as the need
for some means to take'care of it.
ALREADY ORGANIZATIONS are being
formed to help collect and disperse
information. The government has been
deluged with requests for such a means
of national dispersal of information.
Probably one of the most predominant
dispensers is Intercom, an organization
formed a year ago which is only be-
ginning to get thoroughly organized.
Intercom plans to set up computers
all over the nation so that doctors, law-
yers, scientists and students who desire
information can obtain listings -of where
it can be found-or the information it-
self-through these computers.
The new 360-67 Computer which the
University is leasing from the Interna-
bional Business Machines Corp. will be
a part of this network if plans and fa-
cilities are available as is hoped.
Because the 360-67 computer will pos-
sess the capacity tq handle data from
many different projects at the same time
as well as to receive information through
ROBERT -IPPLER..............., .. Co-Editor
EDWARD HERSTEIN................Sports Editor
JUDITH FIELDS................Business Manager
JEFFREY LEEDS............Supplement Manager
NIGHT EDITORS: Michael Badamo, John Meredith,
Robert Moore, Barbara Seyfried, Bruce Wasserstein.
The Daily is a member of the Associated Press and
conegiate Press Service.
The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the
us~e of all news dispatches credited to it or otherwise
credited to the newspaper. Al rights of re-publication
of all other matters here are also reserved.
Subscription rates: $4 for IIIA and B ($4.50 by mail);
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Second class postage paid at Ann Arbor, Mich.
Published daily Tuesday through Saturday morning.
consoles distances away from the com-
puter itself and transport other infor-
mation back, it will be ideal for such a
THE USE OF THE COMPUTER in edu-
cation has numerous implications. It
will allow the student to ask for informa-
tion about a specific subject and receive
many articles about which he might not
have had previous knowledge.
The applications to undergraduate and
graduate education are numerous. When
using electronic equipment -- not only
teaching machines-to teach introduc-
tory courses is considered things become
interesting. The present introductory
courses have never been particularly out-
standing as they are taught now-partly
because of limited teacher-student con-
tact. Yet what if these courses are taught
entirely by machines-right down to the
These machines will be able to present
material ,ask questions and record the
answers, grade performance, repeat in-
formation and add additional informa-
tion when necessary, and-if needed-
speed up or slow down the presentation
of material to the student's pace of learn-
THERE ARE SOME advantages and some
drawbacks to this type of machine. It
would free the teacher to spend time with
more advanced students or to discuss new
advances with students who have, by
then, acquired a basic background in the
subject rather than spend time laborious-
ly repeating the basic principles of the
subject. It would also allow studentsto
learn at their own pace.,
However, how valuable are the hours
spent with the machines learning this
material going to be? How inspiring is a
machine going to be when it comes to
encouraging students to take other cours-
es in the same subject?
How stimulating would it be to take a
course entirely from a machine?
THE UNIVERSITY implemented trimes-
ter to make more use of resources al-,
ready available at the University and the
use of machines for teaching would be
for the same reason.
Yet you can only stretch the supply
of teachers so far. What could develop is.
the development of courses taught en-
tirely by machines.
The point will come when the Univer-
sity will definitely have to utilize ma-
chines for teaching, yet it will have to do
so with care. And even after such a pro-
gram is implemented it will have to be
watched with care.
At the Cinema Guild
MANY OF the movies being pre-
sented by Cinema Guild this
summer need a disclaimer at-
tached to any review-"Yankee
Doodle Dandy" is a prime ex-
"Yankee Doodle" is the musical
comedy about the life and work
of George M. Cohan, actor, writer,
singer, dancer, producer, etc. Co-
han ,produced many, many hit
Broadway musicals during a sen-
sational 15-year career.
James Cagney, as Cohen, dances
and sings his way through num-
bers like "I'm a Yankee Doodle
Dandy," "Give My Regards to
Broadway," "Mary," "You're a
Grand Old Flag," and "Over
In addition to the brief recaps
of Cohan's shows, the movie pre-
sents a picture of an incredible
family life-sweet, loving wife;
adoring, understanding parents;
and dear close friends. All of,
whom never bicker or question.
WHICH BRINGS me to the
point of my disclaimer. This movie
portrays a completely incredible
man-Cohan, apparently loved all
A movie written with this de-
gree of realism comes from an-
other era than our own. It can-
not be exvected to push and prod
the moviegoer-it's entertain-
ment. "Yankee Doodle Dandy"
cannot be compared to a movie
produced now. And if you go to
see it expecting true life, you're
going to be sorry. But it doesn't
mean that the movie doesn't have
validity. Judge it by its era.
Cohan's plays are even more
incredible to the modern eye than
the movie. He put an immense
stress on patriotism. The schmaltz
is really quite shocking. The cli-
max of "George Washington, Jr."
has Cohan's Father and Mother
coming on stage dressed as Uncle
Sam and the Statue of Lwerty.
BUT COHAN is true. His plays
were constructed around a formu-
la which reflects the American
Creed-poor boy makes good, Love
of country, and lots of pretty
girls in fancy costumes. And be-
cause people believed in the creed
they loved his plays. "He is all
of the United States stuffed into
one pair of pants." Cohan says
very little to us today-but he
shouldn't be dismissed with the
sarcasm that Time would dish out
if a movie were made today like
"The American Idea."
THAT'S THE SUM and sub-
stance of my footnote for Cinema
Guild's summer program. Many'
of these movies are fun, histori-
cally interesting, or truly enter-
taining. But don't put them up
against Ingmar Bergmann.
EDUCATION will eventually be
considered as enterprise re-
placing work as a means by which
veople will assign meaning to
their lives. Education is coming to
be an industry which requires
many people to produce and many
people to consume.
In this regard, education will
take the place of war, the pro-
duction of automobiles, or the
settling of the frontier, which, in
the past, have kept people busy.
-Prof. L. B. MAYHEW,
"He Admires All The Roosevelts!"
JUST A FEW EASY STEES:
Be the First in Your Dorm To Start a Revolt
By ED SCHWARTZ
Collegiate Press Service
IT IS DOUBTFUL that there are
more than five schools in the
country at present whose leaders
would contemplate a revolution
geared to basic changes within the
This is understandable. Revolu-
tions are justifiable only after
everything else has failed--all at-
tempts at working through the
channels, at petitioning thead-
ministration, and at demonstrat-
ing for reform.
They must rely on a cumulative
list of grievances and frustrations,;
usually covering a span of many
years, which have left the student
body no alternative other than a
major thrust to eliminate the
president, to achieve equal rep-
resentation on the board of trus-
tees, or to reorganize radically
the committee structure to in-
crease student influence. Even in
such an environment, however,
revolutions demand careful plan-
IF MOMENTUM is -desirable to
reform movements, it is essential
to revolutions. In general, the
goal is to create a dialectical situ-
ation, in which the administration
is forced to reject seemingly
"reasonable" requests for change
in such a manner as to alienate
the entire campus.
Its initial moves are mild-per-
haps more so than those of a re-
form group-but its life-span is
longer and its termination, violent.
It aims at avoiding negotiation,
because its implicit goals are non-
negotiable; but it seeks to appear
receptive at every stage.
The image of an impetuous ad-
ministrator's thwarting a thought-
ful student body must be created.
This image is necessary both in
gaining campus support andwin
maintaining good relations with
Indeed, if the situation is such
that revolution is essential, the
"image" is probably reality.
UNLIKE reform committees, the
core of a revolutionary planning
group should be small, unrepre-
sentative, and cognizant of the
movement's major objectives. Even
on frustrated campuses, students
must be weaned gradually into
If the base of support for ini-
tial goals is too broad, as funda-
mental objectives become explicit,
campus participation may dwindle.
Once that happens, it's all over.
The movement should begin as a
minority and end as a majority,
not vice-versa. This is impossible
if the student body is galvanized
around a demand for reform,
without realizing that it is a pre-
text to get the ball rolling. As
soon as the first proposal appears
negotiable, people will leave.
Thus, some issue should be
found which the campus would
generally favor, but which is cer-
tain to be rejected vehemently.
The president should become
angry, make inflammatory state-
ments about the student body.
IDEALLY, he should threaten
expulsion. When that happens,
you are in good shape. Even if
your first proposal is not accept-
ablt to many students, the ad-
ministration's reactions will out-
weigh their reservations. A slur
on the character of any student
group within reasonable bounds
of respectability is an indirect
slap at the entire campus. That
should be made clear.
In developing the movement,
you must insure either that your
requests are impossible to achieve
or that indignation against the
administration per se renders
them inconsequential. Negotia-
tions should be out of the ques-
Ideally, the administration
should take this position; but if
you can make the president or
regents appear unreasonable, at
least you'll have sufficient grounds
to argue it yourself. "How can
we bargain with someone who has
called us . . .? is a respectable
position if an astounding epithet
can be substituted for the elipses.
Here again, if the administra-
tion is as tactless as many are,
the insults will come. The impor-
tant point is that as soon as you
reach the conference table, you
have no furtherbasis on which
to act. Your biggest problem is to
strike a balance between respec-
tability and intransigence. That's
what makes revolution so diffi-
THESE ARE the guidelines of
the planned revolution: gradual
escalation, non-negotiable tactics,
administration fury, and campus
response. Sometimes a movement
for reform can unintentionally
produce the same results, but that
depends on the savoir-faire of the
In concluding, I offer one final
word of advice: if you're going to
plan a movement, whether it be
for reform or for fundamental
change, make sure that you are
intellectually and morally jus-
tified in doing so. Demontrations
take time and threaten the repu-
tation of the university.
Congress Should Do Its Duty
7Y ' t I
ie. ' 'S.' k .
Mrs. Brown You've Got
A Terrible Brothel
At the Campus Theatre
"W ASN'T THAT THE WORLD'S worst movie?" a pretty girl in
S madras groaned to her date as they left "Fanny Hill" last night.
No, I felt like interrupting, it wasn't; there was the Viet Cong prop-
aganda film shown during the teach-in last March-that was the
world's least funny movie.
"Fanny" is second.
Take "Tom Jones," make it bad-you have "Fanny." Take three
men, two women and a St. Bernard in one colonial bed, make it in-
communicably stupid-you have "Fanny." Take sex, take it away-
you have "Fanny."
FANNY HILL is an orphan who stumbles into a brothel in 18th
century England and stays there for three weeks without knowing it;
Mrs. Brown, the brothel's madam, and three bewigged males plot
against her empty purity, but some sort of clumsy, cinematic guardian
angel makes beds collapse, and our Fanny's mindless body is saved.
NOTHING has happened in
Viet Nam in the past 21
months which could not have
been anticipated by a dispassion-
ate a n d intelligent observer.
Nothing has happened which a
good many U.S. newspaper cor-
respondents did not say at the
time was happening.
Yet in those 21 months we have
gone from official forecasts that
we would be out by the end of
1965 to Tuesday's announcement
that American soldiers will take
combat roles in the fighting.
On Oct. 2," 1963, the White
House said that "(Defense) Sec-
retary McNamara and Gen. (Max-
well) Taylor report their judg-
ment that the major part of the
U.S. military task can be com-
pleted by the end of 1965."
WHEN President Johnson took
office there were 14,000 American
troops in Viet Nam, all officially
"advisers." In November of last
year there were 25,000. Today
there are 52,000, and a buildup is
underway to raise the total to
No one has yet denied that we
plan to have 100,000 troops in the
country before the monsoon is
The pattern, then, has been one
of steady escalation, especially
since Johnson became President.
It is only a small step from the
new policy ofcommitting troops
if Viet Nam asks for them to tile
"clear and hold" orders of full-
THUS, as Washington Bureau
Chief Ed Lahey wrote, "we are
right in the ball game in the rice
paddies of South Viet Nam." We
are actively and aggressively
fighting a widening war, while the
President repeats that we "want
no wider war."
The direct responsibility goes to
President Johnson. of course.
An Outright Insult
At the State Theatre
WHEN I WAS 10 YEARS OLD, my parents took me to see one of the
first "Biblical Spectaculars"-"The Ten Commandments." I remem-
ber rather distinctly a feeling of mild revulsion and more-general dis-
belief: Jews follow that character across the Red Sea? Hah!
I am told early experiences are oftimes reliable. For what, I'm
not certain, but in the case of the movie I saw last night, I think I
have an idea. "Quo Vadis" is easily the worst flick (I won't elevate it by
calling it a movie) I have ever seen in my life. It is absurd to attempt
any sort of "critical analysis" of it for the same reason that one does
not place a picture by the Keane Co. on the same scale as say, William
Blake or Rembrandt.
I will, however, list certain specific objections to the type of flick
"Quo Vadis" attempts to be. First, it wants to be a money-maker. In
America, there can be no higher justification of anything. But this
picture does it so subtly! It has noise, pageantry, color, sex, religion,
tinges of the Protestant Ethic, and all in the most obnoxious amalgam
-like a toad with thousands upon thousands of yellow warts. My real
objection is the crude and I might add, blasphemous use of early Chris-
tianity as a sales gimmick.
I HEARD TEENAGERS chuckling in the audience when the so-
called Simon Peter (white beard and all) spoke the Words of Christ.
Why not? If I hadn't a certain reverence instilled out of habit, I would
have vomited. When the so-called Paul spoke Christ's Words, someone
EXCEPT for Senators Morse of
Oregon and Grueriing of Alaska,
nobody apparently wanted to
make the tough decisions that
had to be made.f
Now, it seems clear, the time
for decision can no longer be de-
layed. The policies the president
has pursued, in fighting the
wrong war in the wrong place at
the wrong time, are not working.
There is no more stability in
Saigon that there was when we
decided to bomb North Viet Nam.
There is no slackening of North
Vietnamese opposition, nor of its
clear determination that white
men shall not dictate an Asian
THERE is not, as yet, any crisis
which would forbid a new con-
gressional look at Viet Nam. If
that time is not going to come,
though, Congress has a duty to
-DETROIT FREE PRESS
1 ~ w-10 0- 7 .;'