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September 23, 1966 - Image 3

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Publication:
The Michigan Daily, 1966-09-23

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FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER,23,1966

THE MICHIGAN DAILY

PAGE THRUE

FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER' 23, 1966 THE MICHIGAN DAILY

A caua: laaAC+L

4_,

Chinese

Turmoil: Will It Aid Vietnam Negotiations?

By WILLIAM L. RYAN
An Associated Press News Analysis
Peking's own accounts and oth-
er reports from China make it
clear that the "proletarian cultur-
al revolution" there is, in fact, a
real revolution. Its existence rais-
es a question whether prospects
for negotiations in Viet Nam
might brighten as a result.
The irrational violence of the
Red Guards, publicly supported
by Defense Minister Lin Piao and
those who share power with him,
is damaging Chinese influence all
over the world.
Chinese propaganda now attacks
Committee
Approves
Damper Plan
Consumer Index,
New Auto Prices
Reflect Inflation
WASHINGTON (C')-The House
Ways and Means Committee ap-
proved yesterday the double-bar-
reled anti-inflation program urged
by President Johnson to put a
damper on the business boom and
hold down inflation.
It voted to suspend from Sept.
*~9 until Dec. 31, 1967, the seven
percent investment credit author-
ized in 1962 to encourage business-
es to expand their facilities.
It also voted to disallow during
the same period two of three fast
methods of depreciation used in
constructing buildings and apart-
ment houses not subject to the in-
vestment credit.
But it overrode the administra-
tion's original proposal to deny
also a third fast depreciation for-
mula, known as the 150 percent
declining balance depreciation.
Inflation
Higher pricesfor food, autos and
medical care boosted sharply ris-
ing living costs another four-
tenths of one percent last month,
the Labor Department reported
yesterday.
The biggest August price hikes
'were for food, up 1.3 percent over-
all,rthe Bureau of Labor Statistics
said.
The increase brought the gov-
ernment's consumer price index
up to 113.8, meaning it cost $11.38
in August to purchase items that
cost $10 in the 1957-59 period on
which the index is based.
The Bureau of Labor Statistics
said the index so far this year was
up 2.5 percent, more than double
the rise in the first eight months
of last year and the biggest hike
for the period since 1957.
Commissioner Arthur M. Ross'
announced that the bureau will
check closely price increases by
the auto industry on 1967 models
to see if added, safety equipment
represents a real increasein val-
ues. The results of this check will
not be known until November.
In August, it was used cars that
showed price increases, rising 1.5
percent at a time when prices us-
ually go down as dealers unload
remaining new 1966 models.
Auto Prices
General Motors surprised thet
auto industry Thursday by an-1
touncing price increases smaller
than those posted this week byt
Ford and Chrysler.
GM's new sticker prices - those
which a customer would find on1
a car at his dealer's showroom -
averaged out to $56 more than forE
1966 models.A
Ford Motor Co. increase averag-l
ed out'at,$113. Chrysler reported
a $92 average boost, although oth-
er sources figured Chrysler's in-
crease at $103.

American Motors, fourth largests
of the nation's auto companies, in-r
dicated it would wait until nextr
week before joining the price rais-4
ing parade.,
It was expected that the increas-k
ed price tags would cost U.S. mo-
torists in the neighborhood of a1
billion dollars next year. This was
based on anticipated sales ofj
about 9.2 million cars, with the
buyer not only paying a' bigger
price for his, basic car, but also
digging deeper to pay for the ac-
cessories.
Canadian automobile manufac-
turers are heading for a clash with
the federal government if they fail
to narrow the price difference be-
tween U.S. and Canadian 1967 mo-
4 dels.
A federal spokesman made it
clear that the government expects
a reduction in the differential
when new car prices are announ-
ced.

real or .imagined enemies on all
sides: India, Indonesia, Malaysia,
Thailand, Japan, to say nothing of
the prime targets, the United
States and the Soviet Union. In
turn, China is criticized by most
of the world, including virtually
every Communist party.
With this progressive loss of
Peking influence and the growing
disorder inside China, it may oc-
cur to others that the Chinese re-
gime-main foe of peace talks-
might be sufficiently isolated to
permit progress toward a confer-
ence table in Viet Nam.
There are palpable dangers for

the rest of the world in what is
going on now in China. A mass
hysteria has gripped the nation.
The deliberate encouragement of
violence by powerful leaders
could reflect desperation after
many foreign policy failures. The
current leaders, not wanting to
assume responsibility for those
setbacks, can hide them behind
the noise. It is conceivable that
they might even accept wider for-
eign policy risks to protect them-
selves.
But it is plain that the leaders
are deeply involved in their inter-
nal explosion, and with the nation

off balance, they might more like-'
ly want to keep the hysteria under
a large measure of control.
Piecing together what the Red
Chinese themselves have reported,
here is what is going on in that
revolution:
There are still people in author-
ity contesting for power. Lin Piao
called them "the small handful of
reactionary bourgeois elements
who oppose dictatorship by the
broad masses of revolutionary peo-
ple."
There are dissident elements
among party cadres-individual
Communist leaders in responsible

posts. This is admitted by the the-
oretical journal Red Flag, which
said recently the "majority" of
cadres "are determined to support
the Socialist road." These, it said,
were those in categories of 'good
and relatively good" cadres. Oth-
ers were "those who committed
serious mistakes," and those who
were antiparty.
Thus, a serious "antiparty" ele-
ment still must be around.
There must be a showdown.
Red Flag said, "Either the bour-I
geoisie or the proletariat will be in
power." There is no middle way.
Party Grasp!
Over Army
Not Total
New Regulations Hint
At Discord Within
Communist Ranks

Some forces are "trying to stifle lutely." A Red Guard leaflet inj
the proletarian left wing." This Peking said:
means some oppose current poli- "Why shouldn't we insult? We
cies and would like reconciliation shall also do some beating."
with Moscow. The current leader- I
ship regar ds this as a right-wing In many provinces and cities',
outlook. responsible party leaders have been
dragged into the streets and beat-
There is a wide front of oppo- en.
sition to the cultural revolution. The evidence points to an attack
The Red Guards have been now zeroing in on "reactionary re-
warned not to incite people to visionists," whom the leaders label
fight among themselves, and not as the main internal enemies.
to insult and beat people. But a What is going on is a titanic
Pravda dispatch to Moscow quoted struggle for the allegiance of the
a Red Guard leader as saying this young people. The teen-age Red
order "need not be observed abso- Guards have proved a potent wea-

pon with their flair for reckless
cruelty. High leaders have told
them they will be supported with
all facilities to push the cultural
revolution throughout the country:
headquarters, special telephone
lines, housing, transport, food and
so forth.
There remain influential Chi-
nese Communists who obviously
feel Red China's isolation has gone
too far. Lin Piao is out to get them.
He made an object lesson of Li Ta,
one of the few surviving founding
members of the Chinese Commun-
ist party, who was deposed as a
university rector and vilified.

RACIAL ANALYSIS:
Violence Erupts in Atlanta
As Negroes Challenge Police

TOKYO-New army regulations
issued by Communist China sug-
gested yesterday that Chairman
Mao Tse-tung's hope of putting
the Communist party in total con-
trol of the armed forces has not
yet been realized.
The new regulations gave an-
other strong hint of discord in
the ranks of the 2.5 million-man
army, there were indications of
new purges and wrangling in the
political ranks and a Japanese
-Associated Press Foreign Ministry spokesman said
AS CONGRESS CONSIDERED INFLATION, Budget Director Charles L. Schultze met with Presi- Tindicates he no longer has com-
dent Johnson in the White House yesterday to relate the budget to the economy. i ndicatsiheno logernas -
Ui ol.'r ntrJl ev the ChinA J 1.)-

An (A) News Analysis {
By DICK BLYSTONE
fATLANTA (R) - Atlanta, bust-
ling hub of the new South, is a
sleek, souped-up '67 model, but it
runs too fast for some of its parts,
and a crack has developed in its
finish.
Rioting broke out last week in
an impoverished Negro neighbor-
hood of the city, which has at-
tracted thousands of new Negro
residents by its reputation forgfair-
ness and opportunity.
Over the weekend, violence erup-
ted in another neighborhood, and
for three straight nights angry Ne-

Suppressed'
In the same city where acre af-
ter acre of upper middle class
Negro residential territory stretch-
es off to the west, where school
integration came early and peace-
fully, where there are more Negro
colleges than anywhere in the
world,gNegroes were shouting that
they were suppressed, when not
forgotten.
Middle class Negro leaders have
easy access to Mayor Ivan Allen,

groes challenged police and city Jr., to discuss problems of their
officials with a barrage of bottles, race, which constitutes 40 percent
chunksrof concrete and home- of the city population, and one-
made fire bombs.I third of the million-strong metro-

Powell Beams After Slash
Of Official Prerogatives

Slavic Author Pleads Innocent
In Case Against Publications

ZADAR, Yugoslavia (W)-Mihaj-
lo, Mihajlov, controversial Yugo-
slav author who once wrote that
the Soviet Union introduced con-
centration camps before Hitler did,
pleaded innocent yesterday at his
trial on charges of spreading false
information.
"I deeply believe that it is the
truth what I stated in my. writ-
ings," he told a three man panel
of judges at the start of his trial.
The state prosecutoro has ac-
cused the outspoken foe of one-
party communlism of violation of
the penal code by spreading false
rumors aimed at inciting dissatis-
faction among the people.
Mihajlov also is accused of per-
mitting reprints of his article,

"Moscow Summer 1964," in which
he charged the Soviet Union used
concentration camps and practic-
ed genocide before the Nazis did.
In testimony, Mihajlov insisted
that what he wrote was the truth,
and there was no intention to vio-
late Yugoslav laws. He contended
in his writings that the Commun-
ist regime should allow formation
of opposition parties. Trying to
explain his position, he said:
"I cannot consider socialist a
society in which only 6 or 7 per-
cent have all rights and the others
none. In America, the Negroes at
least have organized bodies to
struggle for their constitutional
rights."

Mihajlov was arrested last
month as he was about to launch
a magazine opposed to one-party
communism in Yugoslavia and to
hold a convention in Zadar to form
an opposition political party.
Possible Martyr
President Tito, who has not fac-
ed such open opposition since the
case of Milovan Djilas a decade
ago, appears determined to stop
Mihajlov's activities but is hand-
ling his case carefully so as not to
make him a martyr.
Before arresting him last month,
the government tried to dissuade
him from his plans for the maga-
zine and meeting. He was arrest-
ed and jailed when it became clear
he planned to defy the warnings.
He was released after 32 days,
with no restriction on his move-
ments, to prepare his defense.
Regarding the charge of pub-
lishing banned material, Mihajlov
said that before he permitted a
Polish emigree organization in
Paris to publish the article, he had
taken out the part which included
the charge that the Soviet Union
used concentration camps and
practiced genocide earlier than
the Nazis did.
Before adjourning, the court
announced it would hand down a
verdict Friday morning. If con-
victed, Mihajlov faces up to two
years in prison plus five months
from the previous suspended sen-
tence.

pin conrol over tae nese peo-
ple.
The regulations, published by
the general political department
of the army, stipulate that the
first criterion for promotion of a
soldier will be "whether or not he
reads Chairman Mao Tse-tung's
books, follows his teachings and
acts on his instructions."
Care for Troops
The Liberation Army Daily, De-
fense Minister Lin Piao's paper,
said: "The regulations demand
that the fighters should respect
and care for the cadres, resolutely
carry out orders, observe discipline
and the regulations, study hard,
make steady progress."
On the political front, the Hong
Kong Star quoted "a highly reli-
able and expert source in Peking"
as saying Chinese President Liu
Shao-chi had offered his resigna-
tion to Mao.
The English language paper
said the source reported Mao thus
far had taken no action on Liu's
resignation "but it is certain to be
rejected." Liu has been supplant-
ed as China's No. 2 man by Lin
Piao, the new military strong man.
Purged
Radio Peking indicated that Lin
Tieh, first secretary of the Hopei
Province Communist party com-
mittee and a member of the Cen-
tral Committee, has been caught
in the sweeping purge.
In Tokyo, Kinya Niiseki, direc-
tor of the Japanese Foreign Min-
itry's public information bureau,
told a news conference the violence
of the Red Guards movement "has
had a most deep and profound ef-
fect on the Japanese people," par-
ticularly intellectuals, and caused
them "to observe China in a differ-
ent light."

politan area.
But violent reaction to the
wounding of a fleeing Negro by a
white policeman and the shooting
-one fatal-of two Negro teen-
agers by a white man has demon-
strated that some Negroes believe
they are not represented, even by
members of their own race.
A struggle isr developing over
who will represent them-a strug-
gle in which antagonism between
age groups and economic classes
among Negroes is as evident as any
between the races.
Not Communicating
"With a few exceptions, I don't
think many middle class people,
white or Negro, can communicate
with these people," said Paul An-
thony executive director of the
oSuthern Region Council, a re-
search body. "The world of the
teen-age Negro slum dweller is
completely foreign to anyone else
in the community."
This theme, in different terms,
was the message of Willie Ricks
of the Student. Nonviolent Coor-
dinating Committee (SNCC) dur-
ing a noisy rally Monday night in
a riot neighborhood.
"If we depend on these. Negro
leaders and these 'Uncle Tom' lea-
ders, we won't have nothing," he
told a cheering throng, many of
whom waved placards reading
'black power".

WASHINGTON (R) - Rep. Ad-
am Clayton Powell's wings were
clipped yesterday by the House
Education and Labor Committee,
but he emerged talking like a win-
ner apparently flying as high as
ever.
"I consider this a very progres-
sive step forward," Powell said' of
new rules adopted by the commit-
tee that give a majority of the
members a veto over many of the
chairman's functions.
In three tkey areas, Powell's au-
thority would be cut down by the
rules changes. He now must get
the approval of the majority for
any changes in committee person-
nel and for his expenditure of any
committee funds. And he can no
longer exercise a pocket veto of
bills approved by the committee.
What had been billed as a revolt
against Powell ended as a near
love feast, with Powell praising
the leaders of the rebellion, ac-
cepting their proposal and steer-
ing it to passage by a 27-1 vote.
Only Rep. William H. Ayres, (R-
Ohio) the committee's ranking Re-
publican, voted against the new
rules. Powell, Rep: Philip Burton,
(D-Calif.) and Rep. Augustus F.
Hawkins, (D-Calif.) abstained.
Changes Meaningless
Ayres called the changes mean-
ingless since they expire at the
end of this session of Congress and
the Committee's work is largely
done. However, Powell indicated
he would accept similar rules when
the next Congress convenes in
January.
In theory, the majority of any
House Committee has final say in
such matters, but it is an author-
ity seldom exercised because of
the aura of power and prestige

that surrounds a chairman. As a
result of Thursday's action, that
aura no longer surrounds Powell.
This should curb the free-
wheeling, high-handed actions of
the chairman that have embarras-
sed the committee and the Con-
gress," said one committee Demo-
crat.
"The rules can be meaningful
if the Democratic majority will
exercise its powers," said a Re-
publican member. "But I'm afraid
what's going to happen is now
Adam will go on doing just what
he has been doing."

11

a'k

COFFEE HOUSE
1421 HILL STREET

World News Roundup
By The Associated Press Chung Hee Park.
SAIGON-Navy guns and field The president, however, will not
artillery jointly silenced enemy decide until Saturday whether to
mortars that opened up twice yes- accept the resignations, apparent-
terday against the American Ma- ly to give the situation time to
rines who ran North Vietnamese cool off.
regulars out of Gia Dinh. All quiet
was the report at nightfall from WASHINGTON - The House
that frontier bastion. Commerce Committee gave unani-
The shipping channel war, in mous approval yesterday to a
which Communist mines have truth-in-packaging bill that sub-
damaged several allied vessels be- stitutes voluntary for mandatory
tween Saigon and the South China standards to regulate the weights
Sea, erupted again with an attack and quantities of consumer goods.
by a Viet Cong recoilless rifle team The vote came only after sup-
on a U.S. mine-sweeper patrolling porters of the Senate-passed legis-
the Long Tao River. lation agreed to change the bill's
* * most controversial section, which
SEOUL, South Korea-An oppo- would have given the government
sition deputy threw a ,can of hu- power to standardize packaging to
man excrement at fivenCabinet facilitate price comparisons.
ministers during a turbulent In its revised form, the provi-
session yesterday of Parliament, sion gives the government power
and brought South Korea to the to request industries to set volun-
brink of a government crisis. tary standards in cases where the
Ministers of Premier Chung Il- proliferation of package sizes has
kwon's Cabinet said they had been impaired the ability of consumers
insulted and submitted their resig- to make per-unit price compari-
nations en masse to President sons.

PRIME .MOVERS,
"Easily the most popular BLUES
BAND on campus!" $125 cover
charge includes all you can eat.
Friday, Sept. 2 30-11:30

I

I

ISRAELI FOLK DANCING

OPEN HOUSE

AN IMPORTANT MESSAGE

i

Sunday, Sept. 25.. 2-4 P.M.

FOR SENIORS

Everyone Welcome

1429 Hill St.

I

'ENSIANS ROVING BOOTH

FRIDAY EVENING AT GUILD

GUILD HOUSE
802 Monroe
International Dinner
and Music of INDIA
ARUN RAM-SITAR CONCERT
Friday, September 23 7:30

I r
CINEMA II
pr ese ts
EG W
r I
EDAR presentsNS
* I
ELKE SOMMER
* r
DIANE BAKER
* r
r r
ATECHNICOLOR and CINEMASCOPE
r r
r r
A fine international spy thriller in the tra- ;
dtion of "Charade" and "North by North-
. -ELKE7 SOMMERra

WED., Sept. 21-Union Steps
TH U RSA Sept. 22-Bus. Ad. Steps
FRI., Sept. 23-Nursing School

CiHEina qAiP*
HE BIRTH OF A NATION"

If'youare a member of the class of '67-graduate schools in-
cluded-you should make an appointment for your senior
picture sitting during the current sale. The photographers have
begun work and there's a sitting fee of $2. Sign at the Roving
Booth (times listed above) or at any time on the Diag.

T

(dir. D. W. Griffith-1915)
American, silent. Uncut version. One of the greatest American films ever made. With

THIS IS YOUR ONLY OPPORTUNITY !r!

I

II __ - _....r

11

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