By MICHAEL BADAMO
The summer's first contingent of volunteer civil rights workers
moved into the South this week for what they hope will be three
months of quiet but productive work.
The primary object of this summer's work will be testing the
still untried voting rights bill which recently was signed into law.
The new voting law prevents such legal dodges as poll taxes
and literacy tests used primarily in the South in the pastto prevent
Negroes from voting.
By the first weeks in July, volunteers representing all the
major civil rights groups will have fanned into Negro communities
in most Southern states, with the emphasis on Louisiana, Missis-
sippi, Alabama and South Carolina.
This year, instead of cooperating under one project as they did
last year in Mississippi, the major civil rights organizations plan
The' mere removal of the obstacles to voting legally will not
insure a large Negro turnout on election day. A century' of intimi-
dation, poverty and ignorance have left their mark on Southern
Though the Democratic Party certainly will be the principal,
almost the sole, beneficiary of the newly enfranchised voters, the
Democratic National Committee is hesitant to organize a registra-
tion campaign. "We can't force our will upon the local Democratic
parties," said a spokesman.
Republicans are equally queasy. "It's a hell of a dilerma,"
said one GOP strategist. "If we make an overt play for the new
Negro votes, we stand a chance of losing the white votes we have
This week about 100 volunteers, most from the South, are
.gathering at Frogmore, South Carolina, for a three day orientation
before they begin voter registration work for the NAACP in South
In that state the NAACP says about 1,000 members of their
youth groups have pledged a door-to-door voter signup campaign
with a -inimum of help from outside the state.
Another 400 volunteers, primarily Negro college students from
the South are taking part this week in a five-day Southern regional
student conference at Tuskegee, Ala.
They are scheduled to discuss programs they would like to
see implemented in their own communities.
This organization's main effort in early summer will be re-
cruiting 1,000 college students to go to Washington between June
13 and July 4 to lobby for the ouster of Mississippi's five congress-
The right to hold office has been challenged by the year old
Mississippi Freedom Democratic party on the grounds that they
were not properly elected because Mississippi Negroes allegedly
were denied the right to vote.
The Congress of Racial Equality, which played a large part in
last year's Mississippi summer project, is turning its main efforts
to Louisiana, with projects that include developing community li-
braries, voter registration, distribution of food and clothing, organi-
zing farmers leagues and cooperatives, and helping Negroes take
advantage of various federal programs.
"The problems are deeper than lack of the votet and legislated
segregation," CORE's National Action Council said recently "We
have come to realize that voter registration and desegregation on
public accommodations and facilities are not enough if we are to
truly change the social, political and education structures. .."
Their main purpose, according to an explanatory pamphlet, is
to "develop community leadership and strengthen community or-
The Southern Christian Leadership Conference, under the
leadership of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr., is spearheading a
Negro voter registration drive in Selma and other parts of Ala-
bama's "Black Belt".
It also plans an expansion of its Summer Community Organ-
ization and Police Organization (SCOPE) project, which hopes to
double the 150,000 Negroes now registered in Virginia, North Caro-
lina, South Carolina; Georgia, Florida, Alabama and Louisiana.
King has called for 2,000 volunteers to spend ten weeks this
summer working with local staff members of the organization.
There is no way to guess at the cost of these programs. A lot
will depend on the kinds of opposition met by the various groups.
CORE plans to spend $265,000 for its summer programs. The
NAACP estimates it will cost $200,000 to finance its projects.
CIVIL RIGHTS LEADERS are hopeful that violence will not be
a part of this summer's voter registration drive in the South.
Demonstrations and mass arrests such as this one characterized
See Editorial Page
in the evening
Seventy-Four Years of Editorial Freedom
VOL. LXXV, No..27-S ANN ARBOR, MICHIGAN, FRIDAY, JUNE 11, 1965 SEVEN CENTS
TTYTATI'V + 0ATT A" TrV1 A rV A-iii. - r
AUwai RNtwor Debatelans:
Await Network Debate Plans
By JUDITH WARREN
Plans for the debate between
McGeorge Bundy, special assistant
to President Lyndon B. Johnson,
and critics of the administration's
policy, in Viet Nam now await a
proposal by the Columbia Broad-
casting Company before they can
Professors Richard Mann of the
vsychology department, Arnold
Kaufman of the philosophy de-
partment and Fredrick Friendly
of CBS met with Bundy yesterday
in what Friendly termed "a satis-
Final plans for the debate are
dependent upon the proposal
which CBS plans to submit to
Bundy and representatives of the
newly renamed Inter-University
Committee for a Debate on For-
eign Policy. Friendly said that
Arts Gain Sen
WASHINGTON (A)-The Senat
establishment of national foundat
with multi-million dollar financing
The broad-ranging measure is
cultural development in everythin
dancing to symphony orchestras an
President Lyndon B. Johnsona
of him recommended such legislatio
The Senate measure authorizes
during each of the next three years
'the proposal will be submitted States is four a.m. in Europe.
"within a day or two." American Orientation
Satisfactory Further "the teach-in, which
The plan will have to be satis- was extremely successful, was done
factory to both Bundy and the with a completely American orien-
representatives of the Inter-Uni- tation which would seem to cancel
versity Committee, Mann explain- any broadcast over the Early
ed last night. Bird," Friendly explained.
However, "The wishes of Bundy "I don't think that the inter-
and the committee are not far national broadcast was ever ser-
apart," Mann added. iously considered anyway," Friend-
"The group is still in the middle ly added.
of negotiations and final plans Mann would not release the
remain dependent on the produc- names of the proposed speakers
ers," Mann continued, because' they were still being ar-
The debate, if held, will how- ranged. However, he emphasized
ever, be broadcast at the "prime that Bundy "indicated no unwill-
tie"- pem.,ad risndly sha "pid. ingness to meet with anyone. He
Iti hadbeenumrend yhatid.ewill not screen or select any of
It had been rumored that the his debating opponents."
debate would be broadcast overh an n t s k
the communications Early Bird Mann said that it was unlikely
satellite. Howeve, Friendly said that the debate would include any
that this was doubtful because other representatives of the gov-
the broadcast time in the United ernment. However, the format of
the May 15 teach-in, which had
members of the academic commu-
[ nity present to defend, as well as
n um ani es, to attack, the government posi-
tion would be followed.
Mann and Kaufman had met
t ate prova with Bundy Tuesday, however,
that meeting proved to be incon-
e gave voice approval yesterday for Kaufman is still in Washington
ions on the arts and humanities, where he will meet again with
g authorized over the next three representatives of CBS.
The special debate with Bundy
intended to encourage nationwide is being arranged because Bundy
g from country music and folk was not able to attend the May
d opera. It now goes to the House. 15 teach-in. He was scheduled to
meet with two other professors to
and many other Presidents ahead debate against another panel on
n. U.S. policy in Viet Nam. Bundy's
nts team was to defend the admin-
$5 million annual federal grantsi istration's policy.
By PETER R. SARASOHN
Plans for welcoming astronauts
James McDivitt and Edward
White to the University are get-
ting bigger as next Tuesday draws
The University, because of what
President Harlan Hatcher termed
yesterday "tremendous public in-
terest," altered its plans and de-
cided yesterday to open 101,000-
seat Michigan Stadium to honor
The University invited the pub-
lic to the 10 a.m. stadium con-
vocation at which academic hon-
ors will be received by the astro-
nauts, both graduates of the Uni-
versity. Previously, the ceremony
The Associated Press an-
nounced late last night that a
Commission of the Ecumenical
Council would probably approve
a resolution allowing Catholics,
in effect, to use birth control
devices. Additional confirma-
tion from Vatican sources as
yet not been received.
was scheduled for 11:30 a.m. at
Hill Auditorium by invitation only.
Gov. George Romney and White
and McDivitt are scheduled to
speak at the stadium convocation
The University, moving up the
time of the ceremony, canceled
plans for a morning motorcade
through Ann Arbor.
Plans were retained for the two
Air Force majors who rode the
Gemini 4 capsule through space
to take part in a ribbon-cutting
ceremony at the University's $1.7
million Space Research Building
and to attend a 1 p.m. luncheon.
Addresses Jackson Graduation
McDivitt, a graduate of Jack-
son Junior College, is to address
a combined graduation ceremony
The Astronauts are now in the
midst of debriefing sessions at
the Manned Space Center begun
yesterday. They will continue
through Friday afternoon when a
news conference has been sched-
Lindsay's Prospects Improved
Asia Needs Trained workers
EDITOR'S NOTE: This is the last
article in a series about the Univer-
sity's center for South and South-
east Asian Studies.
By ANNE MARIE ELLSWORTH
"American aid and action have
accomplished remarkable things
in Southeast" Asia," but there is
still more to be done, a South-
east Asian expert said recently.
The $89 million for Southeast
Asia which President Lyndon B.
Johnson recently requested from
Congress "isn't that much" in
terms of aid, Prof. L. A. Peter
Gosling, director of the Center for
South and Southeast Asian Stud-
ies, commented and, the govern-
PASADENA, Calif. (A') - The
president of the Columbia Broad-
casting System yesterday urged a
radical overhaul of United States
election procedures to remedy
what he called "a disgraceful rec-
ord of participation in our gen-
Dr. Frank Stanton, whose net-
work has used a computer to pre-
dict the outcome of elections even
before some polls are closed, sug-
gested similar techniques betused
to make things easier for voters.
He also suggested a uniform
24-hour voting day, permanent,
nationally-valid registration and
universal use of voting machines
with computer tabulation of the
These, he said, could save
money in the long run, and result
in a significantly higher percent-
age of both registered voters and
voters who actually cast their
"It is possible," he said, "to
register the most complex in-
formation electronically and
process it and store it in seconds."
But, he added, most of the na-
tion's 175,756 precincts still use
the paper ballot.
ment needs trained personnel in
For these people, a background
in languages and foreign cultures
is the most important prerequi-
site. In the first phase of its pro-
gram, the Center "administers a
systematic training of graduate
students and sponsors research on
the various countries of the re-
gion extending from Afghanistan
in the west to the Philippines in
the east," Gosling said. It coordi-
nates the academic disciplines to
offer the specializing student a
solid preparation before he goes
into the field.
Educating the general public is
the second phase of the Center's
program. "To avoid ignorant dis-
cussion" about the problems and
peoples of Southeast Asia, the
Center advocates informing Amer-
icans through lectures and dis-
cussion groups, Gosling said.
"Twelve departments offer in-
struction leading to advanced de-
grees with specialization in South-
east Asian studies," Gosling re-
At the moment, Gosling is work-
ing on a research project on "Riv-
er Traffic in Thailand."
"Our purpose is to provide
knowledge about the traditional
river-canal transportation systems
which can be of use in Thai de-
velopment planning," he said.
"If political stability is main-
tained, this type of research will
upgrade the way of life in South-
east Asia," Gosling's assistant,
James Hafner, Grad, explained.
The research "has never been
done in Southeast Asia before,"
Hafner said. It will determine the
economic value of the present riv-
er transportation system to assess
the costs and benefits of alter-
nate uses of the river.
For instance, he noted that it
will estimate what will happen to
the people and the land - eco-
nomically-if irrigation is put in
or hydroelectricity is developed.
When the project is completed,
Hafner said, the results will go to
the Office of Naval Research
where they will be analyzed and
possibly sent on to the United
The UN is conducting research
along the whole Mekong River,
which touches the borders of four
countries of Southeast Asia, Haf-
ner said, and this type of back-
ground information is needed.
SAIGON (P)-Three battalions
of Vietnamese Marines, about 1,-
500 men, took up positions in or
near Saigon today, apparently to
squelch possible anti-government
demonstrations and provide secur-
ity for a meeting of generals.
The marines were grouped in
two parks in the capital and on
a main road just outside the city.
It, did not appear that a coup
was in the making but a num-
ber of top officials were nervous
about the developments.
Many of Viet Nam's ranking
generals were meeting in the cap-
ital in response to a request by
Prime Minister Phan Huy Quat
that they mediate the tense poli-
On Wednesday Quat said his
government no longer felt compe-
tent to resolve the issue between
himself and opposition factions
which include Chief of State Phan
It was left to the generals
whether they would form an arm-
ed forces council or find some
other way to deal with the situa-
tion. Quat made it clear he plan-
ned to stay on as prime minister.
Meanwhile, United States heli-
copters flew more reinforcements
into Don Xoai yesterday.
The battle for Dong Xoai-or
possibly the first phase of it-
appeared to have reached the
final stages. Government officers
did not rule out the possibility
thath the Viet Cong would renew
to a national endowment for the
WASHINGTON (P)-The Senate
Finance Committee yesterday ap-
proved a $4.7 billion excise tax
cutting bill wiping out nearly all
of those levies except on tobacco,
alcohol and highway-related ac-
As approved 14-3, the bill covers
virtually all of the items listed
for repeal in the House version of
the legislation passed June 2.
The measure is expected to
bring lower prices on automobiles,
appliances, air conditioners, tele-
vision and radio sets, handbags,
watches, cosmetics, cameras and
many other items.
It also will mean the end of the
tax on many services with the
biggest reduction coming on local
and long distance telephone calls.
An amendment adopted yester-
day by the committee would move
up the date for repeal of practi-
cally all the excises scheduled to
take effect July 1 under the House
The amendment would change
the date to the day after Presi-
dent Lyndon B. Johnson signs the
bill. This would affect the four
retail excises--on jewelry includ-
nz watcs.lug'g'a enluding
4arts and a twin national endow-
ment for the humanities. Other
grants also are authorized.
A federal council on the arts
and humanities would supervise
activities of both foundations.
The arts program would include
music, dance, drama, folk art,
creative writing, architecture,
painting, sculpture, photography,
design, motion picture ,television,
The humanities would include
study of modern and classic lan-
guage, linguistics, literature, his-
tory, jurisprudence, philosophy,
archeology and varied aspects of
the social sciences.
Sponsors said the measure au-
thorizes between $33 million to
$63 million over the three-year
period; depending on amounts put
up by other agencies on a match-
Grants could go to non-profit
or public groups and to individ-
uals as well as to the state.
These are the authorizations set
up in the bill for the 1966-b8 per-
-$5 million annually for grants
by the national endowment for the
-$5 million annually for grants
by the national endowment for the
-$5 million annually additional
for grants by the humanities en-
dowment to the extent the federal
funds are matched by private
Bundy was unable to appear be-
cause he was unexpectedly called
to the Dominican Republic'
The Inter-University Commit-'
tee for a Debate on Foreign Pol-
icy will be the new organization
providing guidelines for future de-
bates on foreign policy. The com-
mittee was formed at last week-
end's meeting in Ann Arbor.
At the meeting last weekend,
most of the discussion centered on
the up-coming debate with the
presidential advisor. The com-
mittee members spent a great
deal of time suggesting possible
speakers to debate with Bundy.
Mann and Kaufman were ac-
companied yesterday by Jonathan
Mirsky of the University of Penn-
sylvania, noted authority on mod-
Kennedy Left as
Only Claimant of
State Party Control
NEW YORK OP) -Democratic
Mayor Robert F. Wagner, tears
glistening on his cheeks, announc-
ed yesterday that he will not seek
a record fourth term in city hall.
His withdrawal confounded his
political friends, and delighted his
Wagner, 55, said hehad prom-
ised his late wife that this term
would be his last, and that her
death made it more imperative
that he become a full-time father
to their two sons. He added he
had no immediate plans for the
The complexities of governing
New York, with its polyglot mil-
lions and its king-sized headaches,
makes the job of mayor second
only in scope to the presidency of
the United States. Wagner's de-
cision not to run could produce
national political repercussions.
His bowout heightened the pos-
sibility of a non-Democrat taking
over city hall for the first time
since the late Fiorello Laguardia
left office in 1945. A Republican,
Laguardia was three times elected
on a fusion ticket.
The Republicans, accused in
the past of nominating straw men
for the office, have come up this
year with young Rep. John V.
Lindsay, (R-N.Y.) He is running
as an independent Republican
and bidding for fusion support
from both Liberals and Demo-
Despite a split in Democratic
forces, and some disenchantment
within the party with Wagner, he
remained the betting favorite to
defeat Lindsay. However, the odds
may not favor Wagner's successor
on the Democratic ticket.
Did Not Name Successor
Wagner, in a dramatic news
conference at City Hall, did not
name a potential successor. How-
ever, city council President Paul
Screvane, long has been regarded
as Wagner's heir apparent for the
$50,000 a year post.
In Washington, Franklin D.
Roosevelt, Jr., made himself avail-
able to run for mayor, but said he
would not enter a contested
Democratic primary for the nom-
Lindsay said of Wagner's decis-
ion to withdraw:
"He will always remain a great
New Yorker ,and he will have the
gratitude of the people of New
York. But the people of our city
also feel that New York needs a
change. They feel that the com-
pacent arteries of our city admin-
istration arebadly in need of a
T HREE ONE ACT PLAYS:
'U' Players To Present Cocteau, O'Casey, Jonesco
By SUSAN MORGAN
Friday and Saturday night Uni-
versity Players will present a bill
of three one-act plays entitled
"Triple Threat." Featured on the
bill will be Jean Cocteau's adap-
tation of "Antigone," Sean O'-
Casey's "Bedtime Story," and
"The Bald Soprano" by Eugene
Stephen Wyman, grad, direc-
tor of "Antigone." said his pro-
legend does not change the char-
acters or incidents. It is produced
in one act by consolidating speech-
es and cutting out the chorus as
a figure on stage.
"Bedtime Story," says director
Michael Gerlach, Grad, brings to
the stage the "usual Irish blend
of pathos and farce." One of O'-
Casey's later plays, "Bedtime
Story" incorporates the play-
wright's use of effective dialogue
and vivid characters.
Eugene Ionesco's first play, "The
Bald Sparrow" grew from an idea
he had while learning English.
Memorizing the pat sentences
brought the realization that he
was in fact saying the common,
trite parts of conversation. '
In "The Bald Sparrow," a sa-
tire on British suburban manners,
the playwright plays with the ab-
iurdity of conversation revealing
its wont of communication.
T..--. _- ,, 3- _1- m . _ A